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A history play by Creator/WilliamShakespeare, ''Henry VI Part 1'' is the first of three plays describing the end of UsefulNotes/TheHundredYearsWar and the outbreak of the UsefulNotes/WarsOfTheRoses. ''Part 1'' deals with the resumed war between the French and English and sets up many of the conflicts that run through the other two plays, but critics are divided over the quality of the play: older critics deride it for its use of violence and conventions, while more modern critics are more positive, emphasizing its themes of failing chivalry and patriotism. The other two plays are ''Theatre/HenryVIPart2'' and ''Theatre/HenryVIPart3''.

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A history play by Creator/WilliamShakespeare, Creator/WilliamShakespeare and Creator/ChristopherMarlowe, where Marlowe is believed to have written the majority of Part 1, ''Henry VI Part 1'' is the first of three plays describing the end of UsefulNotes/TheHundredYearsWar and the outbreak of the UsefulNotes/WarsOfTheRoses. ''Part 1'' deals with the resumed war between the French and English and sets up many of the conflicts that run through the other two plays, but critics are divided over the quality of the play: older critics deride it for its use of violence and conventions, while more modern critics are more positive, emphasizing its themes of failing chivalry and patriotism. The other two plays are ''Theatre/HenryVIPart2'' and ''Theatre/HenryVIPart3''.


* DealWithTheDevil: Suggested to be the key to Joan's success in battle.

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* DealWithTheDevil: Suggested to be the key to Joan's success in battle. An alternate interpretation is that she only did so near the end of the war out of desperation.


* AntiHero: Many. Not many real heroes.

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* AntiHero: Many. Not many real heroes.Almost everyone, with the notable exception of Talbot, who is a hero in the classic chivalric model, and whose death symbolizes the end of the chivalric era, and the start of political machinations in warfare.


* AnachronismStew: A character is referred to as a "Machiavel" during the play, at least one generation before Creator/NiccoloMachiavelli was born and even longer before he ever wrote ''Literature/ThePrince''.

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* AnachronismStew: A character is referred to as a "Machiavel" during the play, at least one generation before Creator/NiccoloMachiavelli was born and even longer before he ever wrote ''Literature/ThePrince''. However, the events in the play presage Machiavellianism, especially in the feuding nobles and Joan's strategies, directly leading to the end of the chivalric model in Talbot's death.


The young king, Henry VI, arrives for his coronation in France and tries to reconcile the feuding nobles, who have by now divided themselves into two camps symbolised by red and white roses. He inadvertently makes things worse by seeming to favour the red rose party then sending the two chief rivals out at the head of two parts of his army -- a recipe for disaster. The Dukes of York (leader of the White Rose faction) and Somerset (leader of the Red Rose faction) refuse to come to each other's aid in battle and as a result, Talbot is killed by the French. York manages to defeat the French and capture Joan, who he orders to be executed.

One of the spoils of the English victory is a young French princess, Margaret of Anjou. The Earl of Suffolk plots to marry her to King Henry and thereby gain influence over the throne.

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The young king, Henry VI, arrives for his coronation in France and tries to reconcile the feuding nobles, who have by now divided themselves into two camps symbolised by red and white roses. He inadvertently makes things worse by seeming to favour the red rose party Red Rose faction (Winchester), then sending the two chief rivals out at the head of two parts of his army -- a recipe for disaster. The Dukes of York (leader of the White Rose faction) and Somerset (leader of the Red Rose faction) refuse to come to each other's aid in battle and as a result, Talbot is abandoned by both and killed by the French. York manages to defeat the French and capture captures Joan, who whom he orders to be executed.

burned at the stake.

One of the spoils of the English victory is a young French princess, Margaret of Anjou. The Earl of Suffolk plots to marry her to King Henry and thereby gain influence over the throne.
throne, setting up events in the next installment.


Meanwhile, in France, the great chivalric knight Sir John Talbot is meeting new resistance from an unexpected source -- a woman. La Pucelle (''i.e.'', Joan of Arc) has arrived in the Dauphin's camp and revitalised his flagging army.

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Meanwhile, in France, the great chivalric knight Sir John Talbot is meeting new resistance from an unexpected source -- a woman. La Pucelle (''i.e.'', Joan of Arc) has arrived in the Dauphin's camp and revitalised his flagging army.
army. Joan distinguishes herself by her unconventional, underhanded style of warfare, directly contradicting and ultimately destroying Talbot's outdated ideas of chivalry and honourable combat. This, together with the cowardly Fastolf (a precursor to Falstaff), signals the end of the chivalric age.


Meanwhile, in France, the great leader Sir John Talbot is meeting new resistance from an unexpected source -- a woman. La Pucelle (''i.e.'', Joan of Arc) has arrived in the Dauphin's camp and revitalised his flagging army.

to:

Meanwhile, in France, the great leader chivalric knight Sir John Talbot is meeting new resistance from an unexpected source -- a woman. La Pucelle (''i.e.'', Joan of Arc) has arrived in the Dauphin's camp and revitalised his flagging army.


A history play by Creator/WilliamShakespeare, ''Henry VI Part 1'' is the first of three plays describing the end of UsefulNotes/TheHundredYearsWar and the outbreak of the UsefulNotes/WarsOfTheRoses. ''Part 1'' deals with the resumed war between the French and English and sets up many of the conflicts that run through the other two plays, but is often considered one of Shakespeare's weakest works. The other two plays are ''Theatre/HenryVIPart2'' and ''Theatre/HenryVIPart3''.

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A history play by Creator/WilliamShakespeare, ''Henry VI Part 1'' is the first of three plays describing the end of UsefulNotes/TheHundredYearsWar and the outbreak of the UsefulNotes/WarsOfTheRoses. ''Part 1'' deals with the resumed war between the French and English and sets up many of the conflicts that run through the other two plays, but is often considered one critics are divided over the quality of Shakespeare's weakest works.the play: older critics deride it for its use of violence and conventions, while more modern critics are more positive, emphasizing its themes of failing chivalry and patriotism. The other two plays are ''Theatre/HenryVIPart2'' and ''Theatre/HenryVIPart3''.


* LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters

Added DiffLines:

* ArtisticLicenseHistory: Contrary to what the play shows, John Talbot outlived Joan of Arc by more than two decades; Joan was burned at the stake in 1431, while Talbot was killed in battle in 1453. He also met his end at ''Gascony'', not Bordeaux.


** Even in Shakespeare's time, it was known that charges of heresy and crossdressing pressed against Joan of Arc were a KangarooCourt, and accusations of witchcraft never went to try. In this play, it's suggest she really did make a DealWithTheDevil to aid the French side of the war.

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** Even in Shakespeare's time, it was known that charges of heresy and crossdressing pressed against Joan of Arc were a KangarooCourt, and accusations of witchcraft never went to try.trial. In this play, it's suggest she really did make a DealWithTheDevil to aid the French side of the war.


* EvilChancellor / CorruptChurch: Richard Beaufort, Cardinal of Winchester and illegitimate son of John of Gaunt, schemes to be the power behind young Henry.

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* EvilChancellor / CorruptChurch: EvilChancellor: Richard Beaufort, [[CorruptChurch Cardinal of Winchester Winchester]] and illegitimate son of John of Gaunt, schemes to be the power behind young Henry.



* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: Of Joan of Arc of all people.

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* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: Of HistoricalVillainUpgrade:
** Even in Shakespeare's time, it was known that charges of heresy and crossdressing pressed against
Joan of Arc were a KangarooCourt, and accusations of all people.witchcraft never went to try. In this play, it's suggest she really did make a DealWithTheDevil to aid the French side of the war.

Added DiffLines:

* BurnTheWitch: The eventual (offscreen) fate of Joan.


* DealWithTheDevil: Suggested to be the key to Joan's success in battle

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* DealWithTheDevil: Suggested to be the key to Joan's success in battlebattle.



* LadyOfWar: Joan la Pucelle, better known as UsefulNotes/JoanOfArc.

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* LadyOfWar: [[JeannedArchetype Jeanne d'Archétype]]: Joan of Arc (here called Joan la Pucelle, better known as UsefulNotes/JoanOfArc.or ''Joan the Pure''), who has supposedly been sent by God to lead the French to victory.



* PerspectiveFlip: By way of PopCulturalOsmosis -- modern viewers (even English-speaking ones) are generally more familiar with the French version of the story of Joan of Arc rather than the English-favoring account which this play presents.
* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: Talbot and Duke Humphrey. Interesting to point out that the only two ReasonableAuthorityFigures in the whole trilogy die early and that the rest suffer from ChronicBackstabbingDisorder

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* PerspectiveFlip: By way of PopCulturalOsmosis -- modern PopCulturalOsmosis--modern viewers (even English-speaking ones) are generally more familiar with the French version of the story of Joan of Arc rather than the English-favoring account which this play presents.
* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: Talbot and Duke Humphrey. Interesting to point out that the only two ReasonableAuthorityFigures Reasonable Authority Figures in the whole trilogy die early and that the rest suffer from ChronicBackstabbingDisorderChronicBackstabbingDisorder.


* GreyAndGrayMorality: Neither the French nor the English are cast in a particularly flattering light, and the two armies are shown internally ridiculing each other for the exact same perceived flaws.



* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: Talbot and Duke Humphrey. Interesting to point out that the only two ReasonableAuthorityFigure in the whole trilogy die early and that the rest suffer from ChronicBackstabbingDisorder

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* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: Talbot and Duke Humphrey. Interesting to point out that the only two ReasonableAuthorityFigure ReasonableAuthorityFigures in the whole trilogy die early and that the rest suffer from ChronicBackstabbingDisorder

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