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* Hong Kong led to another one of these: the city of Shenzhen in Guangdong Province in the part of Mainland China that directly borders Hong Kong's New Territories. Until 1980, the area was a sleepy rural area that happened to contain the last stop on the rail line before Hong Kong. After the Chinese government decided to open the country to foreign trade, however, Shenzhen became the focal point for export-oriented manufacturing, as its location next to Hong Kong allowed it to be shipped from Hong Kong's giant port and allowed factories to get financing more easily from Hong Kong’s giant banks. Today, Shenzhen is arguably the world’s largest and most important manufacturing center and one of China's largest cities, home to over 12 million people (and possibly as many as 20 million based on some estimates).

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* Hong Kong led to another one of these: the city of Shenzhen in Guangdong Province in the part of Mainland China that directly borders Hong Kong's New Territories. Until 1980, Shenzhen was the area was county town of a sleepy rural area that happened to contain the last stop on the rail line before Hong Kong. After the Chinese government decided to open the country to foreign trade, however, Shenzhen became the focal point for export-oriented manufacturing, as its location next to Hong Kong allowed it to be shipped from Hong Kong's giant port and allowed factories to get financing more easily from Hong Kong’s giant banks. Today, Shenzhen is arguably the world’s largest and most important manufacturing center and one of China's largest cities, home to over 12 million people (and possibly as many as 20 million based on some estimates).


* UsefulNotes/{{HongKong}} has a rather colourful past, going from a humble fishing village, to a British Colonial territory and eventually a densely populated city that is not only known as a shopper's paradise, but also happens to be one of the world's leading international financial centres, being home to the SEHK (Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited), which is Asia's third-largest stock exchange.

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* UsefulNotes/{{HongKong}} UsefulNotes/HongKong has a rather colourful past, going from a humble fishing village, to a British Colonial territory and eventually a densely populated city that is not only known as a shopper's paradise, but also happens to be one of the world's leading international financial centres, being home to the SEHK (Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited), which is Asia's third-largest stock exchange.exchange.
* Hong Kong led to another one of these: the city of Shenzhen in Guangdong Province in the part of Mainland China that directly borders Hong Kong's New Territories. Until 1980, the area was a sleepy rural area that happened to contain the last stop on the rail line before Hong Kong. After the Chinese government decided to open the country to foreign trade, however, Shenzhen became the focal point for export-oriented manufacturing, as its location next to Hong Kong allowed it to be shipped from Hong Kong's giant port and allowed factories to get financing more easily from Hong Kong’s giant banks. Today, Shenzhen is arguably the world’s largest and most important manufacturing center and one of China's largest cities, home to over 12 million people (and possibly as many as 20 million based on some estimates).



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* ''Plutón B.R.B. Nero'' is a Spanish comedy sci-fi series, with the opening narration explaining: "Year 2530. Situation on planet Earth is hopeless. (...) Unregulated construction of semi-detached houses in the North Pole causes the rise of waters, sinking cities like New York, London and Benidorm." Benidorm is a 67,000-inhabitant tourist resort in Spain. At least it's a coastal one.



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* In ''Literature/NewDealCoalitionRetained'', China's capital is moved from Beijing to Nanking following [[spoiler: the successful MilitaryCoup against the Communist Party regime.]]


* In ''Literature/TheDoorIntoSummer'' by Creator/RobertAHeinlein, Denver becomes the capital of the US after a nuclear war that leaves most of the East Coast uninhabitable.

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* In ''Literature/TheDoorIntoSummer'' by Creator/RobertAHeinlein, the Creator/RobertHeinlein story "Literature/IfThisGoesOn", the theocratic dictatorship that now controls America rules from Kansas City, which is now renamed New Jerusalem. (Heinlein grew up in Kansas City.)
** In Heinlein's ''Literature/TheDoorIntoSummer'',
Denver becomes the capital of the US after a nuclear war that leaves most of the East Coast uninhabitable.



* In the Creator/RobertHeinlein story "Literature/IfThisGoesOn", the theocratic dictatorship that now controls America rules from Kansas City, which is now renamed New Jerusalem. (Heinlein grew up in Kansas City.)


* In the Creator/RobertHeinlein story "Literature/IfThisGoesOn", the theocratic dictatorship that now controls America rules from Kansas City, which is now renamed New Jerusalem.
* In ''Literature/TheStand'', [[BigGood Mother Abagail]] and [[BigBad Randall Flagg]] respectfully choose Boulder, Colorado and Las Vegas as the places from which they intend to rebuild [[AfterTheEnd post-apocalyptic]] society as they see fit.

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* In the Creator/RobertHeinlein story "Literature/IfThisGoesOn", the theocratic dictatorship that now controls America rules from Kansas City, which is now renamed New Jerusalem.
Jerusalem. (Heinlein grew up in Kansas City.)
* In ''Literature/TheStand'', [[BigGood Mother Abagail]] and [[BigBad Randall Flagg]] respectfully respectively choose Boulder, Colorado and Las Vegas as the places from which they intend to rebuild [[AfterTheEnd post-apocalyptic]] society as they see fit.


* Although it was for a brief time, the city of Busan was the temporary capital of {{UsefulNotes/South Korea}} during {{UsefulNotes/The Korean War}} when the capital city {{UsefulNotes/Seoul}} was fallen under the communist army. As soon as the capital was finally taken back (after being retaken by {{UsefulNotes/North Korea}}) the Korean government returned to Seoul.

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* Although it was for a brief time, the city of Busan UsefulNotes/{{Busan}} was the temporary capital of {{UsefulNotes/South Korea}} during {{UsefulNotes/The Korean War}} when the capital city {{UsefulNotes/Seoul}} was fallen under taken over by the communist army. As soon as the capital was finally taken back (after being retaken by {{UsefulNotes/North Korea}}) the Korean government returned to Seoul.



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* ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 1}}'': Shady Sands was a small wasteland settlement originally founded by some of the people from Vault 15, but ended up becoming the birth place of the New California Republic thanks to the actions of the Vault Dweller. Decades later, it's the capital of the NCR and one of the biggest cities in the post-apocalyptic world.


** In ''Literature/{{Worldwar}}'' the invading aliens destroy Washington DC with a nuclear bomb causing the US to shift its capital permanently to Little Rock, Arkansas.

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** In ''Literature/{{Worldwar}}'' the invading aliens destroy Washington DC with a nuclear bomb causing the US to shift its capital permanently to Little Rock, Arkansas. They also wipe out Berlin, and after the war Germany's capital is Nuremberg



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* ''[[https://www.alternatehistory.com/forum/threads/empire-at-the-worlds-end-a-peshawar-lancers-tl.419033/ Empire At the World's End]]'', a more realistic take on ''Literature/ThePeshawarLancers'' based primarily on America, sees most of the cities on the East Coast (including Washington) wiped out by tsunamis created by [[DeathFromAbove the Fall]]. Afterwards, St. Louis becomes the ''de facto'' capital due to it being where the state governments hold a Constitutional Convention to try and create a new federal government (and where General Sherman sets up shop after staging a MilitaryCoup against the failing convention). However, as the Long Winter sets in, St. Louis becomes untenable as a long-term solution, so the government eventually relocates to Memphis, Tennessee instead.



* ''[[https://www.alternatehistory.com/forum/threads/empire-at-the-worlds-end-a-peshawar-lancers-tl.419033/ Empire At the World's End]]'', a more realistic take on ''Literature/ThePeshawarLancers'' based primarily on America, sees most of the cities on the East Coast (including Washington) wiped out by tsunamis created by [[DeathFromAbove the Fall]]. Afterwards, St. Louis becomes the ''de facto'' capital due to it being where the state governments hold a Constitutional Convention to try and create a new federal government (and where General Sherman sets up shop after staging a MilitaryCoup against the failing convention). However, as the Long Winter sets in, St. Louis becomes untenable as a long-term solution, so the government eventually relocates to Memphis, Tennessee instead.


* This was half of the reason for the Great Reform Act. Enfranchising (and disenfranchising) boroughs with seats in Parliament had historically been haphazard and somewhat arbitrary or capricious, and after 1661 there were no enfranchising and only a single disenfranchising. This might not have been so intolerable... if not for that this trope and its [[DyingCity opposite]] meant that by 1832 there were settlements with a dozen or so inhabitants left that sent two [=MPs=] to Parliament while cities with tens of thousands of inhabitants sent none.

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* This was half of the reason for the Great "Great Reform Act.Act" of 1832 and Britain's last serious brush with another civil war. Enfranchising (and disenfranchising) boroughs with seats in Parliament had historically been haphazard and somewhat arbitrary or capricious, and after 1661 there were no enfranchising and only a single disenfranchising. This might was not have been so intolerable... if not a huge problem for that a while, but the steady march of this trope and its [[DyingCity [[DyingTown opposite]] meant that by 1832 the early 19th century there were settlements with a dozen or so inhabitants left that sent two [=MPs=] to Parliament while cities with tens of thousands of inhabitants sent none.none. By 1832 the situation was about to boil over and an Act of Parliament was passed that expanded the franchise considerably and completely did away with the so-called [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rotten_and_pocket_boroughs rotten boroughs]]. It wasn't a complete solution by any means, and it took another century to get universal sufferage, but it was a start.



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* ''ComicBook/TheLifeAndTimesOfScroogeMcDuck'': Dawson City was originally just a settlement at the delta of the Klondike and Yukon rivers consisting of a logging camp and a saloon catering to the workers. Then gold was discovered in the area, and it became the center of the Yukon Gold Rush, one of the last great gold rushes, and the population ballooned from 500 to 30.000...including a prospector named Scrooge Mcduck.


* ''Literature/TheWheelOfTime'': {{Downplayed}} with the village of Emond's Field, which begins as a tiny {{Arcadia}}n backwater significant only for being TheChosenOne Rand's birthplace. Refugees from the West give it a huge population boom and a massive influx of talented tradespeople, while Rand's childhood friend is elevated to local Lord by popular vote in defiance of royal authority. By the end of the series, it's poised to become the new capital of an independent nation.

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* ''Literature/TheWheelOfTime'': {{Downplayed}} with the The village of Emond's Field, which Field begins as a tiny {{Arcadia}}n backwater significant only for being TheChosenOne Rand's birthplace. Refugees from the West give it a huge population boom and a massive influx of talented tradespeople, while tradespeople; Rand's childhood friend is elevated to local Lord by popular vote in defiance of royal authority. By authority; and, by the end of the series, it's poised to become the new capital of an independent nation.



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* ''Literature/TheWheelOfTime'': {{Downplayed}} with the village of Emond's Field, which begins as a tiny {{Arcadia}}n backwater significant only for being TheChosenOne Rand's birthplace. Refugees from the West give it a huge population boom and a massive influx of talented tradespeople, while Rand's childhood friend is elevated to local Lord by popular vote in defiance of royal authority. By the end of the series, it's poised to become the new capital of an independent nation.


* Several State Capitals fall under this category as they were placed near the geographical center and/or between major cities and population centers. Jefferson City, Lansing, Springfield, and Bismarck are some of the more prominent examples.



* Several State Capitals fall under this category as they were placed near the geographical center and/or between major cities and population centers. Jefferson City, Lansing, Springfield, and Bismarck are some of the more prominent examples.

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* Several State Capitals fall under this category as they were placed near the geographical center and/or between major cities and population centers. Jefferson City, Lansing, Springfield, and Bismarck are some of the more prominent examples.

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