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Characters like this are generally villains in ScienceFiction. In stories with a NatureHero, they might exist (as the BigBad or a second villainous faction) to provide a foil. A story where LuddWasRight might have this accidentally if the protagonist is too much of a DesignatedHero. Contrast with the generally peaceful SpaceAmish. See also EvilReactionary, who opposes modern changes to society, rather than to technology (naturally, the two may overlap) and {{Technophobia}} in which the character can have an aversion for technology, but not to the point of being this trope (but may overlap, too).

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Characters like this are generally villains in ScienceFiction. In stories with a NatureHero, they might exist (as the BigBad or a second villainous faction) to provide a foil. A story where LuddWasRight might have this accidentally if the protagonist is too much of a DesignatedHero. Contrast with the generally peaceful SpaceAmish. See also EvilReactionary, who opposes modern changes to society, rather than to technology (naturally, the two may overlap) and {{Technophobia}} in which the character can have an aversion for technology, but not to the point of being this trope (but may overlap, too).
too). On the scale of RomanticismVersusEnlightenment, they're the antagonists in Enlightenment works, especially if they're enemies against the ScienceHero.


* Wheller's un-named AU depicts Celestia as one of these, mostly from flashbacks narrated, or involving, Luna. [[spoiler:Ultimately subverted at the climax of ''End Of The Line'' when it's revealed that Celestia was only being NecessaryEvil to prevent Luna from becoming a GalacticConqueror. Despite this [[RebuiltPedestal rebuilding the pedestal]], Twilight conceals the truth so that Equestria can move forward without her.]]

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* Wheller's un-named AU depicts Celestia as one of these, mostly from flashbacks narrated, or involving, Luna. [[spoiler:Ultimately subverted at the climax of ''End Of The Line'' when it's revealed that Celestia was only being NecessaryEvil NecessarilyEvil to prevent Luna from becoming a GalacticConqueror. Despite this [[RebuiltPedestal rebuilding the pedestal]], Twilight conceals the truth so that Equestria can move forward without her.]]


* Maybe Anacreon and Korell from ''Literature/{{Foundation}}'', who are against Foundation technology and are militaristic.
** Subverted by Korell: they are against Foundation technology not so much because of being against technology as believing (before Mallow comes along, fairly correctly) that opening up the door to the Foundation's technology will open the door to the [[PathOfInspiration Religion of Science]] and allow for the Foundation to subvert them and ultimately make them into a puppet state. The Four Kingdoms plays it somewhat straighter, though - all of them were militaristic, Anacreon was just the strongest, and all of them were backwards and primitive to the point that the Foundation had to reintroduce science ''as a religion'' just to get over the reflexive suspicion of the populace.
** Played very straight with Askone, who associate all high tech with the First Empire (except for the few starships and such they managed to take when the Empire withdrew from their planet).

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* Maybe Anacreon and Korell from ''Literature/{{Foundation}}'', who are against Foundation technology and are militaristic.
Creator/IsaacAsimov:
** Subverted by Korell: they are against Foundation technology not so much because of being against technology as believing (before Mallow comes along, fairly correctly) that opening up the door to the Foundation's technology will open the door to the [[PathOfInspiration Religion of Science]] and allow for the Foundation to subvert them and ultimately make them into a puppet state. The Four Kingdoms plays it somewhat straighter, though - all of them were militaristic, Anacreon was just the strongest, and all of them were backwards and primitive to the point that the Foundation had to reintroduce science ''as a religion'' just to get over the reflexive suspicion of the populace.
** Played very straight with Askone, who associate
''Literature/TheFoundationTrilogy'':
*** "Literature/TheTraders": Planet Askone associates
all high tech with the First Empire (except for the few starships and such they managed to take when the Empire withdrew from their planet). To avoid the vices of the Empire, they shun science and the trade of sacrilegious technology.
*** "Literature/TheMerchantPrinces": Korell is a [[SubvertedTrope subversion]] of the usual Luddite; they're not against Foundation technology, but against Foundation religion, which (before Mallow comes along) was a required part of any technological trade. Allowing the [[ScamReligion Religion of Science]] would mean allowing the Foundation to subvert them and ultimately make them into a puppet state, like what happened to Askone from "Literature/TheTraders".
** "{{Literature/Trends}}": Otis Eldridge [[RabbleRouser incites people]] against the pursuit of scientific advancement, personified in the form of John Harman, who is trying to build a rocketship to UsefulNotes/TheMoon.



* Creator/IsaacAsimov's "{{Literature/Trends}}": Otis Eldridge [[RabbleRouser incites people]] against the pursuit of scientific advancement, personified in the form of John Harman, who is trying to build a rocketship to UsefulNotes/TheMoon.

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* The Bishop and the other members of the CorruptChurch of Wallachia in ''WesternAnimation/Castlevania2017'' burn doctor Lisa Tepes as a witch because she had advanced knowledge of biology and chemistry instead of relying on useless folk remedies (the fact that she was an atheist didn't help matters, either.) Her death enrages Dracula to the point of declaring his intent to KillAllHumans.

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[[folder:Web Comics]]
* In ''Webcomic/AGirlAndHerFed'', at one point it's remarked that a group of luddites attempted to kidnap and torture Hope, due to her marriage to Sparky and the fact that, compared to a wall of muscle, she looks rather unassuming. [[BullyingADragon It didn't go very well for them.]]
[[/folder]]


* In ''VideoGame/HorizonZeroDawn'', [[spoiler:Ted Faro]] decided that the reborn humans should not be educated to the technological level of their forebearers, and in a nihillistic fit, he purposely destroyed APOLLO, a critical education databank to do so. The resulting loss of practically all knowledge of the past has forced humans to struggle at varying technological levels, ranging from almost pure hunter-gatherer for the Nora, to barely post-agricultural for the Carja, with some knowledge of the use of steam power among them and the Oseram. [[spoiler:The fact he is also responsible for [[GreyGoo the eponymous Faro Plague]] [[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt that killed all life on Earth]] [[GreaterScopeVillain and started the game's events in the first place]] makes him one of the most extreme examples of this trope. And that's before mentioning that he created [[OmnicidalManiac HADES]], and based its personality on his own, or that he [[KillEmAll killed all of the Alphas]] to keep them from undoing APOLLO's destruction, so that the world wouldn't remember him as the CompleteMonster he was.]]

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* In ''VideoGame/HorizonZeroDawn'', [[spoiler:Ted Faro]] decided that the reborn humans should not be educated to the technological level of their forebearers, and in a nihillistic fit, he purposely destroyed APOLLO, a critical education databank to do so. The resulting loss of practically all knowledge of the past has forced humans to struggle at varying technological levels, ranging from almost pure hunter-gatherer for the Nora, to barely post-agricultural for the Carja, with some knowledge of the use of steam power among them and the Oseram. [[spoiler:The fact he is also responsible for [[GreyGoo the eponymous Faro Plague]] [[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt that killed all life on Earth]] [[GreaterScopeVillain and started the game's events in the first place]] makes him one of the most extreme examples of this trope. And that's before mentioning that he created [[OmnicidalManiac HADES]], and based its personality on his own, or that he [[KillEmAll killed all of the Alphas]] to keep them from undoing APOLLO's destruction, so that the world wouldn't remember him as the CompleteMonster monster he was.]]


* On ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine'', the episode "Paradise" features SpaceAmish whose leader (and her son) both turn out to be this trope (having [[spoiler:marooned the rest on the planet by forcing them to forsake technology]]).
* ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'' had the RecycledInSpace hippies in "The Way to Eden".

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* On ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine'', the episode "Paradise" features a colony of SpaceAmish whose leader (and her son) both turn wrote a number of philosophical treatises on the evils of technology and the advantages of a simpler existence before being conveniently marooned on a planet with an energy field that renders technology inoperable. She has a cult-like control over the colonists and quashes dissent with corporal punishment, sentencing malcontents to solitary confinement in a cramped, oven-hot box for crimes like stealing a candle or "wasting time" trying to get technology to work within the energy field. [[spoiler: She turns out to be this trope (having [[spoiler:marooned have orchestrated the rest on marooning without the planet by forcing them to forsake technology]]).
*
consent of the other colonists and set up the energy field herself, indirectly causing the deaths of colonists with injuries or diseases that could have been treated with advanced medical technology.]]
%%*
''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'' had the RecycledInSpace hippies in "The Way to Eden".


* ''WesternAnimation/BigHero6TheSeries'' has Ned Ludd[[labelnote:*]]Named after the TropeNamer[[/labelnote]], a businessman turned tech-hating hermit who lives in the woods with only the company of a tech-scrambling magentized metorite. He honestly believes technology will be humanity's end, and attempts to destroy Baymax for the crime of being a robot.

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* ''WesternAnimation/BigHero6TheSeries'' has Ned Ludd[[labelnote:*]]Named after the TropeNamer[[/labelnote]], a businessman turned tech-hating hermit who lives in the woods with only the company of a tech-scrambling magentized metorite. He honestly believes technology will be humanity's end, and attempts to destroy Baymax for the crime of being a robot.


* In ''VideoGame/HorizonZeroDawn'', [[spoiler:Ted Faro]] decided that the reborn humans should not be educated to the technological level of their forebearers, and purposely destroyed APOLLO, a critical education databank to do so. The resulting loss of practically all knowledge of the past has forced humans to struggle at varying technological levels, ranging from almost pure hunter-gatherer for the Nora, to barely post-agricultural for the Carja, with some knowledge of the use of steam power among them and the Oseram. [[spoiler:The fact he is also responsible for [[GreyGoo the eponymous Faro Plague]] [[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt that killed all life on Earth]] [[GreaterScopeVillain and started the game's events in the first place]] makes him one of the most extreme examples of this trope. And that's before mentioning that he created [[OmnicidalManiac HADES]], and based its personality on his own.]]

to:

* In ''VideoGame/HorizonZeroDawn'', [[spoiler:Ted Faro]] decided that the reborn humans should not be educated to the technological level of their forebearers, and in a nihillistic fit, he purposely destroyed APOLLO, a critical education databank to do so. The resulting loss of practically all knowledge of the past has forced humans to struggle at varying technological levels, ranging from almost pure hunter-gatherer for the Nora, to barely post-agricultural for the Carja, with some knowledge of the use of steam power among them and the Oseram. [[spoiler:The fact he is also responsible for [[GreyGoo the eponymous Faro Plague]] [[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt that killed all life on Earth]] [[GreaterScopeVillain and started the game's events in the first place]] makes him one of the most extreme examples of this trope. And that's before mentioning that he created [[OmnicidalManiac HADES]], and based its personality on his own.own, or that he [[KillEmAll killed all of the Alphas]] to keep them from undoing APOLLO's destruction, so that the world wouldn't remember him as the CompleteMonster he was.]]


* In ''VideoGame/HorizonZeroDawn'', [[spoiler:Ted Faro]] decides that the rebirthed humans should not be educated to the technological level of their forebearers, and purposely destroys a critical education databank to do so. The resulting loss of practically all knowledge of the past has forced humans to struggle at varying technological levels, ranging from almost pure hunter-gatherer for the Nora, to barely post-agricultural for the Carja, with some knowledge of the use of steam power among them and the Oseram. [[spoiler:The fact he is also responsible for [[GreyGoo the eponymous Faro Plague]] [[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt that killed all life on Earth]] [[GreaterScopeVillain and started the game's events in the first place]] makes him one of the most extreme examples of this trope.]]

to:

* In ''VideoGame/HorizonZeroDawn'', [[spoiler:Ted Faro]] decides decided that the rebirthed reborn humans should not be educated to the technological level of their forebearers, and purposely destroys destroyed APOLLO, a critical education databank to do so. The resulting loss of practically all knowledge of the past has forced humans to struggle at varying technological levels, ranging from almost pure hunter-gatherer for the Nora, to barely post-agricultural for the Carja, with some knowledge of the use of steam power among them and the Oseram. [[spoiler:The fact he is also responsible for [[GreyGoo the eponymous Faro Plague]] [[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt that killed all life on Earth]] [[GreaterScopeVillain and started the game's events in the first place]] makes him one of the most extreme examples of this trope. And that's before mentioning that he created [[OmnicidalManiac HADES]], and based its personality on his own.]]


* In ''VideoGame/HorizonZeroDawn'', [[spoiler:Ted Faro]] decides that the rebirthed humans should not be educated to the technological level of their forbears, and purposely destroys a critical education databank to do so. The resulting loss of practically all knowledge of the past has forced humans to struggle at varying technological levels, ranging from almost pure hunter-gatherer for the Nora, to barely post-agricultural for the Carja, with some knowledge of the use of steam power among them and the Oseram. [[spoiler:The fact he is also responsible for [[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt the plague that killed all life on Earth and started the game's events in the first place]] makes him an exaggerated example.]]

to:

* In ''VideoGame/HorizonZeroDawn'', [[spoiler:Ted Faro]] decides that the rebirthed humans should not be educated to the technological level of their forbears, forebearers, and purposely destroys a critical education databank to do so. The resulting loss of practically all knowledge of the past has forced humans to struggle at varying technological levels, ranging from almost pure hunter-gatherer for the Nora, to barely post-agricultural for the Carja, with some knowledge of the use of steam power among them and the Oseram. [[spoiler:The fact he is also responsible for [[GreyGoo the eponymous Faro Plague]] [[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt the plague that killed all life on Earth Earth]] [[GreaterScopeVillain and started the game's events in the first place]] makes him an exaggerated example.one of the most extreme examples of this trope.]]


* Played straight with [[StrawCharacter perhaps insufficient motivation]] by the Abominators in Creator/AnneMcCaffrey's ''[[Literature/DragonridersOfPern The Skies of Pern]]''.



* ''WesternAnimation/BatmanBeyond'': Mad Stan is a psychotic Luddite whose solution to everything in the high-tech future Gotham is "Blow it up!".


* ''Anime/GhostInTheShellStandAloneComplex'' features a terrorist organisation who are [[MugglePower opposed to cyborgs]]. While they aren't shown doing anything directly evil [[spoiler:they did kidnap the teenage daughter of a CEO because she had a new cyberbrain treatment done to her. When the heroes find her, she looks about 70 (despite having only been in their "care" for less than 2 decades), has a daughter nearly as old as the time she was kidnapped and looking at her memories [[DrivenToSuicide drove the last rescue team to suicide]].]]

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* ''Anime/GhostInTheShellStandAloneComplex'' features a terrorist organisation who are [[MugglePower opposed to cyborgs]]. While they aren't shown doing anything directly evil [[spoiler:they [[spoiler:in Season 1 Episode 13, they did kidnap the teenage daughter of a CEO because she had a new cyberbrain treatment done to her. When the heroes find her, she looks about 70 (despite having only been in their "care" for less than 2 decades), has a daughter nearly as old as the time she was kidnapped and looking at her memories [[DrivenToSuicide drove the last rescue team to suicide]].]]


* The Luddic Path in ''VideoGame/Starsector'' are a highly extremist faction of the main Luddic Church that seeks to destroy any piece of technology that they deem too advanced, and they have even [[ColonyDrop dropped stations on planets]] to make their point straight.

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* The Luddic Path in ''VideoGame/Starsector'' ''VideoGame/{{Starsector}}'' are a highly extremist faction of the main Luddic Church that seeks to destroy any piece of technology that they deem too advanced, and they have even [[ColonyDrop dropped stations on planets]] to make their point straight.


* ''The Year When Stardust Fell'', a 1958 sci-fi juvenile by Raymond F. Jones. Earth has been caught in the tails of a comet whose particles have caused all metal to bind together. A RabbleRouser and a 'witch' (a senile old lady whose ravings are now seen as prophecy), working on resentment over how community resources are being used to keep a scientific research centre going, encourage a mob to burn it down right when the scientists have made a breakthrough. However a DownerEnding is averted as they're able to spread their discovery via ham radio.

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* ''The Year When Stardust Fell'', a 1958 sci-fi juvenile by Raymond F. Jones. Earth has been caught in the tails tail of a comet whose particles have caused all metal to bind together. A RabbleRouser and a 'witch' (a senile old lady whose ravings are now seen as prophecy), working on resentment over how community resources are being used to keep a scientific research centre going, encourage a mob to burn it down right when the scientists have made a breakthrough. However a DownerEnding is averted as they're able to spread their discovery via ham radio.

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