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* George Orwell's ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'' is the TropeNamer. The party requires that all citizens believe everything that the party says, even when they know for a fact that it is not true. To do otherwise is "thoughtcrime". Ingrained in this concept is also the idea that all we can say of reality is in our minds and therefore [[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve belief determines reality]]. If everyone believes that something is true, then it ''is'' true. Thus, the party can literally [[RealityWarper dictate reality]] -- though in a sense you need Doublethink to consider it to be literal. Doublethink is an essential part of their domination of the citizens, forcing them to police their own thoughts and submit completely to the party rather than stand up for themselves even in their minds.

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* George Orwell's ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'' is the TropeNamer. The party requires that all citizens believe everything that the party says, even when they know for a fact that it is not true. To do otherwise is "thoughtcrime". Ingrained in this concept is also the idea that all we can say of reality is in our minds and therefore [[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve belief determines reality]]. If everyone believes that something is true, then it ''is'' true. Thus, the party can literally [[RealityWarper dictate reality]] -- though in a sense you need Doublethink to consider it to be literal. Doublethink is an essential part of their domination of the citizens, forcing them to police their own thoughts and submit completely to the party rather than stand up for themselves even in their minds.

Added DiffLines:

There are two kinds of straight examples here: ''Verified'' examples, where a reliable narrator or similar gives the audience insight into the mind of the character, and ''apparent'' examples where a character appears to be engaging in doublethink but we don't know for sure what's really going on in his mind. Examples of the latter kind are more effective when a character suspects another of doublethink.

{{Hypocrite}}s often engage in doublethink, though the StrawHypocrite doesn't have to, being dishonest to others rather than themselves. In cases where doublethink is combined with some version of TheMasquerade, it becomes an extremely potent tool of the ConsummateLiar: No liar is as believable as the honest liar who truly believes in his own lies.

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* The complex and contradictory nature of international relations can seemingly create these situations. For example, the United States officially states that the People's Republic China is the ruler of all of China, including the island of Taiwan, but the US sends its Navy between mainland China and Taiwan whenever the People Republic of China threatens invasion of Taiwan.


* ''Webcomic/DorkTower'' gives us [[http://www.dorktower.com/2018/07/24/next-youll-be-asking-for-ketchup-dork-tower-24-07-18/ this]] gem about what a racist who thinks (or rather, ''says'' without thinking it properly) that Ken (whomm he [[DiscusedTrope calls]] [[http://www.dorktower.com/2018/07/17/the-more-things-change-the-more-they-stay-insane-dork-tower-17-07-18/ a]] ScaryBlackGuy.

to:

* ''Webcomic/DorkTower'' gives us [[http://www.dorktower.com/2018/07/24/next-youll-be-asking-for-ketchup-dork-tower-24-07-18/ this]] gem about what a racist who thinks (or rather, ''says'' without thinking it properly) that Ken (whomm he [[DiscusedTrope [[DiscussedTrope calls]] [[http://www.dorktower.com/2018/07/17/the-more-things-change-the-more-they-stay-insane-dork-tower-17-07-18/ a]] ScaryBlackGuy.ScaryBlackMan.


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* The Innuendo Studios video [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xMabpBvtXr4 "The Card Says Moops"]] is essentially a long-form breakdown of the trope as it applies to right-wing politics.


Added DiffLines:

** In a similar vein, neo-nazis and other white supremacists tend to push two (of many) separate ideas: that the "white race" is genetically superior to all others, and that it's somehow on the verge of collapse due to interracial couples having children, despite its previously-established "superiority".


* George Orwell's ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'' is the TropeNamer. The party requires that all citizens believe everything that the party says, even when they know for a fact that it is not true. Ingrained in this concept is also the idea that all we can say of reality is in our minds and therefore [[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve belief determines reality]]. If everyone believes that something is true, then it ''is'' true. Thus, the party can literally [[RealityWarper dictate reality]] -- though in a sense you need Doublethink to consider it to be literal.

to:

* George Orwell's ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'' is the TropeNamer. The party requires that all citizens believe everything that the party says, even when they know for a fact that it is not true. To do otherwise is "thoughtcrime". Ingrained in this concept is also the idea that all we can say of reality is in our minds and therefore [[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve belief determines reality]]. If everyone believes that something is true, then it ''is'' true. Thus, the party can literally [[RealityWarper dictate reality]] -- though in a sense you need Doublethink to consider it to be literal. Doublethink is an essential part of their domination of the citizens, forcing them to police their own thoughts and submit completely to the party rather than stand up for themselves even in their minds.


* In ''Literature/CatsCradle'', the religion of Bokononism is essentially built around doing this for the sake of comforting oneself: The Book of Bokonon preaches that one should "live by the foma [shameless lies] that make you brave and kind and healthy and happy". In fact, the first sentence of the Book reads "all of the true things that I am about to tell you are shameless lies." Basically, Bokononists are aware that all the principles and mythology of Bokononism are basically stuff that Bokonon made up because he thought it sounded nice, but they continue to wholeheartedly believe and practice it because it gives them comfort and makes them better people.

to:

* In ''Literature/CatsCradle'', the religion of Bokononism is essentially built around doing this for the sake of comforting oneself: The being a better person; the Book of Bokonon preaches that one should "live by the foma [shameless [harmless lies] that make you brave and kind and healthy and happy". In fact, the first sentence of the Book reads "all of the true things that I am about to tell you are shameless lies." happy".
**
Basically, Bokononists are aware that all the principles and mythology of Bokononism are basically stuff that Bokonon made up because he thought it sounded nice, but they continue to wholeheartedly believe and practice it because it gives them comfort and makes them better people.


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** Even Bokononisms status as illegal on the island is part of this trope because everybody knows that everybody is a Bokononist. The illegality is by design; it creates drama and conflict that help distract from how desperately (and hopelessly) poor and squalid the place is. The people all get to have exciting rebellious lives, "secretly" thumbing their nose at authority, instead of having nothing to do but lament how empty their bellies are.


There are two kinds of straight examples here: ''Verified'' examples, where a reliable narrator or similar gives the audience insight into the mind of the character, and ''apparent'' examples where a character appears to be engaging in doublethink but we don't know for sure what's really going on in his mind. Examples of the latter kind are more effective when a character suspects another of doublethink.

{{Hypocrite}}s often engage in doublethink, though the StrawHypocrite doesn't have to, being dishonest to others rather than themselves. In cases where doublethink is combined with some version of TheMasquerade, it becomes an extremely potent tool of the ConsummateLiar: No liar is as believable as the honest liar who truly believes in his own lies.



[[folder:Film]]
* The entire ''Film/SuckerPunch'' story runs on this, as the character(s) live simultaneously in two or sometimes even ''three'' different levels of realities, requiring quite a bit of multitasking from the audience if they are to have any real clue as to what's going on. [[spoiler:At the end it is revealed that Baby Doll did manage to help Sweet Pea to escape in the real world. This means that she must have been active in all three realities simultaneously, and actually accomplishing real deeds while trapped within a dream within a show within a hallucination. Wow.]]
[[/folder]]

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[[folder:Film]]
* The entire ''Film/SuckerPunch'' story runs on this, as the character(s) live simultaneously in two or sometimes even ''three'' different levels of realities, requiring quite a bit of multitasking from the audience if they are to have any real clue as to what's going on. [[spoiler:At the end it is revealed that Baby Doll did manage to help Sweet Pea to escape in the real world. This means that she must have been active in all three realities simultaneously, and actually accomplishing real deeds while trapped within a dream within a show within a hallucination. Wow.]]
[[/folder]]
%%[[folder:Film]]
%%[[/folder]]



* In ''[[Literature/CHERUBSeries CHERUB: Divine Madness]]'', the Survivor's manipulate people into joining their cult whilst simultaneously not seeing that they are being manipulated.

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* In ''[[Literature/CHERUBSeries CHERUB: Divine Madness]]'', the Survivor's Survivors manipulate people into joining their cult whilst simultaneously not seeing that they are being manipulated.



** Pastor Oats in ''Discworld/CarpeJugulum'' is an Omnian who had the misfortune to connect the dots between miracles and certain phenomena that occured around the same time (a prophet turned the seas to blood and vanquished a leviathan, but just so happened that there was an infestation of red algae that year, and knowing their effects on deep-sea creatures...) This conflict between faith and thought causes him to [[TheDitherer be in two minds about everything.]] [[spoiler:Which it turns out is an advantage when fighting vampires, as they can't control both minds at the same time]].

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** Pastor Oats in ''Discworld/CarpeJugulum'' is an Omnian who had the misfortune to connect the dots between miracles and certain phenomena that occured occurred around the same time (a prophet turned the seas to blood and vanquished a leviathan, but just so happened that there was an infestation of red algae that year, and knowing their effects on deep-sea creatures...) This conflict between faith and thought causes him to [[TheDitherer be in two minds about everything.]] [[spoiler:Which it turns out is an advantage when fighting vampires, as they can't control both minds at the same time]].



** Averted by Reg Shoe, an activist and later zombie activist: when he can't reconcile what everyone tells him is reality (no one ''cares'' about his efforts, and his brand of activisim would earn him a DopeSlap from the people on behalf of whom he's doing it), he simply continues on the same subject until people agree just to get him to go away.



* A rare "good" use of this trope can be found in Creator/OrsonScottCard's ''How to Write Science Fiction and Fantasy''. He posits that when considering one's own work, a writer must be able to believe that it is both the greatest work in the history of the written word and a terrible piece of garbage, simultaneously if possible. That way, one can believe the first while writing it, the second while editing it, the first again while submitting it for publication, and the second again if a rejection slip comes.

to:

* A rare "good" use of this trope can be found in In Creator/OrsonScottCard's ''How to Write Science Fiction and Fantasy''. He Fantasy'', he posits that when considering one's own work, a writer must be able to believe that it is both the greatest work in the history of the written word and a terrible piece of garbage, simultaneously if possible. That way, one can believe the first while writing it, the second while editing it, the first again while submitting it for publication, and the second again if a rejection slip comes.



* This is a common practice among players of tabletop games in general. It's generally expected that the players will direct the characters' actions based on the knowledge that the characters would reasonably be expected to have, rather than what the players themselves know. For example, a rookie adventurer barely out on his first quest probably wouldn't know about the various immunities and vulnerabilities of uncommon monsters.

to:

* This is a common practice among players of tabletop games in general. It's generally expected that the players will direct the characters' actions based on the knowledge that the characters would reasonably be expected to have, rather than what the players themselves know. For example, a rookie adventurer barely out on his first quest probably wouldn't know about know, while simultaneously working with the various immunities other players at the table to entertain each other and vulnerabilities of uncommon monsters.advance the plot.


[[folder: Anime And Manga ]]

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[[folder: Anime And Manga ]]
[[folder:Anime & Manga]]






[[folder: Film ]]

* The entire ''Film/SuckerPunch'' story runs on this, as the character(s) live simultaneously in two or sometimes even ''three'' different levels of realities, requiring quite a bit of multitasking from the audience if they are to have any real clue as to what's going on. [[spoiler:At the end it is revealed that Baby Doll did manage to help Sweet Pea to escape in the real world. This means that she must have been active in all three realities simultaneously, and actually accomplishing real deeds while trapped within a dream within a show within a hallucination. Wow.]]

to:

[[folder: Film ]]

[[folder:Comic Strips]]
* The entire ''Film/SuckerPunch'' story runs on this, In ''ComicStrip/BeetleBailey'', [[TheSmartGuy Plato]] invokes this trope as a demonstration of how an officer's mind works by handing [[YesMan Lt. Fuzz]] a black paper and lying that the character(s) live simultaneously in two or sometimes even ''three'' different levels General said it was white, but... This prompts Fuzz to go on a rant about how you shouldn't question your superiors and how it all may be of realities, requiring quite a bit of multitasking from vital importance somehow and culminating with his holding up the audience if they are to have any real clue as to what's going on. [[spoiler:At the end black paper and declaring firmly that it is revealed that Baby Doll did manage white. The General happens to help Sweet Pea to escape in the real world. This means that she must have been active in all three realities simultaneously, and actually accomplishing real deeds while trapped within a dream within a show within a hallucination. Wow.]]
be passing and, without looking particularly surprised, just thinks he's nuts.



[[folder: Literature ]]
* in ''Literature/LifeOfPi'' by Yann Martel, Pi claims to be a Christian, Muslim, and Hindu, but at least two of these religions say that the others are false.
* George Orwell's ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'' is the TropeNamer. The party requires that all citizens believe everything that the party says, even when they know for a fact that it is not true. Ingrained in this concept is also the idea that all we can say of reality is in our minds and therefore [[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve belief determines reality]]. If everyone believes that something is true, then it ''is'' true. Thus, the party can literally [[RealityWarper dictate reality]] -- though in a sense you need Doublethink to consider it to be literal.

to:

[[folder: Literature ]]
[[folder:Film]]
* The entire ''Film/SuckerPunch'' story runs on this, as the character(s) live simultaneously in ''Literature/LifeOfPi'' by Yann Martel, Pi claims to be a Christian, Muslim, and Hindu, but at least two or sometimes even ''three'' different levels of these religions say realities, requiring quite a bit of multitasking from the audience if they are to have any real clue as to what's going on. [[spoiler:At the end it is revealed that Baby Doll did manage to help Sweet Pea to escape in the others real world. This means that she must have been active in all three realities simultaneously, and actually accomplishing real deeds while trapped within a dream within a show within a hallucination. Wow.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* In ''Literature/BlaTornet'', the protagonist survives through his youth by developing this mindset. He is truly a heretic, but he is also a priest in a society hellbent on sniffing out all heretics and burying them alive. His solution is to never lie, a lie would eventually be discovered. Instead, he actively chose to believe in two simultaneous realities... and he quite incorrectly assumes that everyone else is smart enough to pull off the same kind of dual reality. In reality, almost everyone else in his world is actually exactly as narrow-minded as they come across.
* In ''Literature/CatsCradle'', the religion of Bokononism is essentially built around doing this for the sake of comforting oneself: The Book of Bokonon preaches that one should "live by the foma [shameless lies] that make you brave and kind and healthy and happy". In fact, the first sentence of the Book reads "all of the true things that I am about to tell you
are false.
* George Orwell's ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'' is the TropeNamer. The party requires
shameless lies." Basically, Bokononists are aware that all citizens the principles and mythology of Bokononism are basically stuff that Bokonon made up because he thought it sounded nice, but they continue to wholeheartedly believe everything and practice it because it gives them comfort and makes them better people.
-->'''Narrator:''' Anyone unable to understand how a useful religion can be founded on lies will not understand this book either. So be it.
* In ''[[Literature/CHERUBSeries CHERUB: Divine Madness]]'', the Survivor's manipulate people into joining their cult whilst simultaneously not seeing
that the party says, even when they know are being manipulated.
* In "The Beguiling", Literature/CiaphasCain describes his aide Jurgen thus: "He wasn't the biggest bang in the armoury by any means, but made up
for a fact that it is not true. Ingrained in this concept is also the idea that all we can say his lack of reality is in our minds and therefore [[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve belief determines reality]]. If everyone believes that something is true, then it ''is'' true. Thus, the party can intellect with a literally [[RealityWarper dictate reality]] -- though minded approach to orders and an unquestioning acceptance of even the mutually contradictory parts of Imperial doctrine which would have done credit to the most devout ecclesiarch."
* In ''Literature/TheDaggerAndTheCoin'', the members of the Spider Priest cult possess a combined LivingLieDetector and CompellingVoice ability, and while they seem to sincerely believe they are fighting against lies and spreading truth, in practice, their powers are used
in a sense you need Doublethink sinister way. If someone sincerely believes something, even if false, it registers as "true" to consider a Spider Priest, and they can convince each other and muggles of its truth without feeling any cognitive dissonance. The Priests claim to hate books because people can lie with the written word in a way they cannot with speech, but they define the truth as whatever they say it is, and use their powers to be literal.make people doubt facts contained in texts and instead believe in the lies [[BelievingTheirOwnLies sincerely preached by the Spider Priests]].



* In ''Literature/TheElenium'', the citizens of Elenia have a monotheistic religion, worshipping a God who insists he's the only God in existence. The Elene Church Knights also frequently make use of Styrgic magic. [[FunctionalMagic Under this 'verse's magical rules]], magic is actually divine intervention, and spells are actually ritualized prayers to specific gods and goddesses. When a young member of the Church Knights realizes the inherent contradiction of their job--disbelieving in the Styrgic gods, yet praying to them and receiving divine help all the same--the older Knights admit that they deal with it by thinking about it as little as possible.
* In ''Literature/TheHandmaidsTale'', the protagonist doesn't know what's happened to her husband, but states that she simultaneously believes that he was killed, that he was captured, and that he escaped.
* A rare "good" use of this trope can be found in Creator/OrsonScottCard's ''How to Write Science Fiction and Fantasy''. He posits that when considering one's own work, a writer must be able to believe that it is both the greatest work in the history of the written word and a terrible piece of garbage, simultaneously if possible. That way, one can believe the first while writing it, the second while editing it, the first again while submitting it for publication, and the second again if a rejection slip comes.



* In ''Literature/BlaTornet'', the protagonist survives through his youth by developing this mindset. He is truly a heretic, but he is also a priest in a society hellbent on sniffing out all heretics and burying them alive. His solution is to never lie, a lie would eventually be discovered. Instead, he actively chose to believe in two simultaneous realities... and he quite incorrectly assumes that everyone else is smart enough to pull off the same kind of dual reality. In reality, almost everyone else in his world is actually exactly as narrow-minded as they come across.
* In CHERUB:Divine Madness, the Survivor's manipulate people into joining their cult whilst simultaneously not seeing that they are being manipulated.
* In ''Literature/CatsCradle'', the religion of Bokononism is essentially built around doing this for the sake of comforting oneself: The Book of Bokonon preaches that one should "live by the foma [shameless lies] that make you brave and kind and healthy and happy". In fact, the first sentence of the Book reads "all of the true things that I am about to tell you are shameless lies." Basically, Bokononists are aware that all the principles and mythology of Bokononism are basically stuff that Bokonon made up because he thought it sounded nice, but they continue to wholeheartedly believe and practice it because it gives them comfort and makes them better people.
-->"Anyone unable to understand how a useful religion can be founded on lies will not understand this book either. So be it."
-->-'''John''', the novel's narrator
* In "The Beguiling", Literature/CiaphasCain describes his aide Jurgen thus: "He wasn't the biggest bang in the armoury by any means, but made up for his lack of intellect with a literally minded approach to orders and an unquestioning acceptance of even the mutually contradictory parts of Imperial doctrine which would have done credit to the most devout ecclesiarch."
* In ''Literature/TheHandmaidsTale'', the protagonist doesn't know what's happened to her husband, but states that she simultaneously believes that he was killed, that he was captured, and that he escaped.
* In ''Literature/TheDaggerAndTheCoin'', the members of the Spider Priest cult possess a combined LivingLieDetector and CompellingVoice ability, and while they seem to sincerely believe they are fighting against lies and spreading truth, in practice, their powers are used in a sinister way. If someone sincerely believes something, even if false, it registers as "true" to a Spider Priest, and they can convince each other and muggles of its truth without feeling any cognitive dissonance. The Priests claim to hate books because people can lie with the written word in a way they cannot with speech, but they define the truth as whatever they say it is, and use their powers to make people doubt facts contained in texts and instead believe in the lies [[BelievingTheirOwnLies sincerely preached by the Spider Priests]].

to:

* In ''Literature/BlaTornet'', in ''Literature/LifeOfPi'' by Yann Martel, Pi claims to be a Christian, Muslim, and Hindu, but at least two of these religions say that the protagonist survives through his youth by developing others are false.
* George Orwell's ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'' is the TropeNamer. The party requires that all citizens believe everything that the party says, even when they know for a fact that it is not true. Ingrained in
this mindset. He is truly a heretic, but he concept is also a priest in a society hellbent on sniffing out all heretics and burying them alive. His solution is to never lie, a lie would eventually be discovered. Instead, he actively chose to believe in two simultaneous realities... and he quite incorrectly assumes the idea that all we can say of reality is in our minds and therefore [[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve belief determines reality]]. If everyone else is smart enough to pull off the same kind of dual reality. In reality, almost everyone else in his world is actually exactly as narrow-minded as they come across.
* In CHERUB:Divine Madness, the Survivor's manipulate people into joining their cult whilst simultaneously not seeing that they are being manipulated.
* In ''Literature/CatsCradle'', the religion of Bokononism is essentially built around doing this for the sake of comforting oneself: The Book of Bokonon preaches that one should "live by the foma [shameless lies] that make you brave and kind and healthy and happy". In fact, the first sentence of the Book reads "all of the true things that I am about to tell you are shameless lies." Basically, Bokononists are aware that all the principles and mythology of Bokononism are basically stuff that Bokonon made up because he thought it sounded nice, but they continue to wholeheartedly believe and practice it because it gives them comfort and makes them better people.
-->"Anyone unable to understand how a useful religion can be founded on lies will not understand this book either. So be it."
-->-'''John''', the novel's narrator
* In "The Beguiling", Literature/CiaphasCain describes his aide Jurgen thus: "He wasn't the biggest bang in the armoury by any means, but made up for his lack of intellect with a literally minded approach to orders and an unquestioning acceptance of even the mutually contradictory parts of Imperial doctrine which would have done credit to the most devout ecclesiarch."
* In ''Literature/TheHandmaidsTale'', the protagonist doesn't know what's happened to her husband, but states that she simultaneously
believes that he was killed, that he was captured, and that he escaped.
* In ''Literature/TheDaggerAndTheCoin'',
something is true, then it ''is'' true. Thus, the members of the Spider Priest cult possess a combined LivingLieDetector and CompellingVoice ability, and while they seem to sincerely believe they are fighting against lies and spreading truth, in practice, their powers are used party can literally [[RealityWarper dictate reality]] -- though in a sinister way. If someone sincerely believes something, even if false, sense you need Doublethink to consider it registers as "true" to a Spider Priest, and they can convince each other and muggles of its truth without feeling any cognitive dissonance. The Priests claim to hate books because people can lie with the written word in a way they cannot with speech, but they define the truth as whatever they say it is, and use their powers to make people doubt facts contained in texts and instead believe in the lies [[BelievingTheirOwnLies sincerely preached by the Spider Priests]].be literal.



-->As if he, Arnold J. Rimmer, would pay money to a lump of metal and plastic to have sexual intercourse with him! It just wasn't like him.
-->True, he did it, but it wasn't like him.

to:

-->As if he, Arnold J. Rimmer, would pay money to a lump of metal and plastic to have sexual intercourse with him! It just wasn't like him.
-->True,
him.\\
True,
he did it, but it wasn't like him.



* A rare "good" use of this trope can be found in Creator/{{Orson Scott Card}}'s ''How to Write Science Fiction and Fantasy''. He posits that when considering one's own work, a writer must be able to believe that it is both the greatest work in the history of the written word and a terrible piece of garbage, simultaneously if possible. That way, one can believe the first while writing it, the second while editing it, the first again while submitting it for publication, and the second again if a rejection slip comes.



* In ''Literature/TheElenium'', the citizens of Elenia have a monotheistic religion, worshipping a God who insists he's the only God in existence. The Elene Church Knights also frequently make use of Styrgic magic. [[FunctionalMagic Under this 'verse's magical rules]], magic is actually divine intervention, and spells are actually ritualized prayers to specific gods and goddesses. When a young member of the Church Knights realizes the inherent contradiction of their job--disbelieving in the Styrgic gods, yet praying to them and receiving divine help all the same--the older Knights admit that they deal with it by thinking about it as little as possible.



[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* In one [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chain_of_Command_%28Star_Trek:_The_Next_Generation%29 unusually creepy episode]] of ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'', [[spoiler:Picard]] gets captured as a spy and tortured by the enemy. One recurring question is how many lights are illuminating the room. It's really four, but the torturer [[TwoPlusTortureEqualsFive insists that they are five]] - and he isn't satisfied with a lie about there being five lights, the hero is required to truly believe it. In the end, [[spoiler:the protagonist thinks he truly sees five lights for a moment, and he later confesses this to the ship's counselor. While the torture scene is directly inspired by ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'', the ending offers a few new twists to the theme. "[[ShutUpHannibal There are FOUR lights!]]"]]

to:

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* In one [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chain_of_Command_%28Star_Trek:_The_Next_Generation%29 unusually creepy episode]] of ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'', [[spoiler:Picard]] gets captured as a spy and tortured by the enemy. One recurring question is how many lights are illuminating the room. It's really four, but the torturer [[TwoPlusTortureEqualsFive insists that they are five]] - and he isn't satisfied with a lie about there being five lights, the hero is required to truly believe it. In the end, [[spoiler:the protagonist thinks he truly sees five lights for a moment, and he later confesses this to the ship's counselor. While the torture scene is directly inspired by ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'', the ending offers a few new twists to the theme. "[[ShutUpHannibal There are FOUR lights!]]"]]
[[folder:Live-Action TV]]




to:

* In one [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chain_of_Command_%28Star_Trek:_The_Next_Generation%29 unusually creepy episode]] of ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'', [[spoiler:Picard]] gets captured as a spy and tortured by the enemy. One recurring question is how many lights are illuminating the room. It's really four, but the torturer [[TwoPlusTortureEqualsFive insists that they are five]] - and he isn't satisfied with a lie about there being five lights, the hero is required to truly believe it. In the end, [[spoiler:the protagonist thinks he truly sees five lights for a moment, and he later confesses this to the ship's counselor. While the torture scene is directly inspired by ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'', the ending offers a few new twists to the theme. "[[ShutUpHannibal There are FOUR lights!]]"]]



[[folder: Music ]]

* ''Evanescence's'' [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hHxHSoHOnZ8 Anything for You]], where the protagonist claims to believe any lies her lover make (in spite of knowing they are lies).
* "Paths of Glory" by Music/FaithNoMore uses the line "I'm not afraid / But I'm afraid" to demonstrate a mentality frequent in WarIsHell scenarios: living in very obvious and unavoidable fear while at the same time attempting to adopt the badass mentality that one isn't in order to cope with the twisted soldier fantasy / reality paradox.

to:

[[folder: Music ]]

[[folder:Music]]
* ''Evanescence's'' "Paths of Glory" by ''Music/FaithNoMore'' uses the line "I'm not afraid / But I'm afraid" to demonstrate a mentality frequent in WarIsHell scenarios: living in very obvious and unavoidable fear while at the same time attempting to adopt the badass mentality that one isn't in order to cope with the twisted soldier fantasy / reality paradox.
* ''Music/{{Evanescence}}'s''
[[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hHxHSoHOnZ8 Anything for You]], where the protagonist claims to believe any lies her lover make makes (in spite of knowing they are lies).
* "Paths of Glory" by Music/FaithNoMore uses the line "I'm not afraid / But I'm afraid" to demonstrate a mentality frequent in WarIsHell scenarios: living in very obvious and unavoidable fear while at the same time attempting to adopt the badass mentality that one isn't in order to cope with the twisted soldier fantasy / reality paradox.
lies).



[[folder: Newspaper Comics ]]

* In ''ComicStrip/BeetleBailey'', [[TheSmartGuy Plato]] invokes this trope as a demonstration of how an officer's mind works by handing [[YesMan Lt. Fuzz]] a black paper and lying that the General said it was white, but... This prompts Fuzz to go on a rant about how you shouldn't question your superiors and how it all may be of vital importance somehow and culminating with his holding up the black paper and declaring firmly that it is white. The General happens to be passing and, without looking particularly surprised, just thinks he's nuts.

to:

[[folder: Newspaper Comics ]]

[[folder:Roleplay]]
* In ''ComicStrip/BeetleBailey'', [[TheSmartGuy Plato]] invokes this trope as a demonstration of how an officer's mind works by handing [[YesMan Lt. Fuzz]] a black paper and lying that the General said it was white, but... ''Roleplay/DawnOfANewAgeOldportBlues'':
**
This prompts Fuzz to go on a rant about how you shouldn't question your superiors and how it all may be of vital importance somehow and culminating with his holding up is the black paper and declaring firmly that it is white. The General happens foundation of much of [[TheParanoiac Josephine's]] neuroses. She [[IJustWantToBeLoved wants to be passing and, without looking particularly surprised, just loved]], but also feels she doesn't deserve it. She doesn't think that violence is the answer, but also thinks he's nuts.
violence against bullies could be justified. She hates the people that bullied her, but also feels like she deserved it.
** Jemimah's will is such that she can reconcile two completely opposing ideas, like the idea of her being an ordinary high school student and also having superpowers.



[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

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[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]
[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* This is a common practice among players of tabletop games in general. It's generally expected that the players will direct the characters' actions based on the knowledge that the characters would reasonably be expected to have, rather than what the players themselves know. For example, a rookie adventurer barely out on his first quest probably wouldn't know about the various immunities and vulnerabilities of uncommon monsters.
* ''TabletopGame/GeniusTheTransgression'' has the Phenomenologists, a MadScientist Splat based on a [[IRejectYourReality rejection]] of [[SarcasmMode silly outdated concepts]] like "[[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve truth]]" and "[[InsaneTrollLogic logic]]". Their special ability allows them to [[ConsummateLiar automatically succeed on Subterfuge checks]], since they always [[BelievingTheirOwnLies Believe Their Own Lies]].



* ''TabletopGame/GeniusTheTransgression'' has the Phenomenologists, a MadScientist Splat based on a [[IRejectYourReality rejection]] of [[SarcasmMode silly outdated concepts]] like "[[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve truth]]" and "[[InsaneTrollLogic logic]]". Their special ability allows them to [[ConsummateLiar automatically succeed on Subterfuge checks]], since they always [[BelievingTheirOwnLies Believe Their Own Lies]].
* This is a common practice among players of tabletop games in general. It's generally expected that the players will direct the characters' actions based on the knowledge that the characters would reasonably be expected to have, rather than what the players themselves know. For example, a rookie adventurer barely out on his first quest probably wouldn't know about the various immunities and vulnerabilities of uncommon monsters.



[[folder: Video Games ]]

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[[folder: Video Games ]]
[[folder:Video Games]]
* The Prophet of Truth from ''Franchise/{{Halo}}'' could fall under this trope. He knows that the Covenant's religious tenants are wrong, but continues to believe in them anyway (the parts that are convenient anyway).



* The concept of Doublethink is specifically referred to in ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolidVThePhantomPain'', a game already loaded with references to Orwell's famous novel. In fact, the idea that anyone, given the right conditioning, can be made to completely accept two conflicting beliefs simultaneously ends up being an integral part of ''The Phantom Pain's'' plot. There's a gameplay Easter Egg wherein Snake can shoot Ocelot with a tranquilizer, leaving him in a dazed state in which he will mutter "2+2=5." [[spoiler:This is actually foreshadowing the fact that Ocelot has been actively conditioned to accept two contradictory truths through self-hypnosis. The Truth being an even bigger case of Doublethink. Which is that the player character, Venom Snake, is not the actual Snake (Big Boss) as we'd been led to believe, but a wounded soldier who was made to be a perfect BodyDouble, taking on the persona of Big Boss through plastic surgery and nine years of brainwashing. By the time Venom is made aware of this revelation, [[BecomingTheMask he's come so far that he is able to willingly believe that -- having lived up to the legend of Big Boss so well up to that point -- they are indeed one and the same.]] [[LossOfIdentity Even if inside he still knows he was a completely different person whose true identity was taken from him]].]] In this case, Ocelot name drops it after the fact.



* The Prophet of Truth from ''Franchise/{{Halo}}'' could fall under this trope. He knows that the Covenant's religious tenants are wrong, but continues to believe in them anyway (the parts that are convenient anyway).



* The concept of Doublethink is specifically referred to in ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolidVThePhantomPain'', a game already loaded with references to Orwell's famous novel. In fact, the idea that anyone, given the right conditioning, can be made to completely accept two conflicting beliefs simultaneously ends up being an integral part of ''The Phantom Pain's'' plot. There's a gameplay Easter Egg wherein Snake can shoot Ocelot with a tranquilizer, leaving him in a dazed state in which he will mutter "2+2=5." [[spoiler: This is actually foreshadowing the fact that Ocelot has been actively conditioned to accept two contradictory truths through self-hypnosis. The Truth being an even bigger case of Doublethink. Which is that the player character, Venom Snake, is not the actual Snake (Big Boss) as we'd been led to believe, but a wounded soldier who was made to be a perfect BodyDouble, taking on the persona of Big Boss through plastic surgery and nine years of brainwashing. By the time Venom is made aware of this revelation, [[BecomingTheMask he's come so far that he is able to willingly believe that -- having lived up to the legend of Big Boss so well up to that point -- they are indeed one and the same.]] [[LossOfIdentity Even if inside he still knows he was a completely different person whose true identity was taken from him]].]] In this case, Ocelot name drops it after the fact.



[[folder: Web Comics ]]

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[[folder: Web Comics ]]
[[folder:Webcomics]]



* Parodied in ''Webcomic/SaturdayMorningBreakfastCereal'' [[http://www.smbc-comics.com/index.php?db=comics&id=2221]]:
--> '''Quantum physicist''': So, you see, something can exist not just as truth or falsehood, but also a superposition, a third option: true--false.
--> '''Politician''': Well yeah. I'm sorry... why does anyone find this difficult?

to:

* Parodied in ''Webcomic/SaturdayMorningBreakfastCereal'' ''Webcomic/DorkTower'' gives us [[http://www.smbc-comics.com/index.php?db=comics&id=2221]]:
--> '''Quantum physicist''': So, you see, something can exist not just as truth or falsehood, but also
dorktower.com/2018/07/24/next-youll-be-asking-for-ketchup-dork-tower-24-07-18/ this]] gem about what a superposition, a third option: true--false.
--> '''Politician''': Well yeah. I'm sorry... why does anyone find this difficult?
racist who thinks (or rather, ''says'' without thinking it properly) that Ken (whomm he [[DiscusedTrope calls]] [[http://www.dorktower.com/2018/07/17/the-more-things-change-the-more-they-stay-insane-dork-tower-17-07-18/ a]] ScaryBlackGuy.



-->'''Nale:''' I think I'm giving myself a migraine trying to understand the level of wilful ignorance that requires!

to:

-->'''Nale:''' I think I'm giving myself a migraine trying to understand the level of wilful willful ignorance that requires!



* Parodied in ''Webcomic/SaturdayMorningBreakfastCereal'' [[http://www.smbc-comics.com/index.php?db=comics&id=2221 here]]:
-->'''Quantum physicist''': So, you see, something can exist not just as truth or falsehood, but also a superposition, a third option: true--false.\\
'''Politician''': Well yeah. I'm sorry... why does anyone find this difficult?



* ''Webcomic/DorkTower'' gives us [[http://www.dorktower.com/2018/07/24/next-youll-be-asking-for-ketchup-dork-tower-24-07-18/ this]] gem about what a racist who thinks (or rather, ''says'' without thinking it properly) that Ken (whomm he [[DiscusedTrope calls]] [[http://www.dorktower.com/2018/07/17/the-more-things-change-the-more-they-stay-insane-dork-tower-17-07-18/ a]] ScaryBlackGuy.



[[folder: Web Original ]]

* WebVideo/ZinniaJones's [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNcWdV0LYG4 episode on Pascal's Wager]], briefly argues the potential benefits of believing in different religions separately from each other but simultaneously.
* A necessary skill to develop for anyone living in [[Podcast/WelcomeToNightVale Night Vale]]. The show's narrator, Cecil, certainly seems to engage in it, though the degree to which he truly believes the contradictory things he says is difficult to determine. For example, The Sheriff's Secret Police are publicly known and operate openly.

to:

[[folder: Web Original ]]

* WebVideo/ZinniaJones's [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNcWdV0LYG4 episode on Pascal's Wager]], briefly argues the potential benefits of believing in different religions separately from each other but simultaneously.
* A necessary skill to develop for anyone living in [[Podcast/WelcomeToNightVale Night Vale]]. The show's narrator, Cecil, certainly seems to engage in it, though the degree to which he truly believes the contradictory things he says is difficult to determine. For example, The Sheriff's Secret Police are publicly known and operate openly.
[[folder:Web Original]]




to:

* A necessary skill to develop for anyone living in [[Podcast/WelcomeToNightVale Night Vale]]. The show's narrator, Cecil, certainly seems to engage in it, though the degree to which he truly believes the contradictory things he says is difficult to determine. For example, The Sheriff's Secret Police are publicly known and operate openly.
* WebVideo/ZinniaJones's [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNcWdV0LYG4 episode on Pascal's Wager]], briefly argues the potential benefits of believing in different religions separately from each other but simultaneously.



[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* A ''lot'' of [[CloudCuckooLander Dale Gribble's]] UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories in ''WesternAnimation/KingOfTheHill'' tend to run on these.

to:

[[folder: Western Animation ]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/KingOfTheHill'':
**
A ''lot'' of [[CloudCuckooLander Dale Gribble's]] UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories in ''WesternAnimation/KingOfTheHill'' tend to run on these.






[[folder: Real Life ]]

to:

[[folder: Real Life ]]
[[folder:Real Life]]


* The concept of Doublethink is specifically referred to in VideoGame/MetalGearSolidVThePhantomPain, a game already loaded with references to Orwell's famous novel. In fact, the idea that anyone, given the right conditioning, can be made to completely accept two conflicting beliefs simultaneously ends up being an integral part of ''The Phantom Pain's'' plot. There's a gameplay Easter Egg wherein Snake can shoot Ocelot with a tranquilizer, leaving him in a dazed state in which he will mutter "2+2=5." [[spoiler: This is actually foreshadowing the fact that Ocelot has been actively conditioned to accept two contradictory truths through self-hypnosis. The Truth being an even bigger case of Doublethink. Which is that the player character, Venom Snake, is not the actual Snake (Big Boss) as we'd been led to believe, but a wounded soldier who was made to be a perfect BodyDouble, taking on the persona of Big Boss through plastic surgery and nine years of brainwashing. By the time Venom is made aware of this revelation, [[BecomingTheMask he's come so far that he is able to willingly believe that -- having lived up to the legend of Big Boss so well up to that point -- they are indeed one and the same.]] [[LossOfIdentity Even if inside he still knows he was a completely different person whose true identity was taken from him]].]] In this case, Ocelot name drops it after the fact.

to:

* The concept of Doublethink is specifically referred to in VideoGame/MetalGearSolidVThePhantomPain, ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolidVThePhantomPain'', a game already loaded with references to Orwell's famous novel. In fact, the idea that anyone, given the right conditioning, can be made to completely accept two conflicting beliefs simultaneously ends up being an integral part of ''The Phantom Pain's'' plot. There's a gameplay Easter Egg wherein Snake can shoot Ocelot with a tranquilizer, leaving him in a dazed state in which he will mutter "2+2=5." [[spoiler: This is actually foreshadowing the fact that Ocelot has been actively conditioned to accept two contradictory truths through self-hypnosis. The Truth being an even bigger case of Doublethink. Which is that the player character, Venom Snake, is not the actual Snake (Big Boss) as we'd been led to believe, but a wounded soldier who was made to be a perfect BodyDouble, taking on the persona of Big Boss through plastic surgery and nine years of brainwashing. By the time Venom is made aware of this revelation, [[BecomingTheMask he's come so far that he is able to willingly believe that -- having lived up to the legend of Big Boss so well up to that point -- they are indeed one and the same.]] [[LossOfIdentity Even if inside he still knows he was a completely different person whose true identity was taken from him]].]] In this case, Ocelot name drops it after the fact.

Added DiffLines:

* One somewhat amusing aspect of "thought" among certain brands of racists is the belief that people from a group they despise are intellectually inferior to those of the racist's group, while at the same time the members of the despised group have set up an elaborate, highly sophisticated worldwide secret conspiracy that controls everything.



to:

* ''Webcomic/DorkTower'' gives us [[http://www.dorktower.com/2018/07/24/next-youll-be-asking-for-ketchup-dork-tower-24-07-18/ this]] gem about what a racist who thinks (or rather, ''says'' without thinking it properly) that Ken (whomm he [[DiscusedTrope calls]] [[http://www.dorktower.com/2018/07/17/the-more-things-change-the-more-they-stay-insane-dork-tower-17-07-18/ a]] ScaryBlackGuy.

Added DiffLines:

* ''VideoGame/TalesOfBerseria'' has Velvet ''know'' that the scenery of her hometown filled with the villagers is a lie, since she [[WhereIWasBornAndRazed killed everyone three years ago]] and it has been abandoned. But she so desperately ''wants'' it to be real, that she chooses to give into the [[LotusEaterMachine illusion]]. [[spoiler:Until she gets clear proof that it's really not real, that she did kill the villagers and that her brother is still dead, that she breaks out of the illusion and goes back to her goal of getting revenge.]]

Added DiffLines:

* In ''Literature/TheElenium'', the citizens of Elenia have a monotheistic religion, worshipping a God who insists he's the only God in existence. The Elene Church Knights also frequently make use of Styrgic magic. [[FunctionalMagic Under this 'verse's magical rules]], magic is actually divine intervention, and spells are actually ritualized prayers to specific gods and goddesses. When a young member of the Church Knights realizes the inherent contradiction of their job--disbelieving in the Styrgic gods, yet praying to them and receiving divine help all the same--the older Knights admit that they deal with it by thinking about it as little as possible.


* ''Webcomic/StandStillStaySilent'': Mikkel states that one can act under two assumptions at once concerning [[spoiler:Tuuri's troll bite. Assuming that it infected her with a disease that will ultimately either kill her or turn her into a troll will distract everyone from doing their work correctly, so they need to assume she is not infected until proven otherwise. However, they have another non-immune among them and the disease is already contagious while it's incubating. It results in an overall attitude of simultaneously acting as if Tuuri is going to be fine and taking precautions to avoid any situation in which she may infect Reynir.]]

to:

* ''Webcomic/StandStillStaySilent'': Mikkel states that one can act under two assumptions at once concerning [[spoiler:Tuuri's troll bite. Assuming that it infected her with a disease that will ultimately either kill her or turn her into a troll will distract everyone from doing their work correctly, so they need to assume she is not infected until unless proven otherwise. However, they have another non-immune among them and the disease is already contagious while it's incubating. It results in an overall attitude of simultaneously acting as if Tuuri is going to be fine and taking precautions to avoid any situation in which she may infect Reynir.]]


* Michael Wolff's book, "Fire and Fury", which paints the Trump presidency in a very negative light (Among other things, it claims that Trump never wanted to win, and his family was shocked when he actually won) [[CaptainObvious proved to be]] [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement quite controversial]]. While the book doesn't contain these, the White house's reaction has been accused of this. Not only have they claimed that everything in it is blatantly false and/or made up, but have also threatened to sue the writer for "revealing confidental information".

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