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* Communists: The portrayal of communists cycles between DirtyCommunists, ChummyCommies, or something in between such as WellIntentionedExtremist. Prior to TheGreatPoliticsMessUp, the deciding factor seems to have been how good the West's relations with the Soviet Union were at that moment. Since 1991, it's been a mixed bag for fictional commies. On the one hand, the failure of the Soviet bloc means that communists will be regarded, at best, as foolishly believing in a system that doesn't work. On the other, the end of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar means that there is much less reason to have communist villains in the first place.

to:

* Communists: The portrayal of communists cycles between DirtyCommunists, ChummyCommies, or something in between such as WellIntentionedExtremist. Prior to TheGreatPoliticsMessUp, the deciding factor seems to have been how good the West's relations with the Soviet Union were at that moment. Since 1991, it's been a mixed bag for fictional commies. On the one hand, the failure of the Soviet bloc means that communists will be regarded, at best, as foolishly believing in a system that doesn't work. On the other, the end of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar means that there is much less reason to have communist villains in the first place. With the rise of China, the portrayal is shifting back towards DirtyCommies and communists are viewed much less sympathetically than they were pre-2020.

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* MinorlyMentionedMythsAndMonsters: Basically the same thing as SeldomSeenSpecies but applied to folklore.


* NerdGlasses: Depends on whether or not horn-rimmed glasses are in fashion or not.

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* NerdGlasses: Depends on whether or not horn-rimmed glasses are in fashion or not.


* The portrayal of {{Nerd}}s in media has wildly varied. Creator/HaroldLloyd pretty much popularized clueless, bespectacled heroes in ''Film/{{The Freshman|1925}}'', ''Film/GirlShy'', and ''Film/GrandmasBoy''. However, intellectual characters became replaced by smart-aleck characters in the 30s and by TheFifties "egghead" was the insult of choice, pretty much bolstered by RedScare era hostility towards intellectualism. TheSixties saw [[Film/RevengeOfTheNerds socially-awkward, knowledgeable characters]] like [[ComicBook/SpiderMan Peter Parker]] and [[Series/StarTrek Spock]] being portrayed in a positive light. It then went downhill again in TheSeventies, with TheNineties and [[TurnOfTheMillennium the early 2000s]] being the lowest point, with characters like Steve Urkel and the popularity of teen {{sex comed|y}}ies reinforcing stereotypes. By the late 2000s, indie content creators and the rise of TheInternet led to a higher awareness of hobbies seen as "nerdy". However, it was the popularity of ''Series/TheBigBangTheory'' and the surge of the hipster subculture the factors that made nerds a mainstay of the 2010s-era culture.

to:

* The portrayal of {{Nerd}}s in media has wildly varied. Creator/HaroldLloyd pretty much popularized clueless, bespectacled heroes in ''Film/{{The Freshman|1925}}'', ''Film/GirlShy'', and ''Film/GrandmasBoy''. However, intellectual characters became replaced by smart-aleck characters in the 30s and by TheFifties "egghead" was the insult of choice, pretty much bolstered by RedScare era hostility towards intellectualism. TheSixties saw [[Film/RevengeOfTheNerds socially-awkward, knowledgeable characters]] like [[ComicBook/SpiderMan Peter Parker]] and [[Series/StarTrek [[Franchise/StarTrek Spock]] being portrayed in a positive light. It then went downhill again in TheSeventies, with TheNineties and [[TurnOfTheMillennium the early 2000s]] being the lowest point, with characters like Steve Urkel and the popularity of teen {{sex comed|y}}ies reinforcing stereotypes. By the late 2000s, indie content creators and the rise of TheInternet led to a higher awareness of hobbies seen as "nerdy". However, it was the popularity of ''Series/TheBigBangTheory'' and the surge of the hipster subculture the factors that made nerds a mainstay of the 2010s-era culture.


* The DoggedNiceGuy: Is he a determined and heroic go-getter who happens to be the victim of [[{{Tsundere}} a bitch]] who [[AllLoveIsUnrequited won't give him the]] StandardHeroReward, or [[StalkingIsLove a creep with]] [[EntitledToHaveYou an entitlement complex]]? Both? Neither? It depends on the writer, and what the prevailing views of sexuality and relationships, and gender roles, happen to be in a particular time and place.

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* The DoggedNiceGuy: Is he a determined and heroic go-getter who happens to be the victim of [[{{Tsundere}} a bitch]] who [[AllLoveIsUnrequited won't give him the]] StandardHeroReward, AllLoveIsUnrequited, or [[StalkingIsLove a creep with]] creep]] with an [[EntitledToHaveYou an entitlement complex]]? Both? Neither? It depends on the writer, and what the prevailing views of sexuality and relationships, and gender roles, happen to be in a particular time and place.



* Female sexuality: Since the dawn of time, humans have been cycling though the ideas that AllWomenAreLustful and AllWomenArePrudes.

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* Female sexuality: Since the dawn of time, humans have been cycling though through the ideas that AllWomenAreLustful and AllWomenArePrudes.


* TheAllegedCar: Depending on the decade, economy/electric cars are either seen as the sign of a thoughtful, world-conscious protagonist or a slick street racing enthusiast, or effeminate crap made by Evil Foreigners out to destroy America, and worshipped by cash-strapped nerds. For larger cars, the driver will either be a nail-biting badass or a thoughtless conservative who hates the environment almost as much as they hate themselves.

to:

* TheAllegedCar: Depending on the decade, economy/electric cars are either seen as the sign of a thoughtful, world-conscious protagonist or a slick street racing enthusiast, or effeminate crap made by Evil Foreigners out to destroy America, America and worshipped by cash-strapped nerds. For larger cars, the driver will either be a nail-biting badass or a thoughtless conservative who hates the environment almost as much as they hate themselves.



* The BoyBand goes through a pretty regular boom/bust cycle: from the single hottest thing in music to dormant and/or outright hated, to popular again when the next generation pokes its head up to see if it's safe to come out. Usually the early part of the decade will have obscenely popular boy bands which will bust during the middle. For example, in the New Tens, Music/OneDirection picked up the baton Music/{{NSYNC}} and the Music/BackstreetBoys carried during the early 2000s, who themselves were treading the ground that the Music/NewKidsOnTheBlock had covered during the early Nineties. It's possible to trace it back farther through New Edition, and even back to the Jackson 5.

to:

* The BoyBand goes through a pretty regular boom/bust cycle: from the single hottest thing in music to dormant and/or outright hated, to popular again when the next generation pokes its it's head up to see if it's safe to come out. Usually Usually, the early part of the decade will have obscenely popular boy bands which will bust during the middle. For example, in the New Tens, Music/OneDirection picked up the baton Music/{{NSYNC}} and the Music/BackstreetBoys carried during the early 2000s, who themselves were treading the ground that the Music/NewKidsOnTheBlock had covered during the early Nineties. It's possible to trace it back farther through New Edition, and even back to the Jackson 5.



* Communists: The portrayal of communists cycles between DirtyCommunists, ChummyCommies, or something in between such as WellIntentionedExtremist. Prior to TheGreatPoliticsMessUp, the deciding factor seems to have been how good the West's relations with the Soviet Union were at that moment. Since 1991, it's been a mixed bag for fictional commies. On the one hand, the failure of the Soviet bloc means that communists will be regarded, at best, as foolishly believing in a system which doesn't work. On the other, the end of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar means that there is much less reason to have communist villains in the first place.

to:

* Communists: The portrayal of communists cycles between DirtyCommunists, ChummyCommies, or something in between such as WellIntentionedExtremist. Prior to TheGreatPoliticsMessUp, the deciding factor seems to have been how good the West's relations with the Soviet Union were at that moment. Since 1991, it's been a mixed bag for fictional commies. On the one hand, the failure of the Soviet bloc means that communists will be regarded, at best, as foolishly believing in a system which that doesn't work. On the other, the end of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar means that there is much less reason to have communist villains in the first place.



* {{Deconstruction}}: Deconstructing a genre, then [[{{Reconstruction}} deconstructing the deconstruction]]. The latter then sets the new baseline, which may itself be deconstructed again...

to:

* {{Deconstruction}}: Deconstructing a genre, then [[{{Reconstruction}} deconstructing the deconstruction]]. The latter then sets set the new baseline, which may itself be deconstructed again...



* HairColors: HairOfGoldHeartOfGold to DumbBlonde and back again, with brunette always being the {{Foil}} for wherever blonde is today, and red hair being a more HotBlooded version of brunette.

to:

* HairColors: HairOfGoldHeartOfGold to DumbBlonde and back again, with brunette brunette, always being the {{Foil}} for wherever blonde is today, and red hair being a more HotBlooded version of brunette.



* The portrayal of {{Nerd}}s in media has wildly varied. Creator/HaroldLloyd pretty much popularized clueless, bespectacled heroes in ''Film/{{The Freshman|1925}}'', ''Film/GirlShy'', and ''Film/GrandmasBoy''. However, intellectual characters became replaced by smart-aleck characters in the 30s and by TheFifties "egghead" was the insult of choice, pretty much bolstered by RedScare era hostility towards intellectualism. TheSixties saw [[Film/RevengeOfTheNerds socially-awkward, knowledgeable characters]] like [[ComicBook/SpiderMan Peter Parker]] and [[Series/StarTrek Spock]] being portrayed in a positive light. It then went downhill again in TheSeventies, with TheNineties and [[TurnOfTheMillennium the early 2000s]] being the lowest point, with characters like Steve Urkel and the popularity of teen {{sex comed|y}}ies reinforcing stereotypes. By the late 2000s, indie content creators and the rise of TheInternet led to a higher awareness of hobbies seen as "nerdy". However, it was the popularity of ''Series/TheBigBangTheory'' and the surge of the hipster subculture the factors that made nerds a mainstay of 2010s-era culture.

to:

* The portrayal of {{Nerd}}s in media has wildly varied. Creator/HaroldLloyd pretty much popularized clueless, bespectacled heroes in ''Film/{{The Freshman|1925}}'', ''Film/GirlShy'', and ''Film/GrandmasBoy''. However, intellectual characters became replaced by smart-aleck characters in the 30s and by TheFifties "egghead" was the insult of choice, pretty much bolstered by RedScare era hostility towards intellectualism. TheSixties saw [[Film/RevengeOfTheNerds socially-awkward, knowledgeable characters]] like [[ComicBook/SpiderMan Peter Parker]] and [[Series/StarTrek Spock]] being portrayed in a positive light. It then went downhill again in TheSeventies, with TheNineties and [[TurnOfTheMillennium the early 2000s]] being the lowest point, with characters like Steve Urkel and the popularity of teen {{sex comed|y}}ies reinforcing stereotypes. By the late 2000s, indie content creators and the rise of TheInternet led to a higher awareness of hobbies seen as "nerdy". However, it was the popularity of ''Series/TheBigBangTheory'' and the surge of the hipster subculture the factors that made nerds a mainstay of the 2010s-era culture.



* OurVampiresAreDifferent: Vampires [[SlidingScaleOfVampireFriendliness cycle between]] [[TheSoulless soulless]] [[HorrorHunger predatory]] [[ImAHumanitarian monsters]] and [[{{Wangst}} angst-filled]] [[LoveInterest romantic]] [[TheWoobie woobies]]. Goes hand in hand with LooksLikeOrlok. [[Literature/VarneyTheVampire First they did]], [[Literature/{{Dracula}} then they didn't]], [[Film/{{Nosferatu}} then they did again]], then they switched [[Film/{{Dracula 1931}} back]] and [[Literature/SalemsLot forth]] [[Film/InterviewWithTheVampire a]] [[Series/TrueBlood few]] [[Literature/{{Twilight}} more]] [[VideoGame/CastlevaniaLordsOfShadow times,]]. ''Who knows'' what they will look like next.



* SexIsCool: First appeared in the 1970s at the peak of the "sexual revolution" to be annihilated by the following decade with the AIDS scare. Open sexuality returned with a bang (no pun intended) in the 90s and 00s, but an overuse of the trope has led to another bust during the 2010s.
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism: Interestingly, this tends to parallel the political and economic climate of the society generating the works that feature the {{trope}}. Also related to whatever seems rare and different from the norm, e.g., when any given superhero has an 90% chance of being a troubled, brooding NinetiesAntiHero, [[TheCape Capes]] start becoming fascinating to the point of being edgy until they become dirt common then, it switches back, and vice versa.
* SmokingIsCool: In the 1920s, when most Americans wouldn't even ''drink'', smoking a cigarette was thought to be rebellious - even countercultural - both by those who engaged in it and those who disapproved of it. As a result, it became "cool" to smoke [[CoolPeopleRebelAgainstAuthority precisely because it offended so many people]]. A generation later, in the 1940s, [[EverybodySmokes smoking had become so commonplace]] that it was hard to believe it had ever been frowned upon -- but the mass media still insisted on smoking being cool. Then, a generation after ''that'', in the 1960s, it was confirmed that tobacco use led to lung cancer, so smoking became socially unacceptable again. In the 1980s cigarettes became regarded as classy once again. And while this trend lost favor in the 1990s, smoking ''cigars'' enjoyed a revival of popularity among young hipsters, perhaps as a thumb to the eye of PoliticalCorrectnessGoneMad. Since then, smoking in general has gradually regained popularity in media devoted to adults, as a way to indicate that a character is rebellious or carefree -- although it's still viewed with suspicion and disdain in the larger society, although the emergence of electric cigarettes and the like has made smoking somewhat more acceptable.

to:

* SexIsCool: First appeared Appeared in the 1970s at the peak of the "sexual revolution" to be annihilated by the following decade with the AIDS scare. Open sexuality returned with a bang (no pun intended) in the 90s and 00s, but an overuse of the trope has led to another bust during the 2010s.
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism: Interestingly, this tends to parallel the political and economic climate of the society generating the works that feature the {{trope}}. Also related to whatever seems rare and different from the norm, e.g., when any given superhero has an a 90% chance of being a troubled, brooding NinetiesAntiHero, [[TheCape Capes]] start becoming fascinating to the point of being edgy until they become dirt common then, it switches back, and vice versa.
* SmokingIsCool: In the 1920s, when most Americans wouldn't even ''drink'', smoking a cigarette was thought to be rebellious - even countercultural - both by those who engaged in it and those who disapproved of it. As a result, it became "cool" to smoke precisely because it [[CoolPeopleRebelAgainstAuthority precisely because it offended so many people]]. A generation later, in the 1940s, [[EverybodySmokes smoking had become so commonplace]] that it was hard to believe it had ever been frowned upon -- but the mass media still insisted on smoking being cool. Then, a generation after ''that'', in the 1960s, it was confirmed that tobacco use led to lung cancer, so smoking became socially unacceptable again. In the 1980s cigarettes became regarded as classy once again. And while this trend lost favor in the 1990s, smoking ''cigars'' enjoyed a revival of popularity among young hipsters, perhaps as a thumb to the eye of PoliticalCorrectnessGoneMad. Since then, smoking smoking, in general general, has gradually regained popularity in media devoted to adults, as a way to indicate that a character is rebellious or carefree -- although it's still viewed with suspicion and disdain in the larger society, although the emergence of electric cigarettes and the like has have made smoking somewhat more acceptable.



* WesternTerrorists: The ethnicity of terrorists cycles according to world events and frequency of use.
* Comics' art style; early NewspaperComics were a unique selling point (hence "features"), and appeared only on Sundays with large full-panel color. The addition of daily B&W comics along with an ever-shrinking panel size meant that the luxuriant canvas enjoyed by the first generation of modern comics artists would only again be available in the [[WebComics internet era]]. This led to fanciful detail being first jettisoned in favor of a pared-down SliceOfLife style and then to the rediscovery of fanciful detail. Compare the art styles of [[http://www.comicstriplibrary.org/display/113 Winsor McCay]], [[http://s3.amazonaws.com/readers/socyberty/2008/03/09/123456_1.jpg early Charles Schulz]], and [[http://paranatural.net/chapter-3-page-9/ Zack Morrison]], and remember that while Schulz' style was in keeping with midcentury modernist trends in design, architecture and "serious" art, he was very much making a virtue of necessity.

to:

* WesternTerrorists: The ethnicity of terrorists terrorist cycles according to world events and frequency of use.
* Comics' art style; early NewspaperComics were a unique selling point (hence "features"), "features") and appeared only on Sundays with large full-panel color. The addition of daily B&W comics along with an ever-shrinking panel size meant that the luxuriant canvas enjoyed by the first generation of modern comics artists would only again be available in the [[WebComics internet era]]. This led to fanciful detail being first jettisoned in favor of a pared-down SliceOfLife style and then to the rediscovery of fanciful detail. Compare the art styles of [[http://www.comicstriplibrary.org/display/113 Winsor McCay]], [[http://s3.amazonaws.com/readers/socyberty/2008/03/09/123456_1.jpg early Charles Schulz]], and [[http://paranatural.net/chapter-3-page-9/ Zack Morrison]], and remember that while Schulz' style was in keeping with midcentury modernist trends in design, architecture and "serious" art, he was very much making a virtue of necessity.


* UsefulNotes/TheAmericanDream: Cycles between optimistic and pessimistic depending on the economy and general state of the union, as well as the [[DependingOnTheWriter racial and/or socioeconomic background of the writer]]. [[ValuesDissonance It also changes dramatically along with the middle-class aspirations of different eras]]: a modern suburban couple might well dismiss a 1950s suburban home as [[PotteryBarnPoor "too poor."]]

to:

* UsefulNotes/TheAmericanDream: Cycles between optimistic and pessimistic depending on the economy and general state of the union, as well as the [[DependingOnTheWriter racial and/or socioeconomic [[DependingOnTheWriter background of the writer]]. [[ValuesDissonance It also changes dramatically along with the [[ValuesDissonance middle-class aspirations of different eras]]: a modern suburban couple might well dismiss a 1950s suburban home as [[PotteryBarnPoor "too poor."]]


* The BoyBand goes through a pretty regular boom/bust cycle of being the single hottest thing in music to dormant and/or outright hated to popular when the next generation pokes its head up to see if it's safe to come out. Usually the early part of the decade will have obscenely popular boy bands which will bust during the middle. For example, in the New Tens, Music/OneDirection picked up the baton Music/{{NSYNC}} and the Music/BackstreetBoys carried during the early 2000s, who themselves were treading the ground that the Music/NewKidsOnTheBlock had covered during the early Nineties, and it's possible to trace it back farther through New Edition, and even back to the Jackson 5.

to:

* The BoyBand goes through a pretty regular boom/bust cycle of being cycle: from the single hottest thing in music to dormant and/or outright hated hated, to popular again when the next generation pokes its head up to see if it's safe to come out. Usually the early part of the decade will have obscenely popular boy bands which will bust during the middle. For example, in the New Tens, Music/OneDirection picked up the baton Music/{{NSYNC}} and the Music/BackstreetBoys carried during the early 2000s, who themselves were treading the ground that the Music/NewKidsOnTheBlock had covered during the early Nineties, and it's Nineties. It's possible to trace it back farther through New Edition, and even back to the Jackson 5.


* BasementDweller: In good economic times, it means the guy is a slacker and a loser. In bad economic times, it's certainly not viewed favorably, but it's cast in a light that makes it more society's.

to:

* BasementDweller: In good economic times, it means the guy is a slacker and a loser. In bad economic times, it's certainly not viewed favorably, but it's cast in a light that makes it more society's.as society's shortcoming.


* BasementDweller: In good economic times, it means the guy is a slacker and a loser. In bad economic times, it's certainly not viewed favorably, but it's cast in a light that makes it more society's fault that he can't get a job / house / whatever than the result of laziness or some other character flaw.

to:

* BasementDweller: In good economic times, it means the guy is a slacker and a loser. In bad economic times, it's certainly not viewed favorably, but it's cast in a light that makes it more society's fault that he can't get a job / house / whatever than the result of laziness or some other character flaw.society's.


* SmokingIsCool: In the 1920s, when most Americans wouldn't even ''drink'', smoking a cigarette was thought to be rebellious - even countercultural - both by those who engaged in it and those who disapproved of it. As a result, it became "cool" to smoke [[CoolPeopleRebelAgainstAuthority precisely because it offended so many people]]. A generation later, in the 1940s, [[EverybodySmokes smoking had become so commonplace]] that it was hard to believe it had ever been frowned upon -- but [[TheManIsStickingItToTheMan the mass media still insisted on smoking being cool]]. Then, a generation after ''that'', in the 1960s, it was confirmed that tobacco use led to lung cancer, so smoking became socially unacceptable again. In the 1980s cigarettes became regarded as classy once again. And while this trend lost favor in the 1990s, smoking ''cigars'' enjoyed a revival of popularity among young hipsters, perhaps as a thumb to the eye of PoliticalCorrectnessGoneMad. Since then, smoking in general has gradually regained popularity in media devoted to adults, as a way to indicate that a character is rebellious or carefree -- although it's still viewed with suspicion and disdain in the larger society, although the emergence of electric cigarettes and the like has made smoking somewhat more acceptable.

to:

* SmokingIsCool: In the 1920s, when most Americans wouldn't even ''drink'', smoking a cigarette was thought to be rebellious - even countercultural - both by those who engaged in it and those who disapproved of it. As a result, it became "cool" to smoke [[CoolPeopleRebelAgainstAuthority precisely because it offended so many people]]. A generation later, in the 1940s, [[EverybodySmokes smoking had become so commonplace]] that it was hard to believe it had ever been frowned upon -- but [[TheManIsStickingItToTheMan the mass media still insisted on smoking being cool]].cool. Then, a generation after ''that'', in the 1960s, it was confirmed that tobacco use led to lung cancer, so smoking became socially unacceptable again. In the 1980s cigarettes became regarded as classy once again. And while this trend lost favor in the 1990s, smoking ''cigars'' enjoyed a revival of popularity among young hipsters, perhaps as a thumb to the eye of PoliticalCorrectnessGoneMad. Since then, smoking in general has gradually regained popularity in media devoted to adults, as a way to indicate that a character is rebellious or carefree -- although it's still viewed with suspicion and disdain in the larger society, although the emergence of electric cigarettes and the like has made smoking somewhat more acceptable.


* BasementDweller: In good economic times, it means the guy is a slacker and a loser. In bad economic times, it's certainly not viewed favorably, but it's cast in a light that makes it more society's fault that he can't get a job / house / whatever.

to:

* BasementDweller: In good economic times, it means the guy is a slacker and a loser. In bad economic times, it's certainly not viewed favorably, but it's cast in a light that makes it more society's fault that he can't get a job / house / whatever.whatever than the result of laziness or some other character flaw.


* CantArgueWithElves[=/=]ScrewYouElves: As discussed in the [[Headscratchers/ScrewYouElves Headscratchers]] section for the latter, both tropes cycle with each other. For example: many fantasy stories (''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'') use the CantArgueWithElves trope, human audiences get bored of being continually condescended by arrogant magical races, so ScrewYouElves becomes popular (''VideoGame/{{Overlord}}''). Many fantasy stories use the ScrewYouElves trope, and humans appear too arrogant and foolhardy, so CantArgueWithElves becomes popular again (''Film/{{Avatar}}''). Eventually, we'll likely end up with a kind of {{reconstruction}} where fantasy elves combine a mixture of traits according to [[AuthorAppeal how the author feels about elves]] (''TabletopGame/{{Greyhawk}}'').

to:

* CantArgueWithElves[=/=]ScrewYouElves: As discussed in the [[Headscratchers/ScrewYouElves Headscratchers]] section for the latter, both Both tropes cycle with each other. For example: many fantasy stories (''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'') use the CantArgueWithElves trope, human audiences get bored of being continually condescended by arrogant magical races, so ScrewYouElves becomes popular (''VideoGame/{{Overlord}}''). Many fantasy stories use the ScrewYouElves trope, and humans appear too arrogant and foolhardy, so CantArgueWithElves becomes popular again (''Film/{{Avatar}}''). Eventually, we'll likely end up with a kind of {{reconstruction}} where fantasy elves combine a mixture of traits according to [[AuthorAppeal how the author feels about elves]] (''TabletopGame/{{Greyhawk}}'').


* TheMisophonic: Characters under this condition may attempt to overcome their hatred to their specific sounds, and then [[YankTheDogsChain revert]].

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