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* On March 2019, UsefulNotes/{{Esthonia}} [[https://www.wired.com/story/can-ai-be-fair-judge-court-estonia-thinks-so/ announced]] AI would be used to adjudicate small claims (''i.e.'' below 7,000, or about $8,000).

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* On March 2019, UsefulNotes/{{Esthonia}} UsefulNotes/{{Estonia}} [[https://www.wired.com/story/can-ai-be-fair-judge-court-estonia-thinks-so/ announced]] AI would be used to adjudicate small claims (''i.e.'' below 7,000, or about $8,000).

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** Already planned in Estonia (see below).


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* On March 2019, UsefulNotes/{{Esthonia}} [[https://www.wired.com/story/can-ai-be-fair-judge-court-estonia-thinks-so/ announced]] AI would be used to adjudicate small claims (''i.e.'' below 7,000, or about $8,000).

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* The process of issuing citations for motorists caught by automatic speed traps is almost entirely automated, with OCR software comparing the license plate to the local ownership database and then sending a summons to the relevant address. On at least one occasion this has resulted in a sumons being sent to the owner of a car that was being towed by a recovery vehicle at the time, leading to much negative press as well as a sharp rebuke from the judge, so most police forces require a clerk to review all auto-generated summons before dispatch.


* In the episode "Little Brother" of the short-lived ''Masters Of Science Fiction'', computer personalities oversee trials, and the uploaded minds of deceased people act as jurors. However, this turns out to work poorly.



* In 2006, [[http://sentencing.typepad.com/sentencing_law_and_policy/2006/09/china_does_guid.html a Chinese court]] used a software program to helm them to decide prison sentences.

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* In 2006, [[http://sentencing.typepad.com/sentencing_law_and_policy/2006/09/china_does_guid.html a Chinese court]] used a software program to helm help them to decide prison sentences.


** A "judgement machine" was also referred to in Blake's civilian trial in the pilot episode, "[[Recap/BlakesSevenS1E1TheWayBack The Way Back]]".

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** A "judgement machine" was also referred to in Blake's civilian trial in the pilot episode, "[[Recap/BlakesSevenS1E1TheWayBack The Way Back]]". Defense and Prosecutions load {{Data Crystal}}s containing the evidence and their respective legal arguments into the computer, which then makes a decision. The human Arbiters then decide on the sentence. In both cases the computer is presented as being objective, but this doesn't prevent false evidence and judicial influence.


** Possibly a reference to ''MaxHeadroom'', see above.

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** Possibly a reference to ''MaxHeadroom'', ''Series/MaxHeadroom'', see above.



** Add some floppy disks, and ''MaxHeadroom'' (see above) would be TruthInTelevision.

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** Add some floppy disks, and ''MaxHeadroom'' ''Series/MaxHeadroom'' (see above) would be TruthInTelevision.


Societies in the future, particularly in older media or modern works with elements of {{Retraux}}, are sometimes depicted as having a computerized justice system. Part of the use of this trope is for shock value (to modern audiences accustomed to more humanistic values underlying their familiar legal systems); the other part of it is to reinforce that the setting is either TheFuture, TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture, another planet, an AlternateUniverse, or some other futuristic or otherworldly setting. Occasionally, a variant will even show up in the PresentDay. Sometimes, but not always, a symptom of a futuristic KangarooCourt, as computers can be programmed by human beings to distort the truth or cover up. (Modern consensus is that a truly computerized justice system is unlikely; judges have to puzzle through difficult legal reasoning that often depends heavily on experience, "common sense", and a sense of justice, while juries also rely heavily on common sense and experience with human beings to figure out if other human beings are trustworthy. A computer that could replicate this would probably be an AI so sophisticated it wouldn't be worth bothering to build it.)

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Societies in the future, particularly in older media or modern works with elements of {{Retraux}}, are sometimes depicted as having a computerized justice system. Part of the use of this trope is for shock value (to modern audiences accustomed to more humanistic values underlying their familiar legal systems); the other part of it is to reinforce that the setting is either TheFuture, TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture, another planet, an AlternateUniverse, or some other futuristic or otherworldly setting. Occasionally, a variant will even show up in the PresentDay. Sometimes, but not always, a symptom of a futuristic KangarooCourt, as computers can be programmed by human beings to distort the truth or cover up. (Modern

Modern
consensus is that a truly computerized justice system is unlikely; judges unlikely. Judges have to puzzle through difficult legal reasoning that often depends heavily on experience, "common sense", and a sense of justice, while justice. While a lot of the rote work of the courts can be automated, you'd be surprised how many issues require human judgment to resolve fairly. Meanwhile, juries also rely heavily on common sense and experience with human beings to figure out if other human beings are trustworthy. A computer that could replicate this the kind of human judgment needed to consistently decide cases in a way people would accept would probably be an AI so sophisticated it wouldn't be worth bothering to build it.)
it.

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* There are computer systems in place in at least one state that can make automatic accusations against welfare recipients for suspected abuses of the welfare system. The algorithm it uses in lieu of common sense is very far from perfect; these automatic accusations are [[RealityEnsues wrong in 84% of cases]]. Politicians agree: it takes common sense to judge these kinds of things.


** A "judgement machine" was also referred to in Blake's civilian trial in the pilot episode, "The Way Back."
* In a rare subversion, in the ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'' episode "Court Martial," the ''USS Enterprise'' computer is used to prove Kirk's innocence (trials in the Federation typically being conducted by sentient organic beings, not computers).

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** A "judgement machine" was also referred to in Blake's civilian trial in the pilot episode, "The "[[Recap/BlakesSevenS1E1TheWayBack The Way Back."
Back]]".
* In a rare subversion, in the ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'' episode "Court Martial," "[[{{Recap/StarTrekS1E20CourtMartial}} Court Martial]]", the ''USS Enterprise'' computer is used to prove Kirk's innocence (trials in the Federation typically being conducted by sentient organic beings, not computers).



* The ''Series/DoctorWho'' serial "The Stones of Blood" features the Megara, Justice Machines who take the place of judge, jury and executioner and can MindProbe witnesses to be certain of the truth. They frequently converse with each other during the trial in machine code and regard the involvement of actual organics in the judicial process as a tedious necessity.
** "The Keys of Marinus," a First Doctor story, had something similar in the Conscience of Marinus.
* The ''Series/RedDwarf'' episode "Emohawk: Polymorph II" featured a robotic Space Corps Enforcement Orb who had been tracking the crew and ''Starbug'' for some time on charges of looting and illegal salvage. Due to the distance from formal legal proceedings Enforcement Orbs are empowered to pass judgment and mete sentence (death in this case) on the spot.
** "Justice" featured a space station that was a prison. The station was administered by The Justice Computer, who {{mind probe}}d everyone entering to determine if they were hiding a criminal act and immediately rendered judgement on them.

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* The ''Series/DoctorWho'' serial "The "[[DoctorWhoS16E3TheStonesOfBlood The Stones of Blood" Blood]]" features the Megara, Justice Machines who take the place of judge, jury and executioner and can MindProbe witnesses to be certain of the truth. They frequently converse with each other during the trial in machine code and regard the involvement of actual organics in the judicial process as a tedious necessity.
** "The "[[Recap/DoctorWhoS1E5TheKeysOfMarinus The Keys of Marinus," Marinus]]", a First Doctor story, had something similar in the Conscience of Marinus.
* The ''Series/RedDwarf'' episode "Emohawk: "[[RedDwarfSeasonVIEmohawkPolymorphII Emohawk: Polymorph II" II]]" featured a robotic Space Corps Enforcement Orb who had been tracking the crew and ''Starbug'' for some time on charges of looting and illegal salvage. Due to the distance from formal legal proceedings Enforcement Orbs are empowered to pass judgment and mete sentence (death in this case) on the spot.
** "Justice" "[[RedDwarfSeasonIVJustice Justice]]" featured a space station that was a prison. The station was administered by The Justice Computer, who {{mind probe}}d everyone entering to determine if they were hiding a criminal act and immediately rendered judgement on them.



* One of [[TimAndEricAwesomeShowGreatJob Tim and Eric's]] many [[ParodyCommercial mock products]] from [[MegaCorp Cinco]] is "e-Trial", a software application that enables users to give themselves a trial from their home computer. Defendants click icons to select relevant pieces of evidence and portraits of virtual jurors, submit a plea, then receive a legally-binding verdict straight from the computer screen.

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* One of [[TimAndEricAwesomeShowGreatJob [[Series/TimAndEricAwesomeShowGreatJob Tim and Eric's]] many [[ParodyCommercial mock products]] from [[MegaCorp Cinco]] is "e-Trial", a software application that enables users to give themselves a trial from their home computer. Defendants click icons to select relevant pieces of evidence and portraits of virtual jurors, submit a plea, then receive a legally-binding verdict straight from the computer screen.


* In ''VideoGame/{{Battleborn}}'', Orendi's discipline hearing in one of her lore challenges was presided by a Magnus named Gendarme. The hearing however ends up as a chaotic mess as Orendi immediately starts attacking everyone and everything upon entering. As Orendi causes more and more damage, the Hon. Gendarme becomes too preoccupied with updating on the fly the list of charges against Orendi to do anything else. The recording of this incident then comes to an end with Orendi having destroyed Gendarme's remote access node.

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* In ''VideoGame/{{Battleborn}}'', Orendi's discipline hearing in one of her lore challenges was presided by a Magnus named Gendarme. The hearing however ends up as a chaotic mess as Orendi immediately starts attacking everyone and everything upon entering. As Orendi causes more and more damage, the Hon. Gendarme becomes too preoccupied with updating on the fly the growing list of charges against Orendi to do anything else. The recording of this incident then comes to an end with Orendi having destroyed Gendarme's remote access node.


* In ''VideoGame/{{Battleborn}}'', Orendi's discipline hearing in one of her lore challenges was presided by a Magnus named Gendarme. The hearing however ends up as a chaotic mess as Orendi immediately starts attacking everyone and everything upon entering. As Orendi causes more and more damage, the Hon. Gendarme becomes too preoccupied with updating on the fly the list of charges against Orendi to do anything else. Orendi then comes around and destroys Gendarme's remote access node.

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* In ''VideoGame/{{Battleborn}}'', Orendi's discipline hearing in one of her lore challenges was presided by a Magnus named Gendarme. The hearing however ends up as a chaotic mess as Orendi immediately starts attacking everyone and everything upon entering. As Orendi causes more and more damage, the Hon. Gendarme becomes too preoccupied with updating on the fly the list of charges against Orendi to do anything else. Orendi The recording of this incident then comes around and destroys to an end with Orendi having destroyed Gendarme's remote access node.


* In ''VideoGame/{{Battleborn}}'', Orendi's discipline hearing in one of her lore challenges was presided by a Magnus named Gendarme. The hearing however ends up as a chaotic mess as Orendi immediately starts attacking everyone and everything upon entering. As Orendi causes more and more damage, the Hon. Gendarme becomes too preoccupied with updating on the fly the list of charges against Orendi to do anything else. Orendi then comes around to destroy Gendarme's remote access node.

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* In ''VideoGame/{{Battleborn}}'', Orendi's discipline hearing in one of her lore challenges was presided by a Magnus named Gendarme. The hearing however ends up as a chaotic mess as Orendi immediately starts attacking everyone and everything upon entering. As Orendi causes more and more damage, the Hon. Gendarme becomes too preoccupied with updating on the fly the list of charges against Orendi to do anything else. Orendi then comes around to destroy and destroys Gendarme's remote access node.

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* In ''VideoGame/{{Battleborn}}'', Orendi's discipline hearing in one of her lore challenges was presided by a Magnus named Gendarme. The hearing however ends up as a chaotic mess as Orendi immediately starts attacking everyone and everything upon entering. As Orendi causes more and more damage, the Hon. Gendarme becomes too preoccupied with updating on the fly the list of charges against Orendi to do anything else. Orendi then comes around to destroy Gendarme's remote access node.

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** The Federal Sentencing Guidelines themselves are sort of what a Computerized Justice System would look like [[UnbuiltTrope without the actual computer]] -- [[LoadsAndLoadsOfRules pages upon pages of guidelines]] sorting crimes by level of severity and cross-referencing those with the offender's criminal history to produce a uniform table of recommended sentences, with modifiers for aggravating and mitigating circumstances. The above calculator is meant to save the trouble of actually thumbing through a physical book.


* There has been some serious talk about utilizing AIs in the future to prelitigate cases to see if they can be thrown out or if they can proceed to court, as the speed and knowledge of an actual {=AI=} could make this determination in a very short period of time. In the U.S., where the deliberation and actual court case take considerable time, some courts are backlogged by ''years''.

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* There has been some serious talk about utilizing AIs in the future to prelitigate cases to see if they can be thrown out or if they can proceed to court, as the speed and knowledge of an actual {=AI=} [=AI=] could make this determination in a very short period of time. In the U.S., where the deliberation and actual court case take considerable time, some courts are backlogged by ''years''.

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