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''Enûma Eliš'' [[note]]That's not the title, by the way, since it doesn't have one ''per se''. "Enûma Eliš" are the first two words of its first verse, which it is commonly known by.[[/note]] is one of the oldest literary works on the planet, older even than ''Literature/TheIliad'' and Literature/TheBible. It is the CreationMyth of Myth/MesopotamianMythology and exists in several copies but most of them are from Babylon. Consequentially, a lot of the Babylonian copies serve as a hymn glorifying the patron deity of Babylon, Marduk; Assyrian copies, on the other hand, don't mention Marduk at all and attribute all his accomplishments to Ashur. It is likely that the original Sumerian text had either Ea/Enki or Enlil (who still figure in later copies) in the spotlight.

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''Enûma Eliš'' [[note]]That's not the title, by the way, since it doesn't have one ''per se''. "Enûma Eliš" are the first two words of its first verse, which it is commonly known by.by; they translate to "When on High".[[/note]] is one of the oldest literary works on the planet, older even than ''Literature/TheIliad'' and Literature/TheBible. It is the CreationMyth of Myth/MesopotamianMythology and exists in several copies but most of them are from Babylon. Consequentially, a lot of the Babylonian copies serve as a hymn glorifying the patron deity of Babylon, Marduk; Assyrian copies, on the other hand, don't mention Marduk at all and attribute all his accomplishments to Ashur. It is likely that the original Sumerian text had either Ea/Enki or Enlil (who still figure in later copies) in the spotlight.


!!Tropes featured include:

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!!Tropes featured include:!!''Enûma Eliš'' provides examples of:


* OurFounder: Marduk founds Babylon toward the end of the story. There's a suspicion that the ''Enuma Elish'' existed in multiple Mesopotamian cities--typically with that city's primary god taking Marduk's role.

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* OurFounder: Marduk founds Babylon toward the end of the story. There's a suspicion that the ''Enuma Elish'' ''Enûma Eliš'' existed in multiple Mesopotamian cities--typically cities -- typically with that city's primary god taking Marduk's role.

Added DiffLines:


The book is a major source of {{Mesopotamian Monstrosit|y}}ies in modern works.



!!Fall of Apsu

The story goes that before neither earth, nor heaven, nor gods existed, there were two [[OurTitansAreDifferent primordial]] beings: male Apsu and female Tiamat, representing fresh and sea water, respectively (cf. Greek [[Myth/ClassicalMythology Uranus and Gaia]]). Although they are traditionally seen as [[OurDragonsAreDifferent dragons]], it's safer to think of them as {{Eldritch Abomination}}s. Apsu has been a rather busy fellow and Tiamat soon gave birth to a large number of godlike beings known as Igigi. The most powerful among them were Lahmu and Lahamu, who engaged in BrotherSisterIncest to produce Ansar and Kisar, who followed in their parents' footsteps and produced Anu, whose son was Nudimmud and grandson, Ea (a.k.a. Enki). Since each generation became [[SuperiorSuccessor smarter, stronger, and more powerful than the last one]], they ended up with a pretty BadassFamily, collectively known as Annunaki.

After a while, Apsu got really pissed at Annunaki for making lots of noise and distracting him from work ("work" being, presumably, making even more kids with Tiamat, since nothing else existed at that point). Apsu consulted with his Igigi vizier Mummu and decided that [[OffingTheOffspring killing the obnoxious progeny]] is the way to go, but Tiamat played MamaBear and warned Ea. Before Apsu could attack, Ea put his great-great-great-grandfather to magical sleep, murdered him, and had Mummu BoundAndGagged. He then took Apsu's body and turned it into the hub for himself and other Annunaki. It was in Apsu that Marduk (Ashur in Assyrian version), son of Ea and his wife Damkina (presumably an Igigi), was born. Anu gave his great-grandson four winds for a birthday present, which the boy immediately used to annoy Tiamat. As the following would show, he had zero respect for his elders.

!!Fall of Tiamat

Meanwhile, the popular reaction among the common Igigi to the Annunaki's murder of Apsu forced Tiamat to take action against them. Keeping in mind what happened to Apsu, she carefully prepared an army of giant serpents (possibly dragons) and a QuirkyMinibossSquad of eleven lesser {{Eldritch Abomination}}s (among them [[Myth/ClassicalMythology Hydra]], [[OurDragonsAreDifferent Dragon]], [[CarpetOfVirility Hairy Hero]], [[OurDemonsAreDifferent Great Demon]], [[HellHound Savage Dog]], and the [[Franchise/MortalKombat Scorpion Man]]). She then re-married and appointed her new husband, Qingu, as the general of her army, giving him the [[MacGuffin Tablet of Destiny]], which conferred to him the power over all gods.

When Ea heard about Tiamat ramping up for war, he ran to Ansar (''de facto'' leader of the Annunaki at the time) for council. Ansar sent his grandson Nidimmud to vanquish Tiamat but he chickened out after seeing her and her army. The same befell Anu. Enraged, Ansar [[AchillesInHisTent retreated to his tent]], while Ea summoned Marduk and asked him whether he was a bad enough dude to take down his granny. Marduk, being the MartyStu that he was, [[LetNoCrisisGoToWaste saw his chance and demanded full authority over all creation]] (then held by Ansar) to succeed. Ansar was reluctant and sent his vizier Kaka to his parents Lahmu and Lahamu. Faced with the prospect of extermination by Tiamat, Lahmu and Lahamu granted Marduk emergency powers, proclaiming him king of all Igigi. With his new resources, Marduk crafted a veritable HyperspaceArsenal, consisting of a bow (his WeaponOfChoice), a [[CarryABigStick club]], [[ShockAndAwe lightning]] and [[PlayingWithFire flames]], the four winds that Anu gave him (which he supplemented with seven Evil Winds of his own), a chariot drawn by four {{Hellish Horse}}s, as well as his signature weapon Thunderbolt (cf. Zeus). In the end, however, he was overcome with fear when he finally faced Tiamat's army, just like his grandfather and great-grandfather before him.

In the last moment, however, Marduk found his HeroicResolve and confronted Tiamat about promoting Qingu, a literal nobody before the war, over Ansar, the born TopGod, to her spouse. Unsuprisingly, his arrogance drove Tiamat into a bad fit of UnstoppableRage, but before she could finish her spell, he immobilized her with his eleven Winds, then landed a OneHitKill on her with his bow. [[DecapitatedArmy With Tiamat dead, her army attempted to flee]] but was surrounded and taken prisoner by the Annunaki forces. Marduk then took the Tablet of Destiny from Qingu and claimed it for himself, affirming his supremacy over the universe.

!!Creation of Heaven, Earth, and humanity

With the immediate threat gone and his power secure, Marduk had a bright idea: splitting Tiamat's vast corpse in two parts, he created heaven and earth. He then affixed stars to heaven (including the stars of Ea, Enlil, and Neberu) and created Moon (Nannar) and Sun (Shamash) to illuminate the place. He then formed the earth surface out of the other half of Tiamat's body (e.g. Tigris and Euphrates were [[EyeScream made out of her eyes]]). Apsu was retrofitted as TheUnderworld, with Tiamat's eleven monsters placed to guard its gates. Lastly, Marduk established Babylon, "the Home of Great Gods" and his personal seat of power, before [[{{Cincinnatus}} handing the Tablet over to Anu]]. Anu honored their earlier agreement and confirmed Marduk's kingship.

Soon thereafter, Marduk was visited by another nifty idea: instead of having to toil for themselves in this new creation, the gods should create a ServantRace of lesser beings called [[HumansByAnyOtherName Lullu (or humans)]] to work for them while they were chilling out. On Ea's advice, Qingu was chosen to take the fall for Tiamat's rebellion and exsanguinated. [[PiecesOfGod Out of Qingu's blood]], Ea shaped the first humans and tasked them with serving gods. Marduk, in the meantime, was busy assigning all 900 Igigi to their posts on heaven (300) and Netherworld (600). After all was said and done, the gods [[AwesomeMomentOfCrowning proclaimed him king once again, calling him by all 50 of his names]]. The last part probably doubled as a hymn to Marduk by the Babylonian priests.




Added DiffLines:

* FaceHeelTurn: Tiamat.


* SeaMonster: Tiamat.

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* SeaMonster: Tiamat.Apsu and Tiamat, the original chthonic embodiments of the waters, are sometimes depicted as this.
* ScorpionPeople: Scorpion-men among the monsters created by Tiamat in her war against the gods



* WoobieDestroyerOfWorlds: In the more recent [[http://www.class.uh.edu/mcl/classics/3308/EnumaElish.html Speiser translation,]] Tiamat tried to discourage Apsu from killing their own kids, and only went AxCrazy after he was murdered. (There's also no hint she tried to warn the gods of what he was planning.)

to:

* WoobieDestroyerOfWorlds: In the more recent [[http://www.class.uh.edu/mcl/classics/3308/EnumaElish.html Speiser translation,]] translation]], Tiamat tried to discourage Apsu from killing their own kids, and only went AxCrazy after he was murdered. (There's also no hint she tried to warn the gods of what he was planning.)


''Enûma Eliš'' [[note]]That's not the title, by the way, since it doesn't have one ''per se''. "Enuma elish" are the first two words of its first verse, which it is commonly known by.[[/note]] is one of the oldest literary works on the planet, older even than ''Literature/TheIliad'' and Literature/TheBible. It is the CreationMyth of Myth/MesopotamianMythology and exists in several copies but most of them are from Babylon. Consequentially, a lot of the Babylonian copies serve as a hymn glorifying the patron deity of Babylon, Marduk; Assyrian copies, on the other hand, don't mention Marduk at all and attribute all his accomplishments to Ashur. It is likely that the original Sumerian text had either Ea/Enki or Enlil (who still figure in later copies) in the spotlight.

to:

''Enûma Eliš'' [[note]]That's not the title, by the way, since it doesn't have one ''per se''. "Enuma elish" "Enûma Eliš" are the first two words of its first verse, which it is commonly known by.[[/note]] is one of the oldest literary works on the planet, older even than ''Literature/TheIliad'' and Literature/TheBible. It is the CreationMyth of Myth/MesopotamianMythology and exists in several copies but most of them are from Babylon. Consequentially, a lot of the Babylonian copies serve as a hymn glorifying the patron deity of Babylon, Marduk; Assyrian copies, on the other hand, don't mention Marduk at all and attribute all his accomplishments to Ashur. It is likely that the original Sumerian text had either Ea/Enki or Enlil (who still figure in later copies) in the spotlight.


* WoobieDestroyerOfWorlds: In the more recent [[http://www.class.uh.edu/mcl/classics/3308/EnumaElish.html Speiser translation]], Tiamat tried to discourage Apsu from killing their own kids, and only went AxCrazy after he was murdered. (There's also no hint she tried to warn the gods of what he was planning.)

to:

* WoobieDestroyerOfWorlds: In the more recent [[http://www.class.uh.edu/mcl/classics/3308/EnumaElish.html Speiser translation]], translation,]] Tiamat tried to discourage Apsu from killing their own kids, and only went AxCrazy after he was murdered. (There's also no hint she tried to warn the gods of what he was planning.)


* OurGodsAreGreater: In particular, Marduk gets a very embellished description.

to:

* OurGodsAreGreater: OurGodsAreDifferent: In particular, Marduk gets a very embellished description.


''Literature/EnumaElish'' [[note]]That's not the title, by the way, since it doesn't have one ''per se''. "Enuma elish" are the first two words of its first verse, which it is commonly known by.[[/note]] is one of the oldest literary works on the planet, older even than ''Literature/TheIliad'' and Literature/TheBible. It is the CreationMyth of Myth/MesopotamianMythology and exists in several copies but most of them are from Babylon. Consequentially, a lot of the Babylonian copies serve as a hymn glorifying the patron deity of Babylon, Marduk; Assyrian copies, on the other hand, don't mention Marduk at all and attribute all his accomplishments to Ashur. It is likely that the original Sumerian text had either Ea/Enki or Enlil (who still figure in later copies) in the spotlight.

to:

''Literature/EnumaElish'' ''Enûma Eliš'' [[note]]That's not the title, by the way, since it doesn't have one ''per se''. "Enuma elish" are the first two words of its first verse, which it is commonly known by.[[/note]] is one of the oldest literary works on the planet, older even than ''Literature/TheIliad'' and Literature/TheBible. It is the CreationMyth of Myth/MesopotamianMythology and exists in several copies but most of them are from Babylon. Consequentially, a lot of the Babylonian copies serve as a hymn glorifying the patron deity of Babylon, Marduk; Assyrian copies, on the other hand, don't mention Marduk at all and attribute all his accomplishments to Ashur. It is likely that the original Sumerian text had either Ea/Enki or Enlil (who still figure in later copies) in the spotlight.


* BigScrewedUpFamily: The gods. BrotherSisterIncest, OffingTheOffspring, OedipusComplex, MommyIssues, implied ParentalIncest, all within five generations.

to:

* BigScrewedUpFamily: The gods. BrotherSisterIncest, OffingTheOffspring, OedipusComplex, MommyIssues, FreudianExcuse, implied ParentalIncest, all within five generations.


The story goes that before neither earth, nor heaven, nor gods existed, there were two [[OurTitansAreDifferent primordial]] beings: male Apsu and female Tiamat, representing fresh and sea water, respectively (cf. Greek [[ClassicalMythology Uranus and Gaia]]). Although they are traditionally seen as [[OurDragonsAreDifferent dragons]], it's safer to think of them as {{Eldritch Abomination}}s. Apsu has been a rather busy fellow and Tiamat soon gave birth to a large number of godlike beings known as Igigi. The most powerful among them were Lahmu and Lahamu, who engaged in BrotherSisterIncest to produce Ansar and Kisar, who followed in their parents' footsteps and produced Anu, whose son was Nudimmud and grandson, Ea (a.k.a. Enki). Since each generation became [[SuperiorSuccessor smarter, stronger, and more powerful than the last one]], they ended up with a pretty BadassFamily, collectively known as Annunaki.

to:

The story goes that before neither earth, nor heaven, nor gods existed, there were two [[OurTitansAreDifferent primordial]] beings: male Apsu and female Tiamat, representing fresh and sea water, respectively (cf. Greek [[ClassicalMythology [[Myth/ClassicalMythology Uranus and Gaia]]). Although they are traditionally seen as [[OurDragonsAreDifferent dragons]], it's safer to think of them as {{Eldritch Abomination}}s. Apsu has been a rather busy fellow and Tiamat soon gave birth to a large number of godlike beings known as Igigi. The most powerful among them were Lahmu and Lahamu, who engaged in BrotherSisterIncest to produce Ansar and Kisar, who followed in their parents' footsteps and produced Anu, whose son was Nudimmud and grandson, Ea (a.k.a. Enki). Since each generation became [[SuperiorSuccessor smarter, stronger, and more powerful than the last one]], they ended up with a pretty BadassFamily, collectively known as Annunaki.



Meanwhile, the popular reaction among the common Igigi to the Annunaki's murder of Apsu forced Tiamat to take action against them. Keeping in mind what happened to Apsu, she carefully prepared an army of giant serpents (possibly dragons) and a QuirkyMinibossSquad of eleven lesser {{Eldritch Abomination}}s (among them [[ClassicalMythology Hydra]], [[OurDragonsAreDifferent Dragon]], [[CarpetOfVirility Hairy Hero]], [[OurDemonsAreDifferent Great Demon]], [[HellHound Savage Dog]], and the [[Franchise/MortalKombat Scorpion Man]]). She then re-married and appointed her new husband, Qingu, as the general of her army, giving him the [[MacGuffin Tablet of Destiny]], which conferred to him the power over all gods.

to:

Meanwhile, the popular reaction among the common Igigi to the Annunaki's murder of Apsu forced Tiamat to take action against them. Keeping in mind what happened to Apsu, she carefully prepared an army of giant serpents (possibly dragons) and a QuirkyMinibossSquad of eleven lesser {{Eldritch Abomination}}s (among them [[ClassicalMythology [[Myth/ClassicalMythology Hydra]], [[OurDragonsAreDifferent Dragon]], [[CarpetOfVirility Hairy Hero]], [[OurDemonsAreDifferent Great Demon]], [[HellHound Savage Dog]], and the [[Franchise/MortalKombat Scorpion Man]]). She then re-married and appointed her new husband, Qingu, as the general of her army, giving him the [[MacGuffin Tablet of Destiny]], which conferred to him the power over all gods.


''Literature/EnumaElish'' [[note]]That's not the title, by the way, since it doesn't have one ''per se''. "Enuma elish" are the first two words of its first verse, which it is commonly known by.[[/note]] is one of the oldest literary works on the planet, older even than ''Literature/TheIliad'' and Literature/TheBible. It is the CreationMyth of MesopotamianMythology and exists in several copies but most of them are from Babylon. Consequentially, a lot of the Babylonian copies serve as a hymn glorifying the patron deity of Babylon, Marduk; Assyrian copies, on the other hand, don't mention Marduk at all and attribute all his accomplishments to Ashur. It is likely that the original Sumerian text had either Ea/Enki or Enlil (who still figure in later copies) in the spotlight.

to:

''Literature/EnumaElish'' [[note]]That's not the title, by the way, since it doesn't have one ''per se''. "Enuma elish" are the first two words of its first verse, which it is commonly known by.[[/note]] is one of the oldest literary works on the planet, older even than ''Literature/TheIliad'' and Literature/TheBible. It is the CreationMyth of MesopotamianMythology Myth/MesopotamianMythology and exists in several copies but most of them are from Babylon. Consequentially, a lot of the Babylonian copies serve as a hymn glorifying the patron deity of Babylon, Marduk; Assyrian copies, on the other hand, don't mention Marduk at all and attribute all his accomplishments to Ashur. It is likely that the original Sumerian text had either Ea/Enki or Enlil (who still figure in later copies) in the spotlight.

Added DiffLines:

* WoobieDestroyerOfWorlds: In the more recent [[http://www.class.uh.edu/mcl/classics/3308/EnumaElish.html Speiser translation]], Tiamat tried to discourage Apsu from killing their own kids, and only went AxCrazy after he was murdered. (There's also no hint she tried to warn the gods of what he was planning.)

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