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* MysticalPlague: A couple of the Plagues of Egypt, which God called to force the Pharaoh to free his Jewish slaves, count: the plague of pestilence (which only affected livestock) and the plague of boils (skin disease).

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* MysticalPlague: A couple of the Plagues of Egypt, which God called to force the Pharaoh to free his Jewish slaves, count: are "plagues" in the disease sense: the plague of pestilence (which only affected livestock) and the plague of boils (skin disease).


* HeelFaceRevolvingDoor: Pharaoh, it is possible that there were multiple Pharaohs ruling Egypt over the course of the Exodus, which would also explain why he/they are never named.



* KillEmAll: Well, all the first-born unprotected by lamb's blood. Also Pharaoh's (or one of the Pharaoh's) plan for the male Hebrew babies.


* AllFlyersAreBirds: In the LongList of laws detailing what animals are and are not OK to eat, [[note]] Interestingly, no plants or fungi are considered to be unclean. Many scholars now believe these laws about meat and dairy products [[FairForItsDay were a way of protecting people from food poisoning and parasites, in an era with no refrigeration, a hot climate easily conducive to food spoilage, and no real concept of germ theory]]. Anyway, the lack of unclean vegetables and fruit becomes important later in the Literature/BookOfDaniel, when the Jews are exiled in Babylon (which does not abide by these rules). Daniel and his followers simply adopt a vegetarian diet to reaffirm their commitment to their traditions and faith. [[/note]] bats are listed among the unclean birds. [[note]] Mostly birds of prey, and birds (such as storks) that feed on carrion, which could potentially transmit diseases and parasites to humans who might eat them. As for bats, it is now known that the consumption of fruit bats in Africa ''has'' been linked to the transmission of Ebola and related viruses. Again, a way of keeping people healthy (and thus keeping communicable diseases at bay) by declaring certain types of meat and ways of handling/preparing/serving it off limits. [[/note]] Bats are mammals, not birds ([[ScienceMarchesOn either this distinction wasn't known in those days]] or [[LostInTranslation "birds" was a catch-all term for all vertebrates that could fly]]).

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* AllFlyersAreBirds: In the LongList of laws detailing what animals are and are not OK to eat, [[note]] Interestingly, no plants or fungi are considered to be unclean. Many scholars now believe these laws about meat and dairy products [[FairForItsDay were a way of protecting people from food poisoning and parasites, in an era with no refrigeration, a hot climate easily conducive to food spoilage, and no real concept of germ theory]]. Anyway, the lack of unclean vegetables and fruit becomes important later in the Literature/BookOfDaniel, when the Jews are exiled in Babylon (which does not abide by these rules). Daniel and his followers simply adopt a vegetarian diet to reaffirm their commitment to their traditions and faith. [[/note]] bats are listed among the unclean birds.birds, despite being mammals. [[note]] Mostly birds of prey, and birds (such as storks) that feed on carrion, which could potentially transmit diseases and parasites to humans who might eat them. As for bats, it is now known that the consumption of fruit bats in Africa ''has'' been linked to the transmission of Ebola and related viruses. Again, a way of keeping people healthy (and thus keeping communicable diseases at bay) by declaring certain types of meat and ways of handling/preparing/serving it off limits. [[/note]] Bats are mammals, not birds ([[ScienceMarchesOn either [[ScienceMarchesOn Either this distinction wasn't known in those days]] or [[LostInTranslation "birds" was a catch-all term for all vertebrates that could fly]]).fly]].


* AllFlyersAreBirds: In the LongList of laws detailing what animals are and are not OK to eat, [[note]] Interestingly, no plants or fungi are considered to be unclean. Many scholars now believe these laws about meat and dairy products [[FairForItsDay were a way of protecting people from food poisoning and parasites, in an era with no refrigeration, a hot climate easily conducive to food spoilage, and no real concept of germ theory]]. Anyway, the lack of unclean vegetables and fruit becomes important later in the Literature/BookOfDaniel, when the Jews are exiled in Babylon (which does not abide by these rules). Daniel and his followers simply adopt a vegetarian diet to reaffirm their commitment to their traditions and faith. [[/note]] bats are listed among the unclean birds. [[note]] Mostly birds of prey, and birds (such as storks) that feed on carrion, which could potentially transmit diseases and parasites to humans who might eat them. As for bats, it is now known that the consumption of fruit bats in Africa ''has'' been linked to the transmission of Ebola and related viruses. Again, a way of keeping people healthy (and thus keeping communicable diseases at bay) by declaring certain types of meat and ways of handling/preparing/serving it off limits. [[/note]] Bats are mammals, not birds ([[ScienceMarchesOn either this distinction wasn't known in those days]] or [[HaveAGayOldTime birds was a catch-all term for all vertebrates that could fly]]).

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* AllFlyersAreBirds: In the LongList of laws detailing what animals are and are not OK to eat, [[note]] Interestingly, no plants or fungi are considered to be unclean. Many scholars now believe these laws about meat and dairy products [[FairForItsDay were a way of protecting people from food poisoning and parasites, in an era with no refrigeration, a hot climate easily conducive to food spoilage, and no real concept of germ theory]]. Anyway, the lack of unclean vegetables and fruit becomes important later in the Literature/BookOfDaniel, when the Jews are exiled in Babylon (which does not abide by these rules). Daniel and his followers simply adopt a vegetarian diet to reaffirm their commitment to their traditions and faith. [[/note]] bats are listed among the unclean birds. [[note]] Mostly birds of prey, and birds (such as storks) that feed on carrion, which could potentially transmit diseases and parasites to humans who might eat them. As for bats, it is now known that the consumption of fruit bats in Africa ''has'' been linked to the transmission of Ebola and related viruses. Again, a way of keeping people healthy (and thus keeping communicable diseases at bay) by declaring certain types of meat and ways of handling/preparing/serving it off limits. [[/note]] Bats are mammals, not birds ([[ScienceMarchesOn either this distinction wasn't known in those days]] or [[HaveAGayOldTime birds [[LostInTranslation "birds" was a catch-all term for all vertebrates that could fly]]).


* ArtisticLicenseHistory: [[Administrivia/RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment Depends who you ask]]. There is no archaeological evidence or written record of a mass migration of people (enslaved or otherwise) out of AncientEgypt and into the Middle East. However, [[SelectiveObliviousness the ancient Egyptians never recorded their defeats and turned some of them into victories]]. It's believed that there's a historical core to the story since one of the oldest poems in the book titled "The Song of the Sea" is dated to the 12th century BC. These are two of various reasons why even scholars who aren't members of the Abrahamic faiths think there must have been a exodus (or several of them) of some sort whether or not it happened in the grander, supernaturally-enabled way the Bible describes it. Also, while most (if not all) of Egypt's monuments were built not by foreign slaves, but by Egyptian day-laborers (often farmers in the off-season), the Bible also stipulates that the Hebrews didn't build the monuments, they did more menial tasks such as making bricks; the lowest of the low.
** Another example. The most popular choices for ''Pharaoh of Exodus'' [[Administrivia/RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment in the media]] are Ramesses II and his thirteenth son and successor Merneptah. This brings one small problem to the equation: Caanan was part of Egypt during the reigns of Ramesses and Merneptah, which would mean the Hebrews never left Egypt proper to begin with.


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* BasedOnAGreatBigLie: [[Administrivia/RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment Depends who you ask]]. There is no archaeological evidence or written record of a mass migration of people (enslaved or otherwise) out of AncientEgypt and into the Middle East. However, [[SelectiveObliviousness the ancient Egyptians never recorded their defeats and turned some of them into victories]]. It's believed that there's a historical core to the story since one of the oldest poems in the book titled "The Song of the Sea" is dated to the 12th century BC. These are two of various reasons why even scholars who aren't members of the Abrahamic faiths think there must have been a exodus (or several of them) of some sort whether or not it happened in the grander, supernaturally-enabled way the Bible describes it.


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* LostInImitation: Some of the perceived historical inaccuracy in ''Exodus'' come from adaptions and PopculturalOsmosis, not the actual text.
** Media often depict the enslaved Israelites as building pyramids and similar monuments, even though in real life, most (if not all) of Egypt's monuments were built not by foreign slaves, but by Egyptian day-laborers (often farmers in the off-season). The actual Bible stipulates that the Hebrews ''didn't'' build the monuments, they did more menial tasks such as making bricks; the lowest of the low.
** It's also popular to specify the pharaohs as Ramesses II and his thirteenth son and successor Merneptah, even though Caanan was part of Egypt during the reigns, which would mean the Hebrews never left Egypt proper to begin with. The Bible itself never names either pharaoh.

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* AHeroIsBorn: After Exodus chapter 1 sets up the situation with the Israelites becoming slaves to the Egyptians, chapter 2 follows it up with the birth of Moses, who becomes the main protagonist for this book and its three sequels.


* DraftDodging: In Deuteronomy chapter 20, when Israelite men are being called to war, they are commanded to be excused from military duty if (1) they have built a house and they have not dedicated it, (2) they have planted a vineyard and have not yet eaten of the grapes, (3) they are betrothed to a wife and have not yet married, or (4) they are genuinely fearful of heart.

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* DraftDodging: In Deuteronomy chapter 20, when Israelite men are being called to war, they are commanded to be excused from military duty if (1) they have built a house and they have not yet dedicated it, (2) they have planted a vineyard and have not yet eaten of the grapes, (3) they are betrothed to a wife and have not yet married, or (4) they are genuinely fearful of heart.heart, and their fearfulness could potentially discourage their fellow soldiers from fighting at their best.

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* DraftDodging: In Deuteronomy chapter 20, when Israelite men are being called to war, they are commanded to be excused from military duty if (1) they have built a house and they have not dedicated it, (2) they have planted a vineyard and have not yet eaten of the grapes, (3) they are betrothed to a wife and have not yet married, or (4) they are genuinely fearful of heart.


* NocturnalEmission: Leviticus chapter 15 covers the issue of how the people of Israel were to deal with various bodily discharges, including that of the "seed of copulation". Deuteronomy 23:9-11 specifically deals with this issue when an army goes out against their enemies.

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* NocturnalEmission: Leviticus chapter 15 covers the issue of how the people of Israel were to deal with various bodily discharges, including that of the "seed of copulation". Deuteronomy 23:9-11 specifically deals with this issue when an army goes out against their enemies.enemies, which can also fall under JizzedInMyPants.

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* PayEvilUntoEvil: In God's Law, the command of "eye for eye and tooth for tooth" was originally meant as a ''restriction'' for exacting vengeance on people rather than a total advocation for it, meaning that the person exacting revenge cannot go beyond the amount of injury that was inflicted upon him by the other person.


* MakeAnExampleOfThem: In Exodus 9:15-17, God directly states this as one of the intentions behind His Signs and Wonders (AKA the Plagues of Egypt). Instead of wiping out all of the Egyptians, God is making an example of some of them despite the way they allowed the Hebrews to suffer (with the slavery and killing their male babies).

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* MakeAnExampleOfThem: MakeAnExampleOfThem:
**
In Exodus 9:15-17, God directly states this as one of the intentions behind His Signs and Wonders (AKA the Plagues of Egypt). Instead of wiping out all of the Egyptians, God is making an example of some of them despite the way they allowed the Hebrews to suffer (with the slavery and killing their male babies).


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** In the various laws God lays down for His people Israel, the prescribed punishments for certain transgressions, such as a daughter "playing the harlot" in her father's house when it cannot be proven whether she was truly a virgin when she was given in marriage, was meant to be seen by the other Israelites to make them fear God and not follow after that person's bad example.


** In Joshua chapter 7, Achan takes some things from the ruins of Jericho and thus curses the whole camp of Israel, causing them to be defeated by the men of Ai. The camp had to take Achan, his whole family, and everything that belonged to him to the Valley of Achor and burn them up in order to remove the curse.


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* CursedItem: Joshua after the Israelite sacking of Jericho pronounces all items in the city cursed except for the gold and silver and other precious items. Achan, out of his own personal greed, pays no attention to the curse and takes a Babylonian garment from the ruins of the city, and thus plagues the camp of Israel with a curse that is only lifted when Achan, his whole family, and all that he owned were put to death and buried in the Valley of Achor.


* CircumcisionAngst: In Exodus chapter 4, as Moses and his family head toward Egypt, the Lord meets him on the way to kill him because he had forgotten to circumcise his child, and Zipporah takes a flint knife, circumcises the child, and throws the foreskin at Moses' feet (euphemism or not), saying, "You are a bridegroom of blood to me." This [[PutOnABus puts her on a bus]] until later on when Moses' father-in-law visits him after he has led his people Israel out of Egypt.

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* CircumcisionAngst: CircumcisionAngst:
**
In Exodus chapter 4, as Moses and his family head toward Egypt, the Lord meets him on the way to kill him because he had forgotten to circumcise his child, and Zipporah takes a flint knife, circumcises the child, and throws the foreskin at Moses' feet (euphemism or not), saying, "You are a bridegroom of blood to me." This [[PutOnABus puts her on a bus]] until later on when Moses' father-in-law visits him after he has led his people Israel out of Egypt.Egypt.
** In Joshua chapter 5, God has His people Israel circumcise those who have been born in the wilderness after they have crossed the Jordan into Gilgal, which is where they camped until everyone that was circumcised was healed. Fortunately in that circumstance, the angst part of it was averted.

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* DeathFromAbove: In Joshua chapter 10, God helps the Israelites who were at war with the armies of the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish, and Eglon by casting down hailstones on the enemy armies so that more died by hailstones than by the Israelites' hands.


** As a CallBack to Genesis, Moses gives one to the tribes of Israel in Deuteronomy chapter 33, giving them his blessings before he climbs the mountain and sees the Promised Land prior to his death.

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** As a CallBack to Genesis, Moses gives one to the tribes of Israel in Deuteronomy chapter 33, giving them his blessings before he climbs the mountain and sees the Promised Land prior to his death. Strangely, though, of all the family tribes mentioned, Simeon isn't among them.

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