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'''As a Fridge subpage, all spoilers are unmarked [[Administrivia/SpoilersOff as per policy.]] Administrivia/YouHaveBeenWarned.'''



* In ''VideoGame/Persona3'', the main character is of the Fool arcana, meaning he can fuse and summon pretty much any Persona. Keeping in mind that a Persona is a reflection of one's psyche, this ability leads to mountains of crazy WMG about the main character's sanity, the status of reality ("is it all a dream?"), etc. The constant changing of Personas reflects the fact that the player can effectively paint whatever personality they want for MC because they control his responses in various situations. Even moreso, [[spoiler:the culmination of all of MC's Personas into a single, ultimate Persona in the fight with Nyx shows that no matter how the player decided to have him act throughout the game, his decision in the end was the same]].

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* In ''VideoGame/Persona3'', the main character is of the Fool arcana, meaning he can fuse and summon pretty much any Persona. Keeping in mind that a Persona is a reflection of one's psyche, this ability leads to mountains of crazy WMG about the main character's sanity, the status of reality ("is it all a dream?"), etc. The constant changing of Personas reflects the fact that the player can effectively paint whatever personality they want for MC because they control his responses in various situations. Even moreso, [[spoiler:the the culmination of all of MC's Personas into a single, ultimate Persona in the fight with Nyx shows that no matter how the player decided to have him act throughout the game, his decision in the end was the same]].same.



** Moon is tragic. It's not the arcana of the snobs (Ai and Nozomi may give off this impression), it's the one of contradictions, illusions, emotional turmoil, and fear of dark desires. [[spoiler:Shinjiro would love a normal life, even if he fears the after-effects of the short-lived normalcy he is given. His genuine kindness and modesty definitely contrasts the toughened up image he is seen as initially, like an illusion. The fears also manifest in his repressed feelings/lust for the main.]]
* When [[spoiler:Erebus]] was revealed to be the real reason that Nyx was coming to Earth, some people took it as a cheesy, poorly-explained GiantSpaceFleaFromNowhere. However, I followed a link on Wikipedia and found out that, in mythology, he was Nyx's brother ([[BrotherSisterIncest and husband]]); suddenly, the fact that the emotions forming Erebus 'called out' for Nyx made a lot more sense.

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** Moon is tragic. It's not the arcana of the snobs (Ai and Nozomi may give off this impression), it's the one of contradictions, illusions, emotional turmoil, and fear of dark desires. [[spoiler:Shinjiro Shinjiro would love a normal life, even if he fears the after-effects of the short-lived normalcy he is given. His genuine kindness and modesty definitely contrasts the toughened up image he is seen as initially, like an illusion. The fears also manifest in his repressed feelings/lust for the main.]]
main.
* When [[spoiler:Erebus]] Erebus was revealed to be the real reason that Nyx was coming to Earth, some people took it as a cheesy, poorly-explained GiantSpaceFleaFromNowhere. However, I followed a link on Wikipedia and found out that, in mythology, he was Nyx's brother ([[BrotherSisterIncest and husband]]); suddenly, the fact that the emotions forming Erebus 'called out' for Nyx made a lot more sense.



* Maybe it's just me thinking that way, but I was playing again through the game, and one particular sentence said by Fuuka struck me as particularly fridge brilliant: after [[spoiler:Shinjiro's death]], she laments that all the tragedy could have been avoided if only she had trusted her intuition... Fuuka's arcana is The Priestess. What is one of the meanings of The Priestess arcana? That you should trust your intuition. Brilliant!
* The fact that Shinjiro and Akihiko's personas make up the Gemini twins is pretty obvious in the game, but where Ken ties in is very clever - in some versions of the myth, the Gemini were the sons of ''Nemesis'', neatly tying Ken to their story. If that's not clever enough? [[spoiler:Castor was killed by a spear to the heart. Now, what's Ken's weapon again...?]]
** There's more to it. [[spoiler:Shinjiro was killed by a gunshot after being threatened with a spear. In the game, both attacks deal the same type of damage: Pierce.]]
* The evokers. The protagonist summons their Persona by shooting him/herself in the head. Apart from [[JustForPun evoking]] images of suicide, it's excellent foreshadowing. [[spoiler:Remember [[HeroicSacrifice what happens]] to the Protagonist at the end?]]
** The bad ending, where [[spoiler:the MC kills Ryoji]], has the MC executing his evoker at a much slower pace. Perhaps he knows the consequence of [[spoiler:this which is that everyone will die, including him]], and thinks of this as ACTUAL SUICIDE, thus taking a logical approach to the hesitant evoker pose.
* Out of the NewGamePlus Endings, [[spoiler:Ken's was much more bittersweet and less romantic than everyone else's. The endings follow an upright meaning of each character's arcana. Justice as an arcana does not have an interpretation pertaining directly to love; the opposite, actually, with ones such as distance and logic. Those would make sense, as space and rationality are what would keep them together without a stigma from society. The most significant of the meanings, however, is "clear vision". Ken expresses his worry that the main character will "go somewhere", hinting he knows her fate to die. Whether the others know and are lying for her sake, or Ken is the only one to know, this is both poignant, and absolutely [[TearJerker heart-breaking]].]]
* Aigis' persona transformation from Palladion to Athena gives her one of the best healing spells in the game. Previously, she only had buffs as support techniques. This is most likely due to her [[spoiler:finally getting human emotions and caring for her comrades.]]
* Ken's persona also fits his character arc: starting out with insta-kill spells and a physical attack designed to kick you when you're down, it evolves into the second-strongest healer of the party, learning the strongest revive and a the best single-target healů [[spoiler: reflecting his priorities changing from revenge and hatred to a desire to protect and help, and possibly even prevent anything like Shinjiro's death from happening again.]]
* In ''VideoGame/{{Persona 4}}'', [[spoiler:Nanako Dojima is of the Justice Arcana. Later on in the game, should you get the bad ending, Namatame, the man accused of killing her, basically gets away with it. It is said that the 'law can't touch' him. Law... Justice... get it?]]
** At first, during the bathhouse dungeon, I thought that [[spoiler:Shadow Kanji]] was behaving...extremely, even for a Shadow. Even if he was afraid of being MistakenForGay, his image of gay looked really overdone. It wasn't until later, when we learned that [[spoiler:the Midnight Channel reflected humanity's thoughts as well]] that it made sense. Of course his Shadow was so over-the-top HardGay; people were making crazy assumptions about his sexuality! - MsDevin92

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* Maybe it's just me thinking that way, but I was playing again through the game, and one particular sentence said by Fuuka struck me as particularly fridge brilliant: after [[spoiler:Shinjiro's death]], Shinjiro's death, she laments that all the tragedy could have been avoided if only she had trusted her intuition... Fuuka's arcana is The Priestess. What is one of the meanings of The Priestess arcana? That you should trust your intuition. Brilliant!
* The fact that Shinjiro and Akihiko's personas make up the Gemini twins is pretty obvious in the game, but where Ken ties in is very clever - in some versions of the myth, the Gemini were the sons of ''Nemesis'', neatly tying Ken to their story. If that's not clever enough? [[spoiler:Castor Castor was killed by a spear to the heart. Now, what's Ken's weapon again...?]]
?
** There's more to it. [[spoiler:Shinjiro Shinjiro was killed by a gunshot after being threatened with a spear. In the game, both attacks deal the same type of damage: Pierce.]]
Pierce.
* The evokers. The protagonist summons their Persona by shooting him/herself in the head. Apart from [[JustForPun evoking]] images of suicide, it's excellent foreshadowing. [[spoiler:Remember Remember [[HeroicSacrifice what happens]] to the Protagonist at the end?]]
end?
** The bad ending, where [[spoiler:the the MC kills Ryoji]], Ryoji, has the MC executing his evoker at a much slower pace. Perhaps he knows the consequence of [[spoiler:this this which is that everyone will die, including him]], him, and thinks of this as ACTUAL SUICIDE, thus taking a logical approach to the hesitant evoker pose.
* Out of the NewGamePlus Endings, [[spoiler:Ken's Ken's was much more bittersweet and less romantic than everyone else's. The endings follow an upright meaning of each character's arcana. Justice as an arcana does not have an interpretation pertaining directly to love; the opposite, actually, with ones such as distance and logic. Those would make sense, as space and rationality are what would keep them together without a stigma from society. The most significant of the meanings, however, is "clear vision". Ken expresses his worry that the main character will "go somewhere", hinting he knows her fate to die. Whether the others know and are lying for her sake, or Ken is the only one to know, this is both poignant, and absolutely [[TearJerker heart-breaking]].]]
heart-breaking]].
* Aigis' persona transformation from Palladion to Athena gives her one of the best healing spells in the game. Previously, she only had buffs as support techniques. This is most likely due to her [[spoiler:finally finally getting human emotions and caring for her comrades.]]
comrades.
* Ken's persona also fits his character arc: starting out with insta-kill spells and a physical attack designed to kick you when you're down, it evolves into the second-strongest healer of the party, learning the strongest revive and a the best single-target healů [[spoiler: reflecting his priorities changing from revenge and hatred to a desire to protect and help, and possibly even prevent anything like Shinjiro's death from happening again.]]
again.
* In ''VideoGame/{{Persona 4}}'', [[spoiler:Nanako Nanako Dojima is of the Justice Arcana. Later on in the game, should you get the bad ending, Namatame, the man accused of killing her, basically gets away with it. It is said that the 'law can't touch' him. Law... Justice... get it?]]
it?
** At first, during the bathhouse dungeon, I thought that [[spoiler:Shadow Kanji]] Shadow Kanji was behaving...extremely, even for a Shadow. Even if he was afraid of being MistakenForGay, his image of gay looked really overdone. It wasn't until later, when we learned that [[spoiler:the the Midnight Channel reflected humanity's thoughts as well]] well that it made sense. Of course his Shadow was so over-the-top HardGay; people were making crazy assumptions about his sexuality! - MsDevin92



* Okay, so let's be honest. Even if you don't already know in advance, it's possible to work out that [[spoiler:Naoto is female]] ''long'' before the game reveals it. The voice acting makes it obvious enough as is... ''however'', some folks have mentioned that you can still tell if you play with the voices off. There's one way you can tell, [[spoiler:and it's due to a particular quirk of the art style. Specifically, how the characters' lips are drawn. Notice how the guys' lips look different to the girls' lips? If you pay attention to that particular detail, it becomes screamingly obvious whenever Naoto's portrait pops up.]] ''Niiiice''.

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* Okay, so let's be honest. Even if you don't already know in advance, it's possible to work out that [[spoiler:Naoto Naoto is female]] female ''long'' before the game reveals it. The voice acting makes it obvious enough as is... ''however'', some folks have mentioned that you can still tell if you play with the voices off. There's one way you can tell, [[spoiler:and and it's due to a particular quirk of the art style. Specifically, how the characters' lips are drawn. Notice how the guys' lips look different to the girls' lips? If you pay attention to that particular detail, it becomes screamingly obvious whenever Naoto's portrait pops up.]] ''Niiiice''.



* At first, the setup between [[GodsHandsAreTied Philemon]] and [[AsLongAsThereIsEvil Nyarlathotep]] seems pretty damn depressing if you think about it - Philemon can only give out Personas and [[spoiler: has to wipe your memories to save the world]], but Nyarlathotep personally screws up the playing field without any apparent restraints. However, when you remember that they are both manifestations of human's souls and technically the same being, it not only makes sense, but becomes uplifting. Philemon (the good in the main characters) can't do much because they're ''already'' capable of overcoming their issues and being better people deep inside. Nyarlathotep's [[spoiler: victory]] hinged on [[RealityWarper making rumors into truth]] and a ton of [[DealWithTheDevil Deals with the Devil]] ''because'' [[RousseauWasRight humans aren't capable of such horrible things on their own]]. - MsDevin92

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* At first, the setup between [[GodsHandsAreTied Philemon]] and [[AsLongAsThereIsEvil Nyarlathotep]] seems pretty damn depressing if you think about it - Philemon can only give out Personas and [[spoiler: has to wipe your memories to save the world]], world, but Nyarlathotep personally screws up the playing field without any apparent restraints. However, when you remember that they are both manifestations of human's souls and technically the same being, it not only makes sense, but becomes uplifting. Philemon (the good in the main characters) can't do much because they're ''already'' capable of overcoming their issues and being better people deep inside. Nyarlathotep's [[spoiler: victory]] victory hinged on [[RealityWarper making rumors into truth]] and a ton of [[DealWithTheDevil Deals with the Devil]] ''because'' [[RousseauWasRight humans aren't capable of such horrible things on their own]]. - MsDevin92



*** He may be humanity's shadow, but that doesn't mean humans are [[HumansAreBastards pure evil]], which is why he's such a blatant cheater. For instance, [[spoiler: the whole debacle with Maya and the shrine]] ''was'' horrible, but it's far from [[spoiler: the fake memory Jun was given of the other kids literally burning her alive]].
*** Not my point. I think we can both agree that Philemon is generally a trustworthy source here, yes? He introduces Persona by saying that humans have both the kindness of a god, and the cruelty of a devil inside them. At the end of Innocent Sin, [[spoiler:Philemon says that he and Nyarlathotep are both half of the collective unconsciousness. In other words, they're the anthropomorphic personifications of humanity itself.]] One of the things they repeatedly point out in EP is that [[spoiler:Nyarlathotep is fundamentally part of humanity.]] It doesn't mean humans are fundamentally evil, but simply that deep down, they have that capacity. Which they do. They also have the capacity to achieve enlightenment. That's kind of the entire point. [[spoiler:You seem to be saying that humanity wouldn't be able to do what Nyar goads them to without an outside force, but that's wrong. Nyar isn't an outside force at all. He's humanity at its very very worst, to a point where no real person would be, but that's a consequence of combining and distilling every hidden and suppressed urge of the entire human race into one being. If humans tended to repress their urge to eat cake and ice cream all the time he'd look like Toro. Since humans tend to repress their desire to win at all costs, violence, and anger, we get the Nyar we see in P2.]]

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*** He may be humanity's shadow, but that doesn't mean humans are [[HumansAreBastards pure evil]], which is why he's such a blatant cheater. For instance, [[spoiler: the whole debacle with Maya and the shrine]] shrine ''was'' horrible, but it's far from [[spoiler: the fake memory Jun was given of the other kids literally burning her alive]].
alive.
*** Not my point. I think we can both agree that Philemon is generally a trustworthy source here, yes? He introduces Persona by saying that humans have both the kindness of a god, and the cruelty of a devil inside them. At the end of Innocent Sin, [[spoiler:Philemon Philemon says that he and Nyarlathotep are both half of the collective unconsciousness. In other words, they're the anthropomorphic personifications of humanity itself.]] One of the things they repeatedly point out in EP is that [[spoiler:Nyarlathotep Nyarlathotep is fundamentally part of humanity.]] humanity. It doesn't mean humans are fundamentally evil, but simply that deep down, they have that capacity. Which they do. They also have the capacity to achieve enlightenment. That's kind of the entire point. [[spoiler:You You seem to be saying that humanity wouldn't be able to do what Nyar goads them to without an outside force, but that's wrong. Nyar isn't an outside force at all. He's humanity at its very very worst, to a point where no real person would be, but that's a consequence of combining and distilling every hidden and suppressed urge of the entire human race into one being. If humans tended to repress their urge to eat cake and ice cream all the time he'd look like Toro. Since humans tend to repress their desire to win at all costs, violence, and anger, we get the Nyar we see in P2.]]



* When playing Innocent Sin, I realized something: When you ask Katsuya about the Masked Circle at the beginning of the game, he chews Tatsuya out for bothering him with childish nonsense. Just him being a Jerkass right? Not quite. [[spoiler:Later, it's revealed that "Masked Circle" was a game that Tatsuya and his friends played when they were kids. Katsuya presumably remembers this, and when Tatsuya brings it up again with most of those same kids grown up with him, he assumes that Tatsuya is trying to play a prank on him.]]
* Have you ever noticed just how freakishly similar Adachi and Junpei are? They both joke constantly and are often made butt monkeys, both make dumb mistakes but are honestly trying, they both work in a form of law enforcement (although it's supernatural for Junpei), [[spoiler:both are very immature (Junpei is the Magician Arcana, which stands for immaturity, and Yukiko points out how backwards and childish Adachi's world view is during the confrontation)and both have massive inferiority complexes they blame others for. Junpei focuses his self-hate on Minato in envy to ignore his own shortcomings while Adachi does this for pretty much the entire world and his berserk button is when you point it out.]] The only major difference is years and backstory, mainly that we don't know much about Adachi other than he had a lot of failures that landed him in Inaba, while Junpei lost someone he loved dearly. But remember, [[spoiler:Adachi is an attempted rapist and serial killer. Someone doesn't get that sick and messed up without enough issues and trauma in their past to trigger them.]] Adachi seems to be what Junpei could end up as [[spoiler:if he ever has that one bad moment that causes him to be disgusted with the world in general.]]

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* When playing Innocent Sin, I realized something: When you ask Katsuya about the Masked Circle at the beginning of the game, he chews Tatsuya out for bothering him with childish nonsense. Just him being a Jerkass right? Not quite. [[spoiler:Later, Later, it's revealed that "Masked Circle" was a game that Tatsuya and his friends played when they were kids. Katsuya presumably remembers this, and when Tatsuya brings it up again with most of those same kids grown up with him, he assumes that Tatsuya is trying to play a prank on him.]]
him.
* Have you ever noticed just how freakishly similar Adachi and Junpei are? They both joke constantly and are often made butt monkeys, both make dumb mistakes but are honestly trying, they both work in a form of law enforcement (although it's supernatural for Junpei), [[spoiler:both both are very immature (Junpei is the Magician Arcana, which stands for immaturity, and Yukiko points out how backwards and childish Adachi's world view is during the confrontation)and both have massive inferiority complexes they blame others for. Junpei focuses his self-hate on Minato in envy to ignore his own shortcomings while Adachi does this for pretty much the entire world and his berserk button is when you point it out.]] The only major difference is years and backstory, mainly that we don't know much about Adachi other than he had a lot of failures that landed him in Inaba, while Junpei lost someone he loved dearly. But remember, [[spoiler:Adachi Adachi is an attempted rapist and serial killer. Someone doesn't get that sick and messed up without enough issues and trauma in their past to trigger them.]] Adachi seems to be what Junpei could end up as [[spoiler:if if he ever has that one bad moment that causes him to be disgusted with the world in general.]]



*** Frankenstein has two protagonists. Elizabeth is the love insterest of one, Victor, and both she and Victor die. This parallels Persona 3, in which [[spoiler: Elizabeth is all-but-officially the canon love interest of the protagonist, who dies in the ending.]] Moreover, Elizabeth's arcana in Persona 4 Arena is Death.

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*** Frankenstein has two protagonists. Elizabeth is the love insterest of one, Victor, and both she and Victor die. This parallels Persona 3, in which [[spoiler: Elizabeth is all-but-officially the canon love interest of the protagonist, who dies in the ending.]] ending. Moreover, Elizabeth's arcana in Persona 4 Arena is Death.



*** Also worth noting that it was Margaret who gave Marie her name. Assuming Margaret was aware of Frankenstein (which is entirely possible given that Persona 4 is set in the present day) Margaret intentionally named Marie after Mary Shelley, who is, in a literary sense, the creator of Margaret. Given that Marie is actually [[spoiler: an incarnation of Izanami, one of the creator deities in Japanese mythology,]] this implies Margaret may have been aware of Marie's identity from the beginning.

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*** Also worth noting that it was Margaret who gave Marie her name. Assuming Margaret was aware of Frankenstein (which is entirely possible given that Persona 4 is set in the present day) Margaret intentionally named Marie after Mary Shelley, who is, in a literary sense, the creator of Margaret. Given that Marie is actually [[spoiler: an incarnation of Izanami, one of the creator deities in Japanese mythology,]] mythology, this implies Margaret may have been aware of Marie's identity from the beginning.



*** [[spoiler: Tohru Adachi]] is Roger Chillingworth, in that he [[spoiler: feels personally affronted by the affair and manipulates Namatame for revenge and personal amusement.]]

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*** [[spoiler: Tohru Adachi]] Adachi is Roger Chillingworth, in that he [[spoiler: feels personally affronted by the affair and manipulates Namatame for revenge and personal amusement.]]



*** This makes [[spoiler: Adachi]] Gertrude. Not only did he kill the Ophelia character, he is the partner of the protagonist's uncle.

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*** This makes [[spoiler: Adachi]] Adachi Gertrude. Not only did he kill the Ophelia character, he is the partner of the protagonist's uncle.



*** Morooka is Polonius. He is in the role of a teacher, comes across as stupid, and most people don't like him. He generally gives pretty good advice, though, if you can get past the presentation and listen to what he actually says. And then, about halfway through the story. [[spoiler: he is attacked and killed by a character who isn't the main antagonist, after which he is replaced by a SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute.]]
*** Kashiwagi is Osric. [[spoiler: She's a SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute for the Polonius character, after he dies.]]

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*** Morooka is Polonius. He is in the role of a teacher, comes across as stupid, and most people don't like him. He generally gives pretty good advice, though, if you can get past the presentation and listen to what he actually says. And then, about halfway through the story. [[spoiler: he is attacked and killed by a character who isn't the main antagonist, after which he is replaced by a SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute.]]
SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute.
*** Kashiwagi is Osric. [[spoiler: She's a SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute for the Polonius character, after he dies.]]


This is a personal moment for the viewer, so every example is signed by the contributor. If you start off with "ThisTroper", really, you have no excuse. We're going to hit you on the head.

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This is a personal moment for the viewer, so every example is signed by the contributor. If you start off with "ThisTroper", "This Troper", really, you have no excuse. We're going to hit you on the head.


* The series's ArcWords, "I am thou, thou art me," just sounds formal and old-fashioned on the surface. But while 'thou' is outdated, it's actually the familiar form of 'you.'

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* The series's ArcWords, "I am thou, thou art me," just sounds formal and old-fashioned on the surface. But while 'thou' is outdated, it's actually the familiar form of 'you.' --Steel Edge
** Also, all of the Velvet room attendants, not counting Belladonna, the Demon Artist, and the nameless piano man, are named after minor characters from ''Frankenstein''. But the main character, Victor, is missing... because there's a Victor fusing demons in the ''Devil Summoner'' series!

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* The series's ArcWords, "I am thou, thou art me," just sounds formal and old-fashioned on the surface. But while 'thou' is outdated, it's actually the familiar form of 'you.'


*** Ken's relationship with the female protagonist is criticized by the blind assumptions of society under Justice. The fact the Slink can split like a romantic commu ({{Squick}} out and you're CompletelyMissingThePoint, it's not meant to be {{Shotacon}}) prove that initial judgment (unlike true judgment in its own arcana) of what we perceived is not absolute.

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*** Ken's relationship with the female protagonist is criticized by the blind assumptions of society under Justice. The fact the Slink can split like a romantic commu ({{Squick}} out and you're CompletelyMissingThePoint, it's not meant to be {{Shotacon}}) paedophilia) prove that initial judgment (unlike true judgment in its own arcana) of what we perceived is not absolute.


* In Persona4, there is an incredibly unintuitive moment where you have to make the exactly right choices in a series of ambiguous dialogue; that moment determines your ending. It's very easy to fail; in fact, you more or less need to have figured (most) of the Truth out so you can answer. That is because reaching out to the Truth is hard. From the severity of the battles to the hard labyrinth of dialogue, every facet of reaching out to the Truth, whether personal or general, is hard.

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* In Persona4, ''VideoGame/Persona4'', there is an incredibly unintuitive moment where you have to make the exactly right choices in a series of ambiguous dialogue; that moment determines your ending. It's very easy to fail; in fact, you more or less need to have figured (most) of the Truth out so you can answer. That is because reaching out to the Truth is hard. From the severity of the battles to the hard labyrinth of dialogue, every facet of reaching out to the Truth, whether personal or general, is hard.


* In ''{{Persona 3}}'', the main character is of the Fool arcana, meaning he can fuse and summon pretty much any Persona. Keeping in mind that a Persona is a reflection of one's psyche, this ability leads to mountains of crazy WMG about the main character's sanity, the status of reality ("is it all a dream?"), etc. The constant changing of Personas reflects the fact that the player can effectively paint whatever personality they want for MC because they control his responses in various situations. Even moreso, [[spoiler:the culmination of all of MC's Personas into a single, ultimate Persona in the fight with Nyx shows that no matter how the player decided to have him act throughout the game, his decision in the end was the same]].

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* In ''{{Persona 3}}'', ''VideoGame/Persona3'', the main character is of the Fool arcana, meaning he can fuse and summon pretty much any Persona. Keeping in mind that a Persona is a reflection of one's psyche, this ability leads to mountains of crazy WMG about the main character's sanity, the status of reality ("is it all a dream?"), etc. The constant changing of Personas reflects the fact that the player can effectively paint whatever personality they want for MC because they control his responses in various situations. Even moreso, [[spoiler:the culmination of all of MC's Personas into a single, ultimate Persona in the fight with Nyx shows that no matter how the player decided to have him act throughout the game, his decision in the end was the same]].


*** Both games include Oberon and Titania, the king and queen of the fairies in Midsummer, as Personae. The older games have Robin Goodfellow, also known as Puck, as well. -KaimeiTamashii

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*** Both games include Oberon and Titania, the king and queen of the fairies in Midsummer, as Personae. The older games have Robin Goodfellow, also known as Puck, as well. -KaimeiTamashii
*** Misused slightly, but the final monologue of Midsummer directly relates to the plots of the Persona games, especially Persona 4. "If we Shadows have offended..." Puck apologizes for offense, reminds the audience that it was just fiction, and then says, "Give me your hands if we be friends," and the actors, the shadows, will set things right again.
** Catherine opens with Shakespeare's famous words, "All the world's a stage." And the game is a frame story, meaning that the world within the game truly is a stage. -Kaimei Tamashii
* The old man in Shopping District North is always willing to offer his opinion on what is wrong with Inaba, and on occasion he's frighteningly accurate. Early in the game he insists that he knows who the killer is, saying that the killer is whoever does not love Inaba. Now, who's the only character who outwardly expresses his dislike of the town? -Kaimei Tamashii
* The majority of the nameless characters throughout Inaba change their dialog every few days and even have limited character development and something resembling a story arc. However, on student on the second floor of Yasogami High's classroom building never changes his dialog. He complains that every day is the same. -Kaimei Tamashii
* In Persona 2, any rumors that spread become reality. Although it isn't mentioned, this may still be in effect to some degree in Persona 3 and Persona 4. Many of the games' plot points (such as the Midnight Channel) start out as rumors and turn out to be at least partially true. -Kaimei Tamashii

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*** Persona 4's plot is similar to Frankenstein's, as well. Victor and the monster are frequently interpreted as being two halves of the same entity. In other words, the monster is Victor's shadow. The monster just wants to be accepted and loved, especially by its creator. When it is rejected, it goes berserk and becomes murderous. Sound familiar?
**** This also throws the motives of Persona 4's shadows into question. The belligerence of the shadows makes them seem strictly evil, but perhaps, as with Frankenstein's monster, they truly did just want to be accepted. Kanji's shadow especially makes it seem as if this is the case; he says as much.
*** In Golden, if both Kanji and Naoto are in the party, Kanji is wearing his Halloween costume, and you talk to Kanji, he and Naoto will briefly discuss the plot and symbolism of Frankenstein. Kanji notes that Victor sounds more monstrous than the monster for rejecting it.


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** Akihiko's ultimate persona in Persona 3 is Caesar. As for why, what is probably Julius Caesar's second-most famous line in Shakespeare's play of the same name when he says that he is "constant as the northern star." Akihiko's arcana? The star.
**Both Persona 3 and Persona 4 reference A Midsummer Night's Dream.
***At the beginning of Rise's dungeon, the over-the-top TV show title includes "A Midsummer Night's Dream," though it goes away so quickly you aren't likely to catch it.
***The second Persona 3 movie is titled "A Midsummer Knight's Dream," and the opening theme, Fate is in Our Hands, makes reference to the play.
***Both games include Oberon and Titania, the king and queen of the fairies in Midsummer, as Personae. The older games have Robin Goodfellow, also known as Puck, as well. -KaimeiTamashii

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**** Fitting with Kou and Daisuke as players, it is Kou and Daisuke who first lampshade the Hamlet parallels. During the culture festival, Kou plays the role of Hamlet in Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet. Kou and Daisuke note how absurd it is to combine elements of classic literature into a modern work like that. Which is essentially what Persona 4 does. Interestingly, the second person who lampshades the Hamlet parallels is Rise, who is also an actor.
**** Kou and Daisuke being Rosencrantz and Guildenstern makes them players in another sense as well: Rosencrantz and Guildenstern in Hamlet are meant to represent the common man (and therefore most of the audience), showing that when the leadership collapses, the consequences extend to everyone. The common man for Persona 4 would not be the audience, as it is not a play, but would rather be those playing the game. Kou and Daisuke represent the players of Persona 4.
*** Namatame is Hamlet, especially towards the end. He acknowledges that there are problems within Inaba and attempts to resolve them himself, making things worse in the process. Whether Namatame is sane becomes an important plot point, as it relates to the identification of the true killer. This results in the second lampshading of the Hamlet parallels, in which Rise notes that the situation, discussing Namatame's sanity, reminds her of a play she saw once, ostensibly Hamlet.
**** In the Golden epilogue, Namatame is running for mayor. This mirrors how Hamlet should have been king of Denmark and likely would have taken that role had he not died.
***The Midnight Channel parallels the ShowWithinAShow in Hamlet, in that it functions to reveal the characters' crimes.


*** Mayumi Yamano is Ophelia. She is involved in an illicit relationship and her room in the TV world implies she hanged herself, but she was actually murdered. (In some interpretations of Hamlet, Gertrude killed Ophelia, as Ophelia was a threat to Gertrude's status as queen and Gertrude was the only persona present when Ophelia died.)

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*** Mayumi Yamano is Ophelia. She is involved in an illicit relationship relationship, and her room in the TV world implies she hanged herself, but she was actually murdered. (In some interpretations of Hamlet, Gertrude killed Ophelia, as Ophelia was a threat to Gertrude's status as queen and Gertrude was the only persona person present when Ophelia died.)


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***Morooka is Polonius. He is in the role of a teacher, comes across as stupid, and most people don't like him. He generally gives pretty good advice, though, if you can get past the presentation and listen to what he actually says. And then, about halfway through the story. [[spoiler: he is attacked and killed by a character who isn't the main antagonist, after which he is replaced by a SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute.]]
***Kashiwagi is Osric. [[spoiler: She's a SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute for the Polonius character, after he dies.]]
***Kou and Daisuke are Rosencrantz and Guildenstern (with Kou being more like Guildenstern and Daisuke being more like Rosencrantz). They are the protagonist's school friends and fit ThoseTwoGuys perfectly.
****Kou and Daisuke fit Rosencrantz and Guildenstern even better if the characters are extended to their appearances in Tom Stoppard's Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead. In Persona 4's narration, Kou and Daisuke are frequently referred to not as athletes, but as players. In the context of both Hamlet and Stoppard's play, players refer to the actors within the play who perform in order to make the characters question themselves. Depending on interpretation, the Rosencrantz and Guildenstern of Stoppard's play can be seen as players themselves, playing the roles of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern in order to make the audience (which functions much as a character within the play) question themselves. Therefore, Kou and Daisuke being referred to as players hints at their connection to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.


*** The Midnight Channel represents the scaffold. The Midnight Channel places people within the town (initially Yamano) in front of whoever cares to watch, so that the viewers can see the person's crimes, repressed thoughts, or whatever else the views want to see.

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*** The Midnight Channel represents the scaffold. The Midnight Channel places people within the town (initially Yamano) in front of whoever cares to watch, so that the viewers can see the person's crimes, repressed thoughts, or whatever else the views viewers want to see.


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**Many of Persona 4's plot points and characters are suspiciously similar to Hamlet's.
***Both Persona 4 and Hamlet revolve around themes of truth. Persona 4's battle theme is "Reach Out to the Truth," and one of Hamlet's more famous lines is "To thine own self be true." In fact, the lyrics of Reach Out are somewhat reminiscent of the monologue that is the origin of the aforementioned quote.
***The game begins with the protagonist being forced to leave his old school to live with his uncle.
***The plot is launched when the protagonist hears a rumor of a supernatural phenomenon and decides to investigate.
***When the protagonist finishes investigating the rumor, the protagonist and his friends hear a sound that indicates a surpassing amount of time has passed.
***Mayumi Yamano is Ophelia. She is involved in an illicit relationship and her room in the TV world implies she hanged herself, but she was actually murdered. (In some interpretations of Hamlet, Gertrude killed Ophelia, as Ophelia was a threat to Gertrude's status as queen and Gertrude was the only persona present when Ophelia died.)
***This makes [[spoiler: Adachi]] Gertrude. Not only did he kill the Ophelia character, he is the partner of the protagonist's uncle.
***Junes is Norway. The residents of the town worry that Junes's presence in the town will lead to the town's downfall, while the town's actual problems actually lie with the residents themselves. A certain old man in the northern stretch of the Shopping District even comments at one point that "Inaba is being invaded by the country of Junes!" which is exactly what the citizens of Denmark fear Norway will do in Hamlet.
***This makes Yosuke Fortinbras. He isn't particularly attached to the town (at least, not at first) and primarily wants to ease his boredom. When he discovers a threat to the town, he works to eliminate it, partially out of a sense of obligation, and partially because it sounds fun.


** Frankenstein has two protagonists. Elizabeth is the love insterest of one, Victor, and both she and Victor die. This parallels Persona 3, in which [[spoiler: Elizabeth is all-but-officially the canon love interest of the protagonist, who dies in the ending.]] Moreover, Elizabeth's arcana in Persona 4 Arena is Death.
** In Frankenstein, Margaret is the sister of the other protagonist. In contrast to the relationship between Elizabeth and Persona 3's protagonist, the relationship between Margaret and Persona 4's protagonist is closer to that of siblings.
** And then there's Marie, named after (and based on) the author of Frankenstein, Mary Shelley. Although her poetry is more reminiscent of Mary Shelley's husband, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Marie is every bit the angsty-teenaged-poet-with-Romantic-era-sensibilities Mary Shelley was.
** Also worth noting that it was Margaret who gave Marie her name. Assuming Margaret was aware of Frankenstein (which is entirely possible given that Persona 4 is set in the present day) Margaret intentionally named Marie after Mary Shelley, who is, in a literary sense, the creator of Margaret. Given that Marie is actually [[spoiler: an incarnation of Izanami, one of the creator deities in Japanese mythology,]] this implies Margaret may have been aware of Marie's identity from the beginning.
** In Persona Q, most characters find Marie's poetry painful, but the Velvet siblings find it greatly impressive. Depending on personal opinion of said poetry, this can be seen either as high school students not being able to appreciate classic literature, or an extension of the name symbolism, with Mary Shelley's characters being, of course, enamored with her work.

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** *** Frankenstein has two protagonists. Elizabeth is the love insterest of one, Victor, and both she and Victor die. This parallels Persona 3, in which [[spoiler: Elizabeth is all-but-officially the canon love interest of the protagonist, who dies in the ending.]] Moreover, Elizabeth's arcana in Persona 4 Arena is Death.
** *** In Frankenstein, Margaret is the sister of the other protagonist. In contrast to the relationship between Elizabeth and Persona 3's protagonist, the relationship between Margaret and Persona 4's protagonist is closer to that of siblings.
** *** And then there's Marie, named after (and based on) the author of Frankenstein, Mary Shelley. Although her poetry is more reminiscent of Mary Shelley's husband, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Marie is every bit the angsty-teenaged-poet-with-Romantic-era-sensibilities Mary Shelley was.
** Also ****Also worth noting that it was Margaret who gave Marie her name. Assuming Margaret was aware of Frankenstein (which is entirely possible given that Persona 4 is set in the present day) Margaret intentionally named Marie after Mary Shelley, who is, in a literary sense, the creator of Margaret. Given that Marie is actually [[spoiler: an incarnation of Izanami, one of the creator deities in Japanese mythology,]] this implies Margaret may have been aware of Marie's identity from the beginning.
** **** In Persona Q, most characters find Marie's poetry painful, but the Velvet siblings find it greatly impressive. Depending on personal opinion of said poetry, this can be seen either as high school students not being able to appreciate classic literature, or an extension of the name symbolism, with Mary Shelley's characters being, of course, enamored with her work.work.
**Persona 4 parallels The Scarlet Letter, especially early on. The game begins with an affair being exposed and centers on a small town's reaction to said affair.
***Mayumi Yamano is Hester Prynne in that she suffers the harshest outward punishment for the scandal.
***Taro Namatame is Arthur Dimmesdale, in that he feels crushing guilt and tries to atone in ways that are entirely counterproductive.
***[[spoiler: Tohru Adachi]] is Roger Chillingworth, in that he [[spoiler: feels personally affronted by the affair and manipulates Namatame for revenge and personal amusement.]]
***Nanako is similar to Pearl in terms of her personality and her surprising apparent insight.
***The Midnight Channel represents the scaffold. The Midnight Channel places people within the town (initially Yamano) in front of whoever cares to watch, so that the viewers can see the person's crimes, repressed thoughts, or whatever else the views want to see.
***Yamano's room within the TV world is the scaffold in a more literal sense. The room is a wooden platform with a noose. Also, as with the scaffold, there are three significant scenes that occur in Yamano's room in the TV world: one at the beginning of the game, one late at night towards the end, and one more at the end when the major characters confront the Chillingworth character.

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