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** The original ''[[Film/ANewHope Star Wars]]'' film itself drew from many sources. The ''[[Film/TheHiddenFortress Hidden Fortress]]'' connection is well known. The ''Film/{{Dune}}''-Tatooine inspiration is pretty obvious. You can tell Creator/GeorgeLucas must have seen at least ''[[Anime/UchuuSenkanYamato Space Battleship Yamato]]'' episodes 26, 1, and 8, in that order, so we can probably pin his famous trip to Japan down to early 1975, when the series went into reruns. Creator/IsaacAsimov noticed some similarity to his ''Literature/{{Foundation}}'' series but didn't take it personally. As [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilson_Mizner Wilson Mizner]] observed, stealing from ''everybody'' is just called "research."

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** The original ''[[Film/ANewHope Star Wars]]'' film itself drew from many sources. The ''[[Film/TheHiddenFortress Hidden Fortress]]'' connection is well known. The ''Film/{{Dune}}''-Tatooine inspiration is pretty obvious. You can tell Creator/GeorgeLucas must have seen at least ''[[Anime/UchuuSenkanYamato Space Battleship Yamato]]'' episodes 26, 1, and 8, in that order, so we can probably pin his famous trip to Japan down to early 1975, when the series went into reruns. Creator/IsaacAsimov noticed some similarity to his ''Literature/{{Foundation}}'' ''{{Franchise/Foundation}}'' series but didn't take it personally. As [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilson_Mizner Wilson Mizner]] observed, stealing from ''everybody'' is just called "research."


** Disney, which produced ''Alice'', has been playing with material they've previously adapted into the Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon in various media. The canon gets a PerspectiveFlip in the ''Literature/ATaleOf'' novels, and on the big screen ''Disney/SleepingBeauty'' was rethought as ''Film/{{Maleficent}}''. A new live-action adaptation of ''Film/{{Cinderella|2015}}'' came out in 2015, starting a run of straight remakes of previous animated films. Moving beyond their canon, they also came up with a prequel to ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'' with ''Film/OzTheGreatAndPowerful''.

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** Disney, which produced ''Alice'', has been playing with material they've previously adapted into the Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon in various media. The canon gets a PerspectiveFlip in the ''Literature/ATaleOf'' novels, and on the big screen ''Disney/SleepingBeauty'' ''WesternAnimation/SleepingBeauty'' was rethought as ''Film/{{Maleficent}}''. A new live-action adaptation of ''Film/{{Cinderella|2015}}'' came out in 2015, starting a run of straight remakes of previous animated films. Moving beyond their canon, they also came up with a prequel to ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'' with ''Film/OzTheGreatAndPowerful''.



** The RomanticComedy variations in which [[MagicalGirlfriend the otherworldly being]] and a human fall in love, usually with the former being physically changed in some way: ''Voyage of the Rock Aliens'', ''Film/{{Splash}}'' (mermaid), ''Film/{{Mannequin}}'' (mannequin that's actually an enchanted woman), ''Making Mr. Right'' (android), ''Date with an Angel'' (self-explanatory) and ''Film/EarthGirlsAreEasy'' (alien). ''Film/{{Starman}}'' (alien) is a PlayedForDrama version of this concept. Disney's ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'', released in 1989, has a good deal in common with these films but as an animated FairyTale adaptation gives the point of view to the fantastic title character rather than the human. Decades later, the same studio's ''Film/{{Enchanted}}'' mixes mediums with a woman from an animated fairyland ending up in live-action New York City.

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** The RomanticComedy variations in which [[MagicalGirlfriend the otherworldly being]] and a human fall in love, usually with the former being physically changed in some way: ''Voyage of the Rock Aliens'', ''Film/{{Splash}}'' (mermaid), ''Film/{{Mannequin}}'' (mannequin that's actually an enchanted woman), ''Making Mr. Right'' (android), ''Date with an Angel'' (self-explanatory) and ''Film/EarthGirlsAreEasy'' (alien). ''Film/{{Starman}}'' (alien) is a PlayedForDrama version of this concept. Disney's ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'', ''WesternAnimation/TheLittleMermaid'', released in 1989, has a good deal in common with these films but as an animated FairyTale adaptation gives the point of view to the fantastic title character rather than the human. Decades later, the same studio's ''Film/{{Enchanted}}'' mixes mediums with a woman from an animated fairyland ending up in live-action New York City.



** Disney practically invented and popularized the full length animated feature film with ''Disney/SnowWhiteAndTheSevenDwarfs'' (1937). For better or worse, almost every American animated feature film released for decades afterwards took elements from this film: comedic sidekicks, tragicomedic elements, musical numbers, stories inspired by classic literature or fairy tales...even the evil witch queen was the blueprint for every Disney villain to come!
** Disney's ''Disney/{{Fantasia}}'' was the inspiration for many animated films without any dialogue and just scenes set to classical music, such as ''WesternAnimation/AllegroNonTroppo'', ''WesternAnimation/WhatsOperaDoc'', ''WesternAnimation/ACornyConcerto''...
** The pink elephants sequence in ''Disney/{{Dumbo}}'' has inspired a lot of DerangedAnimation and/or BigLippedAlligatorMoment scenes in animated feature films ever since.

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** Disney practically invented and popularized the full length animated feature film with ''Disney/SnowWhiteAndTheSevenDwarfs'' ''WesternAnimation/SnowWhiteAndTheSevenDwarfs'' (1937). For better or worse, almost every American animated feature film released for decades afterwards took elements from this film: comedic sidekicks, tragicomedic elements, musical numbers, stories inspired by classic literature or fairy tales...even the evil witch queen was the blueprint for every Disney villain to come!
** Disney's ''Disney/{{Fantasia}}'' ''WesternAnimation/{{Fantasia}}'' was the inspiration for many animated films without any dialogue and just scenes set to classical music, such as ''WesternAnimation/AllegroNonTroppo'', ''WesternAnimation/WhatsOperaDoc'', ''WesternAnimation/ACornyConcerto''...
** The pink elephants sequence in ''Disney/{{Dumbo}}'' ''WesternAnimation/{{Dumbo}}'' has inspired a lot of DerangedAnimation and/or BigLippedAlligatorMoment scenes in animated feature films ever since.



*** ''WesternAnimation/{{Thumbelina|1994}}'', though less remembered than ''Anastasia'' presumably because it's simply not as good, is in fact an even more blatant attempt at cloning the Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon style--in particular, ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid''. Both films are based on a Creator/HansChristianAndersen fairytale about an InterspeciesRomance that ends in the heroine becoming her beloved's species. They then went further by taking elements ''not'' from the Anderson stories, such as the heroine being red-haired and beloved for her singing voice. They even went as far as ''casting Jodi Benson'' in the role of Thumbelina. There were also ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'' elements, such as an aerial love duet and a Creator/GilbertGottfried role.

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*** ''WesternAnimation/{{Thumbelina|1994}}'', though less remembered than ''Anastasia'' presumably because it's simply not as good, is in fact an even more blatant attempt at cloning the Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon style--in particular, ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid''.''WesternAnimation/TheLittleMermaid''. Both films are based on a Creator/HansChristianAndersen fairytale about an InterspeciesRomance that ends in the heroine becoming her beloved's species. They then went further by taking elements ''not'' from the Anderson stories, such as the heroine being red-haired and beloved for her singing voice. They even went as far as ''casting Jodi Benson'' in the role of Thumbelina. There were also ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'' ''WesternAnimation/{{Aladdin}}'' elements, such as an aerial love duet and a Creator/GilbertGottfried role.



*** That's arguably, in large part, due to certain box office bombs of the past that have been animated in 2D such as ''WesternAnimation/RockADoodle'' and ''WesternAnimation/HappilyEverAfter''. While most of these bombs were made by companies outside of Disney, Disney itself was not spared. After ''Disney/TheEmperorsNewGroove'', Disney movies would only experience huge success if they were CGI, which, conversely, helped fuel Pixar. One medium's failure is another medium's opportunity.
*** Disney gave 2D another chance with ''Disney/ThePrincessAndTheFrog''. While successful, it was not as big a hit as they had hoped, thus resulting in them changing the animation on ''Disney/{{Tangled}}'' from 2D to 3D.
*** Disney do still try to make one 2D film for every 3D one they produce. After ''Disney/{{Tangled}}'' came ''Disney/WinnieThePooh'' (though that was buried running alongside the juggernaut that is Film/HarryPotter).

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*** That's arguably, in large part, due to certain box office bombs of the past that have been animated in 2D such as ''WesternAnimation/RockADoodle'' and ''WesternAnimation/HappilyEverAfter''. While most of these bombs were made by companies outside of Disney, Disney itself was not spared. After ''Disney/TheEmperorsNewGroove'', ''WesternAnimation/TheEmperorsNewGroove'', Disney movies would only experience huge success if they were CGI, which, conversely, helped fuel Pixar. One medium's failure is another medium's opportunity.
*** Disney gave 2D another chance with ''Disney/ThePrincessAndTheFrog''. ''WesternAnimation/ThePrincessAndTheFrog''. While successful, it was not as big a hit as they had hoped, thus resulting in them changing the animation on ''Disney/{{Tangled}}'' ''WesternAnimation/{{Tangled}}'' from 2D to 3D.
*** Disney do still try to make one 2D film for every 3D one they produce. After ''Disney/{{Tangled}}'' ''WesternAnimation/{{Tangled}}'' came ''Disney/WinnieThePooh'' ''WesternAnimation/WinnieThePooh'' (though that was buried running alongside the juggernaut that is Film/HarryPotter).



** Disney started the CelebrityVoiceActor trend as early as the late 1930s, when Cliff "Ukulele Ike" Edwards appeared in some films (most notably ''Pinocchio'') and in 1950 they cast Ed Wynn as the Mad Hatter in ''Disney/AliceInWonderland''. It only ''really'' caught on when Creator/RobinWilliams did the voice of the Genie in ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'', however.
** After the blockbuster success of ''Disney/{{Zootopia}}'', many other AllCGICartoon films starring FunnyAnimal characters began popping up, such as ''WesternAnimation/RockDog'' and ''WesternAnimation/{{Sing}}''. Considering animation lead time, several probably began during ''Zootopia'''s development.

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** Disney started the CelebrityVoiceActor trend as early as the late 1930s, when Cliff "Ukulele Ike" Edwards appeared in some films (most notably ''Pinocchio'') and in 1950 they cast Ed Wynn as the Mad Hatter in ''Disney/AliceInWonderland''. ''WesternAnimation/AliceInWonderland''. It only ''really'' caught on when Creator/RobinWilliams did the voice of the Genie in ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Aladdin}}'', however.
** After the blockbuster success of ''Disney/{{Zootopia}}'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Zootopia}}'', many other AllCGICartoon films starring FunnyAnimal characters began popping up, such as ''WesternAnimation/RockDog'' and ''WesternAnimation/{{Sing}}''. Considering animation lead time, several probably began during ''Zootopia'''s development.



** In the case of ''WesternAnimation/{{Shrek}}'' in particular, the film sparked a craze for {{All CGI Cartoon}}s that relied on a combination of popular culture jokes, WorldOfSnark, GettingCrapPastTheRadar and merciless iconoclasm of classic fairy-tales. Nearly all of these films were found lacking compared to their progenitor. In doing so ''Shrek'' also basically killed Disney's more traditional [=2D=] animated films from the era, films like ''Disney/AtlantisTheLostEmpire'', ''Disney/TreasurePlanet'' and ''Disney/TheEmperorsNewGroove'' - ironically, modern audiences look back on ''Shrek'' as a film that aged horribly while also finding merits in many of the Disney films ''Shrek'' and its [=3D=] spawn supplanted.
** ''WesternAnimation/AladdinAndTheAdventureOfAllTime'' is a combination of ''WesternAnimation/ThePageMaster'' using an Aladdin inspired by Disney's ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}''. It borders on being a [[TheMockbuster mockbuster]] but it just deviate enough.

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** In the case of ''WesternAnimation/{{Shrek}}'' in particular, the film sparked a craze for {{All CGI Cartoon}}s that relied on a combination of popular culture jokes, WorldOfSnark, GettingCrapPastTheRadar and merciless iconoclasm of classic fairy-tales. Nearly all of these films were found lacking compared to their progenitor. In doing so ''Shrek'' also basically killed Disney's more traditional [=2D=] animated films from the era, films like ''Disney/AtlantisTheLostEmpire'', ''Disney/TreasurePlanet'' ''WesternAnimation/AtlantisTheLostEmpire'', ''WesternAnimation/TreasurePlanet'' and ''Disney/TheEmperorsNewGroove'' ''WesternAnimation/TheEmperorsNewGroove'' - ironically, modern audiences look back on ''Shrek'' as a film that aged horribly while also finding merits in many of the Disney films ''Shrek'' and its [=3D=] spawn supplanted.
** ''WesternAnimation/AladdinAndTheAdventureOfAllTime'' is a combination of ''WesternAnimation/ThePageMaster'' using an Aladdin inspired by Disney's ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}''.''WesternAnimation/{{Aladdin}}''. It borders on being a [[TheMockbuster mockbuster]] but it just deviate enough.



* Either in some trend or in sheer coincidence, ''four'' highly anticipated animated movie sequels during the last two years have all had the same ending trope: [[spoiler: ButNowIMustGo. Specifically, ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory4, WesternAnimation/HowToTrainYourDragonTheHiddenWorld, Disney/RalphBreaksTheInternet,'' and ''Disney/FrozenII'' all end with a main character leaving their loved ones.]] And, a ''fifth'' film (admittedly, from 2016 as opposed to this cluster from 2018-2019), [[spoiler:''WesternAnimation/FindingDory,'']] sets the trope up but subverts it.

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* Either in some trend or in sheer coincidence, ''four'' highly anticipated animated movie sequels during the last two years have all had the same ending trope: [[spoiler: ButNowIMustGo. Specifically, ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory4, WesternAnimation/HowToTrainYourDragonTheHiddenWorld, Disney/RalphBreaksTheInternet,'' WesternAnimation/RalphBreaksTheInternet,'' and ''Disney/FrozenII'' ''WesternAnimation/FrozenII'' all end with a main character leaving their loved ones.]] And, a ''fifth'' film (admittedly, from 2016 as opposed to this cluster from 2018-2019), [[spoiler:''WesternAnimation/FindingDory,'']] sets the trope up but subverts it.


** The Film/MonsterVerse is another interesting example as it too is a shared universe that came about following the ''Avengers,'' but like the Dark Universe the Toho movies it's based on became a SharedUniverse with the release of ''Film/GhidorahTheThreeHeadedMonster,'' and in addition ''Flim/Godzilla 2014'' wasn't made with sequels in mind and following movies only came about after Toho explicitly gave Legendary permission to use other Kaiju after ''Godzilla's'' success.

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** The Film/MonsterVerse is another interesting example as it too is a shared universe that came about following the ''Avengers,'' but much like the Dark Universe Universe, the Toho movies it's based on became a their own SharedUniverse with the release of ''Film/GhidorahTheThreeHeadedMonster,'' and ''Film/GhidorahTheThreeHeadedMonster.'' And in addition ''Flim/Godzilla 2014'' ''Film/{{Godzilla|2014}}'' wasn't made with sequels in mind and following the proceeding movies only came about after Toho explicitly gave Legendary permission to use other classic Kaiju after following ''Godzilla's'' success.

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** The Film/MonsterVerse is another interesting example as it too is a shared universe that came about following the ''Avengers,'' but like the Dark Universe the Toho movies it's based on became a SharedUniverse with the release of ''Film/GhidorahTheThreeHeadedMonster,'' and in addition ''Flim/Godzilla 2014'' wasn't made with sequels in mind and following movies only came about after Toho explicitly gave Legendary permission to use other Kaiju after ''Godzilla's'' success.


** Looser variations: ''Film/ShortCircuit'' and ''Film/{{Daryl}}'' (military robots acquire sentience and defy their programming in favor of peaceful ways), ''The Brother from Another Planet'', ''Ratboy'', and ''Film/BatteriesNotIncluded'' (aliens/mutant in a depressed urban setting), ''Film/{{Cocoon}}'' (aliens whose secret is discovered by senior citizens), ''Film/HowardTheDuck'' (alien duck in Cleveland who helps save the world), ''Project X'' (youth rescues lab chimpanzees from the U.S. Air Force), and ''Film/HarryAndTheHendersons'' (Bigfoot befriends a family).

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** Looser variations: ''Film/ShortCircuit'' and ''Film/{{Daryl}}'' (military robots acquire sentience and defy their programming in favor of peaceful ways), ''The Brother from Another Planet'', ''Ratboy'', and ''Film/BatteriesNotIncluded'' (aliens/mutant in a depressed urban setting), ''Film/{{Cocoon}}'' (aliens whose secret is discovered by senior citizens), ''Film/HowardTheDuck'' (alien duck in Cleveland who helps save the world), ''Project X'' (youth rescues lab chimpanzees from the U.S. Air Force), and ''Film/HarryAndTheHendersons'' (Bigfoot befriends a family).family), and ''Film/EdwardScissorhands'' (android in suburbia).



** The RomanticComedy variations in which [[MagicalGirlfriend the otherworldly being]] and a human fall in love, usually with the former being physically changed in some way: ''Voyage of the Rock Aliens'', ''Film/{{Splash}}'' (mermaid), ''Film/{{Mannequin}}'' (mannequin that's actually an enchanted woman), ''Making Mr. Right'' (android), ''Date with an Angel'' (self-explanatory) and ''Film/EarthGirlsAreEasy'' (alien). ''Film/{{Starman}}'' (alien) is a PlayedForDrama version of this concept. Disney's ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'', released in 1989, has a good deal in common with these films but as an animated FairyTale adaptation gives the point of view to the fantastic title character rather than the human.

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** The RomanticComedy variations in which [[MagicalGirlfriend the otherworldly being]] and a human fall in love, usually with the former being physically changed in some way: ''Voyage of the Rock Aliens'', ''Film/{{Splash}}'' (mermaid), ''Film/{{Mannequin}}'' (mannequin that's actually an enchanted woman), ''Making Mr. Right'' (android), ''Date with an Angel'' (self-explanatory) and ''Film/EarthGirlsAreEasy'' (alien). ''Film/{{Starman}}'' (alien) is a PlayedForDrama version of this concept. Disney's ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'', released in 1989, has a good deal in common with these films but as an animated FairyTale adaptation gives the point of view to the fantastic title character rather than the human. Decades later, the same studio's ''Film/{{Enchanted}}'' mixes mediums with a woman from an animated fairyland ending up in live-action New York City.


** The enormous success of ''Film/TheForceAwakens'' seems to have started a mini-renaissance of "soft reboots" of many Hollywood franchises that haven't had sequels in [[SequelGap decades or more]], almost always with at least one of the original stars in tow, like ''Film/BladeRunner2049'', ''Film/Halloween2018'', ''Film/MaryPoppinsReturns'' (with a cameo from Dick Van Dyke), ''Film/JurassicWorld'' (with a cameo from Creator/JeffGoldblum in the [[Film/JurassicWorldFallenKingdom sequel]]), Creator/NeillBlomkamp's [[WhatCouldHaveBeen sadly-cancelled]] ''Film/{{Aliens}}'' sequel, ''Film/TerminatorDarkFate'', and a [[DevelopmentHell currently-gestating]] new ''[[Film/ConanTheBarbarian1982 Conan]]'' movie, among multiple others on the way.

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** The enormous success of ''Film/TheForceAwakens'' seems to have started a mini-renaissance of "soft reboots" or "remakequels" of many Hollywood franchises that haven't had sequels in [[SequelGap decades or more]], almost always more]]. The new film often retreads the plot of the original, with new characters in the main roles and usually at least one of the original stars in tow, supporting roles, like ''Film/BladeRunner2049'', ''Film/Halloween2018'', ''Film/MaryPoppinsReturns'' (with a cameo from Dick Van Dyke), ''Film/JurassicWorld'' (with a cameo from Creator/JeffGoldblum in the [[Film/JurassicWorldFallenKingdom sequel]]), Creator/NeillBlomkamp's [[WhatCouldHaveBeen sadly-cancelled]] ''Film/{{Aliens}}'' sequel, ''Film/TerminatorDarkFate'', and a [[DevelopmentHell currently-gestating]] new ''[[Film/ConanTheBarbarian1982 Conan]]'' movie, among multiple others on the way.


* 1981 saw the one-two punch of ''Film/AnAmericanWerewolfInLondon'' and ''Film/TheHowling'' bring the state-of-the-art makeup effects that slasher films and sci-fi movies were already using to werewolves, resulting in truly convincing and exciting transformations. Combine that with the Canadian B-picture ''Film/{{Scanners}}'' being a hit that same year, and the result was a both a new wave of monster movies that often were sold on {{Transformation Sequence}}s and the formal arrival of the BodyHorror genre on film -- trends best reflected in a run of remakes/alternative adaptations of 1930s-50s sci-fi/horror films. These included ''Film/CatPeople1982'', ''Film/TheThing1982'', ''Film/TheFly1986'', and ''Film/TheBlob1988''.

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* 1981 saw the one-two punch of ''Film/AnAmericanWerewolfInLondon'' and ''Film/TheHowling'' bring the state-of-the-art makeup effects that slasher films and sci-fi movies were already using to werewolves, resulting in truly convincing and exciting transformations. Combine that with the Canadian B-picture ''Film/{{Scanners}}'' being a hit that same year, and the result was a both a new wave of monster movies that often were sold on {{Transformation Sequence}}s and the formal arrival of the BodyHorror genre on film -- trends best reflected in a run of remakes/alternative adaptations of 1930s-50s sci-fi/horror films. These included ''Film/CatPeople1982'', ''Film/CatPeople'' (1982), ''Film/TheThing1982'', ''Film/TheFly1986'', and ''Film/TheBlob1988''.


* ''Film/TopGun'' led to several imitators, from ''Film/IronEagle'' to the short-lived TV series ''Supercarrier'', the long-lived TV series ''Series/{{JAG}}'', as well as a mini-boom of air-combat video games.

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* ''Film/TopGun'' led to several imitators, from ''Film/IronEagle'' -- which managed to get to theaters first! -- to the short-lived TV series ''Supercarrier'', the long-lived TV series ''Series/{{JAG}}'', as well as ''Series/{{JAG}}''. It also resulted in a mini-boom of air-combat video games.



* Before ''Gladiator'' brought back SwordAndSandal epics set in antiquity, several ''medieval'', ''Renaissance'', and or simply ''swashbuckler'' period adventure movies were made in the Nineties in the wake of the major hit ''Film/RobinHoodPrinceOfThieves'' in 1991. The most obviously derivative is the 1993 version of ''[[Film/TheThreeMusketeers1993 The Three Musketeers]]'' - both movies have a similar light tone, a LaughablyEvil LargeHam of a villain, major liberties taken with both the source material and historical setting, a score by the same composer, an AwardBaitSong by [[Music/BryanAdams the same artist]] (plus [[Music/RodStewart two]] [[Music/{{Sting}} others]] later), and even the same cast member playing the top henchman. 1995's ''Film/FirstKnight'' continued the trend with a new take on the Myth/KingArthur legend, with Creator/SeanConnery as the king (he had a cameo in ''Prince of Thieves'' as King Richard). 1995 also saw the release of two such films about heroic Scottish rebels fighting the English. There was ''Film/RobRoy'' which while not a box office titan received a mostly positive reception as well as a respectable cult following, and then then there was ''Film/{{Braveheart}}'' which was the biggest historical adventure epic in recent memory before ''Gladiator''. And notably both won five Oscars in their time. ''Film/{{Dragonheart}}'' in 1996 was a medieval fantasy with Sean Connery as a dragon. ''Film/TheManInTheIronMask'' in 1998 featured older versions of the characters from ''The Three Musketeers'' (but is not otherwise related to the 1993 movie) and was directed and written by the writer of ''Braveheart''. '98 also saw the release of another new-spin on a classic swashbuckling story with ''Film/TheMaskOfZorro'' which's own success got it a sequel in 2005 entitled ''Film/TheLegendOfZorro'' and inspired the making of a new film version of ''Film/{{The Count of Monte Cristo|2002}}'' directed by Kevin Reynolds, the director of ''Prince of Thieves'' himself. Following on from ''Braveheart'' would be darker and grittier historical films, basically with the emphasis being more on "epic" than "swashbuckler". Including the likes of another Middle Ages film about a commoner turned military leader and war hero who gets executed with ''Film/TheMessengerTheStoryOfJoanOfArc'' in 1999 as well as ''Film/ThePatriot'' in 2000 which also starred Creator/MelGibson as a man who has to go to war for independence against the English after his family is attacked by its soldiers. ''Film/{{Gladiator}}'' itself, also released in 2000, looks to be a part of that group that owed the success of ''Braveheart'' for getting made. Complete with also being the story of a family-minded hero who just wants to live the simple life as a farmer who is forced into battle after those he loves are killed by soldiers in the service of a corrupt ruler. Which would make this all really one giant evolving trend of costume drama/adventure films over the span of several years.

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* Before ''Gladiator'' brought back SwordAndSandal epics set in antiquity, several ''medieval'', ''Renaissance'', and or simply ''swashbuckler'' medieval, Renaissance, and/or simple "swashbuckler" period adventure movies were made in the Nineties in the wake of the major hit ''Film/RobinHoodPrinceOfThieves'' in 1991. The most obviously derivative is the 1993 version of ''[[Film/TheThreeMusketeers1993 The Three Musketeers]]'' - both movies have a similar light tone, a LaughablyEvil LargeHam of a villain, major liberties taken with both the source material and historical setting, a score by the same composer, an AwardBaitSong by [[Music/BryanAdams the same artist]] (plus [[Music/RodStewart two]] [[Music/{{Sting}} others]] later), and even the same cast member playing the top henchman. 1995's ''Film/FirstKnight'' continued the trend with a new take on the Myth/KingArthur legend, with Creator/SeanConnery as the king (he had a cameo in ''Prince of Thieves'' as King Richard). 1995 also saw the release of two such films about heroic Scottish rebels fighting the English. There was ''Film/RobRoy'' which while not a box office titan received a mostly positive reception as well as a respectable cult following, and then then there was ''Film/{{Braveheart}}'' which was the biggest historical adventure epic in recent memory before ''Gladiator''. And notably both won five Oscars in their time. ''Film/{{Dragonheart}}'' in 1996 was a medieval fantasy with Sean Connery as a dragon. ''Film/TheManInTheIronMask'' in 1998 featured older versions of the characters from ''The Three Musketeers'' (but is not otherwise related to the 1993 movie) and was directed and written by the writer of ''Braveheart''. '98 also saw the release of another new-spin on a classic swashbuckling story with ''Film/TheMaskOfZorro'' which's own success got it a sequel in 2005 entitled ''Film/TheLegendOfZorro'' and inspired the making of a new film version of ''Film/{{The Count of Monte Cristo|2002}}'' directed by Kevin Reynolds, the director of ''Prince of Thieves'' himself. Following on from ''Braveheart'' would be darker and grittier historical films, basically with the emphasis being more on "epic" than "swashbuckler". Including the likes of another Middle Ages film about a commoner turned military leader and war hero who gets executed with ''Film/TheMessengerTheStoryOfJoanOfArc'' in 1999 as well as ''Film/ThePatriot'' in 2000 which also starred Creator/MelGibson as a man who has to go to war for independence against the English after his family is attacked by its soldiers. ''Film/{{Gladiator}}'' itself, also released in 2000, looks to be a part of that group that owed the success of ''Braveheart'' for getting made. Complete with also being the story of a family-minded hero who just wants to live the simple life as a farmer who is forced into battle after those he loves are killed by soldiers in the service of a corrupt ruler. Which would make this all really one giant evolving trend of costume drama/adventure films over the span of several years.



* Creator/GeorgeARomero's ''Film/NightOfTheLivingDead1968'' started the trend, which was then unofficially spun off with ''Film/TheReturnOfTheLivingDead'' which then opened the floodgates to the ZombieApocalypse genre. There had been previous zombie films like ''Film/IWalkedWithAZombie'', ''Film/WhiteZombie'', and arguably ''Film/TheCabinetOfDrCaligari'', but these had only one or two zombies each, and no apocalypse. (In fact those were VoodooZombie movies, which is what "zombie" originally meant in mythology and pop culture; Romero invented a completely new type of zombie for his movie.)

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* Creator/GeorgeARomero's ''Film/NightOfTheLivingDead1968'' started the trend, which was then unofficially spun off with ''Film/TheReturnOfTheLivingDead'' which then opened the floodgates to the ZombieApocalypse genre. There had been previous zombie films like ''Film/IWalkedWithAZombie'', ''Film/WhiteZombie'', and arguably ''Film/TheCabinetOfDrCaligari'', but these had only one or two zombies each, and no apocalypse. (In In fact those were VoodooZombie movies, which is what "zombie" originally meant in mythology and pop culture; culture -- Romero invented a completely new type of zombie for his movie.)



* ''Film/TheKentuckyFriedMovie'' inspired a host of movies, most of them largely forgettable, that consisted of largely unrelated sketches made up mostly of [[ShallowParody pop culture parodies and pastiches]].
** The first ''Film/ScaryMovie'' led to a couple crappy spoof flicks by Creator/SeltzerAndFriedberg such as ''Date Movie'' and ''Epic Movie''.

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* There had been sketch movies before ''Film/TheKentuckyFriedMovie'' in TheSeventies, such as ''The Groove Tube'', but it was ''Kentucky'' that was a big enough hit to inspired a host of movies, most of them largely forgettable, forgettable films that consisted of largely unrelated sketches made up mostly of [[ShallowParody pop culture parodies and pastiches]].
** The first ''Film/ScaryMovie'' led to a couple of crappy spoof flicks by Creator/SeltzerAndFriedberg such as ''Date Movie'' and ''Epic Movie''.



* After films like ''Film/MaryPoppins'', ''Film/MyFairLady'', and especially ''Theatre/TheSoundOfMusic'' hit the big time at the mid-1960s box-office, big studios fast-tracked a ton of big-budget movie musicals. While one, ''Theatre/{{Oliver}}'', was successful enough to win the 1968 Best Picture Oscar, and ''Film/FunnyGirl'' launched Music/BarbraStreisand's movie career, changing audience tastes doomed the vast majority of them to significant financial losses. The genre limped through the 1970s and quietly died in the early 1980s (with a mini-revival by way of the Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon in the 90s). Only in recent years has the genre become respectable again, and it's still not particularly profitable (in America anyway - the story is a bit different overseas, with ''Film/MammaMia'' outperforming ''Film/TheDarkKnight'' in several countries, notably Britain).

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* After films like ''Film/MaryPoppins'', ''Film/MyFairLady'', and especially ''Theatre/TheSoundOfMusic'' hit the big time at the mid-1960s box-office, big studios fast-tracked a ton of big-budget movie musicals. While one, ''Theatre/{{Oliver}}'', was successful enough to win the 1968 Best Picture Oscar, and ''Film/FunnyGirl'' launched Music/BarbraStreisand's movie career, changing audience tastes doomed the vast majority of them to significant financial losses. The genre limped through the 1970s and quietly died in the early 1980s (with a mini-revival by way of the Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon in the 90s). Only in recent years has the genre become respectable again, and it's still not particularly profitable (in America anyway - the story is a bit different overseas, with ''Film/MammaMia'' outperforming ''Film/TheDarkKnight'' in several countries, notably Britain).'90s).



* And it cannot be a coincidence that ''Series/DoctorWho'' debuted on TV only a couple of years after [[http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0657162/#producer1960 George Pal's]] film version of Creator/HGWells' ''[[Film/TheTimeMachine1960 The Time Machine]]'' won an Oscar.

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* And it cannot It can't be a coincidence that ''Series/DoctorWho'' debuted on TV only a couple of years after [[http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0657162/#producer1960 George Pal's]] film version of Creator/HGWells' ''[[Film/TheTimeMachine1960 The Time Machine]]'' won an Oscar.Oscar!



* In the wake of the mega-grossing ''Film/AliceInWonderland2010'' and to a lesser extent the success of ''Wicked'' (both [[Literature/{{Wicked}} book]] and [[Theatre/{{Wicked}} stage musical]]), a glut of FairyTale-based film projects were greenlit in TheNewTens often with a DarkerAndEdgier take promised. Website/TheOnion's A.V. Club has been busy snarking all of them under its Newswire banner.

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* In the wake of the mega-grossing ''Film/AliceInWonderland2010'' and to a lesser extent the success of ''Wicked'' (both [[Literature/{{Wicked}} book]] and [[Theatre/{{Wicked}} stage musical]]), a glut of FairyTale-based film projects were greenlit in TheNewTens often with a DarkerAndEdgier take promised. Website/TheOnion's A.V. Club has been busy snarking all of them under its Newswire banner.



** This might have also caused the creation of the TV shows ''Series/{{Grimm}}'' and ''Series/OnceUponATime'', and ''several'' pilots based on variants of ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'' are in the pipeline.
** Disney, which produced ''Alice'', has been playing with material they've previously adapted into the Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon in various media. The canon gets a PerspectiveFlip in the ''Literature/ATaleOf'' novels, and on the big screen ''Disney/SleepingBeauty'' was rethought as ''Film/{{Maleficent}}''. A new live-action adaptation of ''Film/{{Cinderella|2015}}'' came out in 2015. Moving beyond their canon, they also came up with a prequel to ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'' with ''Film/OzTheGreatAndPowerful''.

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** This might have also caused the creation of the TV shows ''Series/{{Grimm}}'' and ''Series/OnceUponATime'', and ''several'' pilots based on variants of ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'' are in the pipeline.
''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'', though only ''Series/EmeraldCity'' was actually produced.
** Disney, which produced ''Alice'', has been playing with material they've previously adapted into the Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon in various media. The canon gets a PerspectiveFlip in the ''Literature/ATaleOf'' novels, and on the big screen ''Disney/SleepingBeauty'' was rethought as ''Film/{{Maleficent}}''. A new live-action adaptation of ''Film/{{Cinderella|2015}}'' came out in 2015.2015, starting a run of straight remakes of previous animated films. Moving beyond their canon, they also came up with a prequel to ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'' with ''Film/OzTheGreatAndPowerful''.




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* 1981 saw the one-two punch of ''Film/AnAmericanWerewolfInLondon'' and ''Film/TheHowling'' bring the state-of-the-art makeup effects that slasher films and sci-fi movies were already using to werewolves, resulting in truly convincing and exciting transformations. Combine that with the Canadian B-picture ''Film/{{Scanners}}'' being a hit that same year, and the result was a both a new wave of monster movies that often were sold on {{Transformation Sequence}}s and the formal arrival of the BodyHorror genre on film -- trends best reflected in a run of remakes/alternative adaptations of 1930s-50s sci-fi/horror films. These included ''Film/CatPeople1982'', ''Film/TheThing1982'', ''Film/TheFly1986'', and ''Film/TheBlob1988''.


** Looser variations: ''Film/ShortCircuit'' and ''Film/{{Daryl}}'' (military robots acquire sentience and defy their programming in favor of peaceful ways), ''The Brother from Another Planet'', ''Ratboy'', and ''Film/BatteriesNotIncluded'' (aliens/mutant in a depressed urban setting), ''Film/{{Cocoon}}'' (aliens whose secret is discovered by senior citizens), ''Film/HowardTheDuck'' (alien duck in Cleveland who helps save the world) and ''Film/HarryAndTheHendersons'' (Bigfoot befriends a family).

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** Looser variations: ''Film/ShortCircuit'' and ''Film/{{Daryl}}'' (military robots acquire sentience and defy their programming in favor of peaceful ways), ''The Brother from Another Planet'', ''Ratboy'', and ''Film/BatteriesNotIncluded'' (aliens/mutant in a depressed urban setting), ''Film/{{Cocoon}}'' (aliens whose secret is discovered by senior citizens), ''Film/HowardTheDuck'' (alien duck in Cleveland who helps save the world) world), ''Project X'' (youth rescues lab chimpanzees from the U.S. Air Force), and ''Film/HarryAndTheHendersons'' (Bigfoot befriends a family).


** The kids travel to/with the aliens: ''Film/{{Explorers}}'' and ''Film/FlightOfTheNavigator''.
** The RomanticComedy variations in which [[MagicalGirlfriend the otherworldly being]] and a human fall in love, usually with the former being physically changed in some way: ''Film/{{Splash}}'' (mermaid), ''Film/{{Mannequin}}'' (mannequin that's actually an enchanted woman), ''Making Mr. Right'' (android), ''Date with an Angel'' (self-explanatory) and ''Film/EarthGirlsAreEasy'' (alien). ''Film/{{Starman}}'' (alien) is a PlayedForDrama version of this concept. Disney's ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'', released in 1989, has a good deal in common with these films but as an animated FairyTale adaptation gives the point of view to the fantastic title character rather than the human.

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** The kids travel to/with the aliens: ''Film/{{Explorers}}'' and ''Film/FlightOfTheNavigator''.
''Film/FlightOfTheNavigator''. See also ''Film/SpaceCamp'', which sends kids into space thanks to a cute robot on Earth.
** The RomanticComedy variations in which [[MagicalGirlfriend the otherworldly being]] and a human fall in love, usually with the former being physically changed in some way: ''Voyage of the Rock Aliens'', ''Film/{{Splash}}'' (mermaid), ''Film/{{Mannequin}}'' (mannequin that's actually an enchanted woman), ''Making Mr. Right'' (android), ''Date with an Angel'' (self-explanatory) and ''Film/EarthGirlsAreEasy'' (alien). ''Film/{{Starman}}'' (alien) is a PlayedForDrama version of this concept. Disney's ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'', released in 1989, has a good deal in common with these films but as an animated FairyTale adaptation gives the point of view to the fantastic title character rather than the human.


* ''Film/{{Deadpool}}'' was an R-rated superhero movie. It was also well-received and a box office success, which led to a bunch of superhero film directors suddenly deciding to shoot for an R rating [[RatedMForMoney as if that were the only reason why]] ''Deadpool'' was good.

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* ''Film/{{Deadpool}}'' ''Film/{{Deadpool|2016}}'' was an R-rated superhero movie. It was also well-received and a box office success, which led to a bunch of superhero film directors suddenly deciding to shoot for an R rating [[RatedMForMoney as if that were the only reason why]] ''Deadpool'' was good.


* On a slightly related note, the massive success of Music/KendrickLamar's ''Film/BlackPanther2018'' soundtrack (including the Oscar-nominated hit "All the Stars") has given rise to a new wave of superhero movies that have accompanying rap songs, such as Music/{{Eminem}}'s "Venom" for the [[Film/{{Venom 2018}} film of the same name]], Music/PostMalone's "Sunflower" for ''WesternAnimation/SpiderManIntoTheSpiderVerse'' and Music/{{Pitbull}}'s "Ocean to Ocean" for ''Film/{{Aquaman|2018}}''.

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* On a slightly related note, the massive success of Music/KendrickLamar's ''Film/BlackPanther2018'' soundtrack (including the Oscar-nominated hit "All the Stars") has given rise to a new wave of superhero movies that have accompanying rap songs, such as Music/{{Eminem}}'s "Venom" for the [[Film/{{Venom 2018}} film of the same name]], Music/PostMalone's "Sunflower" for ''WesternAnimation/SpiderManIntoTheSpiderVerse'' and ''WesternAnimation/SpiderManIntoTheSpiderVerse'', Music/{{Pitbull}}'s "Ocean to Ocean" for ''Film/{{Aquaman|2018}}''.''Film/{{Aquaman|2018}}'' and the Music/MeganTheeStallion / [[Music/FifthHarmony Normani]] collaboration "Diamonds" for ''Film/BirdsOfPrey2020''.


** The RomanticComedy variations in which the otherworldly being and a human fall in love, usually with the former being physically changed in some way: ''Film/{{Splash}}'' (mermaid), ''Film/{{Mannequin}}'' (mannequin that's actually an enchanted woman), ''Making Mr. Right'' (android), ''Date with an Angel'' (self-explanatory) and ''Film/EarthGirlsAreEasy'' (alien). ''Film/{{Starman}}'' (alien) is a PlayedForDrama version of this concept. Disney's ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'', released in 1989, has a good deal in common with these films but as an animated FairyTale adaptation gives the point of view to the fantastic title character rather than the human.

to:

** The RomanticComedy variations in which [[MagicalGirlfriend the otherworldly being being]] and a human fall in love, usually with the former being physically changed in some way: ''Film/{{Splash}}'' (mermaid), ''Film/{{Mannequin}}'' (mannequin that's actually an enchanted woman), ''Making Mr. Right'' (android), ''Date with an Angel'' (self-explanatory) and ''Film/EarthGirlsAreEasy'' (alien). ''Film/{{Starman}}'' (alien) is a PlayedForDrama version of this concept. Disney's ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'', released in 1989, has a good deal in common with these films but as an animated FairyTale adaptation gives the point of view to the fantastic title character rather than the human.


** The blatant ripoffs in which the alien is usually an attempt at UglyCute: ''Film/{{Nukie}}'', ''Hypersapien: People from Another Star'', ''Film/MacAndMe'', ''Purple People Eater'', etc.
** The looser variations: ''Film/ShortCircuit'' and ''Film/{{Daryl}}'' (military robots acquire sentience and defy their programming in favor of peaceful ways), ''The Brother from Another Planet'', ''Ratboy'', and ''Film/BatteriesNotIncluded'' (aliens/mutant in a depressed urban setting), ''Film/{{Cocoon}}'' (aliens whose secret is discovered by senior citizens), ''Film/HowardTheDuck'' (alien duck in Cleveland who helps save the world) and ''Film/HarryAndTheHendersons'' (Bigfoot befriends a family).

to:

** The blatant ripoffs in which the alien is usually an attempt at UglyCute: ''Pod People'', ''The Aurora Encounter'', ''Film/{{Nukie}}'', ''Hypersapien: People from Another Star'', ''Film/MacAndMe'', ''Purple People Eater'', etc.
** The looser Looser variations: ''Film/ShortCircuit'' and ''Film/{{Daryl}}'' (military robots acquire sentience and defy their programming in favor of peaceful ways), ''The Brother from Another Planet'', ''Ratboy'', and ''Film/BatteriesNotIncluded'' (aliens/mutant in a depressed urban setting), ''Film/{{Cocoon}}'' (aliens whose secret is discovered by senior citizens), ''Film/HowardTheDuck'' (alien duck in Cleveland who helps save the world) and ''Film/HarryAndTheHendersons'' (Bigfoot befriends a family).


** The RomanticComedy variations in which the otherworldly being and a human fall in love, usually with the former being physically changed in some way: ''Film/{{Splash}}'' (mermaid), ''Film/{{Mannequin}}'' (mannequin that's actually an enchanted woman), ''Making Mr. Right'' (android), ''Date with an Angel'' (self-explanatory) and ''Film/EarthGirlsAreEasy'' (alien). ''Film/{{Starman}}'' (alien) is a PlayedForDrama version of this concept.

to:

** The RomanticComedy variations in which the otherworldly being and a human fall in love, usually with the former being physically changed in some way: ''Film/{{Splash}}'' (mermaid), ''Film/{{Mannequin}}'' (mannequin that's actually an enchanted woman), ''Making Mr. Right'' (android), ''Date with an Angel'' (self-explanatory) and ''Film/EarthGirlsAreEasy'' (alien). ''Film/{{Starman}}'' (alien) is a PlayedForDrama version of this concept. Disney's ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'', released in 1989, has a good deal in common with these films but as an animated FairyTale adaptation gives the point of view to the fantastic title character rather than the human.

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