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''Shoah'' is a 1985 {{Documentary}} by Claude Lanzmann about [[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust the extermination of the Jews in occupied Europe]]. It was highly influential, and it was the first nonfiction film many had seen on the topic. It was part of the wider interest in Nazi and Collaborator atrocities which appeared in the late 1960s (and featured so heavily in the cultural 'Revolution' of May '68).

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''Shoah'' is a 1985 {{Documentary}} by Claude Lanzmann about [[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust the extermination of the Jews in occupied Europe]]. It was highly influential, and it was the first nonfiction film many had seen on the topic. It was part of the wider interest in Nazi and Collaborator collaborationist atrocities which appeared in the late 1960s (and featured so heavily in the cultural 'Revolution' of May '68).


->''"There is no proper response to this film. It is an enormous fact, a 550-minute howl of pain and anger in the face of genocide. It is one of the noblest films ever made... It is an act of witness."''
-->-- '''Creator/RogerEbert'''

to:

->''"There is no proper response to this film. It is an enormous fact, a 550-minute howl of pain and anger in the face of genocide. It is one of the noblest films ever made... It is an act of witness.->''"If you lie enough, you believe your own lies."''
-->-- '''Creator/RogerEbert'''
'''Franz Suchomel'''


[[quoteright:345:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Shoah_3456.jpg]]

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[[quoteright:345:http://static.[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Shoah_3456.jpg]]org/pmwiki/pub/images/shoah.jpg]]


'''''Shoah''''' is a {{Documentary}} by Claude Lanzmann about [[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust the extermination of the Jews in occupied Europe]]. It was highly influential, and it was the first nonfiction film many had seen on the topic. It was part of the wider interest in Nazi and Collaborator atrocities which appeared in the late 1960s (and featured so heavily in the cultural 'Revolution' of May '68).

to:

'''''Shoah''''' ''Shoah'' is a 1985 {{Documentary}} by Claude Lanzmann about [[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust the extermination of the Jews in occupied Europe]]. It was highly influential, and it was the first nonfiction film many had seen on the topic. It was part of the wider interest in Nazi and Collaborator atrocities which appeared in the late 1960s (and featured so heavily in the cultural 'Revolution' of May '68).


'''''Shoah''''' is a {{Documentary}} by Claude Lanzmann about [[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust the extermination of the Jews in occupied Europe]]. It was highly influential, and it was the first nonfiction film many had seen on the topic.

to:

'''''Shoah''''' is a {{Documentary}} by Claude Lanzmann about [[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust the extermination of the Jews in occupied Europe]]. It was highly influential, and it was the first nonfiction film many had seen on the topic. \n It was part of the wider interest in Nazi and Collaborator atrocities which appeared in the late 1960s (and featured so heavily in the cultural 'Revolution' of May '68).



Many of the interviewees viewed themselves as having been "cogs in the machine" - people just doing their jobs, regardless of what that job involved, because if they hadn't done it then someone else would've (and that someone else might've made it 'worse' somehow). [[NeverMyFault The abnegation of]] [[SomebodyElsesProblem personal responsibility]] was endemic among unenthusiastic perpetrators of the Holocaust: if they didn't blame other people for 'forcing' them to do evil, they would have to think of ''themselves'' as evil. [[AndThatsTerrible And that would be terrible.]]

to:

Many of the interviewees viewed themselves as having been "cogs in the machine" - people just doing their jobs, regardless of what that job involved, because if they hadn't done it then someone else would've (and would've... and that that someone else might've might have [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MIaORknS1Dk&feature=youtu.be&t=1m12s made it things 'worse' somehow).(somehow)]]. [[NeverMyFault The abnegation of]] [[SomebodyElsesProblem personal responsibility]] was endemic among unenthusiastic perpetrators of the Holocaust: if they didn't blame other people for 'forcing' them to do evil, they would have to think of ''themselves'' as evil. [[AndThatsTerrible And that would be terrible.]]


'''''Shoah''''' is a {{Documentary}} by Claude Lanzmann about the extermination of the Jews in Nazi-occupied Europe. It is widely considered the definitive nonfiction film on the topic.

to:

'''''Shoah''''' is a {{Documentary}} by Claude Lanzmann about [[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust the extermination of the Jews in Nazi-occupied Europe. occupied Europe]]. It is widely considered was highly influential, and it was the definitive first nonfiction film many had seen on the topic.
topic.



Several of the interviewees were "cogs in the machine", people who were just doing their jobs--it didn't matter much to them that their jobs involved making industrial-scale murder possible. As such, this film is a harrowing illustration of Hannah Arendt's line about "the banality of evil".

to:

Several Many of the interviewees were viewed themselves as having been "cogs in the machine", machine" - people who were just doing their jobs--it jobs, regardless of what that job involved, because if they hadn't done it then someone else would've (and that someone else might've made it 'worse' somehow). [[NeverMyFault The abnegation of]] [[SomebodyElsesProblem personal responsibility]] was endemic among unenthusiastic perpetrators of the Holocaust: if they didn't matter much to blame other people for 'forcing' them to do evil, they would have to think of ''themselves'' as evil. [[AndThatsTerrible And that their jobs involved making industrial-scale murder possible. As such, this would be terrible.]]

The ordinary nature of the interviewees the
film is a harrowing also makes it an excellent illustration of what Hannah Arendt's line about Arendt dubbed "the banality of evil".


-->-- '''RogerEbert'''

to:

-->-- '''RogerEbert'''
'''Creator/RogerEbert'''


->''There is no proper response to this film. It is an enormous fact, a 550-minute howl of pain and anger in the face of genocide. It is one of the noblest films ever made... It is an act of witness.''

to:

->''There ->''"There is no proper response to this film. It is an enormous fact, a 550-minute howl of pain and anger in the face of genocide. It is one of the noblest films ever made... It is an act of witness.''"''

Added DiffLines:

* WhamLine: The former Treblinka officer describes the death camp to Lanzmann with dispassionate detachment. Even singing the camp's "song" he sounds very matter-of-fact ("You wanted history, I'm giving you history."). But then he adds with pride "No Jew knows that song today!", leaving no doubt as to his true feelings.


* ConditionedToAcceptHorror: A farmer whose fields were located a mere 100 yards from the death camp Treblinka was asked how he was possibly able to work amidst the screams of the dying and sight and smell of their burning corpses.
--> "At first it was unbearable. But you get used to it. I find it unbelievable now, but it's true - you can get used to anything."



* DrowningMySorrows: Many of the Russian train conductors were drunk during the long rides to the concentration camps. Without alcohol, they couldn't have done it.

to:

* DrowningMySorrows: Many of the Russian Polish train conductors were drunk during the long rides to the concentration camps. Without alcohol, they couldn't have done it.


* DaylightHorror: Most of the remains of the camps are filmed in daylight, and one interviewee reflects that there must have been many sunny days at the height of the holocaust.

to:

* DaylightHorror: Most of the remains of the camps are filmed in daylight, and one interviewee reflects says poignantly that there must have been many sunny days at the height of the holocaust.


Between 1976 and 1981, Claude Lanzmann interviewed many protagonists of the Holocaust, both survivors, bystanders and former perpetrators. His film, clocking in at nine hours, is a collection of these interviews, interspersed with shots of the ruins of the extermination camps. There is, however, no archival footage whatsoever, and the horror is made all the greater by the audience having to rely on oral testimonies to imagine it, rather than actually being shown.

to:

Between 1976 and 1981, Claude Lanzmann interviewed many protagonists of the Holocaust, both survivors, bystanders and former perpetrators. His film, clocking in at nine hours, is a collection of these interviews, interspersed with shots of the ruins of the extermination camps. There is, however, no [[StockFootage archival footage footage]] whatsoever, and the horror is made all the greater by the audience having to rely on [[TalkingHeads oral testimonies testimonies]] to imagine it, rather than actually being shown.



* DaylightHorror: Most of the remains of the camps are filmed in daylight, and one interviewee reflects that there must have been many sunny days at the height of the holocaust.




to:

* RetiredMonster: Former Nazis are interviewed, the filmmakers duped them into appearing by promising audio-only interviews and filming them with hidden cameras.

Added DiffLines:

[[quoteright:345:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Shoah_3456.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:345:[[JustFollowingOrders Job satisfaction]] is making the trains run on time.]]

->''There is no proper response to this film. It is an enormous fact, a 550-minute howl of pain and anger in the face of genocide. It is one of the noblest films ever made... It is an act of witness.''
-->-- '''RogerEbert'''

'''''Shoah''''' is a {{Documentary}} by Claude Lanzmann about the extermination of the Jews in Nazi-occupied Europe. It is widely considered the definitive nonfiction film on the topic.

Between 1976 and 1981, Claude Lanzmann interviewed many protagonists of the Holocaust, both survivors, bystanders and former perpetrators. His film, clocking in at nine hours, is a collection of these interviews, interspersed with shots of the ruins of the extermination camps. There is, however, no archival footage whatsoever, and the horror is made all the greater by the audience having to rely on oral testimonies to imagine it, rather than actually being shown.

Several of the interviewees were "cogs in the machine", people who were just doing their jobs--it didn't matter much to them that their jobs involved making industrial-scale murder possible. As such, this film is a harrowing illustration of Hannah Arendt's line about "the banality of evil".

----
!!Contains examples of:

* AnachronicOrder: The interviews aren't arranged by order of the chronological events discussed.
* DrowningMySorrows: Many of the Russian train conductors were drunk during the long rides to the concentration camps. Without alcohol, they couldn't have done it.
* PunchClockVillain: Played chillingly straight.

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