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* ScienceIsBad: In-Universe: in ''The Nitrogen Fix'', city dwellers are taught that science is why Earth became uninhabitable, and the very terms "science", "research", "laboratory" and the like are considered obscene. (In truth, [[spoiler:it does seem a genetically-enhanced organism was the culprit]].)


* AtlantisIsBoring: "Ocean on Top" deserves credit for its extremely creative (and scientifically plausible) take on the UnderwaterCity trope. Still, it has almost no plot at all, being significantly less interesting than his other stories.



* TheSymbiote: The detective-creature in ''Needle'' and ''Through The Eye Of The Needle'' was a blob of protoplasm that entered a human host to survive and move around-bordered versions two and three, because the boy was not harmed at first but then became ill in the second book. There was also another creature, the hunted fugitive, who'd taken another body and was a PuppeteerParasite type.

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* TheSymbiote: The detective-creature in ''Needle'' and ''Through The Eye Of The Needle'' was a blob of protoplasm that entered a human host to survive and move around-bordered versions two around--bordered the commensalistic and three, parasitic versions, because the boy was not harmed at first but then became ill in the second book. There was also another creature, the hunted fugitive, who'd taken another body and was a PuppeteerParasite type.type.
* SymbioticPossession: ''Needle'' and ''Through the Eye of the Needle'' had a boy and a symbiotic alien protoplasm that were like this, until the kid got sick.



* WaterIsAir: Averted when a colony of humans is established on the ocean floor, using geothermal power to provide light and a specially-made oxygen-carrying dive fluid in place of air. But since the dive fluid is denser than water, the humans have to wear weights if they want to stay on the bottom or even have neutral buoyancy (their bones were denser than the fluid and their lungs were filled with it, but the rest of their bodies were less dense and the net effect was a slight positive bouyancy). They sleep tied to the ceilings of their buildings.

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* WaterIsAir: WaterIsAir:
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Averted in "Ocean on Top" when a colony of humans is established on the ocean floor, using geothermal power to provide light and a specially-made oxygen-carrying dive fluid in place of air. But since the dive fluid is denser than water, the humans have to wear weights if they want to stay on the bottom or even have neutral buoyancy (their bones were denser than the fluid and their lungs were filled with it, but the rest of their bodies were less dense and the net effect was a slight positive bouyancy). They sleep tied to the ceilings of their buildings.


!! Tropes in his works:

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!! Tropes !!Tropes in his works:other works include:


!!Works by Hal Clement with their own trope pages include:

* ''Literature/MissionOfGravity''



* BoldExplorer: In ''Mission of Gravity'', the small centipede-like creature named Barlennan on the planet Mesklin is a bold explorer, which is what brings him to the one area of the planet where humans can visit even briefly.



* FantasyWorldMap: Inverted in ''Mission of Gravity''. Clement created a globe of the planet Mesklin and wrote the story around it, but the book didn't include a map.



* HeavyWorlder: The inhabitants of the planet Mesklin (which not only has high gravity, but a rather odd rotation) in ''Mission of Gravity'' are adjusted to this by looking somewhat like flat centipedes. The Mesklinites are the main characters of the story, which tells how a brave sea merchant retrieves a probe fallen from the sky for a strange space alien (i.e., a human).
* HollowWorld: Due to a combination of its gravitic and atmospheric oddities, the world of Mesklin in ''Mission of Gravity'' was thought by its inhabitants to be bowl-shaped. They were incorrect (it was actually a very flattened spheroid).



** ''Mission of Gravity'' gives us a view of humanity from an alien centipede who is terrified of heights greater than a few centimeters. The humans' insistence on standing upright seems dangerously insane.



* ProudMerchantRace: The Mesklinites in '' A Mission of Gravity''



* WorldShapes: Mesklin in ''Mission of Gravity'' spins so rapidly that it's lens-shaped rather than spherical. Except at the equator, however, the atmosphere is so dense due to the planet's intense gravity that refraction makes it look bowl-shaped. The Mesklinites can "see" that the world curves up around them, so they believe that they live in a giant bowl. They are skilled sailors and map-makers and should know better, however when you are measuring distances on a curved surface, there are two different shapes that will make all the math work out (convex and concave). The Mesklinites choose the wrong one for their maps and never notice. The result is perfectly accurate and usable maps based on a fundamentally flawed premise.
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* WorldShapes: Mesklin in ''Mission of Gravity'' spins so rapidly that it's lens-shaped rather than spherical. Except at the equator, however, the atmosphere is so dense due to the planet's intense gravity that refraction makes it look bowl-shaped. The Mesklinites can "see" that the world curves up around them, so they believe that they live in a giant bowl. They are skilled sailors and map-makers and should know better, however when you are measuring distances on a curved surface, there are two different shapes that will make all the math work out (convex and concave). The Mesklinites choose the wrong one for their maps and never notice. The result is perfectly accurate and usable maps based on a fundamentally flawed premise.
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Hal Clement (real name: Harry Clement Stubbs) was an American ScienceFiction writer. Generally considered one of the [[MohsScaleOfScienceFictionHardness harder]] SF writers, he enjoyed creating unusual and extreme, but still realistic, settings and creatures for his stories. His best known works are ''Literature/MissionOfGravity'', about the inhabitants of an ''extremely'' massive planet, and ''Literature/{{Needle}}'', about a [[TheSymbiote symbiote]] detective who visits Earth in search of a symbiote criminal. All told, he wrote over a dozen novels and numerous short stories during his career. He was declared one of SF's [[DamonKnightMemorialGrandMasterAward Grand Masters]] in 1998.

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Hal Clement (real name: Harry Clement Stubbs) was an American ScienceFiction writer. Generally considered one of the [[MohsScaleOfScienceFictionHardness harder]] SF writers, he enjoyed creating unusual and extreme, but still realistic, settings and creatures for his stories. His best known works are ''Literature/MissionOfGravity'', about the inhabitants of an ''extremely'' massive planet, and ''Literature/{{Needle}}'', about a [[TheSymbiote symbiote]] detective who visits Earth in search of a symbiote criminal. All told, he wrote over a dozen novels and numerous short stories during his career. He was declared one of SF's [[DamonKnightMemorialGrandMasterAward [[UsefulNotes/DamonKnightMemorialGrandMasterAward Grand Masters]] in 1998.


* SpaceIsCold: Inverted in-universe "Sun Spot". 'Grumpy' Ries has to spend a couple hours keeping an astronomical camera, and its operator, from getting cooked on the surface of a comet making a very close pass by the Sun. When he comes back inside, the observatory's doctor offers to treat him for burns. Ries points out he's been manhandling sacks of frozen methane and other ices which were still at the temperature of interstellar space. "Break out the frostbite remedy, will you, please?"

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* SpaceIsCold: Inverted in-universe "Sun Spot". 'Grumpy' Ries has to spend a couple hours keeping an astronomical camera, and its operator, from getting cooked on the surface of a comet making a very ''very'' close pass by the Sun. When he comes back inside, the observatory's doctor offers to treat him for burns. Ries points out he's been manhandling sacks of frozen methane and other ices which were still at the temperature of interstellar space. "Break out the frostbite remedy, will you, please?"

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* SpaceIsCold: Inverted in-universe "Sun Spot". 'Grumpy' Ries has to spend a couple hours keeping an astronomical camera, and its operator, from getting cooked on the surface of a comet making a very close pass by the Sun. When he comes back inside, the observatory's doctor offers to treat him for burns. Ries points out he's been manhandling sacks of frozen methane and other ices which were still at the temperature of interstellar space. "Break out the frostbite remedy, will you, please?"


Hal Clement (real name: Harry Clement Stubbs) was an American ScienceFiction writer. Generally considered one of the [[MohsScaleOfScienceFictionHardness harder]] SF writers, he enjoyed creating unusual and extreme, but still realistic, settings and creatures for his stories. His best known works are ''Mission of Gravity'', about the inhabitants of an ''extremely'' massive planet, and ''Literature/{{Needle}}'', about a [[TheSymbiote symbiote]] detective who visits Earth in search of a symbiote criminal. All told, he wrote over a dozen novels and numerous short stories during his career. He was declared one of SF's [[DamonKnightMemorialGrandMasterAward Grand Masters]] in 1998.

to:

Hal Clement (real name: Harry Clement Stubbs) was an American ScienceFiction writer. Generally considered one of the [[MohsScaleOfScienceFictionHardness harder]] SF writers, he enjoyed creating unusual and extreme, but still realistic, settings and creatures for his stories. His best known works are ''Mission of Gravity'', ''Literature/MissionOfGravity'', about the inhabitants of an ''extremely'' massive planet, and ''Literature/{{Needle}}'', about a [[TheSymbiote symbiote]] detective who visits Earth in search of a symbiote criminal. All told, he wrote over a dozen novels and numerous short stories during his career. He was declared one of SF's [[DamonKnightMemorialGrandMasterAward Grand Masters]] in 1998.


Hal Clement (real name: Harry Clement Stubbs) was an American ScienceFiction writer. Generally considered one of the [[MohsScaleOfScienceFictionHardness harder]] SF writers, he enjoyed creating unusual and extreme, but still realistic, settings and creatures for his stories. His best known works are ''Literature/MissionOfGravity'', about the inhabitants of an ''extremely'' massive planet, and ''Literature/{{Needle}}'', about a [[TheSymbiote symbiote]] detective who visits Earth in search of a symbiote criminal. All told, he wrote over a dozen novels and numerous short stories during his career. He was declared one of SF's [[DamonKnightMemorialGrandMasterAward Grand Masters]] in 1998.

to:

Hal Clement (real name: Harry Clement Stubbs) was an American ScienceFiction writer. Generally considered one of the [[MohsScaleOfScienceFictionHardness harder]] SF writers, he enjoyed creating unusual and extreme, but still realistic, settings and creatures for his stories. His best known works are ''Literature/MissionOfGravity'', ''Mission of Gravity'', about the inhabitants of an ''extremely'' massive planet, and ''Literature/{{Needle}}'', about a [[TheSymbiote symbiote]] detective who visits Earth in search of a symbiote criminal. All told, he wrote over a dozen novels and numerous short stories during his career. He was declared one of SF's [[DamonKnightMemorialGrandMasterAward Grand Masters]] in 1998.


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* ProudMerchantRace: The Mesklinites in '' A Mission of Gravity''


** Played with in ''Close to Critical''. The planet Tenebra has atmospheric conditions close to the triple point of water. This leads to some truly bizarre effects like large blobs of water hovering in the air, and people lighting fires to drive water away at night.

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** Played with in ''Close to Critical''. The planet Tenebra has atmospheric conditions close to the triple critical point of water. This leads to some truly bizarre effects like large blobs of water hovering in the air, and people lighting fires to drive water away at night.

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** Played with in ''Close to Critical''. The planet Tenebra has atmospheric conditions close to the triple point of water. This leads to some truly bizarre effects like large blobs of water hovering in the air, and people lighting fires to drive water away at night.


* The FairPlayWhodunnit: ''Needle'' is both a science fiction novel and a mystery novel. If you pay attention to the story and catch the clues, you can figure out the Fugitive's hiding place in the exact same way the Hunter does.

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* The FairPlayWhodunnit: ''Needle'' is both a science fiction novel and a mystery novel. If you pay attention to the story and catch spot the clues, you can figure out the Fugitive's hiding place in the exact same way the Hunter does.

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* The FairPlayWhodunnit: ''Needle'' is both a science fiction novel and a mystery novel. If you pay attention to the story and catch the clues, you can figure out the Fugitive's hiding place in the exact same way the Hunter does.

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* BoldExplorer: In ''Mission of Gravity'', the small centipede-like creature named Barlennan on the planet Mesklin is a bold explorer, which is what brings him to the one area of the planet where humans can visit even briefly.

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