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* The GrandFinale [[note]](by production order)[[/note]] of ''Ellen'' was presented as a SeriousBusiness documentary by Linda Ellerbee about the fictional [=DeGeneres=]' long career. Clips were shown of Ellen hosting the [=DuMont=] [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NechRuEE4t8&t=10m13s panel game]] ''[[RedScare Who's the Commie?]]'' (with announcer John O'Hurley) in 1954; [[TheCameo Orson Bean]] recalled that he was skeptical about a woman hosting a game show, "But then the camera went on, and there she was: Creator/BillCullen with a rack!"

to:

* The GrandFinale [[note]](by production order)[[/note]] of ''Ellen'' was presented as a SeriousBusiness documentary by Linda Ellerbee about the fictional [=DeGeneres=]' long career. Clips were shown of Ellen hosting the [=DuMont=] [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NechRuEE4t8&t=10m13s panel game]] ''[[RedScare Who's the Commie?]]'' (with announcer John O'Hurley) Creator/JohnOHurley) in 1954; [[TheCameo Orson Bean]] recalled that he was skeptical about a woman hosting a game show, "But then the camera went on, and there she was: Creator/BillCullen with a rack!"


-->--''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' (episode "Death is a Bitch").

The fourth network from the early days of television in the United States, though actually the third to come to the air in 1946. [[note]](ABC was the fourth in 1948. NBC and CBS were first [1941] and second [1941, an hour later the same day] respectively.)[[/note]] It eventually [[NetworkDeath failed ]], as its problems included an FCC ruling restricting it because of part-ownership by Creator/{{Paramount}} (who also operated their own TV network on the West Coast); not having an associated radio network to bring over programs and performers (and absorb costs); a forced over-dependence on UHF stations in an era when all-channel tuning wasn't required on TV sets (and it wouldn't be until 1964); and aforementioned part-owners Paramount doing little to help the network to overcome these problems, and creating new ones of their own, partly because [[NewMediaAreEvil they feared the impact television would have on their main movie business]]. [[note]]Said fears might've been the reason that, following [=DuMont=]'s fall, they mostly stopped doing television until Gulf+Western bought [[Creator/DesiluStudios Desilu]] in 1967 and renamed it Paramount Television, being the last major film studio to get their own TV division.[[/note]]

Today, [=DuMont=] is more of a footnote than anything else, usually brought up as a shorthand for "long-dead television network" and known for little else among the general public. The best-known series associated with the network are ''Series/CaptainVideo'' and ''Cavalcade of Stars'', the latter of which gave America Creator/JackieGleason, Creator/ArtCarney and ''Series/TheHoneymooners''. Two of the most popular programs during the network's heyday were the GameShow ''Down You Go'' and the religious program ''Life Is Worth Living'', the latter of which won both an Emmy for host Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen and respect from direct competitor Milton Berle.

Most, if not all, of [=DuMont=]'s programs were produced on small budgets out of necessity rather than a conscious decision (again, Paramount refused to help and had stopped financially supporting the network in 1941), but the network made up for this shortcoming by use of good writing and ''very'' energetic crews. The result was a bunch of wobbly sets filled with people (typically from Broadway shows) who come across as genuinely putting 110% into what they're doing, with a lot of now-famous faces gracing the lineup. [=DuMont=]'s endearing charm, "gung-ho" attitude, general quirkiness, and abundant imagination resulted in being awesome on its best days and SoBadItsGood on its worst even when nothing seems to go right, especially on a live show, they're at least ''trying''... which is a lot more than can be said of some shows or networks today.

[=DuMont=] was also unique in that it employed a potentially-money-saving advertising tactic of letting advertisers '''choose''' where their commercials ran, rather than do what the other three networks did and force a large number of stations on them. They also started the modern practice of selling advertising time to several sponsors per show due to their difficulty in attracting enough sponsors for their programs. [[note]]An interesting application of this practice was seen on ''Cavalcade of Stars'': while the program was technically sponsored by Quality Drugs, the company in turn sold their commercial time to various other companies.[[/note]]

Ironically, Paramount's former theater division, United Paramount Theatres [[note]](forcibly stripped from Paramount proper by the Supreme Court's landmark 1948 ruling ''U.S. v. Paramount'', which was one of the major causes of the UsefulNotes/FallOfTheStudioSystem)[[/note]], purchased Creator/{{ABC}} in February 1953, and the steady revenue stream from movie theaters helped it quickly leapfrog [=DuMont=] to become the third network.

to:

-->--''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' (episode -->--From the ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' episode "Death is a Bitch").

Bitch".

The fourth network from the early days of television in the United States, though actually the third to come to the air in 1946. [[note]](ABC was the fourth in 1948. NBC and CBS were first [1941] {1941} and second [1941, {1941, an hour later the same day] day} respectively.)[[/note]] It eventually [[NetworkDeath failed ]], failed]], as its problems included an FCC ruling restricting it because of part-ownership by Creator/{{Paramount}} (who also operated their own TV network on the West Coast); not having an associated radio network to bring over programs and performers (and absorb costs); a forced over-dependence on UHF stations in an era when all-channel tuning wasn't required on TV sets (and it wouldn't be until 1964); and aforementioned part-owners Paramount doing little to help the network to overcome these problems, and creating new ones of their own, partly because [[NewMediaAreEvil they feared the impact television would have on their main movie business]]. [[note]]Said [[note]](Said fears might've been the reason that, following [=DuMont=]'s fall, they mostly stopped doing television until Gulf+Western bought [[Creator/DesiluStudios Desilu]] in 1967 and renamed it Paramount Television, being the last major film studio to get their own TV division.[[/note]]

)[[/note]]

Today, [=DuMont=] is more of a footnote than anything else, usually brought up as a shorthand for "long-dead television network" and known for little else among the general public. The best-known series associated with the network are ''Series/CaptainVideo'' and ''Cavalcade of Stars'', the latter of which gave America Creator/JackieGleason, Creator/ArtCarney Creator/ArtCarney, and ''Series/TheHoneymooners''. Two of the most popular programs during the network's heyday were the GameShow ''Down You Go'' and the religious program ''Life Is Worth Living'', the latter of which won both an Emmy for host Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen and respect from direct competitor Milton Berle.

Most, if not all, of [=DuMont=]'s programs were produced on small budgets out of necessity rather than a conscious decision (again, Paramount refused to help and had stopped financially supporting the network providing financial support in 1941), but the network made up for this shortcoming by use of good writing and ''very'' very energetic crews. The result was could be best described as a bunch of wobbly sets filled with people (typically from Broadway shows) who come across as were genuinely putting 110% into what they're doing, with a lot of now-famous faces gracing the lineup. lineup who would later go on to fame. [=DuMont=]'s endearing charm, "gung-ho" attitude, general quirkiness, and abundant imagination resulted in being awesome on its best days and SoBadItsGood still pretty decent on its worst - even when nothing seems to go right, especially on a live show, they're at least ''trying''... which is a lot more than can be said of some shows or networks today.

that have come about in subsequent decades.

[=DuMont=] was also unique in that it employed a potentially-money-saving advertising tactic of letting advertisers '''choose''' where choose which affiliates their commercials ran, ran on, rather than do what the other three networks did and force in having a large number list of stations on them. "must-buy" stations. They also started the modern practice of selling advertising time to several sponsors per show due to their having difficulty in attracting enough sponsors for their that would do full programs. [[note]]An [[note]](An interesting application of this practice was seen on ''Cavalcade of Stars'': while the program was technically sponsored by Quality Drugs, the company in turn sold their commercial time to various other companies.[[/note]]

Ironically,
)[[/note]]

Paramount's former theater division, United Paramount Theatres [[note]](forcibly stripped from Paramount proper by the Supreme Court's landmark 1948 ruling ''U.S. v. Paramount'', which was one of the major causes of the UsefulNotes/FallOfTheStudioSystem)[[/note]], purchased Creator/{{ABC}} in February 1953, and the steady revenue stream from movie theaters helped it quickly leapfrog [=DuMont=] to become the third network.



Leonard Goldenson, president of UPT, struck up a deal with [=DuMont=] managing director Ted Bergmann a merged network called ABC-[=DuMont=] until at least 1958. The deal honored [=DuMont=]'s network commitments and in exchange gave the network $5,000,000 cash, guaranteed advertising time for [=DuMont=] television sets, and a secure future for the network's staff.

to:

Leonard Goldenson, president of UPT, struck up a deal with [=DuMont=] managing director Ted Bergmann - a merged network called ABC-[=DuMont=] until at least 1958. The deal honored [=DuMont=]'s network commitments and in exchange gave the network $5,000,000 cash, guaranteed advertising time for [=DuMont=] television sets, and a secure future for the network's staff.



...Except Paramount [[ExecutiveVeto vetoed the plan almost out of hand]] due to antitrust concerns, as the FCC had ruled a few months earlier that Paramount controlled [=DuMont=] - and there were still doubts as to whether UPT had really separated from Paramount.

to:

...Except Well, that ''[[WhatCouldHaveBeen was]]'' the plan, at least. Paramount [[ExecutiveVeto vetoed the plan almost out of hand]] due to antitrust concerns, as the FCC had ruled a few months earlier that Paramount controlled [=DuMont=] - (despite the fact that Paramount did absolutely nothing ''for'' the network), and there were still doubts as to whether UPT had really separated from Paramount.



In late 1954, [=DuMont=] sold WDTV, which it used to get clearances in other large markets, to Westinghouse [[note]](already the owner of pioneering radio station KDKA, which also became the new name for WDTV the next year)[[/note]] for $9.75M. Although the sale gave [=DuMont=] some much-needed cash, it also set off the chain of events that led to the network's demise, as it no longer had its bargaining chip. By February 1955, [=DuMont=] execs realized that the network wasn't going to survive and opted to shut it down, leaving WABD and WTTG to be operated as independent stations.

Most of the lineup was dropped beginning in April; Sheen aired his last episode on the 26th and moved to ABC, where he remained until 1957. August brought even more problems by way of Paramount - the company, with the help of other stockholders, seized control of [=DuMont=] Laboratories in a boardroom coup and kicked out network creator/president Allen B. [=DuMont=]. On September 23, the network's last regular series (a game show, ''What's the Story?'') aired for the last time.

The only things left to keep the lights on were sporting events per prior commitments, which continued to air sporadically over the next ten months. Following the broadcast of ''Boxing from St. Nicholas Arena'' on August 6, 1956 (one retrospective claims it was only seen on '''five stations'''), [=DuMont=] [[NetworkDeath went bust]] and the remaining network-owned stations (WABD, New York and WTTG, Washington) spun off into the [=DuMont=] Broadcasting Corporation.

to:

In late 1954, [=DuMont=] sold WDTV, which it used to get clearances in other large markets, to Westinghouse [[note]](already the owner of pioneering radio station KDKA, which also became the new name for WDTV the next year)[[/note]] for $9.75M. 75 million. Although the sale gave [=DuMont=] the network some much-needed cash, it also set off the chain of events that led to the network's its demise, as it no longer had its bargaining chip. By February 1955, [=DuMont=] execs realized that the network wasn't going to survive and opted to shut it down, leaving WABD and WTTG to be operated as independent stations.

Most of the network's lineup was dropped beginning in April; Archbishop Sheen aired his last episode on the 26th and moved to ABC, where he remained until 1957. August brought even more problems by way of Paramount - the company, with the help of other stockholders, seized control of [=DuMont=] Laboratories in a boardroom coup and kicked out network creator/president Allen B. [=DuMont=]. On September 23, the network's last regular series (a game show, ''What's the Story?'') aired for the last time.

The only things left to keep the lights on were sporting events per prior commitments, which continued to air sporadically over the next ten months. Following the broadcast of ''Boxing from St. Nicholas Arena'' on August 6, 1956 (one retrospective claims it was only seen on '''five stations'''), [=DuMont=] officially [[NetworkDeath went bust]] and the remaining network-owned stations (WABD, (WABD in New York and WTTG, WTTG in Washington) spun off into the [=DuMont=] Broadcasting Corporation.



As the years progressed, Metromedia purchased more TV and radio stations as well as producing and distributing many series, most notably ''Series/TruthOrConsequences'' and ''Series/TheCrossWits'', plus the 1972-86 era of ''The Creator/MervGriffin Show''. They also distributed many of Creator/AaronSpelling's series in syndication during the era.

After Creator/PaulWinchell sued Metromedia over the rights to his children's series ''Winchell-Mahoney Time'', company management opted to [[WhatAnIdiot destroy the tapes]] a mistake of epic proportions that resulted in Winchell being awarded $17.8M in compensation and punitive damages. [[note]](Even so, Winchell was likely still upset - a ruling in his favor can't offset the fact that his show was quite probably [[MissingEpisode lost]].)[[/note]]

to:

As the years progressed, Metromedia purchased more TV and radio stations as well as producing and distributing many series, most notably ''Series/TruthOrConsequences'' and ''Series/TheCrossWits'', plus the 1972-86 era of ''The Creator/MervGriffin Show''. They also distributed many of Creator/AaronSpelling's series in syndication during the era.

syndication.

After Creator/PaulWinchell sued Metromedia over the rights to his children's series ''Winchell-Mahoney Time'', company management opted to [[WhatAnIdiot destroy the tapes]] - a mistake of epic proportions decision so monumentally stupid that resulted in Winchell ended up being awarded $17.8M 8 million in compensation and punitive damages. [[note]](Even so, Winchell was likely still upset - damages, a ruling in his favor can't small consolation that couldn't offset the fact that his show was quite probably [[MissingEpisode lost]].)[[/note]]
lost]].



On March 6, 1986, nearly 30 years after [=DuMont=] folded, the Metromedia TV stations and Metromedia Producers Corp. were purchased by UsefulNotes/RupertMurdoch's News Corporation for $3.5B and became the nucleus of the new {{Creator/Fox}} Broadcasting Company, with the Fox Television Center right where WABD (now WNYW) sits the former [=DuMont=] Tele-Centre (the Metromedia Telecenter during that era, and a set of exterior doors on the building have even retained the 1970s "double M" logo on the handles). Fox's TV division also took over production of Metromedia Producers' ''Series/SmallWonder'', their only series at the time.

So in the end, [[SpiritualSuccessor DuMont became FOX]] and proceeded to end up with [[ExecutiveMeddling a different]] [[TheFireflyEffect set]] [[LowestCommonDenominator of problems]].

to:

On March 6, 1986, nearly 30 years after [=DuMont=] folded, the Metromedia TV stations and Metromedia Producers Corp. were purchased by UsefulNotes/RupertMurdoch's News Corporation for $3.5B 5 billion and became the nucleus of the new {{Creator/Fox}} Creator/{{Fox}} Broadcasting Company, with the Fox Television Center right where WABD (now WNYW) sits - the former [=DuMont=] Tele-Centre (the Metromedia Telecenter during that era, and a set of exterior doors on the building have even retained the 1970s "double "Double M" logo on the handles). Fox's TV division also took over production of Metromedia Producers' ''Series/SmallWonder'', their only series at the time.

So in the end, [[SpiritualSuccessor DuMont became FOX]] FOX]]... and proceeded to end up with [[ExecutiveMeddling a different]] [[TheFireflyEffect set]] [[LowestCommonDenominator of problems]].problems]]. But that's another story.



It should be noted that Allen B. [=DuMont=], the creator of the network, seemed to realize the benefits of keeping his network's programming library as intact as possible, and admirably did so despite the general practices of the era and the network's own escalating money issues. [[note]](It certainly helped that the network had to heavily rely on distributing their shows via kinescopes ["teletranscriptions" in [[InsistentTerminology DuMont parlance]]] to non-networked UHF affiliates and VHF stations affiliated with other networks that cleared the odd fringe-time slot for [=DuMont=] programs; very few stations could and would broadcast the shows live.)[[/note]] [[DownerEnding That was for naught, however]], as several of the kinescopes (both 35mm and 16mm ones) were destroyed by 1958 to reclaim the ''tiny'' amounts of silver that were within, and by the early 1970s the remaining library wound up in the hands of ABC, who ultimately loaded most (if not all) of the lot in three trucks and [[MissingEpisode dumped it in New York City's Upper Bay]] to make room in their warehouse for more recent videotapes. This wasn't revealed until 1996, when comedian Edie Adams told a Library of Congress panel on video preservation what she discovered when she went to look for the Dumont programs starring her late husband Creator/ErnieKovacs. As such, only an estimated 350 complete shows by the network survive; Wiki/TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_surviving_DuMont_Television_Network_broadcasts a list]] if you're so inclined, which also includes video links. ''Life is Worth Living'' was archived separately by Archbishop Sheen, and St. Bernard's School of Theology and Ministry in Rochester, New York inherited his collection, which is believed to be of its entire run, but that has not been confirmed. It is the only [=DuMont=] program suspected to be intact in its entirety.

to:

It should be noted that Allen B. [=DuMont=], the creator of the network, seemed to realize the benefits of keeping his network's programming library as intact as possible, and admirably did so despite the general practices of the era and the network's own escalating money issues. [[note]](It certainly helped that the network had to heavily rely on distributing their shows via kinescopes ["teletranscriptions" {"teletranscriptions" in [[InsistentTerminology DuMont parlance]]] parlance]]} to non-networked UHF affiliates and VHF stations affiliated with other networks that cleared the odd fringe-time slot fringe timeslot for [=DuMont=] programs; very programs. Very few stations could and would broadcast the shows live.)[[/note]] [[DownerEnding That diligence was for naught, however]], as several of the kinescopes (both 35mm and 16mm ones) were destroyed by 1958 to reclaim the ''tiny'' amounts of silver that were within, and by the early 1970s the remaining library wound up in the hands of ABC, who ultimately loaded most (if not all) of the lot in three trucks and [[MissingEpisode dumped it in New York City's Upper Bay]] to make room in their warehouse for more recent videotapes. This wasn't revealed until 1996, when comedian Edie Adams told a Library of Congress panel on video preservation what she discovered when she went to look for the Dumont [=DuMont=] programs starring her late husband Creator/ErnieKovacs. As such, only an estimated 350 complete shows by the network survive; Wiki/TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_surviving_DuMont_Television_Network_broadcasts a list]] if you're so inclined, which also includes video links. ''Life is Worth Living'' was archived separately by Archbishop Sheen, and St. Bernard's School of Theology and Ministry in Rochester, New York inherited his collection, which is believed to be of its entire run, but that has not been confirmed. It is the only [=DuMont=] program suspected to be intact in its entirety.
intact.



* The [[UsefulNotes/EmmyAward 39th Primetime Emmy Awards]] in 1987 were the first to be broadcast on the then-fledging Fox network. Creator/JayLeno joked during the proceedings that the show would be presented on the [=DuMont=] network next year, presumably unaware of the common history of both networks.
* The GrandFinale [[note]](by production order)[[/note]] of ''Ellen'' was presented as a SeriousBusiness documentary by Linda Ellerbee about the fictional [=DeGeneres=]' long career. Clips were shown of Ellen hosting the [=DuMont=] [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NechRuEE4t8&t=10m13s game]] ''[[RedScare Who's the Commie?]]'' (with announcer John O'Hurley) in 1954, apparent proof that the network was desperate to get some sort of ratings; [[TheCameo Orson Bean]] recalled that he was skeptical about a woman hosting a game show, "But then the camera went on, and there she was: Creator/BillCullen with a rack!"
** Mention is also made of how ''Commie'' and Ellen were implicated in the quiz show scandals, heavily suggesting it was a local WABD/WNEW series that replaced ''Sense and Nonsense'' (a 1951-54 kids show) and ended circa 1959 despite Ellen eventually being cleared of any charges (the "Commies" were actually generous people who liked jazz).
* The ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' episode "Death is a Bitch" quoted at the top of this page. For context, Death had to crash with the Griffins for a while to recover from a sprained ankle and he's trying to entertain himself while couch-ridden.

Also, [=DuMont=] has no relation (that we're aware of) to [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DuPont DuPont]], despite the rather similar logo.

to:

* The During the [[UsefulNotes/EmmyAward 39th Primetime Emmy Awards]] in 1987 were 1987, the first to be broadcast on the then-fledging Fox network. network, Creator/JayLeno joked during the proceedings that the show would be presented on the [=DuMont=] network next year, presumably unaware of the common history of both networks.
* The GrandFinale [[note]](by production order)[[/note]] of ''Ellen'' was presented as a SeriousBusiness documentary by Linda Ellerbee about the fictional [=DeGeneres=]' long career. Clips were shown of Ellen hosting the [=DuMont=] [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NechRuEE4t8&t=10m13s panel game]] ''[[RedScare Who's the Commie?]]'' (with announcer John O'Hurley) in 1954, apparent proof that the network was desperate to get some sort of ratings; 1954; [[TheCameo Orson Bean]] recalled that he was skeptical about a woman hosting a game show, "But then the camera went on, and there she was: Creator/BillCullen with a rack!"
** Mention is also made of how ''Commie'' and Ellen were later implicated in the quiz show scandals, heavily suggesting that it was a local WABD/WNEW series that replaced ''Sense presumably debuted in '54 (''Sense and Nonsense'' (a 1951-54 Nonsense'', a kids show) and show, ended that year) and was canned circa 1959 despite 1959. While Ellen was eventually being cleared of any charges (the wrongdoing, the show had indeed been rigged, albeit in an unusual way - the "Commies" were actually in actuality just generous people who liked jazz).
jazz.
* The ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' episode "Death is a Bitch" Bitch", quoted at the top of this page. For context, Death had to crash with the Griffins for a while to recover from a sprained ankle and he's trying to entertain himself while couch-ridden.

Also, [=DuMont=] has no relation (that we're aware of) to [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DuPont DuPont]], despite the rather similar logo.


On March 6, 1986, nearly 30 years after [=DuMont=] folded, the Metromedia TV stations and Metromedia Producers Corp. were purchased by UsefulNotes/RupertMurdoch's News Corporation for $3.5B and became the {{Creator/FOX}} network, with the Fox Television Center right where WABD (now WNYW) sits the former [=DuMont=] Tele-Centre (the Metromedia Telecenter during that era, and a set of exterior doors on the building have even retained the 1970s "double M" logo on the handles). Fox's TV division also took over production of Metromedia Producers' ''Series/SmallWonder'', their only series at the time.

to:

On March 6, 1986, nearly 30 years after [=DuMont=] folded, the Metromedia TV stations and Metromedia Producers Corp. were purchased by UsefulNotes/RupertMurdoch's News Corporation for $3.5B and became the {{Creator/FOX}} network, nucleus of the new {{Creator/Fox}} Broadcasting Company, with the Fox Television Center right where WABD (now WNYW) sits the former [=DuMont=] Tele-Centre (the Metromedia Telecenter during that era, and a set of exterior doors on the building have even retained the 1970s "double M" logo on the handles). Fox's TV division also took over production of Metromedia Producers' ''Series/SmallWonder'', their only series at the time.


It should be noted that Allen B. [=DuMont=], the creator of the network, seemed to realize the benefits of keeping his network's programming library as intact as possible, and admirably did so despite the general practices of the era and the network's own escalating money issues. [[note]](It certainly helped that the network had to heavily rely on distributing their shows via kinescopes ["teletranscriptions" in [[InsistentTerminology DuMont parlance]]] to non-networked UHF affiliates and VHF stations affiliated with other networks that cleared the odd fringe-time slot for [=DuMont=] programs; very few stations could and would broadcast the shows live.)[[/note]] [[DownerEnding That was for naught, however]], as several of the kinescopes (both 35mm and 16mm ones) were destroyed by 1958 to reclaim the ''tiny'' amounts of silver that were within, and by the early 1970s the remaining library wound up in the hands of ABC, who ultimately loaded most (if not all) of the lot in three trucks and [[MissingEpisode dumped it in New York City's Upper Bay]] to make room in their warehouse for more recent videotapes. This wasn't revealed until 1996, when comedian Edie Adams told a Library of Congress panel on video preservation what she discovered when she went to look for the Dumont programs starring her late husband Creator/ErnieKovacs. As such, only an estimated 350 complete shows by the network survive; Wiki/TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_surviving_DuMont_Television_Network_broadcasts a list]] if you're so inclined, which also includes video links. ''Life is Worth Living'' was archived separately by Archbishop Sheen, and St. Bernard's School of Theology and Ministry in Rochester, New York is believed to have the entire run of the show in their archives. It is the only [=DuMont=] program suspected to be intact in its entirety.

to:

It should be noted that Allen B. [=DuMont=], the creator of the network, seemed to realize the benefits of keeping his network's programming library as intact as possible, and admirably did so despite the general practices of the era and the network's own escalating money issues. [[note]](It certainly helped that the network had to heavily rely on distributing their shows via kinescopes ["teletranscriptions" in [[InsistentTerminology DuMont parlance]]] to non-networked UHF affiliates and VHF stations affiliated with other networks that cleared the odd fringe-time slot for [=DuMont=] programs; very few stations could and would broadcast the shows live.)[[/note]] [[DownerEnding That was for naught, however]], as several of the kinescopes (both 35mm and 16mm ones) were destroyed by 1958 to reclaim the ''tiny'' amounts of silver that were within, and by the early 1970s the remaining library wound up in the hands of ABC, who ultimately loaded most (if not all) of the lot in three trucks and [[MissingEpisode dumped it in New York City's Upper Bay]] to make room in their warehouse for more recent videotapes. This wasn't revealed until 1996, when comedian Edie Adams told a Library of Congress panel on video preservation what she discovered when she went to look for the Dumont programs starring her late husband Creator/ErnieKovacs. As such, only an estimated 350 complete shows by the network survive; Wiki/TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_surviving_DuMont_Television_Network_broadcasts a list]] if you're so inclined, which also includes video links. ''Life is Worth Living'' was archived separately by Archbishop Sheen, and St. Bernard's School of Theology and Ministry in Rochester, New York inherited his collection, which is believed to have the be of its entire run of the show in their archives.run, but that has not been confirmed. It is the only [=DuMont=] program suspected to be intact in its entirety.


It should be noted that Allen B. [=DuMont=], the creator of the network, seemed to realize the benefits of keeping his network's programming library as intact as possible, and admirably did so despite the general practices of the era and the network's own escalating money issues. [[note]](It certainly helped that the network had to heavily rely on distributing their shows via kinescopes ["teletranscriptions" in [[InsistentTerminology DuMont parlance]]] to non-networked UHF affiliates and VHF stations affiliated with other networks that cleared the odd fringe-time slot for [=DuMont=] programs; very few stations could and would broadcast the shows live.)[[/note]] [[DownerEnding That was for naught, however]], as several of the kinescopes (both 35mm and 16mm ones) were destroyed by 1958 to reclaim the ''tiny'' amounts of silver that were within, and by the early 1970s the remaining library wound up in the hands of ABC, who ultimately loaded most (if not all) of the lot in three trucks and [[MissingEpisode dumped it in New York City's Upper Bay]] to make room in their warehouse for more recent videotapes. This wasn't revealed until 1996, when comedian Edie Adams told a Library of Congress panel on video preservation what she discovered when she went to look for the Dumont programs starring her late husband Creator/ErnieKovacs. As such, only an estimated 350 complete shows by the network survive; Wiki/TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_surviving_DuMont_Television_Network_broadcasts a list]] if you're so inclined, which also includes video links. ''Life is Worth Living'' was archived separately by Archbishop Sheen, and St. Bernard's School of Theology and Ministry in Rochester, New York is believed to have the entire run of the show in their archives. It is the only [=DuMont=] program whose entire run is suspected to be intact.

to:

It should be noted that Allen B. [=DuMont=], the creator of the network, seemed to realize the benefits of keeping his network's programming library as intact as possible, and admirably did so despite the general practices of the era and the network's own escalating money issues. [[note]](It certainly helped that the network had to heavily rely on distributing their shows via kinescopes ["teletranscriptions" in [[InsistentTerminology DuMont parlance]]] to non-networked UHF affiliates and VHF stations affiliated with other networks that cleared the odd fringe-time slot for [=DuMont=] programs; very few stations could and would broadcast the shows live.)[[/note]] [[DownerEnding That was for naught, however]], as several of the kinescopes (both 35mm and 16mm ones) were destroyed by 1958 to reclaim the ''tiny'' amounts of silver that were within, and by the early 1970s the remaining library wound up in the hands of ABC, who ultimately loaded most (if not all) of the lot in three trucks and [[MissingEpisode dumped it in New York City's Upper Bay]] to make room in their warehouse for more recent videotapes. This wasn't revealed until 1996, when comedian Edie Adams told a Library of Congress panel on video preservation what she discovered when she went to look for the Dumont programs starring her late husband Creator/ErnieKovacs. As such, only an estimated 350 complete shows by the network survive; Wiki/TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_surviving_DuMont_Television_Network_broadcasts a list]] if you're so inclined, which also includes video links. ''Life is Worth Living'' was archived separately by Archbishop Sheen, and St. Bernard's School of Theology and Ministry in Rochester, New York is believed to have the entire run of the show in their archives. It is the only [=DuMont=] program whose entire run is suspected to be intact.
intact in its entirety.


It should be noted that Allen B. [=DuMont=], the creator of the network, seemed to realize the benefits of keeping his network's programming library as intact as possible, and admirably did so despite the general practices of the era and the network's own escalating money issues. [[note]](It certainly helped that the network had to heavily rely on distributing their shows via kinescopes ["teletranscriptions" in [[InsistentTerminology DuMont parlance]]] to non-networked UHF affiliates and VHF stations affiliated with other networks that cleared the odd fringe-time slot for [=DuMont=] programs; very few stations could and would broadcast the shows live.)[[/note]] [[DownerEnding That was for naught, however]], as several of the kinescopes (both 35mm and 16mm ones) were destroyed by 1958 to reclaim the ''tiny'' amounts of silver that were within, and by the early 1970s the remaining library wound up in the hands of ABC, who ultimately loaded most (if not all) of the lot in three trucks and [[MissingEpisode dumped it in New York City's Upper Bay]] to make room in their warehouse for more recent videotapes. This wasn't revealed until 1996, when comedian Edie Adams told a Library of Congress panel on video preservation what she discovered when she went to look for the Dumont programs starring her late husband Creator/ErnieKovacs. As such, only an estimated 350 complete shows by the network survive; Wiki/TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_surviving_DuMont_Television_Network_broadcasts a list]] if you're so inclined, which also includes video links.

to:

It should be noted that Allen B. [=DuMont=], the creator of the network, seemed to realize the benefits of keeping his network's programming library as intact as possible, and admirably did so despite the general practices of the era and the network's own escalating money issues. [[note]](It certainly helped that the network had to heavily rely on distributing their shows via kinescopes ["teletranscriptions" in [[InsistentTerminology DuMont parlance]]] to non-networked UHF affiliates and VHF stations affiliated with other networks that cleared the odd fringe-time slot for [=DuMont=] programs; very few stations could and would broadcast the shows live.)[[/note]] [[DownerEnding That was for naught, however]], as several of the kinescopes (both 35mm and 16mm ones) were destroyed by 1958 to reclaim the ''tiny'' amounts of silver that were within, and by the early 1970s the remaining library wound up in the hands of ABC, who ultimately loaded most (if not all) of the lot in three trucks and [[MissingEpisode dumped it in New York City's Upper Bay]] to make room in their warehouse for more recent videotapes. This wasn't revealed until 1996, when comedian Edie Adams told a Library of Congress panel on video preservation what she discovered when she went to look for the Dumont programs starring her late husband Creator/ErnieKovacs. As such, only an estimated 350 complete shows by the network survive; Wiki/TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_surviving_DuMont_Television_Network_broadcasts a list]] if you're so inclined, which also includes video links.
links. ''Life is Worth Living'' was archived separately by Archbishop Sheen, and St. Bernard's School of Theology and Ministry in Rochester, New York is believed to have the entire run of the show in their archives. It is the only [=DuMont=] program whose entire run is suspected to be intact.

Added DiffLines:

* The [[UsefulNotes/EmmyAward 39th Primetime Emmy Awards]] in 1987 were the first to be broadcast on the then-fledging Fox network. Creator/JayLeno joked during the proceedings that the show would be presented on the [=DuMont=] network next year, presumably unaware of the common history of both networks.


It should be noted that Allen B. [=DuMont=], the creator of the network, seemed to realize the benefits of keeping his network's programming library as intact as possible, and admirably did so despite the general practices of the era and the network's own escalating money issues. [[DownerEnding That was for naught, however]], as several of the kinescopes (both 35mm and 16mm ones) were destroyed by 1958 to reclaim the ''tiny'' amounts of silver that were within, and by the early 1970s the remaining library wound up in the hands of ABC, who ultimately loaded most (if not all) of the lot in three trucks and [[MissingEpisode dumped it in New York City's Upper Bay]] to make room in their warehouse for more recent videotapes. This wasn't revealed until 1996, when comedian Edie Adams told a Library of Congress panel on video preservation what she discovered when she went to look for the Dumont programs starring her late husband Creator/ErnieKovacs. As such, only an estimated 350 complete shows by the network survive; Wiki/TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_surviving_DuMont_Television_Network_broadcasts a list]] if you're so inclined, which also includes video links.

to:

It should be noted that Allen B. [=DuMont=], the creator of the network, seemed to realize the benefits of keeping his network's programming library as intact as possible, and admirably did so despite the general practices of the era and the network's own escalating money issues. [[note]](It certainly helped that the network had to heavily rely on distributing their shows via kinescopes ["teletranscriptions" in [[InsistentTerminology DuMont parlance]]] to non-networked UHF affiliates and VHF stations affiliated with other networks that cleared the odd fringe-time slot for [=DuMont=] programs; very few stations could and would broadcast the shows live.)[[/note]] [[DownerEnding That was for naught, however]], as several of the kinescopes (both 35mm and 16mm ones) were destroyed by 1958 to reclaim the ''tiny'' amounts of silver that were within, and by the early 1970s the remaining library wound up in the hands of ABC, who ultimately loaded most (if not all) of the lot in three trucks and [[MissingEpisode dumped it in New York City's Upper Bay]] to make room in their warehouse for more recent videotapes. This wasn't revealed until 1996, when comedian Edie Adams told a Library of Congress panel on video preservation what she discovered when she went to look for the Dumont programs starring her late husband Creator/ErnieKovacs. As such, only an estimated 350 complete shows by the network survive; Wiki/TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_surviving_DuMont_Television_Network_broadcasts a list]] if you're so inclined, which also includes video links.


It should be noted that Allen B. [=DuMont=], the creator of the network, seemed to realize the benefits of keeping his network's programming library as intact as possible, and admirably did so despite the general practices of the era and the network's own escalating money issues. [[DownerEnding That was for naught, however]], as several of the kinescopes (both 35mm and 16mm ones) were destroyed by 1958 to reclaim the ''tiny'' amounts of silver that were within, and by the early 1970s the remaining library wound up in the hands of ABC, who ultimately loaded most (if not all) of the lot in three trucks and dumped it in New York City's Upper Bay to make room in their warehouse for more recent videotapes. This wasn't revealed until 1996, when comedian Edie Adams told a Library of Congress panel on video preservation what she discovered when she went to look for the Dumont programs starring her late husband Creator/ErnieKovacs. As such, only an estimated 350 complete shows by the network survive; Wiki/TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_surviving_DuMont_Television_Network_broadcasts a list]] if you're so inclined, which also includes video links.

to:

It should be noted that Allen B. [=DuMont=], the creator of the network, seemed to realize the benefits of keeping his network's programming library as intact as possible, and admirably did so despite the general practices of the era and the network's own escalating money issues. [[DownerEnding That was for naught, however]], as several of the kinescopes (both 35mm and 16mm ones) were destroyed by 1958 to reclaim the ''tiny'' amounts of silver that were within, and by the early 1970s the remaining library wound up in the hands of ABC, who ultimately loaded most (if not all) of the lot in three trucks and [[MissingEpisode dumped it in New York City's Upper Bay Bay]] to make room in their warehouse for more recent videotapes. This wasn't revealed until 1996, when comedian Edie Adams told a Library of Congress panel on video preservation what she discovered when she went to look for the Dumont programs starring her late husband Creator/ErnieKovacs. As such, only an estimated 350 complete shows by the network survive; Wiki/TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_surviving_DuMont_Television_Network_broadcasts a list]] if you're so inclined, which also includes video links.


It should be noted that Allen B. [=DuMont=], the creator of the network, seemed to realize the benefits of keeping his network's programming library as intact as possible, and admirably did so despite the general practices of the era and the network's own escalating money issues. [[DownerEnding That was for naught, however]], as several of the kinescopes (both 35mm and 16mm ones) were destroyed by 1958 to reclaim the ''tiny'' amounts of silver that were within, and by the early 1970s the remaining library wound up in the hands of ABC, who ultimately loaded most (if not all) of the lot in three trucks and dumped it in New York City's Upper Bay to make room in their warehouse for more recent videotapes. As such, only an estimated 350 complete shows by the network survive; Wiki/TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_surviving_DuMont_Television_Network_broadcasts a list]] if you're so inclined, which also includes video links.

to:

It should be noted that Allen B. [=DuMont=], the creator of the network, seemed to realize the benefits of keeping his network's programming library as intact as possible, and admirably did so despite the general practices of the era and the network's own escalating money issues. [[DownerEnding That was for naught, however]], as several of the kinescopes (both 35mm and 16mm ones) were destroyed by 1958 to reclaim the ''tiny'' amounts of silver that were within, and by the early 1970s the remaining library wound up in the hands of ABC, who ultimately loaded most (if not all) of the lot in three trucks and dumped it in New York City's Upper Bay to make room in their warehouse for more recent videotapes. This wasn't revealed until 1996, when comedian Edie Adams told a Library of Congress panel on video preservation what she discovered when she went to look for the Dumont programs starring her late husband Creator/ErnieKovacs. As such, only an estimated 350 complete shows by the network survive; Wiki/TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_surviving_DuMont_Television_Network_broadcasts a list]] if you're so inclined, which also includes video links.


On March 6, 1986, nearly 30 years after [=DuMont=] folded, the Metromedia TV stations and Metromedia Producers Corp. were purchased by UsefulNotes/RupertMurdoch's News Corporation for $3.5B and became the {{FOX}} network, with the Fox Television Center right where WABD (now WNYW) sits the former [=DuMont=] Tele-Centre (the Metromedia Telecenter during that era, and a set of exterior doors on the building have even retained the 1970s "double M" logo on the handles). Fox's TV division also took over production of Metromedia Producers' ''Series/SmallWonder'', their only series at the time.

to:

On March 6, 1986, nearly 30 years after [=DuMont=] folded, the Metromedia TV stations and Metromedia Producers Corp. were purchased by UsefulNotes/RupertMurdoch's News Corporation for $3.5B and became the {{FOX}} {{Creator/FOX}} network, with the Fox Television Center right where WABD (now WNYW) sits the former [=DuMont=] Tele-Centre (the Metromedia Telecenter during that era, and a set of exterior doors on the building have even retained the 1970s "double M" logo on the handles). Fox's TV division also took over production of Metromedia Producers' ''Series/SmallWonder'', their only series at the time.


The fourth network from the early days of television in the United States, though actually the third to come to the air in 1946. [[note]](ABC was the fourth in 1948. NBC and CBS were first [1941] and second [1941, an hour later the same day] respectively.)[[/note]] It eventually failed, as its problems included an FCC ruling restricting it because of part-ownership by Creator/{{Paramount}} (who also operated their own TV network on the West Coast); not having an associated radio network to bring over programs and performers (and absorb costs); a forced over-dependence on UHF stations in an era when all-channel tuning wasn't required on TV sets (and it wouldn't be until 1964); and aforementioned part-owners Paramount doing little to help the network to overcome these problems, and creating new ones of their own, partly because [[NewMediaAreEvil they feared the impact television would have on their main movie business]]. [[note]]Said fears might've been the reason that, following [=DuMont=]'s fall, they mostly stopped doing television until Gulf+Western bought [[Creator/DesiluStudios Desilu]] in 1967 and renamed it Paramount Television, being the last major film studio to get their own TV division.[[/note]]

to:

The fourth network from the early days of television in the United States, though actually the third to come to the air in 1946. [[note]](ABC was the fourth in 1948. NBC and CBS were first [1941] and second [1941, an hour later the same day] respectively.)[[/note]] It eventually failed, [[NetworkDeath failed ]], as its problems included an FCC ruling restricting it because of part-ownership by Creator/{{Paramount}} (who also operated their own TV network on the West Coast); not having an associated radio network to bring over programs and performers (and absorb costs); a forced over-dependence on UHF stations in an era when all-channel tuning wasn't required on TV sets (and it wouldn't be until 1964); and aforementioned part-owners Paramount doing little to help the network to overcome these problems, and creating new ones of their own, partly because [[NewMediaAreEvil they feared the impact television would have on their main movie business]]. [[note]]Said fears might've been the reason that, following [=DuMont=]'s fall, they mostly stopped doing television until Gulf+Western bought [[Creator/DesiluStudios Desilu]] in 1967 and renamed it Paramount Television, being the last major film studio to get their own TV division.[[/note]]



The only things left to keep the lights on were sporting events per prior commitments, which continued to air sporadically over the next ten months. Following the broadcast of ''Boxing from St. Nicholas Arena'' on August 6, 1956 (one retrospective claims it was only seen on '''five stations'''), [=DuMont=] went bust and the remaining network-owned stations (WABD, New York and WTTG, Washington) spun off into the [=DuMont=] Broadcasting Corporation.

to:

The only things left to keep the lights on were sporting events per prior commitments, which continued to air sporadically over the next ten months. Following the broadcast of ''Boxing from St. Nicholas Arena'' on August 6, 1956 (one retrospective claims it was only seen on '''five stations'''), [=DuMont=] [[NetworkDeath went bust bust]] and the remaining network-owned stations (WABD, New York and WTTG, Washington) spun off into the [=DuMont=] Broadcasting Corporation.


Ironically, Paramount's former theater division, United Paramount Theatres [[note]](forcibly stripped from Paramount proper by the Supreme Court's landmark 1948 ruling ''U.S. v. Paramount'', which was one of the major causes of the FallOfTheStudioSystem)[[/note]], purchased Creator/{{ABC}} in February 1953, and the steady revenue stream from movie theaters helped it quickly leapfrog [=DuMont=] to become the third network.

to:

Ironically, Paramount's former theater division, United Paramount Theatres [[note]](forcibly stripped from Paramount proper by the Supreme Court's landmark 1948 ruling ''U.S. v. Paramount'', which was one of the major causes of the FallOfTheStudioSystem)[[/note]], UsefulNotes/FallOfTheStudioSystem)[[/note]], purchased Creator/{{ABC}} in February 1953, and the steady revenue stream from movie theaters helped it quickly leapfrog [=DuMont=] to become the third network.


[=DuMont=] was also unique in that it employed a potentially-money-saving advertising tactic of letting advertisers '''choose''' where their commercials ran, rather than do what the other three networks did and force a large number of stations on them. They also started the modern practice of selling advertising time to several sponsors per show due to their difficulty in attracting enough sponsors for their programs.

to:

[=DuMont=] was also unique in that it employed a potentially-money-saving advertising tactic of letting advertisers '''choose''' where their commercials ran, rather than do what the other three networks did and force a large number of stations on them. They also started the modern practice of selling advertising time to several sponsors per show due to their difficulty in attracting enough sponsors for their programs.
programs. [[note]]An interesting application of this practice was seen on ''Cavalcade of Stars'': while the program was technically sponsored by Quality Drugs, the company in turn sold their commercial time to various other companies.[[/note]]


As the years progressed, Metromedia purchased more TV and radio stations as well as producing and distributing many series, most notably ''TruthOrConsequences'' and ''Series/TheCrossWits'', plus the 1972-86 era of ''The Creator/MervGriffin Show''. They also distributed many of Creator/AaronSpelling's series in syndication during the era.

to:

As the years progressed, Metromedia purchased more TV and radio stations as well as producing and distributing many series, most notably ''TruthOrConsequences'' ''Series/TruthOrConsequences'' and ''Series/TheCrossWits'', plus the 1972-86 era of ''The Creator/MervGriffin Show''. They also distributed many of Creator/AaronSpelling's series in syndication during the era.

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