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* GruesomeGrandparent: His grandmother was a terribly abusive fundamentalist who would beat him for even minor disobedience, and when in a real bad mood sicked crows on him.


A psychologist who seemed more interesting in studying the fears of patients than in curing them, Crane eventually developed a chemical toxin that when converted into a gas or injected into a victim, creates powerful hallucinations that has its subjects experience their greatest fears. Prolonged exposure to Scarecrow's gas often does drive his victims into madness and in some cases death.

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A psychologist who seemed more interesting interested in studying the fears of patients than in curing them, Crane eventually developed a chemical toxin that when converted into a gas or injected into a victim, creates powerful hallucinations that has its subjects experience their greatest fears. Prolonged exposure to Scarecrow's gas often does drive his victims into madness and in some cases death.



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* ''WesternAnimation/HappyHalloweenScoobyDoo''


* AGodAmI: Alan Grant's "God of Fear" mini-arc (which took place shortly after Azrael had taken over as Batman) portrays him with this personality.

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* AGodAmI: Alan Grant's "God of Fear" mini-arc (which took place shortly after Azrael had taken over as Batman) portrays him with this personality. A student of all the world's mythologies, Dr. Jonathan Crane becomes annoyed that there is no historical record of a god of fear, even though that should be the most obvious god because fear is what sustains the gods. Determined to halt the modern world's "flight from religion," he kidnaps several students from the psychology department at the university where he once taught, [[BrainwashedAndCrazy drugs them until they are totally stripped of their will]], dresses them in scarecrow costumes, gives them plastic skulls containing fear toxin and has them use them to spread chaos throughout various parts of Gotham City, creates [[EvilOverlooker an enormous hologram of himself that he projects against the sky]] to make himself literally look like a god, and orders the Gothamites to officially recognize him as a god or he will destroy the entire city with an entire tanker truck full of his toxin (when in fact he plans to empty the tanker into the city water supply, thus poisoning everyone who uses tap water). While negotiating with him on the phone, Commissioner Gordon tries to get the Scarecrow to see how insane he is acting, pointing out that he is a human being and that, even if Gotham City did declare him a god, he still wouldn't be one. This only enrages the Scarecrow, who, [[InsaneTrollLogic working from completely backwards logic]], says that as a god he is incorruptible, and therefore can't possibly be insane. (That's right: The Scarecrow is so insane, he ''doesn't even know he's insane.'')


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* {{Pheromones}}: He uses these for his SupernaturalFearInducer. [[DependingOnTheWriter Sometimes]] he calls it his '[[IncrediblyLamePun Fearomone]] gas'.


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*SupernaturalFearInducer: Scarecrow uses fear gas to cause hallucinations, paranoia, and even full on panic-induced heart attacks in his victims. Sometimes this overlaps with IKnowWhatYouFear, while other times it's just straight up irrational terror. In fact, during the events of ''ComicBook/BlackestNight'', he was deputized into the [[Characters/GLSinestroCorps Sinestro Corps]], which proves him to be one of the scariest entities in his entire ''space sector!''


* AdaptationalJobChange: Usually, he's a university professor before he turned to crime. In The Dark Knight Trilogy, we first see him as a practicing psychiatrist and expert witness in court.

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* AdaptationalJobChange: Usually, he's a university professor before he turned to crime. In The Dark Knight Trilogy, Film/TheDarkKnightTrilogy, we first see him as a practicing psychiatrist and expert witness in court.the head psychologist of Arkham Asylum.


Scarecrow is a comic book supervillain owned by Creator/DCComics, who primarily appears as a member of Franchise/{{Batman}}'s RoguesGallery. He first appeared in ''World's Finest Comics #3'' (Fall 1940). He was created by Bob Kane, Creator/BillFinger and Jerry Robinson. Dr. Jonathan Crane has been an iconic Batman villain for being the embodiment of NightmareFuel in quite literal ways.

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Scarecrow is a comic book supervillain owned by Creator/DCComics, in the Creator/DCComics universe, who primarily appears as a member of Franchise/{{Batman}}'s RoguesGallery. He first appeared in ''World's Finest Comics #3'' (Fall 1940). He was created by Bob Kane, Creator/BillFinger and Jerry Robinson. Dr. Jonathan Crane has been an iconic Batman villain for being the embodiment of NightmareFuel in quite literal ways.



* AdaptationalJobChange: Usually, he's a university professor before he turned to crime. In The Dark Knight Trilogy, we first see him as a practicing psychiatrist and court consultant.

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* AdaptationalJobChange: Usually, he's a university professor before he turned to crime. In The Dark Knight Trilogy, we first see him as a practicing psychiatrist and court consultant.expert witness in court.

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* CriticalPsychoanalysisFailure: Being a former psychologist with a knack of toying with people's minds, he's been shown doing this from time to time when stuck in Arkham; most notably in his patient interviews in ''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamAsylum''.



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* ''WesternAnimation/HarleyQuinn2019''


A psychologist who seemed more interesting in studying the fears of patients then in curing them, Crane eventually developed a chemical toxin that when converted into a gas or injected into a victim, creates powerful hallucinations that has its subjects experience their greatest fears. Prolonged exposure to Scarecrow's gas often does drive his victims into madness and in some cases death.

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A psychologist who seemed more interesting in studying the fears of patients then than in curing them, Crane eventually developed a chemical toxin that when converted into a gas or injected into a victim, creates powerful hallucinations that has its subjects experience their greatest fears. Prolonged exposure to Scarecrow's gas often does drive his victims into madness and in some cases death.

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* CharacterisationMarchesOn: In his Golden Age appearances he didn't use fear gas, but was simply an extortionist who frightened people with mundane things like guns.


* CompositeCharacter: Though Crane is a psychologist in the comics, his position in ''Begins'' as a corrupt psychologist who partakes in secret, unethical, and illegal activity is often a role reserved for fellow Batman rogue Hugo Strange.

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* CompositeCharacter: Though Crane is a psychologist in the comics, his position in ''Begins'' as a corrupt psychologist who partakes in secret, unethical, and illegal activity is often a role reserved for fellow Batman rogue Hugo Strange. [[PlayingWithATrope Which is funny on itself]], as Crane didn't use fear gas before his reintroduction on the post-crsis, as that was one of the weapons of Strange, meaning that by all intents the Scarecrow is a CompositeCharacter.


[[caption-width-right:250:The Master of Fear]]

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[[caption-width-right:250:The Master of Fear]]
Fear. The Lord of Despair. Cower before him in witless terror.]]


* BastardBastard: At least in the pre-New 52 continuity where he was born in a brief high school fling. This ended up being a SelfFullfillingProphecy on his grandmother's part though due to her fanatical Christian beliefs constantly reminding him in how he was born in sin.

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* BastardBastard: At least in the pre-New 52 continuity where he was born in a brief high school fling. This ended up being a SelfFullfillingProphecy SelfFulfillingProphecy on his grandmother's part though due to her fanatical Christian beliefs constantly reminding him in how he was born in sin.


* ''WesternAnimation/TheBatman''



* ''WesternAnimation/YoungJustice''
* ''WesternAnimation/JusticeLeagueAction''


[[caption-width-right:250:The master of fear]]

Scarecrow is a comic book supervillain owned by Creator/DCComics, who primarily appears as a member of Franchise/{{Batman}}'s RoguesGallery. He first appeared in ''World's Finest Comics #3'' (Fall 1940). He was created by Bob Kane, Creator/BillFinger and Jerry Robinson. Dr. Jonathan Crane has been an iconic Batman villain for being the embodiment of NightmareFuel.

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[[caption-width-right:250:The master Master of fear]]

Fear]]

-> ''"Shhh...it's okay to be afraid."''
-->-- '''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamKnight'''

Scarecrow is a comic book supervillain owned by Creator/DCComics, who primarily appears as a member of Franchise/{{Batman}}'s RoguesGallery. He first appeared in ''World's Finest Comics #3'' (Fall 1940). He was created by Bob Kane, Creator/BillFinger and Jerry Robinson. Dr. Jonathan Crane has been an iconic Batman villain for being the embodiment of NightmareFuel.
NightmareFuel in quite literal ways.

A psychologist who seemed more interesting in studying the fears of patients then in curing them, Crane eventually developed a chemical toxin that when converted into a gas or injected into a victim, creates powerful hallucinations that has its subjects experience their greatest fears. Prolonged exposure to Scarecrow's gas often does drive his victims into madness and in some cases death.

Often seen as one of Batman's darkest villains, Scarecrow made just two appearances in the Golden Age before being shelved and forgotten during the LighterAndSofter Dick Sprang era of TheFifties. He wouldn't be revived until 1967 where a number of writers and editors slowly and gradually sought to return Batman to his darker roots in the late Silver and early Bronze Age of comics. His prominence in Batman's rogues gallery increased substantially since then. On account of his dark aesthetic and general under-representation, he didn't appear in the ''Series/Batman1966'' TV show. He finally achieved a level of cultural fame and renown during TheNineties thanks to several notable appearances in ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheAnimatedSeries'' (including one episode where in response to his hallucinations, Batman utters his famous "I am the night" speech), following which he appeared in Creator/ChristopherNolan's ''Film/TheDarkKnightTrilogy'' where he was portrayed by Creator/CillianMurphy. Likewise, Scarecrow played a prominent role in the ''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamSeries'', becoming the BigBad of the final game of the series.

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