Follow TV Tropes

Following

History Analysis / ArtisticLicenseOrnithology

Go To



* Crows and ravens with [[AmazingTechnicolorWildlife yellow or orange beaks and feet]], as opposed to black ones (with exceptions like the white-billed raven). However, modern works seem to be catching onto this, showing crows and ravens with gray beaks and feet instead.

to:

* Crows and ravens with [[AmazingTechnicolorWildlife yellow or orange beaks and feet]], as opposed to black ones (with exceptions like the white-billed raven).which makes them more closely resemble choughs. However, modern works seem to be catching onto this, showing crows and ravens with gray beaks and feet instead.



to:

* Crows and ravens with [[AmazingTechnicolorWildlife yellow or orange beaks and feet]], as opposed to black ones (with exceptions like the white-billed raven). However, modern works seem to be catching onto this, showing crows and ravens with gray beaks and feet instead.



to:

*Animated farms are often populated by solid brown hens. While brown hens are possible (though rare) like chocolate, dun, or solid red hens, the even shade of medium brown simply isn't possible in real life. Additionally, chocolate, dun, or solid red hens would need to have chocolate, brown, dun, or solid red fathers, and their male counterparts are often particolored instead. Additionally, particolored roosters are often found with white hens, and anyone with an understanding of poultry genetics would know that's not how sexual dimorphism works.


* The belief that a bird eating another bird or their eggs is cannibalism, and sometimes birds will be shown freaking out at the concept. A bird eating another bird is the same as mammals eating other mammals, and some kinds of bird prey on other birds (e.g. eagles, owls, falcons), or eat the eggs and chicks of other species, magpies for example. And let's not get started on the fact that some species of birds indeed have cannibalistic tendencies; chickens are particularly known for this, contrary to popular belief.

to:

* The belief that A bird eating a different species of bird (or their eggs) is sometimes equated to cannibalism, which may cause an avian character to freak out. Birds are an entire class of animals, and with no further context, the term is about as meaningful as "mammal", "fish", or "amphibian", so a bird eating another bird or their eggs is cannibalism, and sometimes birds will could be shown freaking out at the concept. A bird compared to a mammal eating another bird is the same a mammal (such as mammals a lion eating other mammals, and some a gazelle, or a human eating a cow). Some kinds of bird do prey on other birds (e.g. eagles, owls, falcons), or eat the eggs and chicks of other species, magpies for example. And let's not get started on the fact that That said, some species of birds indeed do have cannibalistic tendencies; chickens are particularly known for this, contrary to popular belief.



* The myth that birds explode when they eat rice due to it swelling inside their stomachs is a case of CriticalResearchFailure for one important reason: rice is a kind of grain, a common food source for many, ''many'' herbivorous birds (and people, too - if this myth were true, we'd get a nasty stomachache every time we ate any rice-based foods). If songbirds, cranes, or pigeons can digest wheat or barley seeds without any problems, why not rice as well? This myth most likely arose to discourage throwing rice at weddings, as rice makes a big mess and is difficult to clean up.

to:

* The myth that birds explode when they eat rice due to it swelling inside their stomachs is a case of CriticalResearchFailure ridiculous for one important reason: rice is a kind of grain, a common food source for many, ''many'' herbivorous birds (and people, too - if this myth were true, we'd get a nasty stomachache every time we ate any rice-based foods). If songbirds, cranes, or pigeons can digest wheat or barley seeds without any problems, why not rice as well? This myth most likely arose to discourage throwing rice at weddings, as rice makes a big mess and is difficult to clean up.



** Ostriches are also commonly drawn with a claw on each toe. In real life, only the larger inner toe possesses a claw.
* Female ostriches being [[AnimalGenderBender black like the males]], instead of being gray or brown like in real life. This confusion is maybe due to the fact that ostriches have long eyelashes that are often associated with females.

to:

** * Ostriches are also commonly drawn with a claw on each toe. In real life, only the larger inner toe possesses a claw.
* Female ostriches being [[AnimalGenderBender black like the males]], instead of being gray or brown like in real life. This confusion is maybe may be due to the fact that ostriches have having long eyelashes that are often associated with females.
[[TertiarySexualCharacteristics make them look feminine]] to humans.



* Apparently, it is commonly believed in India that peacocks are asexual and the female conceives by drinking the males tear. This belief is not only incorrect, but ironic, because the birds are actually quite promiscuous. The entire reason the male bird fans his feathers is because he's trying to attract as many females as possible.

to:

* Apparently, it is commonly believed in India that peacocks are asexual and the female conceives by drinking the males tear.male's tears. This belief is not only incorrect, but ironic, because the birds are actually quite promiscuous. The entire reason the male bird fans his feathers is because he's trying to attract as many females as possible.



* For ducks, geese, and other anatids, bread is the StockAnimalDiet in cartoons and movies. It's not healthy for them, though, with little nutrition available; they'd get more mileage out of frozen vegetables or bits of fruit. It's also generally unwise to feed ducks that show up in urban residences, despite tradition - the more they associate us with food, the less afraid of us they'll be, which can make them pests in short order.

to:

* For ducks, geese, and other anatids, bread is the StockAnimalDiet in cartoons and movies. It's not healthy for them, though, with Bread has little nutrition available; nutritional value to them; they'd get more mileage out of frozen vegetables or bits of fruit. It's also generally unwise to feed ducks that show up in urban residences, despite tradition - the more they associate us with food, the less afraid of us they'll be, which can make them pests in short order.



* The dodo is [[DoofyDodo popularly described as stupid]]; in fact the dodo was a member of the pigeon family, which is noted for its intelligence. The reason it died out was because it had no learned fear of humans and no defence against introduced species, particularly rats.

to:

* The dodo is [[DoofyDodo popularly described as stupid]]; in fact the dodo was a member of the pigeon family, which is noted for its intelligence. The reason it died out was because it had no learned fear of humans and no defence against introduced species, particularly rats.rats, things which are a major problem for many other species.



* Pelicans in cartoons are commonly portrayed as having a giant pouch underneath their bills. In reality, these pouches are only prominent when they're filled up, otherwise pelicans have rather thin and pointed bills.

to:

* Pelicans in cartoons are commonly portrayed as having a giant pouch underneath their bills. In reality, these pouches are only prominent when they're filled up, otherwise up; otherwise, pelicans have rather thin and pointed bills.



* Crackers are the StockAnimalDiet for parrots in cartoons and movies. It's not healthy for them in reality, as many crackers are high in sugars, salts, and fats. Polly would want fruits, nuts, seeds, and meat instead.

to:

* Crackers are the StockAnimalDiet for parrots in cartoons and movies. It's This would not be healthy for them in reality, them, as many crackers are tend to be high in sugars, salts, sugar, salt, and fats.fat. Polly would want fruits, nuts, seeds, and meat instead.



* The common portrayal of oxpeckers (i.e. tickbirds) as cleaners for larger mammals have been disputed as of late, since they turned out to be parasites that ''open wounds on said mammals to lap up their blood''. They do eat ticks and fleas though, as one way of getting the blood.

to:

* The common portrayal of oxpeckers Oxpeckers (i.e. tickbirds) as cleaners for larger mammals were once thought to have been disputed a mutually-beneficial relationship with large mammals, acting as of late, since they turned out to be parasites that ''open wounds on said mammals to lap up their blood''. They do "cleaners" who eat ticks and fleas though, as one way fleas. Nowadays, this has come under dispute, and it's believed that they may be blood-drinking parasites too: while they do feed on parasitic bugs, this is only because they're full of getting blood, and they'll gladly get their fill by opening wounds on the blood.animal's back if they have to.


* Due to being [[ScavengersAreScum scavengers]] and having [[EvilMakesYouUgly ugly]] appearances, it is quite common for [[VileVulture vultures to be associated with bad omen and portrayed as evil]]. In reality, vultures are the least aggressive of birds of prey (due to being the most social), and their role as scavengers is ''very'' crucial to an ecosystem because it prevents spreading of diseases such as anthrax or rabies. Although to be fair, some vultures are indeed ferocious, particularly the bearded vulture which is known to drive large mammals (including humans) off of cliffs, but the better-known species are relatively docile and even helpful to other scavengers.

to:

* Due to being [[ScavengersAreScum scavengers]] and having [[EvilMakesYouUgly ugly]] appearances, it is quite common for [[VileVulture vultures to be associated with bad omen and omen, if not portrayed as evil]]. In reality, vultures are the least aggressive of birds of prey (due to being the most social), and their role as scavengers is ''very'' crucial to an ecosystem because it prevents spreading of diseases such as anthrax or rabies. Although to be fair, some vultures are indeed ferocious, particularly the bearded vulture which is known to drive large mammals (including humans) off of cliffs, but the better-known species are relatively docile and even helpful to other scavengers.


* Whoever coined the term "eat like a bird" knew very little about ornithology, and depicting them as eating sparingly (or being fussy) is ''very'' inaccurate. Birds are actually [[BigEater Big Eaters]], some of them eating twice their weight a day because they use up so much energy flying and preserving themselves. These are prey animals (even ones who are themselves predators) so not only do birds have to keep moving to find food, they also have to keep moving to keep themselves safe from predators. To be fast, agile and quick, you need to have energy and that energy comes from food. Birds will constantly eat to maintain that energy so that they have fuel for energy to survive. All of this is taken UpToEleven during cold winter weather; birds will keep their body temperature right (much better than humans, who are more prone to die to freezing itself, can), but that takes such enormous energy, that they have to eat even more than normal to compensate for that. If they don't succeed in that they die, but they aren't killed by the freezing, they're killed by starvation.

to:

* Whoever coined the term "eat like a bird" knew very little about ornithology, and depicting them as eating sparingly (or being fussy) is ''very'' inaccurate. Birds are actually [[BigEater Big Eaters]], some of them eating twice their weight a day because they use up so much energy flying and preserving themselves. These are prey animals (even ones who are themselves predators) so not only do birds have to keep moving to find food, they also have to keep moving to keep themselves safe from predators. To be fast, agile and quick, you need to have energy and that energy comes from food. Birds will constantly eat to maintain that energy so that they have fuel for energy to survive. All of this is taken UpToEleven up a notch during cold winter weather; birds will keep their body temperature right (much better than humans, who are more prone to die to freezing itself, can), but that takes such enormous energy, that they have to eat even more than normal to compensate for that. If they don't succeed in that they die, but they aren't killed by the freezing, they're killed by starvation.


* The belief that a bird eating another bird or their eggs is cannibalism, and sometimes birds will be shown freaking out at the concept. A bird eating another bird is [[ArtisticLicenseBiology the same as mammals eating other mammals]], not to mention that some kinds of bird prey on other birds (e.g. eagles, owls, falcons), and there are plenty of birds who eat the eggs and chicks of other species, magpies for example. And let's not get started on the fact that some species of birds indeed have cannibalistic tendencies; chickens are particularly known for this, contrary to popular belief.

to:

* The belief that a bird eating another bird or their eggs is cannibalism, and sometimes birds will be shown freaking out at the concept. A bird eating another bird is [[ArtisticLicenseBiology the same as mammals eating other mammals]], not to mention that mammals, and some kinds of bird prey on other birds (e.g. eagles, owls, falcons), and there are plenty of birds who or eat the eggs and chicks of other species, magpies for example. And let's not get started on the fact that some species of birds indeed have cannibalistic tendencies; chickens are particularly known for this, contrary to popular belief.


* The dodo is [[DumbDodoBird popularly described as stupid]]; in fact the dodo was a member of the pigeon family, which is noted for its intelligence. The reason it died out was because it had no learned fear of humans and no defence against introduced species, particularly rats.

to:

* The dodo is [[DumbDodoBird [[DoofyDodo popularly described as stupid]]; in fact the dodo was a member of the pigeon family, which is noted for its intelligence. The reason it died out was because it had no learned fear of humans and no defence against introduced species, particularly rats.


* The myth that birds explode when they eat rice due to it swelling inside their stomachs is a case of CriticalResearchFailure for one important reason: rice is a kind of grain, a common food source for many, ''many'' herbivorous birds (and people, too - if this myth were true, we'd get a nasty stomachache every time we ate any rice-based foods). If songbirds, cranes, or pigeons can digest wheat or barley seeds without any problems, why not rice as well?

to:

* The myth that birds explode when they eat rice due to it swelling inside their stomachs is a case of CriticalResearchFailure for one important reason: rice is a kind of grain, a common food source for many, ''many'' herbivorous birds (and people, too - if this myth were true, we'd get a nasty stomachache every time we ate any rice-based foods). If songbirds, cranes, or pigeons can digest wheat or barley seeds without any problems, why not rice as well?
well? This myth most likely arose to discourage throwing rice at weddings, as rice makes a big mess and is difficult to clean up.




!!Pigeons
* The dodo is [[DumbDodoBird popularly described as stupid]]; in fact the dodo was a member of the pigeon family, which is noted for its intelligence. The reason it died out was because it had no learned fear of humans and no defence against introduced species, particularly rats.
* City pigeons being described as wild animals. They're considered feral animals, like feral horses or feral cats, instead of truly wild animals. They're descended from rock pigeons who either got loose or were let go. As a result, they still display a lot of domesticated characteristics (such as a lack of fear towards humans compared to most wild birds).

!!Seabirds



** Pelicans will also be portrayed having only three toes webbed, or no webbing at all. Pelicans, cormorants, boobies, and gannets have all four toes webbed, which is known as a totipalmate foot.

to:

** * Pelicans will also be portrayed having only three toes webbed, or no webbing at all. Pelicans, cormorants, boobies, and gannets have all four toes webbed, which is known as a totipalmate foot.



* The common portrayal of oxpeckers (i.e. tickbirds) as cleaners for larger mammals have been disputed as of late, since they turned out to be parasites that ''open wounds on said mammals to lap up their blood''. They do eat ticks and fleas though, as one way of getting the blood.
* The dodo is [[DumbDodoBird popularly described as stupid]]; in fact the dodo was a member of the pigeon family, which is noted for its intelligence. The reason it died out was because it had no learned fear of humans and no defence against introduced species, particularly rats.
* City pigeons being described as wild animals. They're considered feral animals, like feral horses or feral cats, instead of truly wild animals. They're descended from rock pigeons who either got loose or were let go. As a result, they still display a lot of domesticated characteristics (such as a lack of fear towards humans compared to most wild birds).

to:

* The common portrayal of oxpeckers (i.e. tickbirds) as cleaners for larger mammals have been disputed as of late, since they turned out to be parasites that ''open wounds on said mammals to lap up their blood''. They do eat ticks and fleas though, as one way of getting the blood.
* The dodo is [[DumbDodoBird popularly described as stupid]]; in fact the dodo was a member of the pigeon family, which is noted for its intelligence. The reason it died out was because it had no learned fear of humans and no defence against introduced species, particularly rats.
* City pigeons being described as wild animals. They're considered feral animals, like feral horses or feral cats, instead of truly wild animals. They're descended from rock pigeons who either got loose or were let go. As a result, they still display a lot of domesticated characteristics (such as a lack of fear towards humans compared to most wild birds).
blood.


* Ironically (since they're culturally associated with/in works portrayed as ''[[CreepyCrows evil]]'', if not outright repulsive), the crow family Corvidae (crows, ravens, jays etc.) are generally harmless to people (except when provoked or defending nests, of course). Corvids are also the antithesis of the common usage of "birdbrain" as a synonym for stupidity, and are actually [[CleverCrows the most intelligent birds]]. They're among the few animal species that use tools, they have complex social functioning, and the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurasian_magpie Eurasian Magpie]] is the only non-mammal that [[http://science.sciencemag.org/content/306/5703/1903 recognizes itself in a mirror]].
* Contrary to some fantasy settings (''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'' seems to be the trendsetter here), ravens and crows don't possess the homing abilities of a pigeon and therefore would be pretty useless as messenger birds.

to:

* Ironically (since in Western works, they're culturally associated with/in works portrayed as ''[[CreepyCrows evil]]'', if not outright repulsive), repulsive, though the indigenous Native American cultures portray the ravens as lovable {{Guile Hero}}es), the crow family Corvidae (crows, ravens, jays etc.) are generally harmless to people (except when provoked or defending nests, of course). Corvids are also the antithesis of the common usage of "birdbrain" as a synonym for stupidity, and are actually [[CleverCrows the most intelligent birds]]. They're among the few animal species that use tools, they have complex social functioning, and the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurasian_magpie Eurasian Magpie]] is the only non-mammal that [[http://science.sciencemag.org/content/306/5703/1903 recognizes itself in a mirror]].
* Contrary to some fantasy settings (''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'' seems to be the trendsetter here), ravens and crows don't possess the homing abilities of a pigeon and [[AwesomeButImpractical therefore would be pretty useless as messenger birds.birds]].


* Due to being [[ScavengersAreScum scavengers]] and having [[EvilMakesYouUgly ugly]] appearances, it is quite common for vultures to be associated with bad omen and portrayed as [[VileVulture evil]]. In reality, vultures are the least aggressive of birds of prey (due to being the most social), and their role as scavengers is ''very'' crucial to an ecosystem because it prevents spreading of diseases such as anthrax or rabies. Although to be fair, some vultures are indeed ferocious, particularly the bearded vulture which is known to drive large mammals (including humans) off of cliffs, but the better-known species are relatively docile and even helpful to other scavengers.

to:

* Due to being [[ScavengersAreScum scavengers]] and having [[EvilMakesYouUgly ugly]] appearances, it is quite common for [[VileVulture vultures to be associated with bad omen and portrayed as [[VileVulture evil]]. In reality, vultures are the least aggressive of birds of prey (due to being the most social), and their role as scavengers is ''very'' crucial to an ecosystem because it prevents spreading of diseases such as anthrax or rabies. Although to be fair, some vultures are indeed ferocious, particularly the bearded vulture which is known to drive large mammals (including humans) off of cliffs, but the better-known species are relatively docile and even helpful to other scavengers.


* Due to being [[ScavengersAreScum scavengers]] and having [[EvilMakesYouUgly ugly]] appearances, it is quite common for vultures to be associated with bad omen and portrayed as [[VileVultures evil]]. In reality, vultures are the least aggressive of birds of prey (due to being the most social), and their role as scavengers is ''very'' crucial to an ecosystem because it prevents spreading of diseases such as anthrax or rabies. Although to be fair, some vultures are indeed ferocious, particularly the bearded vulture which is known to drive large mammals (including humans) off of cliffs, but the better-known species are relatively docile and even helpful to other scavengers.

to:

* Due to being [[ScavengersAreScum scavengers]] and having [[EvilMakesYouUgly ugly]] appearances, it is quite common for vultures to be associated with bad omen and portrayed as [[VileVultures [[VileVulture evil]]. In reality, vultures are the least aggressive of birds of prey (due to being the most social), and their role as scavengers is ''very'' crucial to an ecosystem because it prevents spreading of diseases such as anthrax or rabies. Although to be fair, some vultures are indeed ferocious, particularly the bearded vulture which is known to drive large mammals (including humans) off of cliffs, but the better-known species are relatively docile and even helpful to other scavengers.


* Due to being [[ScavengersAreScum scavengers]] and having [[EvilMakesYouUgly ugly]] appearances, it is quite common for vultures to be associated with bad omen and portrayed as evil. In reality, vultures are the least aggressive of birds of prey (due to being the most social), and their role as scavengers is ''very'' crucial to an ecosystem because it prevents spreading of diseases such as anthrax or rabies. Although to be fair, some vultures are indeed ferocious, particularly the bearded vulture which is known to drive large mammals (including humans) off of cliffs, but the better-known species are relatively docile and even helpful to other scavengers.

to:

* Due to being [[ScavengersAreScum scavengers]] and having [[EvilMakesYouUgly ugly]] appearances, it is quite common for vultures to be associated with bad omen and portrayed as evil.[[VileVultures evil]]. In reality, vultures are the least aggressive of birds of prey (due to being the most social), and their role as scavengers is ''very'' crucial to an ecosystem because it prevents spreading of diseases such as anthrax or rabies. Although to be fair, some vultures are indeed ferocious, particularly the bearded vulture which is known to drive large mammals (including humans) off of cliffs, but the better-known species are relatively docile and even helpful to other scavengers.


* Birds being regarded as different animals than dinosaurs. Strictly speaking this is excusable—humans are not generally discussed as being great apes, even though they are—and in common usage "bird" means "the feathered dinosaurs with adaptations for flight". But if a work discusses birds' or dinosaurs' ''evolution'', it really should come to grips with the fact "birds" are just derived theropods. Similarly, some 'ornithologists' believe that birds have nothing to do with dinosaurs. [[http://prumlab.yale.edu/sites/default/files/prum_2003_auk_rebuttal.pdf Their arguments]] [[http://scienceblogs.com/tetrapodzoology/2009/07/17/birds-cannot-be-dinosaurs/ are best ignored]].

to:

* Birds being regarded as different animals than dinosaurs. Strictly speaking In general fiction, this is excusable—humans are not generally discussed as being great apes, even though they are—and in common usage "bird" means "the feathered dinosaurs with adaptations for flight". But if a work discusses birds' or dinosaurs' ''evolution'', it really should come to grips with the fact "birds" are just derived theropods. Similarly, some 'ornithologists' believe that birds have nothing to do with dinosaurs. [[http://prumlab.yale.edu/sites/default/files/prum_2003_auk_rebuttal.pdf Their arguments]] [[http://scienceblogs.com/tetrapodzoology/2009/07/17/birds-cannot-be-dinosaurs/ are best ignored]].


* Cartoon birds tend to be depicted with plantigrade feet (ankles touching the ground), due to mistaking their ankles for a "backwards-pointing" knee. Most birds in real life are digitigrade (walking on their toes), although loons and grebes are plantigrade.

to:

* Cartoon birds tend to be depicted with [[HumanlikeFootAnatomy plantigrade feet feet]] (ankles touching the ground), due to mistaking their ankles for a "backwards-pointing" knee. Most birds in real life are digitigrade (walking on their toes), although loons and grebes are plantigrade.

Showing 15 edit(s) of 46

Top