is an idea that emphasizes "superior race" and seeks preferential treatment and purity of that race. The modern-day Nazi groups, and especially the National Socialist German Workers' Party
of WWII Germany
, have followed this idea to varying extents.
The full term is actually "National Socialism
". At face value, this looks like a blend of nationalism and socialism. But to what degree is it actually aligned with the socialist idea?
The common definition of socialism
involves collective ownership of production/distribution of goods. This term is quite used and and sometimes misconstrued, but people generally understand it to involve governmental role in regulating the economy and perhaps more. In some theories of communism, socialism is supposed to be a transitional stage.
Now, Nazism is recognized as an ideology based on fascism
, which was the basis of Italy of Axis Powers (an ally of Nazi Germany). Fascism is a rather confusingly used term. It is actually opposed
to communism, and despite involving nationalism and governmental control, it seems to have some factors that are tied to capitalism rather than socialism. Nazism's fascist ideology being a socialist one doesn't wholly add up so easily.
Despite this, there are some arguments that do argue that socialism is relevant to Nazism. One example of such argument in this article
(honestly I think this article is too exaggerated). And historically, it looks like the Nazi Party was originally founded on "national socialism". Even if the Nazi Party did become something other than that, the ideology of Nazism continues to be called that. Why is that?