People and societies need organization
. Read that sentence carefully. I said organization
hierarchy. They are not the same.
Now, assuming we've got this society functioning and stable (the hard part), there's a relatively easy workaround. The economy is organized by communes and co-ops? Simply treat each co-op and commune as a nation without borders, like the old Catholic Church, and allow them to recognize people with multiple "citizenships" - you can be a member/citizen of as many anarchist co-ops and communes as you so wish, and individual communes/co-ops can negotiate the travel of their members abroad or the sale of their goods in foreign markets accordingly. Ditto for interactions with the UN: the UN wouldn't like it because dealing with a dozen co-ops instead of one unified country is much messier, but that's their issue.
As for the protection of natural resources, any anarchist society will have to come to a popular consensus on how to harvest natural resources and prevent tragedies of the commons. It should not be so much more difficult for popular militias to enforce these guidelines than it is for them to enforce the rule "don't go around slaughtering people in the streets". As for protecting natural resources from outside powers, that's going to inevitably a challenge for any anarchist society. Sure outsiders may claim that a lack of recognition in international law allows them to go in and take what they want, but if you've paid any attention to world history, international law hasn't done much to prevent those with the power from going in and taking what they want. Those popular militias just better brush up on their asymmetrical warfare tactics and hope they can make a resource war too expensive for an invading power to bother. Considering what we've learned about insurgency effectiveness in even the last 50 years, this might very well be possible. It will come down to logistics, terrain, and manpower though. Always does.
Indeed. All it takes to destroy an anarchist society is one man with the means to inflict force on others. These days it's with a gun. That only gets harder to contain if you have somebody willing to work for said force-user or worse allies from without helping him/her.
Government, even minimal government prevents this.
Wrong on two counts. First of all, you're assuming a rejection of force on the part of the anarchists. These are not necessarily Suicidal Pacifism
communes we're dealing with here. An anarchist society can easily recognize a few basic principles by which force can be justified (self-defense, for starters). Second, government does not prevent this. Indeed, it enables this, merely organizing who uses the force.
edited 30th Dec '11 10:42:35 AM by RadicalTaoist