These are what we call the 'YMMV items.' Things that some people find in this work. We call them 'your mileage might vary' because not everyone sees these things in the same way. This starts discussions in the trope lists, a thing we don't want. Please use the discussion page if you'd like to discuss any of these items.
Fair for Its Day: Phenomenally so in its treatment of women. Socrates, while by no means devoid of certain questionable attitudes, emphasizes several times (among other things) that the Guardians and Auxiliaries may be male or female, directly stating that women are just as capable of possessing the required virtues (justice, courage, fortitude, intelligence, et cetera) as men. Consider that it would be more than 2000 years before women would even achieve suffrage, and his argument becomes pretty damn impressive... that said, it's fairly depressing that that alone merits a description as "impressive"...
Values Dissonance: Values have changed since the days of ancient Greece, to put it mildly.