Alternate Character Interpretation: Some consider the titular characters cowards; after all, it's not like they do anything to actually help the child. At most, they're conscientious objectors. It's possible they're forbidden or otherwise unable to do anything more than leave, but the story doesn't say either way.
Applicability: The story can be considered a commentary on everything from sweatshops to the bystander effect.
Awesome Moments: "They keep walking, and walk straight out of the city of Omelas, through the beautiful gates..."