[[folder: TV Series]]
* AdaptationDisplacement: ''Little House on the Prairie'' is the catchall name for the franchise these days, despite it being only one of many books with different titles.
** The pilot for the series was a more-or-less straightforward adaptation of the book ''Little House on the Prairie.'' The series itself began with the setting and stories of ''On the Banks of Plum Creek.'' Things like Mary's blindness, Miss Wilder teaching school, and Laura's marriage are from the post-''Plum Creek'' books, which all took place in De Smet, in what would later become South Dakota.
* AlternateCharacterInterpretation: Nellie Oleson may be a SpoiledBrat, but there is massive evidence to suggest the television version of Laura is actually worse, both as a child and an adult. Examples:
** She becomes angry that her newborn brother is taking Pa's attention, and rather than owning up to it, she [[IWishedYouWereDead prays for his death.]] Granted, [[spoiler: this does not ''cause'' the baby to die]], but it makes you feel less sympathetic toward her when she runs away as a result.
** As a matter of fact, Laura can be bratty any time someone seems to "steal" Pa's affection from her. For one, she reacts pretty badly to Albert after [[spoiler: his adoption and journey to Walnut Grove.]]
** Laura covets a music box from Oleson's store, steals it, and lies about it. Nellie then blackmails Laura, which includes forcing her to participate in cruelty toward Anna, a friend who has a stutter. Nellie is justly punished, but Laura is never punished for stealing, ostensibly because she had nightmares due to her guilt. It's unlikely many 1800s parents, and even modern ones, would respond this way.
** During Part 1 of "I'll Be Waving as You Drive Away," Laura becomes angry with Mary and says she hates her because allegedly, Mary "stole" her boyfriend (an older boy who only liked Laura as a friend). Later, Laura puts up a fuss when Caroline asks her to mop up a broken lamp (Mary had moved it too close to a book because of her failing eyes, and a chair had caught fire). Let us emphasize: Laura did not focus on the fire, nor did she even ask if Mary was okay. She ''also'' never seemed to put together that Mary might be unwell or going through severe stress. At the time, Laura is at least 12 and old enough to act more mature.
** During "Enchanted Cottage," Mary discovers she can distinguish between light and dark. An eye doctor appointment reveals [[spoiler: she can't; she's responding to the heat of sun and indoor lights.]] Laura is understandably shaken, but focuses on her own emotions more than Mary's. ''Mary'' ends up comforting and reassuring ''Laura,'' who again never seems to put together that she might be suffering emotionally.
** As an adult, Laura comes to believe Nellie is trying to steal Almanzo. Her response is to get into a knock-down, hair-pulling fight with Nellie. This is a ''grown woman'' we are talking about.
** During the season 8 opener, Laura finds out [[spoiler: she will be raising her niece Jenny, because Jenny's father is dying.]] Jenny responds by asking Rev. Alden about Heaven and[[spoiler: attempting to drown herself so she can go there to be with her parents.]] Laura is understandably anguished, but does not attempt to comfort Jenny at all. Instead, she yells at and lectures her, forgetting that one, [[spoiler: this child is depressed and suicidal]] and two, she probably does not understand the implications of her actions.
*** In short, Laura Ingalls may be an innocent, wholesome protagonist--or she may be a brat with a hot temper and an ElectraComplex who, in particular, can't stand to have any important man in her life, not just her father, show kindness toward another female.
* FoeYay: Laura and Nellie, whose rivalry defined much of their youth. In a later ep., when mellowed, married Nellie visits (and deals with her clone Nancy, see below), Nellie jokes with Laura about getting into a fistfight.
** In a musical version, Nellie sings mournfully about her life 'Without An Enemy' once Laura leaves to teach.
* HarsherInHindsight: Laura did not pray for the good health of her newborn baby brother, [[spoiler: and he died very soon after.]] When Laura had a baby boy of her own, [[spoiler:''he'' died, too! And so fast that she didn't get to name her child!]]
* LikeYouWouldReallyDoIt: Jenny. She's not a LittlestCancerPatient, but the writers seemed bent on killing her for some sadistic reason. Every time they got close, though, she survived.
* MostAnnoyingSound: "EEEEEEEEELMEEEEEEERRRRR!"
** There's also Nancy's "You haaaaaaaaaate me!" or "he hates me/she hates me/they hate me" every time she doesn't get her way or is expected to obey a rule or do a chore.
** Actually, the sound of Nellie's music box in the eponymous episode of 1977 counts as well, especially after it breaks.
* NightmareFuel: For a show supposedly purporting wholesome family values, this one had a ''lot'' of it. Dead children and babies, fires, rapists, gunfire, rampaging packs of feral dogs, drug addiction and withdrawal, disease...they spared the audience ''nothing'' about the harshness of life back then.
** Don't forget Laura's nightmares in "The Music Box." The middle one in particular, where she's starving in prison while Nellie laughs maniacally and chomps on a chicken leg in front of her, is downright creepy.
** The notorious two part "Sylvia" episode tops them all. It's shot like a slasher movie.
* NarmCharm: To many modern viewers, one of the only reasons to watch. The other being Michael Landon's perm. Or [[EnsembleDarkhorse Mr. Edwards.]]
* ReplacementScrappy: Nancy for Nellie.
* TheScrappy: ''Albert''.
* TastesLikeDiabetes: Mrs. Thayer teaching style... oy vey.
* TearJerker: Ooh boy howdy yeah. The moment when Mary's vision goes completely is probably the nadir, though. Her father holding her as she wails inconsolably at the moment they'd been dreading all this time...
** After the death of her baby brother, Laura climbs up to the highest point she can find and prays to God to take her life to bring her brother back. She tells God that her Pa always wanted a boy, and that God had a boy and so God might like to have a little girl too.
* ValuesDissonance: [[AnAesop The Aesop]] veers back and forth between modern values and prairie values being heralded as superior.
** Albert sleeping in the same bed with Laura would raise some eyebrows nowadays. They weren't pubescent quite yet, but weren't far from it, and although the family did adopt him, he was not biologically her brother.
* TheWoobie: Mary. And Sylvia.
[[folder: Book Series]]
* CoolBigSis: Laura, to Carrie and Grace. Alice to Almanzo.
* [[CoolUncle Cool Uncle [=/=] Cool Aunt]]: Aunt Lottie, Aunt Docia, and Uncle George are this in Laura's POV, and later Uncle Tom, who shows up in De Smet with a dramatic story about traveling through the Badlands looking for gold. Eliza Jane and Mary became this to Rose.
* HarsherInHindsight: The end of ''These Happy Golden Years'' can become this, after reading ''The First Four Years''. Caroline frets about Laura deciding to get married in her new black cashmere dress, because it invites bad luck. The Wilders are initially quite optimistic about their future, but the first years of their marriage turn out to be one almost-unmitigated disaster. Drought causes their crops to continually fail, they both come down with diphtheria (which gives Almanzo a ''stroke'', leaving him dependent on a cane for the rest of his life), their infant son dies, and then their house burns down and they subsequently lose both claims. If it weren't based on real events, in which Laura and Almanzo managed to build a new life after moving to Missouri, it would be a complete ShootTheShaggyDog story. Even then, Laura had been happy to live on the claim because it meant she was close to her beloved family, and after moving she was only able to visit her family once more before [[TearJerker her darling Pa dies]].
** Laura's rather critical of and dissatisfied with her own appearance; she envies Nellie Oleson her blonde hair and tall, willowy figure, as she herself is quite short, plump and brunette. In reality, she was a very [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/10/Laura_Ingalls_Wilder.jpg pretty]] [[http://www.notablebiographies.com/images/uewb_10_img0726.jpg girl]].
** Runs in the family. In the Rose Years, when Rose is watching her mother get dressed up to see the banker about the farm they want to buy, she muses to herself that Laura is considered the prettiest of her sisters. And when Caroline saw a mirror after a long trip, she wondered why anyone could call her a pretty girl.
** In "Little Town in the Ozarks" 13 yr. old Rose feels plain-looking and later in her teens admits to herself about how she hated her chubby cheeks.
* HoYay: Almanzo and Cap, for some.
* NightmareFuel: Mostly in the form of the ridiculously varied and unpredictable dangers of living on the unsettled prairie. The whole family bedridden with malaria at the same time with no one around to help until the nearest neighbors happen to check on them; all the times anyone gets stranded out in a blizzard and nearly doesn't make it back (or actually doesn't, in some secondhand stories), especially when it's made clear just how close someone could be to shelter and not even know it; the tornadoes, the fire, and most of all the "grasshopper weather." And although there's an almost oppressively civilized, Victorian tone to a lot of the social interaction in the books, TheWildWest creeps in here and there: the railroad workers in ''By the Shores of Silver Lake'', particularly the mob that nearly attacks Pa; the story of a homesteader who left his farm briefly and came back to find a squatter there who shot him dead; and even Mrs. Brewster, the wife in the family Laura stays with when she's teaching school, who is so homesick and stir-crazy from isolation (and she's possibly bipolar, from the description) that she's become dysfunctional and abusive to her husband and threatens him with a butcher knife one night ("If I can't go home one way, I can another").
* ShipTease: There were some hints that Cap Garland had an interest in Laura.
** The leeches in Plum Creek.
** Mice chew off some of Pa's hair as he sleeps.
** The grasshoppers, especially when they crawl over baby Carrie.
** The death of Laura's son, especially so close after her and Almanzo's diphtheria, which was followed by Almanzo having a ''stroke''. Modern medical theory is that the baby was conceived too soon after the diphtheria and died as a result.
** Comes up again in the ''The Rose Years'', when the Wilders attend the funeral of their hired man's infant son. Both Almanzo and Laura are wracked with grief, Laura admitting that what struck the the hardest was hearing the preacher read the baby's name--the Wilders' son died before they gave him one.
** The end of ''Little House on the Prairie'', when Charles Ingalls muses on "how much fun the rabbits will have eating the garden" which they planted but have been forced to leave behind, along with their house and at least a years' work on their homestead.
** The death of Jack the bulldog.
** Laura being extremely homesick after she leaves for the first time to teach.
** Laura and Almanzo moving to Missouri means the chance for a better life, but she had loved the first claim because it meant she was extremely close to her family. She was only able to to visit her family once after she moves, and it's not until Rose is a teenager.
** Pa's death in the sequel series.
* UnfortunateImplications: The series' portrayal of Native Americans is... complicated. Pa talks about the Osage with respect but also doesn't mind building a claim on their land. Other characters taken an even dimmer view of the "savages", with multiple people repeating the infamous quote "The only good Indian is a dead Indian." For obvious reasons, many modern readers see this as highly problematic.
* ValuesDissonance: Laura's youth at the beginning of her and Almanzo's courtship wasn't at all unusual in the 1880's (she was 15 and he 25, which would garner a visit from Chris Hansen in today's world, but back then many, many women were married before the age of 20; if you were still single at 25 odds are people called you a spinster). FridgeLogic can hit that with a potential case of SurpriseCreepy, though, when you consider he first met her when she was thirteen, and wonder just how much of a conscious JailBaitWait went on there. ''Laura'' [[FailedASpotCheck failed her spot check]] when he first started courting her, but Ma definitely wasn't happy about it, precisely because Laura was only fifteen. Fortunately for Almanzo, Pa didn't seem to have any problem with it, but read from an adult 21st century perspective (especially a parental perspective), it can seem unintentionally creepy.
** The blackface minstrel show -- complete with jaunty assurance that "These darkies can't be beat!" -- in ''Little Town on the Prairie'', in which Pa takes part. Not precisely intentional; while the real Laura's experience with actual people of colour was severely limited, it seems to have been amicable. Back in that era, one didn't need to be overtly racist to find that kind of thing hilarious. The UnfortunateImplications didn't show up until several decades after the books were written.
** On a lighter note, the parenting styles on display in both the Ingalls and Wilder families, with their extreme emphasis on self-discipline and frequent reference to whippings, are liable to strike modern readers as serious overkill. Laura is reminded constantly that adults -- 'ladies' especially -- do ''not'' allow their emotions to show in public. And when little Almanzo gets too close to a hole during ice-cutting and nearly drowns, he is told ''immediately post-rescue'' that he deserves severe punishment for his carelessness, though the punishment does not follow. Pa also whips a 5-year-old Laura as punishment.
*** See particularly both Ma and Pa's response to Laura's kerfuffle with Eliza Jane Wilder during Miss Wilder's stint as Laura's schoolteacher in ''Little Town on the Prairie''. Miss Wilder's treatment of Laura, and especially her harrassment of Laura's little sister Carrie, is unprofessional, patently unfair, and in Carrie's case borderline abusive; nevertheless, both parents chastise Laura for acting out in protest, and Ma tells Laura point-blank that she should never criticize her teacher.
*** At one point in ''Little House On The Prairie'', Pa gives Mary and Laura a stern lecture for even ''thinking'' about disobeying him(though they didn't actually do so). Although, to be fair, in that case it might have gotten their dog killed. A couple of Native men had gone into the house looking for food and supplies. Pa had told them not to untie Jack, who hated strangers. If Jack had bitten one of the strange men, they would have killed Jack and caused MANY more problems.
** See also the Wilder parents' horror when Royal decides he's sick of the whole 'get up at 5am and work until sundown' gig and wants to become a storekeeper, instead of a 'free and independent' farmer.
** The eponymous Little House on the Prairie was built in the middle of Injun Country: Pa basically found a spot he liked and started building his house. The Native Americans whose land this was are less than pleased, and feel they have a right to come in and take anything they want. This is shown as being a terrible thing to have happened -- not wholly unreasonably at the time, since the Ingalls have put a lot of work into their claim but in modern hindsight, that Pa is squatting on their land is a ''lot'' more evocative.
** One early edition of ''Little House on the Prairie'' described the local Native Americans, then ended with "There were no people. Only Indians lived there." Upon receiving a letter that this implied the Native Americans were not people, Laura and Rose wrote back to the publisher that was ''certainly'' not meant to be the implication, and the sentence was changed to "There were no settlers."
** Pa's obsession with moving in general. At the beginning of ''Little House on the Prairie'', the reason given for the move from the Big Woods is that it's gotten too crowded -- the definition of "too crowded" being that the Ingallses sometimes, without trying, encounter people they are not related to. After multiple moves and much traveling, Pa's attitude doesn't change, and Laura clearly demonstrates that it's hereditary. The only thing keeping them in place once they hit De Smet is that Charles long ago promised Caroline that he'd ensure their kids got a proper education.
** Women's rights comes up a couple of times near the end of the series. Laura-the-Author never quite passes judgment on the idea, although Laura-the-character says she doesn't want to vote, she's just independent and not comfortable vowing to obey her husband against her better judgment. So Laura demands to be treated as a free-thinking individual by her husband, yes, but is still content as a housewife and stay-at-home mom-- though she did, historically, work outside the home in different ways throughout her marriage-- as a dressmaker, loan officer, bookkeeper, and writer, at different points in time.
* WhatAnIdiot: All of Eliza Jane's actions in ''Little Town on the Prairie'' and ''These Happy Golden Years''. First is as an EstablishingCharacterMoment for Laura-- Almanzo had given [[JerkWithAHeartOfGold his thoughts on his sister]] in ''Farmer Boy''-- she immediately takes away the desk that Mary Powers and Minnie were promised when Nellie Oleson demands it, which sows discontent. Then, after hearing from Nellie that Laura was "bragging" about her father being on the school board, she takes out her fury on Laura [[MisplacedRetribution and Carrie]] instead of talking to Charles about Laura's supposed arrogance and letting him handle it given the ValuesDissonance mentioned above. Not to mention she listened to Nellie and believed her [[VillainsNeverLie without considering the source]] which a teacher as a ReasonableAuthorityFigure isn't supposed to do when there are two sides to a story. Making Carrie rock the chair when Carrie's too weak, and sending The Ingalls home when she rocks the chair so loudly that no one can concentrate, is TheLastStraw for the boys in Laura's class, who rebel on her behalf. As a result of these cascading actions, Eliza Jane leaves rather abruptly after the school board barges in on her class suffering disruption, belatedly telling Charles what Nellie told her after the damage has been done. Her two replacements are ''far'' better, which shows how stupid her actions were. Then, a few years later, when her brother is marrying Laura, she has the bright idea of convincing her mother to come to the West and force Almanzo to have a church wedding that no one can afford, which forces Laura and Almanzo to have a rushed, small ceremony with only two witnesses. This means she misses her brother's wedding and doesn't mend any bridges with Laura as a result.
** Continues in ''The Rose Years.'' Eliza Jane got married and moved to Louisiana, and tries to convince her entire family to move down there with her and try rice farming. Laura speculates that she's lonely, but she and Almanzo stay put, since they're still trying to recover from the long disaster that was their first four years of marriage. E.J. does convince her brother Perley, sister Laura, and Mother and Father Wilder to move down there, and at her urging, Father invests his entire fortune in rice farming... and loses it all. Neither he nor Mother recover from the shock, and he died fairly shortly afterward.