Why should we listen to the Houyhnhnm? They're horses, who gives a crap?
Gulliver's misfortunes are intentional and he prefers being In Harm's Way. He secretly loves his arduous trips, hence why he spends very little time at home before he leaves for sea, intending to be shipwrecked again. Or maybe he just hates the missus.
The surreal events of the book combined with Gulliver's increasing misanthropy raises many questions about his mental health and how reliable he is as a narrator. There has been some speculation regarding how much of the story actually happened and how much is just in his head.
Whether the Houyhnhnms are meant to satire the Enlightenment of the 18th-century or they really are Swift's idea of the perfect society has been debated by scholars for years. Given the theme of the rest of the book, it's most likely the first one.
Anvilicious: Swift isn't shy about hiding his contempt for the English society of his day, or for human beings in general. However, what kind of society he advocates as a better alternative (or even whether he thinks a better alternative is possible) remains hotly contested.
Part two describes Brobdingnag as being located in a part of the world which was not known to Europe at the time. Now we call it Alaska. Aside from the size; Brobdingnag is stated to be about twice the size of Africa.
The invention that randomly combines words so that "the most ignorant person, at a reasonable charge, and with a little bodily labour, might write books in philosophy, poetry, politics, laws, mathematics, and theology, without the least assistance from genius or study". Today, we call this Wikipedia. Or perhaps SCIgen would be a more literal analogue.
A situation where a man walking on the road is so immersed in other matters, that he constantly needs to be slapped so that he won't be ran over. Has no time for his wife, but who cares? So long as he can distract himself, he won't notice his wife cheating on him right before his eyes. The modern term is "smartphones".
In Chapter Three of "A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib, and Japan", Gulliver mentions that the Laputans have discovered "two lesser stars, or satellites, which revolve about Mars". In 1877, Phobos and Deimos were discovered.
In the second part, Gulliver describes how he saw an execution by beheading. His eight year old "nanny" was brought along. Back then, having children watch justice being served even in much gorier ways than simple beheading was no more controversial than an anti-drug video shown in school today.
In the fourth part, after Gulliver barely escapes a Yahoo female who tried to rape him, he casually mentions she was eleven. Today, few books would dare write about a girl of eleven (even a savage one) having a libido and attempting to initiate sex with a man of fifty.
Cult Classic: For all of its faults, the film was popular in its heyday and still an enjoyable cartoon romp today, and it's remembered fondly enough to be considered a legitimate classic. It helps that the film is one of the very few animated features to be in the Public Domain, thus making it an easily accessible staple of classic animation.
Dork Age: This film is considered the beginning of the end for the Fleischer Studios.
Ear Worm: "All's Well", "It's A Hap-Hap-Happy Day", and "Bluebirds in the Moonlight".
Nightmare Fuel: The shot where Gabby stumbles across Gullivers enormous hand, and where he runs away and sees the giant form in the distance.
Romantic Plot Tumor: A damn good portion of the movie is spent emphasizing on David and Glory's love for one another and their wedding, and they barely even get any real screentime or non-singing dialogue! Their wedding is LITERALLY only in the beginning to start up the conflict, but the thing is Glory and David have no personality beyond loving each other and don't get to really talk till the very end of the movie, so the whole wedding plot comes off as this super contrived just to shoehorn in a reason for war.
The Scrappy: You won't find many fans of Gabby. He's an attempt to mix the comic relief of the Seven Dwarfs (his design looks like a bargain basement knockoff of them, and he's even voiced by one of their actors, Pinto Colvig) with the temper of Donald Duck into one character, but he has none of the likable qualities of either. He's a self-important and whiny nuisance who contributes almost nothing to the story (beyond leading the Lilliputians to Gulliver and warning them of Bombo's surprise attack) and he just comes off as an annoying and unpleasant person in general (although in fairness, he's not all that well liked in-universe either). And to say nothing of his shrill "nails on chalkboard" voice. His follow up short cartoons, which put him in the center of focus, only made it even more obvious how unappealing of a character he is.