These are what we call the 'YMMV items.' Things that some people find in this work. We call them 'your mileage might vary' because not everyone sees these things in the same way. This starts discussions in the trope lists, a thing we don't want. Please use the discussion page if you'd like to discuss any of these items.
Fridge Horror: Nobody knows how long Sam's species lives, because nobody's ever lived long enough to die a natural death. Sam is already considered old by his species' standards, so he could die in the next month.
Genius Bonus: When Winston is talking about "dots," little mini-ecosystems with dead land between them, some of which die, and others of which will eventually cover the whole planet, common patterns from Conway's Game of Life are shown in the background. See here for details.
Values Dissonance: According to Sam (and Word of God backs him up), his race evolved as scavengers so stealing and deception is in his genes. It's considered among his people a survival trait to be able to deny resources to competing tribes.