Yosemite Sam is a cartoon character starring in ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'' and ''Merrie Melodies''. Having an intense hatred of rabbits, he is an ArchEnemy of WesternAnimation/BugsBunny.

Yosemite Sam was introduced in 1945 by Creator/FrizFreleng as a less sympathetic enemy for Bugs Bunny than the rather mellow and well-mannered WesternAnimation/ElmerFudd. As an aggressive jerk with a fondness for shootin', Sam gives Bugs moral license to unleash his KarmicTrickster on him without losing any audience sympathy. Sam was one of the rare characters to see exclusive use by only one of the Termite Terrace directors - his creator, Freleng. He never appeared in any Jones or [=McKimson=] cartoons, with one exception: ''Hare-Abian Nights", a ClipShow directed by Ken Harris (an animator from Jones' unit) featuring archive footage from Freleng shorts.

Sam has been portrayed either as a prospector, outlaw, pirate, cowboy, {{black knight}}, etc., depending on the cartoon, sometimes with different alias if the setting isn't based on Western. At heart, he stays a (usually gunslinging) cowboy, anyway.

Chuck Jones had a great-uncle who used to stay with his family sometimes; he was a retired Texas Ranger, short, redheaded, with an huge mustache and a hair-trigger temper, and generally thought to be the model of Sam. Others, however, say it was Creator/FrizFreleng himself who was the model for Sam, himself a short, mustachioed man with a large nose and (according to his daughter) a very bad temper.

!! Yosemite Sam (and his cartoons) have shown the following tropes:

* AdaptationalHeroism: In ''WesternAnimation/TheLooneyTunesShow'', where he's no longer such a jerkass and obeys the laws about not firing off his guns at random. According to his musical "Blow My Stack", he's taken several jobs to try and keep his temper under control, but he's just not able to hold himself back.
* {{Angrish}}: "Raggar fraggar friggin frazzer" is one of his catchphrases. He turns it UpToEleven in From Hare To Heir.
* ArchEnemy: Bugs Bunny is this to him, but it doesn't work both ways (Bugs' arch-enemy being Elmer Fudd)
* AttackAttackRetreatRetreat: "Bunker Hill Bunny": Yosemite Sam charges towards Bugs Bunny's fortress... only to run inside huge cannon. As soon as he realizes this, he screams "Retreat!". Doubles as an OhCrap moment.
* BadassBoast: At the start of almost every cartoon he's in.
* BadassMoustache: Yosemite Sam sports a huge muttonchop mustache, along with a smaller beard. He even has a musical in ''WesternAnimation/TheLooneyTunesShow'' where it ''sings to him'' about being his lifelong friend and persuading him to never shave it. In the song, it also displays PrehensileHair abilities, complete with punching out WesternAnimation/DaffyDuck for laughing at Sam getting knocked down. In the same show, it's revealed he's had it since he was a baby.
* BadBoss: He is sometimes shown to be this he is shown beating or shooting his men for their failures. In one short sounds of beating and shooting come from his ship, and a man covered in bruises and tattered clothes runs out of the ship, telling the audience "I was a human being once".
* {{Bandito}}: Sam appears as Mexican bandito 'Pancho Vanilla' in the WesternAnimation/SpeedyGonzales short "Pancho's Hideaway".
* {{Catch Phrase}}s: "I hates rabbits." / "Great [[AccidentalInnuendo horny]] toads!"
* TheChewToy: Obviously, being one of Bugs's enemies.
* ADayInTheLimelight: ''Honey's Money'', the only short to feature Sam as the main protagonist and not contain any other Looney Tunes characters.
* {{Determinator}}: He is capable of facing some of the biggest repeated defeats in his shorts and he always comes back for more.
* EvilRedhead: Quite obviously combined with FieryRedhead.
* {{Expy}}: The Creator/DePatieFrelengEnterprises short ''Panchos Hideaway'' features the bandit Pancho Vanilla, in terms of personality, role and design, Pancho's largest differences are his darker facial hair and Mexican accent.
* FiringInTheAirALot: Sam will enter the scene shooting every which way, including propelling himself up in the air by firing down.
* GracefulLoser: In "Bunker Hill Bunny", after being soundly defeated by Bugs, he admits he's a "Hessian without no aggression" and decides to defect to Bugs' side in the end.
* TheGunslinger: Sam is most commonly a trigger-happy gunslinger.
* HairTriggerTemper: His [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3MYiIYBzrsc&list=PLFPBJZerHfE6WfVvdco9ucjM_s92Dd7G5&index=3 first musical number, "Blow My Stack"]] in ''WesternAnimation/TheLooneyTunesShow'' even revolves around it. The 1960 short "From Hare to Heir" has Bugs exploit Yosemite's problems with anger management by deducting from his 1 million pound inheritance for each time he is observed (or even rumored to be) losing his temper (of course, with Bugs aggravating him at every turn).
* HenpeckedHusband: He accidentally turns out to be one to a wealthy shrew in "Honey's Money". He ultimately decides the money is worth the abuse.
* HiddenDepths: In ''WesternAnimation/TheLooneyTunesShow'', where he admits to having worked at a library, is implied to practice meditation to try and control his temper, and attends Anger Management classes. At the end of ''You Got Hate Mail'', before angrily kicking out a book club, he [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qeWP8_vBZdg gives them a very accurate summary]] as to why their new novel protagonist fails to be a meaningful character.
* IdiotBall:
** Yosemite Sam digging for "buried treasure" on bottom of a ship... [[WhatAnIdiot what a maroon.]]
** "Mutiny on the Bunny" is only the tip of the iceberg.
* IHaveManyNames: Shanghai Sam, Sam von Schmamm, Riff-Raff Sam, Sam Schultz, etc.
* IneffectualSympatheticVillain: Ironically offered as little a challenge to Bugs as Elmer at times. While designed to be a case downplayed from Elmer Fudd, his zeal and abuse still makes him somewhat pitiful.
* ItIsPronouncedTroPAY: Sam pronounces "Yosemite" as "Yo-sam-ity".
* {{Jerkass}}: Created for the purpose of being more belligerent than Elmer, giving Bugs a more menacing opponent (or at the very least a palpable AssholeVictim) he could look heroic against.
* KnightOfCerebus: Pre-VillainDecay, he was this [[DownplayedTrope compared]] to Elmer Fudd, as Elmer was an IneffectualSympatheticVillain and Yosemite Sam acted out of malice.
* LargeHam: Practically all of his dialogue can be presented in all caps.
* TheNapoleon: Initially lots of jokes were about his height, and he sure is irascible.
* NewJobAsThePlotDemands: Never seems to have the same profession twice. He's not even a cowboy half the time.
* NiceHat: A very large, light-colored cowboy hat.
* NoIndoorVoice: He yells a lot.
* OhCrap: In "Roman Legion-Hare", after bonking a lion over the head with a club for roaring at him, when the lion roars at him again after Bugs opens his cage, Yosemite Sam begins hitting him over the head with the club again, until he realizes the cage is open.
-->"How many times do I have to tell...''(slowly realizes the cage is open)'' you... to...''(stops hitting the lion)''shut... up?"
* PsychopathicManchild: Has the stature and temperament of a child, but packs heat (and a mighty fine 'stache, to boot).
* RecycledINSPACE: Has appeared in almost every stock villain role throughout his run, albeit always maintaining his bandit mask and western dialect. It literally happens in "Lighter Than Hare".
* SensitiveGuyAndManlyMan: Out of Bugs' most notable enemies, Sam's Manly Man and Elmer's Sensitive Guy. Clearly based on temperament.
* VillainyFreeVillain: Though normally a true villain, in "Big House Bunny" he's a police officer who thinks Bugs Bunny is a prisoner trying to escape, when Bugs had only ended up there after taking a wrong turn at Albuquerque.
* WorthIt: Played straight in “WesternAnimation/HoneysMoney” (see its own entry); subverted in “Hare Trimmed” (when he beats a hasty retreat at the altar). Curiously, the former involved a $5 million inheritance and the latter was $50 million.
* WorthyOpponent: Created as a more formidable villain compared to Elmer, [[VillainDecay it didn't ''quite'' last however]].