Western Animation / Shrek

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"I live in a swamp! I put up signs! I'm a terrifying ogre! What do I have to do to get a little privacy?!"
Shrek

Shrek is a DreamWorks Animation CGI film very loosely based on the 1990 William Steig book of the same name. The film features Shrek (Mike Myers), a grumpy ogre living happily alone in his swamp, where he regularly frightens off villagers and lives the lazily luxurious life of an ogre. However, his perfect world is rocked when his loving home is invaded by fairy tale creatures simply seeking refuge after being cast into exile by the cruel-hearted Lord Farquaad (John Lithgow). When Shrek confronts Farquaad, he agrees to let the ogre live in peace if he can rescue the Princess Fiona (Cameron Diaz) from a dragon guarded castle so that Farquaad can marry her and become a true king. With the aid of his new and obnoxious self-proclaimed best friend, a talking Donkey named Donkey (Eddie Murphy), Shrek sets off on his quest to restore balance to the delicate fairy tale world he's living in.

Notorious for its modern twist on the Fairy Tale genre, Shrek was a smashing success at the time of its release. The film became the first installment of the Shrek tetralogy, receiving three theatrical sequels. It ushered in a new era of computer animated films to DreamWorks Animation, and the titular Shrek became the company's unofficial mascot.

Shrek became the first recipient of an Academy Award for Best Animated Feature.


WHAT are you DOING IN MY TROPES?!

  • Accidental Truth: See Altar Diplomacy below. When Shrek has to come up with a reason as to why Fiona can't marry Farquaad when Fiona asks him during the ceremony, Shrek blurts out that Farquaad is only marrying her so he can be king. As it turns out, he's right.
  • Adaptational Attractiveness: Downplayed. Shrek is by no means handsome in the film, but he's certainly not as gruesome looking as he was in the William Steig book.
  • Adaptation Expansion: Adapted from a children's book approximately 500 words long; almost nothing in the movie other than the characters of Shrek and Donkey — who appeared for only one page as a random encounter — actually came from the book.
    • As did Princess Fiona since at the end of the book Shrek meets a princess ogre (Fiona) who is even uglier than he is.
    • Also, the dragon made a brief appearance under different circumstances, and the role of the Knight from the book and Lord Farquaad from the film are suspiciously similar — both are Jerkass versions of characters who would usually be the good guy in fairy tales, who end up acting as the primary villain.
  • Adaptation Species Change: Shrek goes through this in the Norwegian dub. There is no equivalent to the word "ogre" in Norwegian, thus he became a "troll" instead.
  • Affably Evil: Dragon when she meets Donkey.
  • Agony of the Feet: On the way to the castle, during the Travel Montage, Shrek hurts his foot trying to stamp out what's left of the campfire, forcing Donkey to put it out by urinating on it.
  • Air Quotes: Fiona asks Shrek and Donkey about Lord Farquaad; after the two crack some jokes about Farquaad's short stature, Fiona tells them that they are just jealous because they cannot measure up to a great ruler like Farquaad. Shrek responds to this while doing the air quotes that she may do the "measuring" when she meets him tomorrow.
  • Almost Kiss:
    • Farquaad is about to kiss Fiona when Shrek barges in and yells, "I OBJECT!"
    • Shrek and Fiona have two. The first time, it's interrupted by a Moment Killer and Mood Whiplash courtesy of Donkey. The second, Shrek Breaks The Fourth Wall by covering the camera with his hand, so we don't see the kiss.
  • Altar Diplomacy: Lord Farquaad wants to marry Fiona purely so he can become king.
  • Analogy Backfire: The "ogres are like onions" discussion.
  • Anachronism Stew: A big source of the films humor. While the films medieval fairy tale setting is generally consistent with how low tech it is, there are pop culture anomalies inserted that fly in the face of it for laughs, such as Magic Mirror hosting a Dating Show (and Farquaad later using him like a TV with a VCR), a parking lot and loudspeakers at Duloc, Shrek making offhand comments like "Hold the phone!" and Fiona being fluent in Martial Arts, right down to performing a parody of The Matrix. The heavy use of popular music in the soundtrack also gave the film a very contemporary feel (for the early 2000s, at least).
  • Anti-Hero: At the start, Shrek is by no means a paragon of virtue. He's selfish, antisocial and an all around cynical, unpleasant person who only goes to rescue Fiona so he can continue living alone in his swampbut the fact that he's a social outcast to begin with due to normal people judging him by his appearance sure didnt help. It takes his love of Fiona and Donkey's friendship to bring out the best in him.
  • An Aesop: Don't judge people before you get to know them, and true beauty is on the inside.
  • And There Was Much Rejoicing: After Farquaad is eaten by Dragon, the people of Duloc cheer and clap.
  • Arc Words:
    • Really really!
    • Also, "perfect", or some variant. Said almost every time by Farquaad regarding himself or Duloc.
  • Arson, Murder, and Jaywalking: Given the source, one of the lines from one of the Three Little Pigs.
    Pig: He huffed, and he puffed, and he... signed the eviction notice.
  • Ascetic Aesthetic: Duloc.
  • Asshole Victim: Farquaad at the end when he is eaten alive by Dragon.
  • Award-Bait Song: Played straight, though somewhat out of place in a movie that took the mickey out of tropes popularized by the Disney Animated Canon, with It Is You (I Have Loved) by Dana Glover, the only non-instrumental song on the soundtrack written specifically for the movie.
  • Backhanded Apology:
    Shrek [to Donkey] : If I treat you so badly, then why did you come back, huh?
    Donkey: Because that's what friends do - they forgive each other!
    Shrek: Oh, yeah. You're right, Donkey. I forgive you - for stabbing me in the back!
  • Bad Boss: Farquaad has a moment of this during the climax, as he calls his guards morons at one point.
  • Beast and Beauty: Shrek and Fiona in the first movie, subverted.
  • The Big Damn Kiss: Shrek and Fiona have two. The first breaks Fiona's enchantment after Farquaad is killed by the dragon. The second is during their wedding in the final scene. After Shrek's Break The Fourth Wall moment, we cut to them at their own wedding during the kiss.
  • Big "NO!": Shrek, a couple of times when he's angered by Donkey, such as twice during the "Ogres are like onions" scene. He also does one after three Little Nos when he sees the crowd of fairy tale creatures in his swamp.
  • Big Shadow, Little Creature: The shadows of the Three Blind Mice when Shrek first sees them on his table (and first sees that they're there) make them appear much bigger than they actually are.
  • Big "SHUT UP!": Donkey has enough of Shrek putting him down and gives him one of these in the middle of a "The Reason You Suck" Speech.
    Donkey: Well, guess what? Now, it's MY turn, so you just shut up and pay attention!
  • Big Word Shout:
    • Donkey has an Oh, Crap! when he notices the dragon for the first time and screams "DRAGON!" before running for his life.
    • Another one occurs during the castle escape sequence, where Shrek uses a sword to pin the dragon's chain, runs around the corner in slo-mo and yells "RUN!" (with an echo accompanying it) to Donkey and Fiona. With a fire-breathing dragon behind you, it's what you'd be expected to do.
    • Shrek has another one at the end when he interrupts the wedding: "I OBJECT!"
  • Black and White Morality: While Shrek is in a gray area at the start, the film unambiguously paints Farquaad's treatment of the fairy tale characters as being in the wrong, and Shrek eventually comes around to being the hero in the end.
  • Black Best Friend: Donkey, who plays this trope remarkably straight despite not actually being black. Being voiced by Eddie Murphy certainly helps, though.
  • Black Comedy Animal Cruelty: During their Falling in Love Montage, Shrek and Fiona catch a frog and a snake, and inflate them with their breath to turn them into floating balloons.
  • Blatant Lies: Shrek heads away from the mill after Fiona goes inside, and when Donkey asks where he's going, he replies., "To get... more firewood." Donkey knows he's lying because there's still a huge stack of firewood next to the fire.
  • Bloodless Carnage: Played straight during the tournament with all the injuries the knights sustain, possibly justified since they're all wearing armor. Averted in the arrow scene, as Donkey believes he's seeing blood on the arrow after Fiona rips it out of Shrek's butt, causing him to faint.
  • Blue Is Heroic: Inverted with Farquaad. His standard is blue, as seen during the tournament sequence, and blue is part of the color scheme for Duloc, but he is a Jerkass and the film's Big Bad.
  • Bookends: Done with actual books. The storybook opening kicks off the film, and finishes with the last page of another book (the first book does not have the title on it like the second one does) before it closes, seconds before cutting to the credits.
  • Breaking the Fourth Wall: A brief moment of this happens at the end. Shrek goes in to kiss Fiona after the curse is broken, but stops, notices the camera, and covers it with his hand.
  • Brutal Honesty: Donkey references the trope soon after he and Shrek first meet, after Shrek says it's no wonder he doesn't have any friends. Donkey says only a true friend would be that cruelly honest.
  • Cake Toppers: This film provides the trope image. Fiona looks at her wedding cake with figurines of herself and Farquaad on the top, and she pushes his figurine down into the cake to more accurately show his height (originally the two figurines were the same height).
  • Can't Live With Them, Can't Live Without Them: Shrek has this happen after he rescues Fiona, when he believes she can't care for him because he's an ogre. He receives the deed to his swamp and returns to it, but feels very empty inside. Eventually, Donkey makes him realize he does love Fiona. Cue a rush to beat her Wedding Deadline to Lord Farquaad.
  • Chairman of the Brawl: At one point during the fight against Farquaad's knights, an old woman yells, "Give him the chair!" Shrek promptly uses a folding chair to take out one of the knights.
  • Chekhov's Gun:
    • The mill that Shrek and Donkey approach on the hill after the "ogres are like onions" scene is where they stop at with Fiona on the way back, where we find out about Fiona's curse, where Shrek misinterprets Fiona's words and comes to think she hates him, and where Farquaad meets Fiona to bring her back to Duloc.
    • Fiona's enchantment. Described first by Fiona when she's first seen as an ogress in the mill, then comes back again during the wedding when it's revealed to Shrek and Farquaad. Farquaad's reaction leads almost directly to his own death.
  • Chekhov's Gunman: The dragon. Chekhov's Gunwoman, in fact, making it two spoilers in one.
  • Comedic Sociopathy:
    • Shrek and Fiona making nearby animals into balloons for each other and then letting them float away, and allowing a tree Donkey is walking on to snap back and fling him away.
    • In addition to the balloon animals, Fiona also causes a bird to spontaneously combust when it tries to hold a note as long and loud as the one Fiona sings... then, she cooks the bird's eggs.
    • Notice at the end of the movie, only two of the three bears - Papa Bear, and Baby Bear, specifically - are freed with the other fairy tale creatures. If you look closely, Farquaad made a rug out of Mama Bear.
  • Compensating for Something: The first movie includes this as a Parental Bonus joke with Shrek saying this to Donkey.
    Shrek: (while looking at Lord Farquaad's huge castle) "Do you think he's maybe compensating for something?"
  • Complaining About Rescues They Don't Like: Fiona is this trope for a lot of the time. Shrek didn't slay the dragon first. Shrek can't recite a poem. Shrek needs to save his ass. Shrek won't take off his helmet. And the worst part, to Fiona: Shrek was sent to rescue her for someone else.
  • Constellations: Shrek tells Donkey the names the ogres give to several constellations.
  • Contrived Coincidence: Donkey just happens to feel morose at the same shore Dragon is crying at. It's a Small World After All!
  • Crapsaccharine World: Played straight to some degree with Duloc, although we see what's wrong with it before we even learn its name, as opposed to learning what's wrong with it after its introduction as this trope normally works. Farquaad is obsessed with his idea of a perfect world, which means banishing anyone who doesn't meet his standards of perfection, namely fairy tale creatures, who end up in Shrek's swamp. See Does This Remind You of Anything? and Fridge Horror to see why this is worse than it sounds here.
  • Crash-Into Hello: Downplayed. Donkey, in running away from the guards, ends up running straight into Shrek as he puts up another "Keep Out" sign. They end up becoming friends by the end of the film.
  • Cry Cute: Possibly the only instance of this trope being applied to a gigantic fire-breathing dragon. A few sobs in front of a lakeshore while pining for Donkey are pretty much all it takes to make the dragon a sympathetic character.
  • Curb-Stomp Battle: Two.
    • Shrek almost single-handedly (Donkey helps him out) takes out all of Farquaad's knights in just over a minute with barely a scratch on him.
    • Fiona takes on Robin Hood and his Merry Men by herself and wins, unscathed. Shrek and Donkey are understandably surprised.
  • Curse Cut Short/Last-Second Word Swap: From the Robin Hood song:
    "I like an honest fight and a saucy little maid"
    What he's basically saying is that he likes to get—PAID!
    • The Disney-esque "Welcome to Duloc" song.
    "Please keep off of the grass"
    "Shine your shoes, wipe your—(bend over and turn around, exposing their butt-cracks) FACE!"
  • Curse Escape Clause: Fiona was cursed to be an ogre at night and a human during the day. The curse was broken by True Love's Kiss. Good thing it wasn't just any true love...
    • The second implies it was supposed to make her permanently human. The phrasing is "love's true form".
  • A Date with Rosie Palms: Lord Farquaad in bed orders the disgusted magic mirror to show him the princess... again!
  • Defensive "What?": The Big Bad Wolf when Shrek finds him in his bed.
  • Defrosting Ice Queen:
    • Shrek is a male example. When he and Donkey first meet, he is clearly annoyed and irritated by him and wants nothing more than to get rid of him. Of course, that changes after they spend a bit of time together, and then when he rescues Fiona...
    • Fiona too. She's not happy that Shrek rescued her, nor that he rescued her for someone else, but she soon starts warming up to him.
  • Does That Sound Like Fun to You?:
    Donkey: I don't get it, Shrek. Why didn't you just pull some of that ogre stuff on him? You know, throttle him, lay siege to his fortress, grind his bones to make your bread? You know, the whole ogre trip.
    Shrek: Oh, I know. Maybe I could have decapitated an entire village, put their heads on a pike, gotten a knife, cut open their spleens and drink their fluids. Does that sound good to you?
    Donkey: Uh, no, not really, no.
  • Does This Remind You of Anything?: Farquaad's "perfect world" of Duloc means getting rid of all fairytale creatures and banishing them to Shrek's swamp. With this mindset, it makes Farquaad all the worse.
  • A Dog Named "Dog": A donkey called Donkey.
  • Double Entendre: Shrek makes this when he remarks on the short Lord Farquaad's tall castle, when saying "Do you think maybe he's compensating for something?"
  • Eaten Alive: Farquaad gets what he deserves at the wedding and gets eaten by Dragon. Dragon burps out his crown a few seconds later.
  • Eating the Enemy: Done by proxy to prevent Princess Fiona from being locked into a loveless marriage to The Villain Lord Farquaad. Donkey arrives at the cathedral with his dragon fiance, and the dragon gulps down Farquaad in one bite. This leaves Fiona free to marry Shrek.
  • Engagement Challenge: Shrek saved princess Fiona from a castle situated over a smoldering volcano in the first movie. She was O.K. with marrying him until finding out he was an Ogre, and he was just working as a champion for Lord Farquaad. In keeping with the whole theme of subverting fairy tales in the movies, she turns into an ogre as well and marries Shrek anyway. On top of that, the (female) dragon who was guarding the princess ends up with Shrek's sidekick Donkey.
  • Establishing Character Moment: The movie opens with a panning to a storybook, which opens and tells us a tale about a princess awaiting to break her curse with a true love's first kiss. Shrek comes in, tears the page off and uses it as toilet paper, promptly showing us what the movie will be like. The rest of the opening scene shows his daily routine.
  • Exact Words: Fiona's curse states that she will "take love's true form" when she finds her true love. She takes this to mean that she will become a human full time, but it actually causes her to permanently assume the form that her true love — Shrek — finds beautiful, i.e. her ogre form.
  • Expy: While most of the fairy tale characters are lawyer friendly takes on them that are distinct from Disney's interpretations of the fairy tales, the Magic Mirror's appearance is clearly inspired by the one from Disney's adaptation of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. In personality, however, he's a total 180 from the grim apparition that inspired him.
  • Extremely Short Timespan: The entire plot seems to take place in the span of at least five days.
  • Face Palm: Farquaad when he sees Shrek beating his knights.
  • Failed a Spot Check: Fiona doesn't notice the green skin of Shrek's face and neck until he removes his helmet.
  • Fake-Out Opening: The first minute of the film starts with a straightforward fairy tale storybook opening. And then Shrek rips out a page of the book to use it as toilet paper.
  • Fantastic Nature Reserve: Shrek's swamp, very much against his wishes.
  • Fantastic Racism: Farquaad. The trope's name has never been so appropriate: Farquaad hates all "fairy tale creatures" and has them evicted and forced into Shrek's swamp. His "perfect kingdom" would have nobody but (non-magical) humans.
  • Female Monster Surprise: Donkey realizes as Dragon moves out of the shadows that she's a female dragon, thanks to her eyelashes and lipstick. He's surprised for a moment, but uses this to keep flattering her so she won't kill him.
  • Foe-Tossing Charge: Makes an appearance during the wedding scene. The eponymous ogre and Fiona find themselves beset by Mooks; Shrek starts 'wading' through them, throwing them off as necessary. They manage to slow him, but we never get to find out the ending thanks to a Gunship Rescue moment.
  • Foreshadowing: The opening storybook sets up the appearance of Fiona, as well as where she is being held, and her curse, as well as, in a Freeze-Frame Bonus after Shrek tears the page out, the wedding at the end. Both of them, actually — Fiona and Farquaad's, then Shrek and Fiona's.
    • After the mob flees Shrek's swamp, he picks up a poster for fairy tale creatures that he then tosses away. The fairy tale creatures end up in Shrek's swamp the following night.
    • Donkey mentioning to Shrek early on that only a true friend would use Brutal Honesty towards him. By the end of the film, and after a bit of arguing, they make up and reaffirm a friendship.
    • The mirror tries to warn Farquaad of something that happens to Fiona after the sun goes down. As he discovers later due to his refusal to listen, it is her curse that turns her into an ogre at night. Shrek finds out at the same time, but has quite a different reaction to Farquaad's.
    • Fiona refers to Donkey as Shrek's "noble steed," which he transforms into for a good part of the sequel.
  • For Want of a Nail: Farquaad refusing to listen to the mirror when the mirror tries to warn him about Fiona. If he had, the rest of the film would have turned out quite differently, as Fiona wouldn't have actually appeared, Shrek would still be alone, and the rest of the films in the series would also not have happened.
  • Fractured Fairy Tale: A definitive example, and proud of it.
  • French Jerk/Just a Stupid Accent: Although in most retellings, Robin Hood is an English Saxon fighting the tyranny of French-descended Normans; in Shrek he inexplicably has a French accent. And is a jerk to boot.
  • Get Out: When Donkey asks Shrek where he's going to sleep, Shrek yells "Outside!", so Donkey exits. As soon as he's out the door, Shrek slams it shut.
  • Getting Crap Past the Radar:
    • "Farquaad", natch.
    • The aforementioned diminutive lord asking a disgusted magic mirror to show him Princess Fiona... again. Even better: pay attention to the bedsheets at his waist when he says that she's perfect. A tent forms... and the Magic Mirror reacts.
    • Arguable example: When Dragon has Donkey wrapped in the coils of her tail and flirts with him, she at one point lowers her snout below the level of his waist. Donkey objects to her apparently petting his tail... but her head is placed in front of him, not behind...
      • Even less subtle in the French dub of the movie, as "queue" (literally, "tail") is a very common French euphemism for... Well, you know what.
    • Shrek and Donkey's jokes in the woods about Farquaad with regard to his height, as well as Fiona's statement that Shrek couldn't measure up to Farquaad. Shrek responds that he'll let Fiona do the measuring.
    • The inclusion of the Leonard Cohen song "Hallelujah." The lyrics to that song are highly sexual, and, despite sounding like a love song, it's actually a song that compares the Jews losing their covenant with God with a man breaking up with a woman he really loved.
    • "Mother Fletcher! He already said it!" That exclamation is pretty much "motherfucker", Bowlerdized for a kids' film.
  • Gibberish of Love: Shrek slips into this when he tells Fiona that Farquaad isn't her true love, and she asks Shrek what he knows about true love. He stumbles over his words and Farquaad realizes Shrek has feelings for Fiona, much to his amusement.
  • Gigantic Moon: When Shrek and Donkey look at the night sky at their makeshift camp, the moon appears to be larger than both put together.
  • Girl in the Tower: Lampshaded
  • Go Look at the Distraction: Fiona sending Donkey to get a specific flower while she treats Shrek's arrow wound.
  • Groin Attack: Happens to Shrek while sliding down the stone column during the castle escape. A raised part over just the wrong place makes him go cross-eyed when he goes over it.
  • Gunship Rescue: Dragon swoops in to take out Lord Farquaad just in time to rescue Fiona. See Berserk Button, above.
  • Happily Ever After: Parodied; the film ends with a storybook closing, with the last pages saying "And they lived ugly ever after. The End."
  • Have a Gay Old Time: Shrek calls his donkey an "ass" even though it now refers to a butt or a foolish person.
  • Heir-In-Law: Lord Farquaad is already in charge, but still wants to be able to call himself a King, which he can achieve by marrying a Princess - despite this not being how the titles work in real life.note 
  • The Hermit: Shrek is firmly this for much of the film. He hates that people tend to judge him before they properly know him, which is why he feels he's better off being on his own. Of course, this attitude is dropped by the end of the film when he befriends Donkey and realizes he's in love with Fiona.
  • Heroes Want Redheads: And villains too, in the case of Fiona, as Farquaad solely wants her so he can become king of DuLoc, and while bringing her back to Farquaad, Shrek starts falling for her too, and Donkey tells him not to hide from his own feelings. In the middle of a "The Reason You Suck" Speech, no less.
  • Heroic Neutral: Shrek at first - he just wants his swamp back!
  • Hero with Bad Publicity: As you might expect, Shrek is this due to being an ogre. In his words, people judge him before they properly know him and assume him to be a monster, whereas he is a nice guy once you get to know him, as Donkey and Fiona find out.
  • I Just Want to Be Beautiful: Fiona's motivation throughout the movie is to quit switching between human and ogre; naturally, she assumes that she'll be human when she "takes love's true form." So she is rather taken aback when she is permanently fixed in ogre form.
    Fiona: I don't understand; I'm supposed to be beautiful.
    Shrek: But you are beautiful. (Fiona smiles.)
  • I Just Want to Be Free: Donkey is implied to be this at the start of the film, when he breaks free from the guards and runs for it, and in his later line to Shrek: "Man, it's good to be free".
  • Indecisive Parody: The film is rather at odds with itself in tone. For the first two acts, it's a straight up fairy tale parody with some Satire of Disney thrown in. Come the third act, and while there are still gags, it almost becomes a melodrama mixed with a straight fairy tale story. The later films would follow this example and gradually dialed down on the parody and satire aspects (or at least intertwined them more consistently with the films stories), since Dreamworks knew they couldn't just rely on in-jokes about Disney forever.
  • Induced Hypochondria: Shrek and Fiona psych Donkey into feeling ill so they can spend one more day together.
  • Insult Backfire:
    Shrek: STOP SINGING! Well, it's no wonder you don't have any friends!
    Donkey: Wow. Only a true friend would be that cruelly honest.
  • Insult Misfire: Upon seeing Shrek for the first time...
    Farquaad: Ugh, it's hideous!
    Shrek: Well, that's not very nice. It's just a donkey.
    Donkey: Huh?
    Farquaad: Indeed.
  • "It" Is Dehumanizing: Happens twice in the film.
    • It first occurs during an exchange between Farquaad and Fiona, after Shrek and Fiona have their falling out.
    Farquaad: "You don't have to waste good manners on the ogre. It's not as if it has feelings."
    Fiona: "No. You're right." (pointedly at Shrek, in anger) "It doesn't."
    • Later, right at the climax, when Fiona reveals her ogress form, Farquaad is appalled by her appearance, yelling "It's disgusting!"
  • It's All About Me:
    • Shrek, for much of the film. Justified in that he wants to be left alone because of how people don't tend to give him a chance and judge him before they know him.
    • Both Fiona and Farquaad have rather selfish motives for wanting to marry the other. Fiona is only doing it out of desperation to end her curse, thinking that kissing Farquaad would break the spell. Farquaad, as Shrek points out, is only doing it so he can become king. He even says afterwards that Fiona becoming an ogress changes nothing as the marriage still makes him king.
  • It's All Upstairs from Here: Lampshaded, Shrek points out that Fiona will be at the top of the highest tower. Donkey asks how he knows and Shrek says he "read it in a book".
  • It's Quiet... Too Quiet: Shrek says this when he and Donkey first enter DuLoc.
  • I've Got an X, and I'm Not Afraid to Use It!: "I'm a donkey on the edge!"
  • Jack Bauer Interrogation Technique: Parodied in Farquaad's intro scene, where he "tortures" Gingy by dunking him in a glass of milknote , and gets him to crack by threatening to rip off his gumdrop buttons...except Gingy's answers (something about a woman and "the muffin man (who lives on Drury Lane", who are married) are completely nonsensical and never brought up again.
  • Jerkass: Lord Farquaad.
  • Jerk with a Heart of Gold: Shrek. All he wants is to be left alone, is quite moody and callous at times, and occasionally falls into It's All About Me territory, as Donkey points out during his "The Reason You Suck" Speech. Despite all that, part of the reason why Shrek is the way he is is because he hates that people judge him before they properly know him, and that he is a good guy inside, as people would find out if they gave him a chance. For example, he allows Donkey to stay with him for one night despite how annoying (at first) he finds him, agrees to get the fairy tale refugees back where they came from (even if only to get them off his own land), and despite how irritating he finds Donkey, he still saves him in the face of danger and eventually properly befriends him.
  • Just Desserts: Lord Farquaad's demise.
  • Kick the Dog:
    • Farquaad does this to the Gingerbread Man by taunting him with his own rhyme and his dismembered legs, before crumbling one to powder right in front of him.
    • Farquaad does this to Shrek when he realizes Shrek is in love with Fiona, laughing at him and getting the whole congregation to laugh at him too.
  • Kill It with Fire: Played with at the beginning: One member of the angry mob waves a torch in Shrek's face, hoping to scare him. Shrek snuffs the flame out with his fingers.
  • Kissing Discretion Shot: Done at the end of the movie, combined with Breaking the Fourth Wall. Also subverted, as Shrek covering up the camera leads to an Idiosyncratic Wipe to Shrek and Fiona kissing in their own wedding.
  • Large and in Charge: Definitely inverted with Farquaad, who's possibly about a foot shorter than everyone else. The novelisation and screenplay reveal he's four and a half feet tall.
  • Late-Arrival Spoiler: Didn't know Fiona was turned into an ogress? Then don't look at the covers of any of the sequels.
  • The Legend of Chekhov: Everything in the storybook opening turns out to be true, and comes back during the castle sequence when Shrek and Donkey have to find Fiona and rescue her. Shrek, in particular, guesses where in the castle she is thanks to the book (the highest room in the tallest tower), and he's right.
  • Let's Get Dangerous!: Shrek tries to mollify the knights during the tournament by settling it over drinks. It doesn't work, so Shrek decides to do this.
  • Licked by the Dog: A non-child example with Donkey's love for Shrek, completely oblivious to Shrek's annoyance at him.
  • Little "No": Shrek does one when he first sees his swamp is filled with fairy tale creatures. He does two more after that, each getting louder than the one before, before it becomes a Big "NO!".
  • Logo Joke: At the end of the DreamWorks logo, the S in "DreamWorks" and "SKG" turn green and grow ogre ears.
  • Love at First Sight: Played with, with regard to Dragon towards Donkey. As you would expect, he's terrified when he first sees her, but when he first realises she's female, she blows him a heart-shaped smoke ring, having known he existed for barely five minutes. The next time we see them both, Donkey is trying to tell Dragon he doesn't want to rush things.
  • Loves Me Not: Fiona does this with a sunflower Shrek left at her doorstop, but to decide whether she should tell Shrek her deep, dark secret: "I tell him, I tell him not..." She plucks the last petal on a "I tell him!" but the sun rises just then and she returns to human form before she can find Shrek. Naturally, he appears seconds later, and because of his eavesdropping on her the night before and offended by some comments she made to Donkey that seemed at least very insensitive towards him (Shrek), he's not happy.
  • Made of Iron: Donkey falls from a great height three times (see Rule of Three below), and appears to sustain no injuries whatsoever. Without this trope he'd either probably be dead or have sustained some broken bones.
  • Major Injury Underreaction:
    Fiona: There's an arrow in your butt!
    Shrek: Huh? Oh, would you look at that.
  • Match Cut: Several of them during the "Hallelujah" montage whenever the camera cuts back and forth between Shrek in his swamp and Fiona in Farquaad's castle.
  • Meaningful Name: Shrek comes from the German word "schrek," which means "to scare." Fittingly, Shrek is a large ogre who enjoys scaring villagers.
  • Minsky Pickup: Robin Hood's song.
  • Mirror-Cracking Ugly: Shrek's mirror can't withstand his smile.
  • Misplaced-Names Poster: Only John Lithgow/Lord Farquaad are positioned just right.
  • Mistaken for Own Murderer: Donkey, unaware of Fiona's curse, thinks that an ogre ate her when he finds one in her room. She manages to calm him enough to explain.
  • Moment Killer: At the mill, it seems like Shrek and Fiona will have an Almost Kiss, before Donkey pops up between them and remarks on how romantic the atmosphere is, which leads to...
  • Mood Whiplash: Donkey interrupts Shrek and Fiona's Almost Kiss to remark on the romantic atmosphere, before pointing out the sunset behind them. Cue an Oh, Crap! from Fiona.
  • Mohs Scale of Violence Hardness: Varies between a 1 and 2. The bulk of the films violence is pure slapstick, and the only truly violent scene in the movie is when Farquaad gets eaten alive by Dragon, but even that gets Played for Laughs.
  • Moral Dissonance: see "Comedic Sociopathy" above.
  • Mutilation Interrogation: Played for laughs when the Gingerbread Man gets both of his legs broken off and his head dipped into a glass of milk. Lord Farquaad then crushes one of the legs in his hands, but the other leg is later reattached with frosting, making it necessary for Gingy to walk with a candy cane. (He gets the other leg reattached by the sequel.)
  • The Napoleon: Lord Farquaad is pretty short in height.
  • Nice Job Fixing It, Villain!: Lord Farquaad turned out to do this on a series spanning level. He sent Shrek to rescue Fiona, which messes up his own plan by allowing Fiona to meet her true love that would break the curse and allow Donkey to meet Dragon, who helps Shrek and Donkey stop his wedding and eats Farquaad. In the second movie, Prince Charming's goal to rescue Fiona and thus Fairy Godmother's intention to rule Far Far Away through him are foiled because Farquaad sent Shrek to rescue her already. Most importantly, it foiled Rumpelstiltskin's attempt to get Fiona's parents to sign a Deal with the Devil with him, letting him erase them from existence and conquer Far Far Away because Shrek rescued Fiona and rendered the deal pointless. Even further back, the only reason Shrek interfered at all in any of this was because Farquaad's deporting all the fairy tale creatures to his swamp ticked him off. Really Nice Job Fixing It, Villain!
  • Nice Kitty...: When cornered by the dragon, Donkey starts laying on the compliments. It works a little too well.
  • Noodle Incident: When going into hero worship mode of Shrek shortly after Shrek unwittingly saved Donkey's butt from Farquaad's men, Donkey mentions another time before meeting Shrek that he nearly had his nosehairs burned off. However, Shrek tried to muffle his mouth, to no avail. The only thing that was revealed was that it had something to do with eating rotten berries and his undergoing indigestion.
  • No OSHA Compliance: Apparently some architect thought it was a brilliant idea to put the castle Fiona is locked up at smack in the middle of an actice volcano! Lampshaded by Shrek upon seeing it.
    "Well sure, its big enough, but look at the location!"
  • Offscreen Moment of Awesome: Twice involving Dragon. First is when she shows up at the swamp just before the climax, with no explanation for how she broke her chain. The second time she arrives at Duloc, and Donkey lets her run off to have some fun attacking the knights while he and Shrek sort out the main plot.
  • Offscreen Teleportation: Rather subtle because the distances involved were so small, but in the scene where Donkey and Shrek are arguing underneath the moon, Donkey demonstrates an unusual knack for getting in Shrek's face no matter which way the ogre turns.
  • Oh, Crap!:
    • Donkey has one when the pixie dust enabling him to fly wears off, before he falls to the ground.
    • Shrek has a minor one of these during the tournament scene, upon hearing Farquaad say, "The one who kills the ogre— (Oh, Crap!) will be named champion! Have at him!" Though, to be honest, it diminishes pretty quickly when he sees the knights aren't going to back down and pulls a Let's Get Dangerous!.
    • Fiona has one when she hears she won't see Farquaad until the next day, meaning the sun will set and she'll turn into an ogress. She has another during a Mood Whiplash moment during the second sunset, for exactly the same reason.
    • Donkey when he sees Dragon for the first time in the castle. Cue Big Word Shout and running like hell.
    • Farquaad gets one when Dragon bursts into the church, accompanied with a scream, right before she eats him.
  • Ominous Pipe Organ: A short, but scary pipe organ tune plays in the background during Big Bad Lord Farquaad's first scene.
  • One Side of the Story: The movie pulled off a two-sided version of this. Shrek half-overhears a conversation between Fiona and Donkey, but misses the most significant part: that Fiona turns into an ogre at night. The next day Shrek and Fiona both assume that Shrek heard the whole conversation and each jump to a false conclusion: Shrek jumps to the conclusion that Fiona was talking about him when she said "who could love a beast so hideous and ugly", and "ugly and princess don't go together", and when Shrek confronts her about this the next morning, Fiona jumps to the conclusion that Shrek is disgusted with the fact that she becomes an ugly ogre at night. This crushes both their romantic feelings for each other, and Fiona goes to Duloc with Farquaad and Shrek goes back to his swamp.
  • Only One Name: Pretty much everybody who is given a name.
  • Over Crank: When Shrek and co. are eescaping Dragon, the film briefly goes into slow motion before they reach the bridge, complete with Shrek bellowing a very drawn out "RUN!"
  • Out-of-Context Eavesdropping: As mentioned under One Side of the Story, Shrek is about to confess his love to Fiona, when he overhears Fiona talking to Donkey, saying that no-one could love a monster like an ogre. Of course, he is unaware that she is talking about the curse that turns her into an ogre, which she conveniently doesn't explicitly mention again until just after Shrek gets disgusted and leaves.
  • Outrun the Fireball: Shrek, Donkey, and Fiona use this trope as they reach the bridge leading away from the dragon's castle, and the dragon takes one last shot at them with her fiery breath. They're also shown doing this on the film poster.
  • Pair the Spares: As well as Shrek and Fiona marrying at the end, Donkey and Dragon get together too, and are shown to have mutant dragon-donkey babies in the sequels.
  • Paper-Thin Disguise: Shrek's knight disguise; which, when the visor is open, clearly shows his green forehead. He's even wearing fingerless gloves that expose his green fingers. Yet Fiona doesn't realize he's an ogre until after he takes the helmet off.
  • Parental Bonus: Farquaad is a caricature of Disney CEO Michael Eisner; see also Meaningful Name and Double Entendre above.
  • Punctuated! For! Emphasis!: "Ogres. Are not. Like cakes!"
    • "I live alone! My swamp! Me! Nobody else, understand?! Nobody! Especially useless! Pathetic! Annoying! Talking DONKEYS!!!"
  • Radial Ass Kicking: Happens with Fiona and the Merry Men as well as the wrestling scene in the arena.
  • Rage Against the Reflection: Fiona in the first film, upon seeing her ogre reflection in a bucket of water.
  • "The Reason You Suck" Speech:
    Donkey: (to Shrek) You know, with you, it's always "Me, me, me!" Well, guess what?! Now it's my turn! So you just shut up and pay attention! You are mean to me, you insult me, you don't appreciate anything that I do! You're always pushing me around or pushing me away!
    Shrek: Yeah? Well, if I treated ya' so bad, why did you come back?
    Donkey: 'Cause that's what friends do. They forgive each other!
    Shrek: Alright, Donkey, I forgive you... for stabbing me in the back!
  • Red Is Heroic: Inverted with Farquaad, like the Blue Is Heroic example. His outfit is mostly red, but he is a Jerkass and the film's Big Bad.
  • Reference Overdosed
  • Reptiles Are Abhorrent: Subverted. The dragon seems evil and ferocious at first, but then she falls for Donkey and it's shown she has a softer side.
  • Rescue Introduction: Shrek and Donkey meet Fiona when rescuing her from the tower. Though unintentional, Shrek also manages to scare off the knights and save Donkey when they first met.
  • Rope Bridge: A thin rickety one leads to the castle where Fiona is imprisoned. Donkey naturally is quite terrified to walk across it over "a boiling lake of lava!!"
  • Royal Decree: When Shrek first encounters the soldiers, they try to read him the prince's decree outlawing all fairy-tale creatures, but get intimidated by him looming over them.
  • Rule of Three: Donkey falls from a great height three times. The first is during his first scene, thanks to the pixie dust, which briefly causes him to fly until it wears off after about a minute. The second is much later, during the Tree Buchet moment courtesy of an seemingly oblivious Shrek. The third is near the end when Shrek is trying to see what's going on in the cathedral by throwing Donkey up to see through a window. When Donkey tells him the Speak Now or Forever Hold Your Peace line has already been said, Shrek barges into the cathedral, thus failing to catch Donkey.
    • Fiona is the third princess the mirror presents to Farquaad, and she is the one he chooses.
  • Sapient Eat Sapient: It's gradually revealed how Dragon has a considerable level of intelligence, but, still being a dragon, she barely needs any prompting to gobble up Farquaad.
    • This is also what humans are afraid Shrek will do to them, to the point he tells them he will, just to scare them away.
  • Say My Name: Shrek and Fiona yell each other's names a few times when Farquaad orders his guards to get rid of them.
  • Shades of Conflict: The films morality is largely Black and White Morality. Shrek is in a gray area at the start, but gradually becomes the real hero of the film.
  • Shipper on Deck: Donkey to Shrek and Fiona.
  • Shoo Out the Clowns: Subverted; Donkey doesn't follow Shrek into the church, but he does appear again on Dragons back when she crashes into the church to devour Farquaad.
  • Sliding Scale of Adaptation Modification: The first film lands on both the Type 1 (In-Name-Only) and Type 3 (Pragmatic Adaptation) ends of the scale. The films story borrows very few elements from the original William Steig book save for Shrek himself and Donkey (who only appeared on one page), but the original story was only 500 words long to begin with, so some major Adaptation Expansion was done to make the books story viable for a feature length film.
  • Sliding Scale of Animation Elaborateness: Lands at the top of the scale, even if the animation is kindof showing its age these days.
  • Sliding Scale of Anthropomorphism: Donkey falls on the Talking Animal end of the scale.
  • Sliding Scale of Animal Cast: Falls on a level 5 (Equally Human and Animal Cast) due to humans and fairytale creatures (who are made up of a variety of both human-like and animal like beings) alike getting equal screentime with each other.
  • Sliding Scale of Endings: Falls on the Happily Ever After end of it, albeit a variation of the trope.
  • Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism: The film is very cynical in its comedy.
  • Sliding Scale of Plot Versus Characters: Less plot than characters. The story is a basic fairy tale parody—the real meat of the film is the characters and how they interact with each other, particularly the chemistry between Shrek and Donkey.
  • Sliding Scale of Realistic Versus Fantastic: Falls on the "Fantastic" end of the scale.
  • Sliding Scale of Silliness vs. Seriousness: The film zigzags between both ends of the scale. The bulk of the film is a silly comedy that pokes fun at fairy tale cliches. The romance and drama scenes, however, are mostly treated very seriously in start contrast.
  • Sliding Scale of Visuals Versus Dialogue: Definetely tips the scale in favor of dialogue. 90% of the movie is non-stop chatting between characters, even when they're not hitting a story beat.
  • The Smurfette Principle: Princess Fiona is the only female main character. All the rest - Shrek, Donkey and Farquaad - are male.
  • Snipe Hunt: Donkey is sent off to find a blue flower with red thorns to keep him from distracting Fiona and Shrek while they dealt with the arrow in Shrek's behind. Taken further as Donkey turns out to be colorblind. Donkey actually finds the flower, too.
  • Sound-Effect Bleep: Happens at the beginning after Shrek closes the book. "Like that's ever going to happen. What a load of—" *toilet flushes*
  • So What Do We Do Now?: Shrek and Donkey each get this when Fiona and Farquaad go back to Duloc to get married. Shrek blows up at Donkey and leaves him, going back to his swamp, which has been cleared out. He gets there but keeps thinking about Fiona and is otherwise at a loss for what to do until Donkey returns later in the day. Donkey, on the other hand, is left to just Walk the Earth, having nothing else to do and no one to go back to... until he sees Dragon on the same riverbank, crying because she misses him.
  • Speak Now or Forever Hold Your Peace: Spoofed. Shrek goes to interrupt the wedding of Fiona and Farquaad, but Donkey, suggests him to wait for the priest to say his "speak now or forever hold your peace" bit before before barging in and shouting "I object!". On further investigation, they find they missed that part, so Shrek barges in anyway.
  • Spit Out a Shoe: Dragon burps up Farquad's crown after she eats him.
  • Standard Female Grab Area: After showing impeccable fighting skills early in the movie, Fiona can only call helplessly for Shrek when grabbed this way at her wedding. Granted, Farquaad does eventually put a knife to her throat but only after 20 seconds or so of her doing nothing while Shrek, who is also grabbed, actually fights back.
  • Stealth Hi/Bye:
    • Donkey pulls this on Shrek when they first meet. When Shrek turns around to ask if Donkey is talking to him, Donkey has disappeared, then suddenly is in front of Shrek when he turns around again.
    • The crowd of fairy tale creatures does this when they appear in Shrek's swamp, having somehow appeared in the swamp and in Shrek's house without Shrek noticing until he hears his door creak open.
  • Stopped Reading Too Soon: The title character accidentally eavesdrops on Fiona talking to Donkey, and hears the part about how "'princess' and 'ugly' don't go together." Thinking that she secretly hated him and was only pretending to like him, he promptly storms away, when her very next sentence would have clued him in that she was talking about her own shapeshifting curse.
  • Storybook Opening: The film starts with one, setting up the film as if its gonna be a typical fairy tale cartoon...until Shrek scoffs at the story and uses a page from it as toilet paper.
  • Subverted Rhyme Every Occasion: "Please keep off of the grass,/shine your shoes, wipe your.../...Face!"
    • Which technically does rhyme with the line that follows: "Duloc is, Duloc is, Duloc is a perfect place!"
  • Sudden Musical Ending
  • Take That!: "Celebrity marriages — they never last, do they?"
  • Taking A Third Option: When Donkey is cut off on a small bridge segment by Dragon, he has two apparent options, neither of them good: He can jump (or fall) off into the lava, or be eaten alive. Instead, he seduces the dragon, which actually works, since the dragon is female.
  • Talking in Your Sleep: When Fiona is cooking eggs for breakfast, Donkey is muttering to himself in his sleep before Shrek wakes him up.
  • Theme Music Power-Up: All throughout the wrestling match in Duloc, Joan Jett's "Bad Reputation" kicks in, and both Shrek AND Donkey start to kick ass and take names.
  • This Is My Side: Shrek and Donkey, at one point.
  • Tiny Guy, Huge Girl: Twice, both cases justified. Farquaad and Fiona, and Dragon and Donkey. Farquaad is just naturally short, Fiona is average height but obviously taller than he is. Dragon is a... well, dragon, and so is naturally much bigger than Donkey.
  • Toilet Humor: There are plenty of grossout gags in the film. The very first gag in the film is Shrek using a storybook page as toilet paper in an outhouse. Heck, the entire opening is a magnificent cavalcade of scenes showing off just how gross Shrek is!
  • Tomboy Princess: Fiona in human form.
  • Tree Buchet: Shrek does this to Donkey as Comedic Sociopathy.
  • Turn Your Head and Cough: When Donkey learns that Shrek has been hit by an arrow, Donkey panics at the thought of Shrek dying from it and shouts irrelevant medical advice, including "keep your feet elevated", a plea for somebody to perform the Heimlich Maneuver, and "turn your head and cough."
  • Violent Glaswegian: The accent part is played with due to Mike Myers' ad-libbing:
    Donkey: I don't get it, Shrek. Why didn't you just pull some of that ogre stuff on him? You know, throttle him, lay siege to his fortress, grind his bones to make your bread? You know, the whole ogre trip.
    Shrek: Oh, I know. Maybe I could have decapitated an entire village, put their heads on a pike, gotten a knife, cut open their spleens and drink their fluids. Does that sound good to you?
    Donkey: Uh... no, not really, no.
    • During the scene where the villagers raid his cottage:
    Villager 1: There's his lair... let's get him!
    Villager 2: Do you know what that thing could do? It'll grind your bones for its bread!
    Shrek: Well, actually, that would be a giant. Now ogres, oh, they're much worse! They'll make a suit from your freshly peeled skin; they'll shave your liver; squeeze the jelly from your eyes! Actually, it's quite good on toast.
    Villager 1: Back! Back, ya beast! Back! I warn ya!
    [Shrek licks his fingers and puts out the torch]
    Villager 1 [sheepishly]: Right. [Shrek roars at the villagers]
    Shrek [whispering]: This is the part where you run away. [the villagers retreat]
    Shrek: And stay out!
    • However, people frequently tend to misjudge Shrek:
    Donkey: Hey, what's your problem, Shrek, what you got against the whole world anyway, huh?
    Shrek: Look, I'm not the one with the problem, okay? It's the world that seems to have a problem with me! People take one look at me and go "Aargh! Help! Run! A big stupid ugly ogre!" They judge me before they even know me - that's why I'm better off alone...
    Donkey: You know, Shrek... when we first met, I didn't think you were a big, stupid, ugly ogre.
    Shrek: Yeah, I know.
  • Vitriolic Best Buds: Shrek and Donkey:
    Shrek: If I treat you so badly, then why did you come back, huh?
    Donkey: Because that's what friends do, they forgive each other!
    Shrek: Oh, yeah. You're right, Donkey. I forgive you - for stabbing me in the back!
  • Waking Non Sequitur: When Farquaad and his soldiers arrive at the mill, Donkey wakes up and says "What'd I miss? What'd I miss?" Seeing the soldiers walking past, he tries to throw his voice and make it appear like he didn't speak.
  • Water Torture: Or milk torture, rather, used by Thelonius against the Gingerbread Man at Lord Farquaad's behest.
  • Wedding Deadline: Subverted. Shrek bursts in as Fiona and Farquaad are about to kiss.
  • Widowed at the Wedding: Fiona when Farquaad is eaten by Dragon. This leaves her free to be with Shrek.
  • Wrestler in All of Us: When Shrek finds himself in a roped-off pen surrounded by Farquaad's knights, he busts out the pro wrestling maneuvers, even hitting one of the knights with a folding chair. Not too surprising if you realize Shrek was designed after 1940/50s wrestler "The World's Ugliest Man" The French Angel.
  • Wrong Insult Offence: Shrek is an ogre; he wouldn't grind your bones for his bread.
    Shrek: ...that would be a giant.
  • Ye Olde Butcherede Englishe: Fiona uses this early in the movie, especially just after the escape from the dragon's castle. It doesn't last.
    Fiona: The battle is won. You may remove your helmet, good Sir Knight.
    Shrek: Uh, no.
    Fiona: Why?
    Fiona: Please, I would'st look upon the face of my rescuer.
    Shrek: No, no you wouldn't...'st.
  • You and What Army?: Inverted. Shrek says this to the leader of a group of soldiers, who turns around and sees that the rest of his troops had run away, leaving a lot of their weapons behind. The leader does the same.
  • You Monster! / No, You: The Gingerbread Man to Farquaad as he's being tortured. Farquaad shoots back with this:
    Farquaad: I'm not the monster here, you are! You and that fairy tale trash poisoning my perfect world!
  • You Need a Breath Mint: The infamous scene where Shrek roars at Donkey to try and scare him off, only for Donkey to say that his breath is more terrifying. It's even the trope's page quote.

http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/WesternAnimation/Shrek?from=Main.Shrek