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Western Animation: Happy Feet
"I Just Wanted A Movie About Tap-dancing Penguins!!!"

Happy Feet is a CGI film from 2006 directed by George Miller. Winner of the Best Animated Feature Oscar in 2007.

A male emperor penguin named Mumble cannot sing like all others of his colony, but he can tap dance. (Because his father Memphis dropped him as an egg, as he admits in an anguished public confession.) Separated from his colony, Mumble meets the Adelie Amigos, who later help him on a quest to get the fish back from "aliens" after he was thrown out of the Emperor Penguin colony by the elders.

Happy Feet subverts several of the tropes common to the genre (like Robin Williams). Some fans find it to be in the same fashion as Watership Down, as it tells its story entirely from the animals' point of view among other things.

On the other hand, some viewers have criticized the film's use of motion-capture, particularly during the dance sequences. Others have expressed dismay at the film's perceived Family Unfriendly Aesops.

A sequel was released on November 18th, 2011 (it currently does not have it's own article). It centers on Mumble's son Erik, who is going through an identity crisis similar to the one his father had, and their attempt to save the colony from a giant iceberg that has blocked their way to the ocean. A subplot follows the adventures of two krill, Will and Bill, who stray from their swarm and head off to find their destiny. An official trailer (showcasing the same type of Parental Bonus songs as its predecessor) can be seen here.

This film provides examples of:

  • 3D Movie: Averted; the film was originally announced to also be released in IMAX 3D, but it was later dropped, as it would have used up a lot of the budget. There are a few scenes where it's noticeable that it was originally to be in 3D, however.
    • Played straight with the second film, most likely due to the revive of the format.
  • Action Girl: Boadicea, Ms. Viola's daughter. She's a cute, little Emperor Penguin chick... who can do Le Parkour.
  • Adult Fear: For a horrible minute in the sequel, it looks like two adorable seal pups are going to lose their father when he falls into the crevice and all they can do is hear their father tell that he is going to die. Fortunately, Mumble manages to rescue him.
    • Mumble's father's worries are genuine that he was responsible for Mumble's inability to sing because he allowed the egg to freeze a little, causing some sort of brain damage or autism. Even worse, Mumble's egg was slightly late in hatching — there's a moment or two when Memphis is clearly thinking he's responsible for the death of his and Norma Jean's child.
  • Agent Mulder: Subverted. Mumble only believes in aliens (humans) outside the ice, nobody believes him until he gets proof (even then, some still don't believe him), and he's right. Played somewhat straighter with the Boss Skua.
    • Lovelace pretends to disbelieve him, but he also knows they exist.
  • All of the Other Reindeer
  • Alternative Foreign Theme Song: The Japanese version uses "Hoshi wo Mezashite" by NEWS as the theme song. One of the singers voiced Mumble in the dub.
  • Animal Talk: Subverted, subtly. The film has an astonishingly low rate of anthropomorphism. These are penguins, through and through.
  • Art Shift: Most of the humans are live-action. The one group that isn't is the group tracking Mumble back to the others.
  • Ascended Extra: Seymour.
  • Ascended To Carnivorism: Will the krill wants to move up the food chain and eat instead of being eaten for a change.
  • Astronomic Zoom: Twice.
  • Australian Movies: Directed by one of the larger directors, in the country. The director of Mad Max, in fact.
  • Badass Adorable: In the sequel, Bo goes all the way to Adélie Land by herself to get help for the trapped Emperor Penguins.
    • Erik standing his ground against humongous Elephant Seals.
  • Bears Are Bad News: Polar bears appear briefly in the sequel in Sven's backstory, where they try to catch him.
  • Be Yourself: One of the movie's Aesops is that Mumble makes all the difference in the world by being himself.
  • Big Damn Heroes: Done several times in the sequel. Sven leads all the penguins who follow him to where the Emperor Penguins are trapped, spooking the skuas. Later, the "aliens" come to help build a path to help the penguins get out. And finally, Mumble and Eric manage to convince Bryan to bring the elephant seals over to the iceberg to break it down. All while singing "Under Pressure", by the way.
  • Big Eater: Seymour and his son, Atticus.
  • Brick Joke: Mrs. Astrakhan tells Mumble to be "spontan-you-us!" with a Russian accent. Every time he says it afterwards he pronounces it the same way.
  • Broke Your Arm Punching Out Cthulhu: Taking on the "aliens" consuming all the fish is only going end this way. When Mumble finds a factory ship, he swims out to confront the aliens and clings on the rising net, but is easily dislodged, and the ship leaves without acknowledging him. He swims on to find the source - the narrator says he swam beyond all hope of return and became a legend. Eventually, he washes up on a distant shore to be recovered and put in a zoo. Finally face to face with "the aliens", he tries to communicates and, of course, fails. "After three days, he lost his voice. After three months, they said he had lost his mind." Then things pick up again.
  • Carnivore Confusion: This is where things get uncomfortable and weird for some viewers. The penguins, skuas, and humans in the film all eat fish. It's okay for the penguins to do so, but the skuas are shown as thieving bullies, and the humans are explicitly told that they shouldn't overfish - the penguin's declining catch is a major plot point). The skuas also try to eat Mumbles as a chick, but he manages to reason with them (to a point). The whales are just big, cute, playful dolphins who try to eat the protagonists, the elephant seals are passed off as "vegetarians" (huh?), and the leopard seal is basically the Antarctic equivalent of an evil dragon — he even snorts "fire" (really steam and bubbles). All in all, a very mixed bag on the predator issue.
    • To add to the muddle, the sequel featured a krill who was tired of being eaten and wanted to turn the tables on the predators.
    • Mumbles escapes the skuas because he falls into a crevice where they can't reach, and the orcas are hardly treated as playful. All of the predators are portrayed as pretty terrifying from the penguins' perspective, and the animals in general treat humans as frightening and alien.
  • Childhood Brain Damage: Mumble's egg being dropped by his father is the main reason he's so odd among the other penguins.
  • Children Raise You: In the sequel, all of Bryan's most noble moments come at the prompting of his two adorable children.
    • "We won't think less of you, daddy!"
  • Comically Missing the Point
    Carmen: You and me? Fat chance.
    Ramon: *gasp* I've got a chance! And it's fat!
    Carmen: How did I not see? You are beautiful!
    Ramon: Only on the outside.
  • Common Eye Colors: Mumble is the only one with blue eyes, besides the elders, who have blue, green, and hazel. The normal population has amber/brown.
    • Cartoony Eyes: Mumble's icy blue eyes is actually a reference to his voice actor, Elijah Wood. (But see Uncanny Valley.)
  • Continuity Nod: Mumble mentions in the sequel how he was an outcast and everyone though he was weird, which was a major point in the original.
  • Critical Research Failure: In-Universe example in which one of the Adélie penguins believes elephant seals are vegetarians. It isn't ever established that said belief was inaccurate, though, which could potentially give less informed viewers the wrong idea.
  • Crowd Song: Two's climax with "Under Pressure".
    • "Bridge of Light,"
    • "Boogie Wonderland" in the first film.
  • Culture Police: The Elders, particularly over dancing.
  • Dance Line: At the end.
  • Dance Party Ending: Unexpected, seeing that the movie is about a dancing penguin.
  • Dancing Is Serious Business
  • Demoted to Extra: All of the Amigos except Ramon in the sequel, as well as Mumble's parents. Noah's still there, making it improbable that they passed away. (They're actually the penguins that tell Noah that there is no way out from the Doomberg.)
  • Digging Yourself Deeper: Multiple instances for Mumble in the sequel.
  • Does This Remind You of Anything?: Mumble is treated like a child with autism during the first film.
  • Dreadful Musician: Mumble
    Ramón: (after hearing Mumble singing) Yeah, I heard an animal once do that, but then they rolled him over and he was dead.
  • Earn Your Happy Ending: YMMV depending on how you perceive said trope, Mumble goes through a lot before his story is done.
  • Easy Evangelism: Mumble is returned to the colony by biologists, who follow him with a tracking device. Their studies of the penguins dancing makes people care about them more; a frantic montage of political activity leads to international fishing fleets withdrawing from Antarctic waters.
  • Eskimos Aren't Real: In Happy Feet Two, Will the Krill believes black holes are myths to keep people in the swarm.
  • Everything's Better with Penguins: Well, they certainly didn't make this movie because they thought everything was better with Elephant Seals.
  • Family-Unfriendly Violence: The seal and the whale scenes are often cited as just plain terrifying. And they are.
  • Fantastic Racism: The penguin elders call the Adélie penguins "filthy vermin."
    • Character Development: Noah, in the sequel, remarks about the solidarity of all the penguin nations coming together.
  • Follow the Leader: While not a criticism of the film itself, as it was in production since 1997, the release of March of the Penguins wasn't at all an inconvenience.
  • Foreshadowing: Notice how all the penguins hatch out of their eggs with their beaks first, except Mumble, who's first bodyparts we see are his feet. And dancing.
  • Freeze-Frame Bonus: In the sequel, after the Krill escape the whales attack, if you pause when the whales are attacking the rest of the Krill swarm (as seen by Bill and Will), the shape of the swarm with the holes caused by the whales is that of a skull or a ghost face, call it what you will.
  • Funny Background Event: The other skuas in the background start mimicking the Boss Skua perfectly while he tells Mumble his story.
  • Funny Foreigner: Sven.
  • Genius Bruiser: Bryan prefers to simply shove any obstacles out of his way, but he later protests Mumble's ice-breaking plan by talking of "The impact force of compact ice, under pressure..."
  • Green Aesop: A rare example of an environmental message being very prominent and yet nowhere near the major point of the film - the human-caused depletion of the Antarctic fish is mostly a device to drive the plot.
    • The sequel doesn't even mention global warming, but it's very obviously to blame for the big problem caused by the broken-off iceberg. There are a lot of dripping icicles and pools of water around, as well.
  • Groin Attack: Baby Mumble pulls this on Memphis.
    Memphis: Watch the beak, watch the beak, watch the beak, the-
    Memphis: The beak.
  • Hot for Teacher: Briefly, Seymour - although it's his last appearance, so just how brief is never mentioned. Later, it's revealed that they both have two separate chicks (Bo is Ms. Viola's and Attacus is Seymour's), so they did not have their songs become love.
  • Humans Are Cthulhu: The aliens are, of course, humanity. It's a very long time (at least three-quarters of the way through the movie) before any humans appear, and before that the penguins see only their strange artefacts (garbage) and huge structures (an abandoned Antarctic base, a factory fishing ship), which are, to them, as incomprehensible and unknowable as the Jupiter Monolith in 2001: A Space Odyssey.
  • Ink-Suit Actor: Mumble has his actor's blue eyes, and Gloria looks as much like Brittany Murphy as it's possible for a penguin to.
  • Irony: Mumble's a dreadful singer, but a terrific dancer. In the sequel, dancing's become almost as normal as singing between the penguins', however Mumble's son Erik can't seem to get the hang of it. Towards the end he's then revealed to have a magnificent voice, or more spesifically, an opera voice.
  • Jukebox Musical: A lot of the music is oldies songs.
  • Last of His Kind: Sven. He even mentions winning a dance contest in his homeland with some other puffins, making it a bit of Fridge Horror.
  • Le Parkour: Boadicea in the sequel.
  • Lotus-Eater Machine: The zoo to penguins. Mumble doesn't buy it
  • Loud Gulp: Noah gulps when he sees a helicopter for the first time.
  • Mama Bear: Despite her calm, loving demeanor, Norma Jean showed flashes of this. She was the first and only emperor penguin, in their extremely conformist and conservative society, to try to oppose the Elders, verbally lashing out at them (which was shocking enough to the colony) when they forced her son Mumble into exile. She also expressed great disdain for them during the graduation ceremony, for Mumble had not been permitted to graduate.
  • Meaningful Name: Erik's talent turns out to be opera...just like another famous Erik. Also, Mumble's mother is named "Norma Jean," which was Marilyn Monroe's birth name.
  • Mistaken For Afterlife: An inversion of the trope's usual form - when Mumble wakes up in the zoo enclosure, the other penguins tell him he's now in heaven, but he doesn't agree. (It's a environment tailored to their comfort, safe from predators and with a guaranteed food supply - from their point of view, it couldn't be better.)
  • Mood Whiplash: Happy dancing, happy dancing, banishment! A hard journey across the ice to find Robin Williams, so wacky fun again. Then it gets serious again, and so on.
  • Narrator: it's revealed to be Lovelace.
  • Never Trust a Trailer: Watch the trailers and there's no sign of the (often heavy-handed) environmental message in the film, just happy dancing. This was actually one of director George Miller's big points of content, after the film was released. He has a rant about it on the Scene/Unseen podcast, where he compares the studio advertising machines to ubiquitous soda bottling companies, always pushing everything down to the norm.
  • No Cartoon Fish: See Carnivore Confusion, above.
  • Non-Mammal Mammaries: The female penguins don't have breasts in the mammalian sense, but they do have feminine shading on their chests.
  • No Social Skills: Mumble has a slightly awkward sense of humor and doesn't always appear to grok social nuances.
  • Not the Fall That Kills You: The ice ramp in the sequel and Bryan falling into the ice crevice.
  • Oh My Gods!: The penguins' god is "the great Guin". In Happy Feet 2, Noah says "Mother of Guin".
  • Overprotective Dad: Mumble gets this in the sequel. Justified in that they are in Antarctica, baby penguins wouldn't be able to maintain their body heat for very long nor can they feed themselves (which is remarked upon with Ramon), and most of the predators Mumble faced in the original movie (the Leopard Seal and Killer Whales), he faced as an adult and could have easily gotten killed.
  • Papa Wolf: Mumble again in the sequel.
  • Parental Bonus: Most of the songs will be well-known to the older (25+) generation, but completely unfamiliar to kids, as well as the Shout-Out characters (eg. Memphis is based on Elvis Presley, Norma Jean is Marilyn Monroe).
  • Perfectly Cromulent Word: "One in a Krillion".
  • Perpetual Molt: Subverted. Mumble never finishes his molting. And he's never shown shedding feathers, even near the climax. The creator said Mumble was designed this way so you could tell him apart from all the other penguins.
  • Retcon: At the end of the first film, Mumble's feathers have almost completely developed, up to covering his chest and leaving only his head and part of his back still covered in down. In the sequel however, his down is back to covering half of his body.
  • Revised Ending: An early cut of the film involved a subplot regarding actual extraterrestrial aliens, whose presence was made gradually more and more known throughout. The aliens were planning to siphon off the planet's resources gradually, placing the humans in the same plight as the penguins. At the end, thanks to Mumbles, their hand is stayed, and instead first contact is made. This was chopped out during the last year of production, and has yet to see the light of day in a finished form. There is proof in the form of concept art, and this dropped plot helps explain the outer space motif that remains in the film. The film would've been somewhat longer, by extension.
    • This is further confirmed by the release of an early, undated draft of the screenplay, which includes the above mentioned ending, as well as an even darker tone - confirming that, among other things, the film was originally and unequivocally aimed at much narrower age-bracket, rather than the all-embracing tone of the finished film. The characters all curse like sailors, and the famine subplot is even further examined, along with the penguin society and religion, various character name changes and a much more eclectic soundtrack, featuring The Who, The Ramones, Iggy Pop and later-era Beatles, in place of what would become John Powell's orchestral soundtrack. You can find it here.
  • Rick Roll: In the sequel.
  • Ridiculously Cute Critter: There's a baby penguin on the DVD case. Need we say any more? The sequel also has the baby seal twins.
  • Roger Rabbit Effect: Reversed, as it's human actors superimposed in the CG film. You know it's good when it's hard to tell.
  • Sanity Slippage: Mumble at the Florida aquarium. The Village Voice stated that it was perfectly realized envisioning of penguin insanity.
  • Scars Are Forever: Mumble's bitten tail remains with him forever.
  • Shout-Out: Mumble's delirious hallucinations call him "Dave".
  • Shoutout Music: Tons of popular songs make short cameos throughout the film.
  • Shown Their Work: The film actually depicts several behaviors of Antarctic animals quite accurately, such as the way male Emperor penguins spend the winter huddling together for warmth while incubating their eggs, the mating rituals of Adélie penguins and the habit of killer whales to play with their food.
  • Sliding Scale of Anthropomorphism: Quite far on the Talking Animal side.
  • The Song Remains the Same: Most dubs, except for the Portuguese one.
  • Spexico: With Penguins no less. The Adélie group with Ramon have Spanish/Mexican accents, and the chicks they try to impress have Colombian accents.
  • Tertiary Sexual Characteristics: The females all have pink spots on their beaks instead of orange like the males', their white undersides are hourglass-shaped while the males' are straighter, and they have more pronounced chests than the males with the yellow markings on top of their in V shapes rather than on their necks.
  • The Reveal: Erik's (Mumble's son) talent is opera.
  • This Is Gonna Suck:
    Rinaldo: They're making us appetizers!
    Ramón: They're appe-teasing us! Ha, ha, ha! (beat) We're gonna die.
  • Those Two Krill: Will and Bill.
  • Translation Convention: And some Fridge Brilliance in one. Emperor Penguins tell their mates in colonies by their vocalizations, which humans can't readily distinguish differences in but the penguins can. How to translate these subtle vocal variations into human terms? Have them each sing a different song!
  • What Were You Thinking?: Gloria asks a version of this after she discovers that Mumble singing to her at the mating season is really him lip-syncing to Ramon's singing.
    Gloria: Mumble, what could you possibly be thinking?
    Mumble: I...I didn't know what else to do.
  • Victorious Childhood Friend: Mumble ultimately gets the girl.


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alternative title(s): Happy Feet; Happy Feet Two; Happy Feet
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