Western Animation: Comi Color Cartoons
Comi Color Cartoons was a short lived series of cartoons, produced by former Disney animator Ub Iwerks for Celebrity Pictures from November 1933 to September 1936. The series was produced by Iwerks to compete with Walt Disney's then-smash hit Silly Symphonies series, and to make up for the losses of Flip the Frog and Willie Whopper.While it would be easy to write off these cartoons as low budget knockoffs of Disney's lavish cartoons, closer examination of the shorts will reveal that they do have several things going for them. For starters, while Disney made his Symphonies shorts increasingly sentimental and idealistic, Ub kept a more gritty, down to earth approach to his fairy tales, as evident in shorts like "Balloon Land", "Aladdin and his Wonderful Lamp" and "Dick Whittington's Cat". Ub also outright ignored Disney's push for more realistic animation, instead opting for a more stylized version of the early 30's rubberhose style that is indisputably influenced by the early works of Fleischer Studios—supported by that Iwerks had at least four ex-Fleischer staffers on board: Grim Natwick (who often supervised, designed and animated for the shorts in Iwerks' steed), Berny Wolf, Shamus Culhane and Al Eugster.Although the characters were typical one-dimensional cyphers, the stories were handled in a workmanlike fashion, and the animation in some of the shorts is fairly well done—Balloon Land in particular is full of principles such as squash and stretch and overlapping action. And, being a Silly Symphony clone, lavish color was up front and center, with lush, sumptiously painted backgrounds in each cartoon, and the cartoons were backed up with lively scores supplied by Iwerks mainstay and future Looney Tunes composer Carl Stalling. Another standout feature of the cartoons was the occasional use of a proto-Multiplane Camera that Iwerks himself built out of parts of a junked chevrolet car, which actually precedes the completion of Disney's own Multiplane apparatus.Despite this, the series was doomed from the beginning. Unlike with Flip and Willie, Iwerks no longer had MGM to distribute the cartoons, with his boss Pat Powers having to distribute the cartoons himself. And, as expected, Iwerks shorts simply couldn't compete with Disney's own lavish shorts. After a three year stint of 25 shorts, the series folded and Ub was forced to close up shop, prompting a return to Disney in the following years.Many of these shorts have been re-released on the two Cartoons That Time Forgot: Ub Iwerks DVD sets, and research copies of the whole series are available via Jerry Beck's Cartoon Research website. Several of these shorts have slipped into the Public Domain.It is also worth noting that one of these shorts, Balloon Land, was a runner up on the list of The 50 Greatest Cartoons ever made.
- Jack and the Beanstalk (Nov. 30)
- The Little Red Hen (Feb 16)
- The Brave Tin Soldier (April 7)
- Puss in Boots (May 17)
- The Queen of Hearts (June 25)
- Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp (Aug 10)
- The Headless Horseman (Oct 1)
- The Valiant Tailor (Oct 29) Public Domain.
- Don Quixote (Nov 26)
- Jack Frost (Dec 24) Public Domain.
- Little Black Sambo (Feb 6)
- The Bremen Town Musicians (March 6) Public Domain.
- Old Mother Hubbard (April 3) Public Domain.
- Mary's Little Lamb (May 1) Public Domain.
- Summertime (June 15) Public Domain.
- Sinbad the Sailor (July 30) Public Domain.
- The Three Bears (Aug 30) Public Domain.
- Balloon Land (Sept. 30) Runner-up on The 50 Greatest Cartoons list. Public Domain.
- Simple Simon (Nov 15) Public Domain.
- Humpty Dumpty (Dec 30) Public Domain.
- Baleful Polymorph: Done in "Puss in Boots", as the princess is turned into a bird.
- Bittersweet Ending: The end of "The Brave Tin Soldier". It was also the only short to feature this, as Pat Powers was ordered to tell Iwerks to never put another sad ending into this film, according to Shamus Culhane's autobiography.
- Captain Ersatz: The cat characters from "Puss in Boots" are the exact same designs of the cats Shamus Culhane designed and animated for the Van Beuren Studios cartoon "Merry Kittens".
- Christmas Episode: "Jack Frost".
- Follow the Leader
- Fluffy Cloud Heaven: A Toy version of it appears in the end of "The Brave Tin Soldier".
- Lighter and Softer: Nowhere as raunchy as the Flip the Frog or Willie Whopper cartoons Iwerks previously made, but their earthy, comedic tone still lingers in these shorts. On the other hand, compared to the competing Disney shorts, the tone of the Iwerks Comicolors tended to be more grey and goofy.
- Public Domain Animation: Some of the shorts have slipped into the public domain.
- Stock Footage: "Mary's Little Lamb" has a brief scene where the schoolhouse desks move in perspective, which was recycled from a previous Iwerks short, but reshot in color this time.