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Webcomic: Axis Powers Hetalia

Once upon a time, there was a man called The Roman Empire. He ruled over all the Mediterranean. Then he died, leaving his grandson Italy in his place. Despite the riches and talents he inherited, Italy was weak, and was a target for all his neighbors.

Cut to World War One. Germany waits at the Italian front, ready to face the heir to the mighty Roman Empire...

He finds Italy hiding in a tomato crate. Poor Italy is scared and has no idea what the hell is going on, so Germany takes him under his wing, where he remains until World War II. At the same time, the "Allied Forces" are getting ready to counter attack... if they can reach an agreement, that is.

A popular Japanese series by Hidekaz Himaruya that is an allegorical tale of the history of the world, especially during World War II, with anthropomorphizations of different countries and the various stereotypes associated with them. Axis Powers Hetalia is at once educational, irreverently silly, occasionally touching, and quite probably very offensive to certain people. Surprisingly, it gets many of the more subtle and less well known relationships between European countries rather well represented, which you usually wouldn't expect of foreign writers.

Starting off as a webcomic in 2006, Hetalia garnered a strong fan following, and was eventually published in print form two years later. A series of drama CDs were made later; an anime adaptation has been released, but broadcast on television was canceled in favor of alternate means. The word Hetalia is a portmanteau of hetare and Italia (Italy), which means hopeless Italy, as Germany soon discovers. Hopeless in a cute way. You know, with the Axis powers, it's not bad to be bad at being bad.

Six volumes have been printed in Japan, the most recent in October of 2013. The manga adaptation was originally licensed by Tokyopop and two volumes were released, but they went bankrupt before the third volume could be published. Right Stuf picked up the series and has volumes 1 - 5 for sale. Monthly episodes also ran in Birz magazine for about a year starting in 2011, and those stories were reprinted in volumes five and six of the published manga. In the meantime, the original webcomic can be read here, with scanlations located here.note 

An anime adaptation by Studio DEEN began airing in January of 2009, and currently has completed five seasons, along with several additional "special episodes." The third and fourth season were released under the name Hetalia World Series and Hetalia the Beautiful World for season five. A movie, Paint It, White, has been released in Japan and became available in North America in November 2011. Both the series and the movie have been licensed by Funimation. The extra episodes included on the Japanese fan discs are included on the fourth season DVDs, but are not available online. Because of this, any casual fan watching streamed episodes online might get confused when they see the episode in season four where teenage Prussia sees Hungary's breasts and is reminded that she is female, as the episode where he discovered her gender was one of the extra episodes for the third season.

Most of the series can be viewed at Funimation's website.note  The subbed and dubbed episodes of the first two seasons are available for free, as are the subbed episodes of the third and fourth seasons. The dubbed episodes of World Series, the movie, and commentary are available to people who have a paid subscription. Hulu also has both subtitled and dubbed versions of the Axis Powers, as does Funimation's YouTube Channel. Likewise, a sub of World Series is also officially available on YouTube and Hulu. The show is TV-MA, so an account on either is required.

Please note that the dub takes a great number of liberties with the script.

Now has its own Fan Works, Alternative Character Interpretation, Memetic Mutation, Hetalia Bloodbath 2010, Hetaween 2011, Hetalia Bloodbath 2011, Hetalia Hetaween 2013, Ship Tease, Ho Yay, Ron The Death Eater, Ships That Pass In The Night, Ship To Ship Combat, Die For Our Ship, and Fandom Specific Plot, pages. It also has its own page on TV Tropes' Fetish Fuel wiki.

Compare Scandinavia and the World, another webcomic that was inspired when a Danish artist felt that the Scandinavian nations didn't match up with the stereotypes that she was familiar with, Afganisu-tan, a short lived webcomic centered around a humanized version of Afghanistan, and Planetary Moe, which has been described as "Hetalia but with astronomical bodies instead of countries." Also compare Mobile Fighter G Gundam, which foreshadows the theme of National Stereotypes to the point that it's sometimes seen as a spiritual predecessor. Also compare the much more amateurish (deliberately so) Polandball comics, which also features anthropomorphizing nations.

By the way, there are two Italies (Veneziano and Romano), but assume we mean Veneziano (North Italy). Similarly, "Korea" refers to South Korea, as in the original comics he is called by the Japanese name for South Korea (Kankoku) and the North (Chousen) is never shown.


Axis Powers Hetalia contains examples of:

    open/close all folders 

     A-H 
  • Aborted Arc:
    • The Hetalia Christmas Bloodbath of 2011, due to Himaruya's commitment to Gentosha Comics.
    • Also the 2013 Halloween event for unknown reasons.
  • Accent Adaptation: Poland's Nagoya accent is translated as a Valley Girl accent in scanlations, while Sweden's Touhoku dialect is depicted as though he were mumbling. Interestingly, Spain's Kansai accent is not translated at all.
  • Accidental Marriage:
    • In one comic, Italy greets Japan with a kiss on the cheek and a hug. Japan demands that Italy accept responsibility and marry him.
    • Not to mention the same thing happen with Japan and Netherlands' pets, where Netherlands' rabbit licked Japan's dog, and he immediately told Netherlands' rabbit to take responsibility.
  • Accidental Pervert:
    • Holy Roman Empire. Several times he has accidentally lifted up (or pulled down) Chibitalia's shorts.
    • Germany as well. He's tugged on both Italy and Romano's Idiot Hairs while not understanding the reaction they have to it.
    • Spain is also this, for the same reason...
    • Prussia, under the impression that Hungary was a boy (to be fair, she thought she was a boy too), groped her chest once, only to realize exactly what he was feeling under Hungary's shirt.
  • Action Girl:
  • A-Cup Angst:
    • After getting mistaken for a little boy, Liechtenstein was shown fretting over the flatness of her chest.
    • During a meeting of the female nations, Taiwan gets self-conscious about her breasts in comparison to Ukraine, Hungary, and Monaco.
  • Adaptation Distillation: The anime version of Hetalia, while having a number of differences from the source material, does try to stay close to the manga.
  • Adaptation Dye-Job: Numerous characters, although it doesn't help that Himaruya isn't always consistent with his coloring to begin with.
    • Italy's hair is brown in the manga, but the anime gives him auburn hair that sometimes looks like a saturated red. His eyes also went from brown to gold.
    • Romano's eyes are usually hazel in manga, but they're gold like his brother's in the anime. He's also slightly more tanned than his brother, but they have the same skin tone in the anime.
    • America's hair is more of a dirty blond in the anime.
    • Canada's hair is also a dirty blond in the anime, whereas in the manga he is shown with yellow-orange hair. His eyes also went from purple to blue, possibly to make him look more like America.
    • England's hair went from an ash blond shade to saturated yellow.
    • France's dark blond hair was changed to the same yellow as England's.
    • Sweden's hair was colored light brown in the first season, although later seasons have corrected this and changed his hair back to its original blond. His eyes also changed from a greenish hue to blue.
    • Finland's eyes are purple in the manga, but were changed to brown in the anime.
    • Latvia had purple eyes in the manga and blue eyes in the anime. The anime also made his hair darker.
    • Like Latvia, Estonia's hair was darker in the anime, and his eyes went from a blue-green to the same shade of blue as Latvia's.
    • Lithuania's eyes went from green to blue.
    • Belarus has dirty blond hair in the anime instead of the platinum blond hair she had in the manga.
    • China's black hair was changed to ash brown in the anime.
    • Korea also has black hair, but the unused anime design showed him with chestnut brown hair.
    • Germania's eyes changed from sea green to blue.
    • Spain, Egypt and Seychelles all have tanned skin in the manga, and Greece and Turkey have more olive complexions. In the anime, they all have the same skin color as the other characters.
    • Note that the above examples all refer to the first four seasons. Season five mostly corrected these changes.
  • Adjusting Your Glasses: Canada used the "by the corner" method in the second part of "Hetalia of the Dead" in season five.
  • Adorkable: Many characters. Italy, America, and Canada in particular.
  • Affectionate Gesture to the Head:
    • After Italy was shown agreeing with everything Germany said at a meeting, Germany patted him on the head.
    • France ruffled America's hair affectionately when he came to the latter's Centennial celebration.
  • Affectionate Parody: Of history and different countries in general, treating them with a well-meaning and almost endearing degree of respect.
  • Air Guitar: Prussia does a variation of this with a broom in "Go Forth! Newspaper Club! (part two)"
  • Airplane Arms: Sealand seems to be fond of running around his country like this.
  • Alien Abduction: Appears to happen on a global scale in the end of "Paint it White", where the invading Pict SEEM to have billions of converted humans enter their mothership and then fly back home to their home planet. It's not stated that these Pict are the converted humans, and the Princess claims she'd return everything to normal as it was. It hasn't stopped some from interpreting it as a dark ending, however, or thinking that the princess lied. If that were the case, only Switzerland, Liechtenstein, and Iceland are left.
  • Alien Invasion: The premise of Paint It, White.
  • Aliens Speaking English/Japanese: America's alien friend Tony.
  • The Alliance: The Allies, of course.
  • All Love Is Unrequited: Oh, boy... where to start?
    • England apparently has an unrequited crush on America.
    • The Belarus/Russia/Lithuania love triangle. Belarus likes Russia, Russia likes Lithuania, Lithuania likes Belarus, and it all goes downhill from there.
    • Korea's affection towards China (and, to a lesser extent, Japan) is not requited.
    • Prussia seems to have a crush on his childhood frenemy Hungary, and his blog entries seem to indicate that he likes Italy as well.
    • Poland and Lithuania are a bit more debatable. At one point Lithuania says that he hates Poland. The later replies that "it doesn't, like, change the fact that I like you." Mind you, Poland's words could also be translated as "I love you."
  • All Just a Dream:
    • When Canada has a dream about Quebec becoming an independent nation, he was relieved to find out it was only a dream.
      "Uwaaaahhhh! Not Montreal...! Anything but that! Thank goodness it was just a dream!"
    • Japan tries to convince himself that his "private lesson" with Greece was this.
    • After the what happened during the 2010 Christmas Bloodbath, England remarks that maybe he'll just go to sleep and find out it was all just a dream when he wakes up.
    • During the 2011 Christmas event, Iceland had a Homoerotic Dream about Turkey, and was weirded out by it.
    • Estonia was relieved to find out that he hadn't really been transported to an alternate universe where everyone's genders were reversed.
  • All Part of the Show: When a star falls on England's head, America is nothing short of impressed.
  • All There in the Manual: Several characters appear in sketches in the author's blog long before their introduction in any strip. The blog regularly features a Q&A section that gives some insight and little tips about the nations themselves.
  • "Also Sprach Zarathustra": Alluded to with the first few notes of the opening music of seasons one through four.
  • Alternate Universe: In the 2010 Christmas Bloodbath, it's revealed that there is one where the Nations are cat people, don't wear any clothing, and there are 123 Frances. There is also the Hetalia Academy universe, and the Nyotalia (gender reversed) universe.
  • Alternate Universe Fic: These tend to show up frequently. Since there are multiple versions of each character in canon (mochi versions, cat versions, gender-reversed versions, the 2p or "another coloring" versions, the Hetalia Academy AU) there is plenty of opportunity for this to happen. Alternate History stories tend to show up on a regular basis, as do fics where the characters are normal people.
  • A Man Is Not a Virgin:
    • Played straight with Greece and France.
    • Averted with Italy, although he isn't exactly the stereotypical epitome of manliness to begin with.
    • Also averted with Germany, although Austria was surprised when he found out Germany's total experience with love and sex was that he had read a few romance novels over the course of his life.
  • Ambiguous Gender: New Zealand - Himayura has specifically avoided answering this question in many ways:
    • When a fan asked Himaruya if the character was male or female, he responded by posting a sketch of the character asking, "Which do you think I am?"
    • Absence of gender-specific references to New Zealand's gender, such as the use of the word "senien" in Volume 4 which could either be masculine or the more ambiguous "youth" or one of similar social standing.
    • New Zealand's gender was finally confirmed in a November 2013 blog post which referred to him as male.
  • The American Revolution: Shown in a flashback during one of the rare serious strips/episodes, "America Cleans Out the Storage".
  • America Saves the Day: Frequently invoked, as America constantly tries to fill the role of hero while snubbing the other Allies to cannon fodder.
  • Amicable Exes: Despite being divorced, Austria and Hungary are still on good terms, and are shown spending holidays together and exchanging gifts.
  • Amusing Alien: America's little buddy Tony, provided you find his habitual cursing and severe hatred of the English amusing.
  • Amusing Injuries: England has had both a missile and a falling star stuck in his head, France has been smacked with Hungary's frying pan on more than one occasion and was shot in the head once by Switzerland, America broke his foot after slipping on a banana peel, several others.
  • Anachronic Order: The story may deal with history, but the events aren't shown in historical order.
  • Anachronism Stew:
    • In one episode of the anime, Italy mentions that Germany has pornographic DVDs, even though the DVD would not be invented until several decades after that point in the story.
    • Holy Roman Empire was shown waking up to a modern electronic alarm clock at one point.
    • Austria is shown wearing modern style glasses before they were invented.
    • One anachronism is acknowledged in this strip. England asks America (who is admittedly a technical wizard) if he's trying to show off by having a computer that won't be invented for forty-two years.
    • During WWII, France is shown wearing a WWI-era infantry uniform.
    • One episode of the anime depicts France with a digital camera, presumably in the 1940s. Yet it prints photos as if it were a Polaroid.
    • When a young China and little Japan met for the first time in the bamboo forest, which happened during ancient times, China was wearing a changshan (the male equivalent of the qipao), which the Chinese only begun wearing in the 17th century.
  • Animal-Eared Headband:
    • They found an excuse. Belgium actually has a ceremony to honor dead cats.
    • It has been shown that when France goes streaking, he will often wear cat ears and nothing else.
    • Japan gives Greece some cat ears because Greece said he wished he were a cat.
    • Holy Roman Empire once had a dream about Italy and the cat festival.
    • At the very last strip on this page, America and England can be seen wearing cat ears.
    • During the 2011 April Fool's event, Spain and Prussia wore rabbit ears, America had bear ears, while France, Germany, and Russia all sported cat ears.
    • Multiple characters wore them as part of their costumes for the 2011 Halloween event.
  • Animal Reaction Shot: After America turns down a deredere England, his whale friend (who was previously smiling like an idiot) becomes sad.
  • Animals Hate Him: Russia. Lithuania's dog didn't like him, a hamster bit him when he tried to pet it, and a polar bear was once shown chewing on his head.
  • Animals Lack Attributes: Zig-Zagging Trope. The nations' pets and their feline counterparts are drawn with anuses (as a small "x" under the tails), but external genitalia are never shown.
  • Animated Adaptation
  • Animate Inanimate Object: Russia's scarf once tried to strangle America.
  • Animation Bump: The beginning of season five had a lot of detail and beautifully rendered backgrounds.
  • Anime Accent Absence: China is an aversion (sort of), but the rest of the characters play this straight. Although this may be just Translation Convention, as it's implied that there is some sort of Common Tongue that they all speak in addition to their native languages.
  • Annoying Younger Sibling:
    • Sealand to England.
    • Korea to China and Japan.
    • Romano seems to consider Italy to be this at times.
  • Anthropomorphic Personification:
    • Most of the characters are personifications of nations.
    • There are also characters who represent regions.
      • Bavaria and Saxony made brief appearances in the Chibitalia strips.
      • Hesse showed up in the 2011 Christmas event.
      • Bayern, Brandenburg, and Holstein were mentioned in the "Cleaning Prussia-san" game.
      • The Chinese provinces of Fujian, Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu, and Sichuan were mentioned in one of Himaruya's blog entries.
      • Quebec was shown in one story.
      • Picardy helped France during the 2011 April Fool's Day event.
      • The Japanese feudal domains have characters.
      • Himaruya has created characters for all of the Japanese prefectures as well, although only a couple have made appearances in the series.
    • Personifications of groups and organizations also exist.
      • Prussia started out as the personification of the Teutonic Knights.
      • A character representing the United Nations appeared in one story.
    • General Winter is the personification of the Russian winter.
    • There are also several Mr. Newspaper characters. Each nation has one who is the personification of their media.
  • Anxiety Dreams:
    • Italy has one in which Germany and Japan leave him.
    • Canada had one where Quebec became an independent nation.
    • England once dreamt that an island rose up underneath Sealand, which resulted in him growing up and becoming a recognized nation.
  • Anything That Moves: Word of God's stance on France's sexuality.
  • April Fools' Plot: The various live events that have occurred on April Fool's Day, one even being made into an anime episode.
  • Arbitrary Skepticism: The characters have seen (and interacted with) aliens, have counterparts in an Alternate Universe that are naked cat people, and Estonia has mochi versions of them as pets, yet no one other than Finland seems to believe England or Norway in regards to them being able to see fairies and other magical creatures.
  • Art Evolution: The art has become cleaner and everyone has gotten prettier as the series has progressed. And the new animation artwork for season five is an improvement over the previous seasons.
  • Artifact Title: The Axis Powers have had the spotlight stolen from them. The third and fourth seasons of the anime even goes under the title of World Series and season five is called The Beautiful World. This is somewhat defied in anime promotions which still tend to show the Axis and Allied Powers (aka the World 8), although many of the other characters had gotten prominence as well.
  • Artistic Age: The approximate physical age of the characters doesn't seem to correspond to the actual age of their nations. Connected to Vague Age below.
  • Artistic License - Geography:
    • In an early episode, Italy proudly shows Japan the sights of "Rome"...with the Florence Cathedral looming in the background.
    • A more minor example is with North Italy's frequent references to pasta. While pasta is eaten in the north, the specialty there is polenta, and pasta is more prevalent in the south.
  • Artistic License - History:
    • One of the most egregious examples of this trope, and the most controversial, is the pronouncement in the manga's great depression strip that one of the reasons for the struggles of the Axis powers was the lack of colonies. Anyone who has read anything of the war in the Pacific knows that this was very much not the case for Japan. Koreans in particular were not amused.
      • Germany and Italy also had colonies, just not as many as the other European nations. The Hetalia Academy game corrects this; the other African nations find it hilarious that Ethiopia is Italy's colony. The above strip is also made confusing by the fact that Himaruya had initially planned to include Libya and Ethiopia in the webcomic. Like many of his plans though, they have yet to come to fruition.
    • There's an episode where Russia is talking about the Soviet Union and its fall. We see him standing with the Baltic nations, Belarus, Ukraine, and several shadowy figures meant to represent the other Soviet nations. One by one, they fade away as they leave the USSR. The anime showed Lithuania disappearing last, when in reality, Lithuania was the first to declare their independence.
    • In the dub, Sealand declares that his Prince made it a law that he has to be called "Super Larry". Sealand's Prince is actually named Roy.
    • Also in the dub, when the European nations are freaking out about the year 1000 and Judgement Day, France claims one of the reasons he's sure to go to Hell is because of the guillotine. The guillotine would not be invented until the end of the 18th century.
    • The series shows France and England trying to make an alliance with Poland just prior to WWII, only to have Poland not take them seriously. In reality, Poland was serious about the alliance.
    • Austria and Hungary's relationship has been shown as being consistently friendly over the years when it's really been more Tsundere, although there are hints of this in the strips.
  • Artistic License - Ships: In the episode where England is shown beating Spain, the anime gives England hilariously inaccurate warships, complete with a totally screwed-up version of the English flag. Instead of St George's Cross they made it look like an inverted Swiss flag.
  • Art Shift: Almost all of the characters go chibi at one point. Also, France has a tendency to shift into a 1970s Shoujo art style when distraught.
  • Ascended Extra: Several characters who started out having minor parts early on in the series have gone on to have stories in both the manga an the anime focused on them.
  • Ascended Meme: Oh, Funimation:
    (later) "We caught 'em all!"
    • Sadly averted with the "vital regions" meme in the dub.
    • The Bad Friends Trio (France, Prussia, and Spain). They appeared together in the strip about the War of Austrian Succession, and fans leaped on the idea of them being friends and hanging out together, despite no evidence to support this. Himaruya has since drawn the three of them together on occasion, the cover of the Arte Stella Piccalo art book features them, and they now have an image song together.
  • Attack Hello: Chibi Romano wakes Spain up this way.
  • Attractive Bent-Gender: Italy explains to Germany why he was captured by the Allies. "There was a pretty girl so I hit on her. But then, it was France in disguise!"
  • Audio Adaptation: There are several CD dramas, many of which predate the anime.
  • Awesome, yet Impractical:
    • The Axis discusses ninja at one point and Japan points out that their famed throwing stars are this. Instead, he suggests that for the same purpose sharpened chopsticks would work better. Germany is a bit disappointed.
    • During WWII Italy finally gets ahold of a decent, functioning tank (which, being Italy, is an accomplishment)... that smokes up the inside everytime it fired, so tank crews left the top open during battle. Truth in Television, actually.
  • Ax-Crazy: Russia and Belarus at times. Though it occasionally seems to rub off on other Eastern Europeans like Lithuania and Hungary, especially when they're angry.
  • An Axe to Grind: Denmark and Spain are sometimes drawn with one.
  • Author Filibuster: Averted. Himaruya clearly tries to avoid turning the whole series into a glorified soapbox for Anvilicious tracts. For the most part he succeeds: the closest he's gotten to this trope so far is a strip about Japan losing elements of his traditional culture, though this is more in the context of Westernization.
  • Badass Adorable:
    • Don't be fooled by Sealand's small size, because he can pack quite a punch.
    • Chibitalia once beat the crap out of Turkey.
    • Prussia considered himself this when he was young.
    • Most of the nations could qualify when they were kids.
  • Banana Peel: Both America and Romano have slipped on them and landed on their faces. Oddly, America broke his foot, but Romano only needed a band-aid.
  • Barbie Doll Anatomy: The male characters have been shown shirtless on several occasions, but their nipples are never drawn.
  • Bare Your Midriff:
    • Wy and her Gender Flip self.
    • Fem!America, and her 2P counterpart.
    • Fem!Germany and 2P Fem!Germany.
    • 2P Fem!Prussia
  • Baseball Episode: This comic is about Italy's baseball team in the WBC.
  • Bathtub Scene: Japan gets one in episode seven of The Beautiful World.
  • Battle Aura:
    • Hungary had one when she showed up in Prussia's room while demanding that he return Austria's "vital regions".
    • When Italy asked France if he could have his paintings back, France inquired if he wanted to fight for them, all the while glowing with rage.
    • Austria got one after he found out that France had been spying on him and taking photos.
    • In the April Fools episode, Germany had one when he opened a package and discovered that he was being blackmailed into wearing a dress.
  • Battle in the Rain:
  • Beach Episode: Several times in both the manga and the anime when the nations get stranded on an island. It's pretty much a running gag by now, not that Italy ever seems concerned.
  • Beauty, Brains and Brawn: France, UK, USA. (Perhaps also Italy, Japan and Germany?)
  • The Bechdel Test: For a cast with few girls, it actually passes.
  • Bedmate Reveal: Germany often wakes up to Italy in his bed. Naked.
  • Belligerent Sexual Tension:
    • Between England and America, lampshaded by France a couple of times. In one of the Drama CDs he refers to their fight as a "lovers' quarrel," and in the dub he comments, "When you two are done releasing sexual tension, we have got a meeting we need to finish!"
    • England and France at times too. The Paint It, White dub took this and ran with it.
      Narrator (about Britain):... France is a long time acquaintance he's often found bickering with for bickering's sake. However, in their heart of hearts they love each other (Beat) Sexually.
  • Berserk Button:
    • Don't set foot on Switzerland's property without permission. And God help you if you do anything to his little sister.
    • While England tends to have a Hair-Trigger Temper in general, mocking his cuisine or calling him a punk seems to really set him off.
    • Mentioning Turkey to Greece or vice versa. Especially if one sees Japan hanging out with the other.
    • The mere sight of Germany does this to Romano.
    • Do not tell mochi Canada that he looks like mochi America. He does not like it.
    • TRNC is not a micronation.
  • Between My Legs: While not as obvious as other examples, in volume four Estonia is framed between Fem!America's legs at the beginning of the "I Was Overwhelmed by Heroines" story.
  • BFG: America has one the size of a canon in the animated version of Hetalia Fantasia.
  • Big Applesauce: America lives in New York City. Himaruya also lived there when he first started the series.
  • Big Brother Instinct:
    • Switzerland took in Liechtenstein when she was starving in the rain and cared for her, even though he barely had enough to feed himself, and remains fiercely protective of her to this day.
    • England with America, at least when he was young.
  • Big Brother Mentor:
    • Subverted with Latvia. He offers Sealand the benefit of his experience but when he remembers his history he's the one who needs a shoulder to cry on. Luckily, Sealand has confidence to spare.
    • France is a bad influence, verging on Trickster Mentor, to the Italies, mostly Veneziano, since Romano often screams and/or runs away every time he sees France.
    • As with the above trope, Switzerland and his little sister Liechtenstein.
    • Despite the fan tendency to make England America's 'mom' or 'dad', he explicitly adopts America as his little brother and America explicitly says "I'm not your little brother anymore!" when he severs their connection.
    • China, who basically raised all of his younger siblings as their older brother, even if he's rarely treated as such by anyone other than Korea.
    • In a way, Austria is also like this for Holy Roman Empire and Chibi Italy. He's just much more reserved about it. He also is sort of like this for Germany in the Valentine's strip. Though given his behavior, he might be something of an Aloof Big Brother as well.
    • Prussia, to Germany.
  • Big Damn Hero: America desperately wants to be this.
  • Big Damn Movie: Complete with an Air-Vent Passageway escape, aliens that are something of a cross between The Greys and Humanoid Aliens, and not to mention Fridge Logic with a side helping of What Do You Mean, It Wasn't Made on Drugs?.
  • Big Eater:
    • America is constantly stuffing his face, usually with junk food.
    • Italy, especially if it's pizza or pasta.
    • China is sometimes seen eating a lot.
  • Big Fancy House: From what we've seen, most (if not all) of the nations live in these.
  • Big Friendly Dog: Berlitz, one of Germany's dogs, is large and runs around a lot, but he let Japan dress him up in a frilly outfit.
  • The Big Guy: Russia is the tallest and more unstable of the Allied Forces.
  • Big Little Brother:
    • Prussia is shorter than his younger brother Germany.
    • England returned after an absence only to discover his adoptive little brother America had gotten taller than him.
    • China is shorter than his brother Korea and Macau.
  • Big Ol' Eyebrows: England and everybody related to him, extending to some of his colonies. Hong Kong was cursed to have them, and Australia and New Zealand have pairs as impressive as England's. Characters with thick eyebrows that don't have anything to do with England include Cuba, Ecuador, Denmark, Greece, Turkey, Korea, Ancient Rome, and sometimes Russia.
  • Big Screwed-Up Family:
    • Two in Eastern Europe providing a general Dysfunction Junction.
    • Then there's the East Asian family.
    • And England with not only his brothers (Scotland, Wales, and North Ireland) but the former members of the British Empire as well.
    • The Former Ottoman Empire
  • Bilingual Bonus: In the later mochi comic strips. The Japanese translation provided by Himaruya is much more polite than what mochi America is saying in English.
  • Birthday Episode: One comic showed America having a birthday party.
  • Bishie Sparkle:
    • France and Estonia seem to get them more and more often as the series goes on.
    • Italy sometimes gets them when he's talking about girls.
    • Austria gets them when France takes a photograph of them together.
    • England as well while he was pretending to be an Italian. He even leaves a trail of them when Germany drags him away.
    • In season five, everyone seems to be sparkling a lot.
  • Bishounen: Thanks to Art Evolution, pretty much every male character is this or a hunk now.
  • Bi the Way: Many characters give this vibe.
    • Himaruya has confirmed that France likes both men and women.
    • While Rome never fooled around with men when he was alive, he has stated that he regrets this.
    • Italy is frequently shown flirting with women, but has admitted that his first love was the Holy Roman Empire.
    • Germany's porn seems to feature women, and he wrote in his diary that he likes the outfits servers at Japan's maid cafes wear, but now there's his feelings for Italy...
    • It's been hinted that Prussia may have feelings for Hungary, and he's expressed an interest in Italy as well.
    • Romano showed an attraction to Belgium when he was young, but despite how he treats him, it's still obvious that he cares for Spain.
    • Austria has been married to both Hungary and Spain at different points.
    • Hungary cares for Austria, but was shown flirting with Ukraine in one comic.
  • Biting-the-Hand Humor: Only in the dub, which has lampshaded the Off Model animation on a few occasions.
  • Biting the Handkerchief: France has done this twice.
    • The first time was when he found out that the other Allied nations were having fun without him.
    • He did it again when England was shown sleeping during a meeting, and he was upset because he hadn't slept in days due to having nightmares about Germany's dogs.
  • Bittersweet Ending: While most of the series is lighthearted and funny, the occasional serious stories often end this way.
  • Bizarre Human Biology: Possibly Italy's Idiot Hair, if it was in fact the hair and not his scalp which is the erogenous zone.
  • Black Cloak: England wears one whenever he's cursing someone.
  • Blade on a Stick:
    • Hungary's Weapon of Choice (aside from her frying pan).
    • Variation: During "America Cleans Up The Storage", England and America face off with muskets with bayonets.
    • Finland carries a spear as a baby Nation.
  • Bland-Name Product:
    • In the first drama CD, Mc Donald's is censored just so you can hear "Mc * nald's". In the second CD, we get "D* nkin' Donuts".
    • Though America is eating a sandwich with a wrapper clearly labeled "Subway" in the second chapter of the published manga.
    • Dozens of pounds of "Spom" and "Snackers" poured out of his shirt in the anime.
    • In volume four, we see that one of the things the Magic Club does is dress up like H*rry P*tter.
    • When he and Germany are snooping through the Americans' camp, Prussia finds a Playb*y magazine.
    • You can upload your favorite videos on HetaTube or broadcast live on HetaStreeeem.
  • The Blank: The Pict, who are also in a way expies of the Borg, considering their utter uniformity and advancement.
  • Blank White Eyes: Happens frequently, usually when a character is shocked or frightened.
  • "Blind Idiot" Translation: All too common in fanwork.
  • Blood from the Mouth:
    • Fairly common if a character has just finished a particularly intense battle.
    • After trying to establish order during a meeting of the German states, Holy Rome ended up coughing up blood as all the fighting among the states was causing his health to suffer.
    • England apparently coughs blood when anyone mentions July 4th
  • Blood on the Debate Floor: It's not unusual for debates between the nations to end in physical violence.
  • Blue with Shock
  • Boisterous Bruiser: Rome is tall, muscular, loud, jovial, and always up for some fun or a good fight. At one point Germania even asks him if he can talk about anything other than fighting, sex, or booze. With the exception of seafood, apparently that's all he's interested in. America, Prussia, Cuba, Denmark, Turkey, and possibly Australia show signs of this as well.
  • Bonus Material:
    • The first edition versions of volumes four and five of the Japanese manga had special booklets.
    • The Japanese DVDs come with CDs containing audio dramas and character songs.
    • The first run of the DVDs in North America came with Hetalia-themed bandanas.
  • Boring, but Practical: China's Special Technique consist in calling people on the phone for help. Works just fine.
  • Bowdlerise: For the most part, the anime is a faithful adaptation of the webcomic and published manga, but there are some exceptions.
    • In the original, Italy and Romano both sleep in the nude. In the anime, they are shown wearing shorts and tank tops in bed.
    • One story also showed Italy becoming distraught over the idea that Germany might not like him after Romano made a comment when they were getting ready for bed. As with the above example, Romano was naked (or at least shirtless), but was shown with a tank top in the anime. Italy threw on an unbuttoned shirt before running out of the house to go see Germany, but was otherwise nude. As with Romano, it was edited to show him wearing a tank top and shorts in the anime. The anime also left out the second half of the story, where Italy arrived at Germany's house and proceeded to ask if Germany liked him while the other was naked and taking a shower.
    • Similarly, a story that showed Spain shirtless when getting ready for bed was changed so that he was wearing a tank top.
    • In the webcomic, Chibitalia gives Holy Rome "her" panties as a parting gift. This was changed to a push broom in the anime.
    • Germany and Prussia wear Iron Cross necklaces in the original, but they were removed in the anime.
    • Germany's uniform was also changed from it's original green to a teal color, and his Iron Cross pin was removed. However, these changes have been corrected in season five.
    • The original webcomic showed the nations with their WWII-era flags. They were changed to their modern flags in the published volumes of the manga and the anime, probably to eliminate any controversy.
    • Many of the stories that had a more than usual amount of fanservice or sexual innuendo have not been animated, and none of the live events (which tend to feature a lot of Ship Tease, fanservice, and nudity) were animated in the first four seasons, although The Beautiful World has animated the 2011 April Fool's Event and did so faithfully to the original.
    • Also, many of the stories that were more serious in nature (such as one that showed Japan stabbing China in the back) have not been animated.
    • In the webcomic, China introduces his brother Japan to Tibet. The anime replaced Tibet with a talking panda. As with the changes made to the flags, this was probably meant to avoid controversy.
  • Brass Balls: During the 2010 Christmas Bloodbath, China utters this immortal line to Hong Kong:
    "Choosing to go naked rather than wear a maid outfit? ....YOU'VE GOT BALLS-ARU!!"
  • Bratty Half-Pint:
    • Sealand, especially when he's around England.
    • Wy seems to be one as well.
    • Ladonia also.
  • Breaking the Fourth Wall:
    • In one episode, Japan talks to the viewer. It's a bit... odd.
    • At the beginning of the third season of the anime, Prussia, complains about how the show's writers don't make him a main character.
    • Russia introduces the viewers to his sisters at the beginning of one strip. In the anime, Belarus does this in the same story.
    • After seeing the sketches of them that America drew on the blackboard, dub!France exclaims:
    "They're even worse than our actual animation!"
  • Breakout Character: Thanks to the nature of the series and the Loads and Loads of Characters, this has happened as the series has grown, with many Nations having significant attention in both fandom and canon. See also Ascended Extra and Ensemble Cast, as it's tied very much to both.
  • Break the Cutie/Haughty: England in the Revolutionary War. Whether this counts or not, he has received an improbable amount of sympathy from the viewers thanks to this scene, and it is even why some fans started to like him.
  • Brick Joke:
    • Throughout the series, Chibitalia is always seen wearing a maid's outfit, despite being a boy. In episode 48, he gets a growth spurt and his voice suddenly changes, causing Austria to realize he's a male, and he goes out and buys men's clothing.
    • In the opening of the movie, Iceland wonders aloud how he can get more tourists to go to his place. At the end, during The Stinger, it turns out he got some of the aliens to stay (somehow) and was using them to attract tourists.
  • Buffy Speak: The dub does this a lot.
    "Is this your girlfriend or boyfriend or gender neutral chibi thing?"
  • Call Back: In an episode in season one, America and England tell France that his brightly colored uniform is "too flashy." In season four, England sees France wearing a new, much more subdued uniform and starts teasing him. France explains that the old uniform was making him a target and comments that it was "too flashy."
  • Calling Your Attacks: England is particularly prone to this.
    • "Britannia Sword!"
    • "Eat this! Britannia Beam!"
    • "Britannia Fork!" (during the manga version of "Meeting of the World".)
    • "Britannia Fist!" (in volume 3)
    • Romano's "Napolitan Attack!" from Volume 3.
  • Call to Agriculture: A very literal example happens with Poland and Lithuania in the "What Happened After Tannenburg" strip.
  • Canada, Eh?: Played straight. Canada is frequently forgotten about and mistaken for America, and says "Maple..." whenever he gets hurt. Awwww...
  • Can't Hold His Liquor: While many characters have been seen drunk on occasions, England in particular seems to be prone to doing this.
  • Caramelldansen Vid: Can be watched here. Since it was made in 2009, characters who appeared later are not shown.
  • Cardboard Prison:
    • Germany at one point simply digs a way out of a prison camp.
    • England repeatedly escaped from an Italian prison (because his jailers fell asleep from crying too much). Subverted in that Germany constantly dragged him back.
  • Car Meets House: Word of God has stated that Germany once did this because he is so confident in technology that he insisted on following the GPS instructions exactly.
  • Carpet of Virility: France, Turkey, and Rome.
  • Cassandra Truth: England and his unicorn. This can be extended to England's ability to see supernatural creatures.
  • Cast Full of Gay: Well, of course it's subverted in that almost nobody's sexuality is actually stated. A deleted blog entry mentioned that Sweden is gay (or at least gay for Finland), and France has been confirmed to be attracted to Anything That Moves. But still, considering most of the characters are male...
  • Cast Full of Pretty Boys: While more female characters have been introduced as the series has progressed (with Hungary, Liechtenstein and arguably Belarus being the most major ones), they're still outnumbered by a large ratio. Averted in the gender-reversed Alternate Universe.
  • Cast Herd: Of course, people often group nations together in Real Life based on geography (the Baltics, the Nordics, etc.) or alliances during wars (the Axis, the Allies).
  • Catch Phrase:
    • "PAAAAASTAAAAAAAA!"
    • "All will be one with Russia" and "Kolkolkolkolkolkol".
    • Don't forget this one-aru!
    • This whole site was made in Korea!
    • Limey bastard.
    • Potato bastard.
    • Tomato bastard.
    • Stupid Polanders
    • Big Brother! Let's get marriedmarriedmarriedmarriedmarried.
    • Because I'm Awesome!
    • I'm the hero!
  • Cat Boy: In the Hetalia Bloodbath 2010 the nations from an Alternate Universe are all cat people.
  • Chain Letter: Courtesy of Poland. And if you don't send it, your capital will become Warsaw.
  • Character Blog: Prussia made one for an April Fool's event.
  • Characterization Marches On: Several characters have changed since the series started.
    • Russia was much more cruel, selfish and scary at the beginning. This has been toned down, and his more cute and innocent traits have been exaggerated instead.
    • Poland was a much more selfish character when he first appeared, especially towards Lithuania.
    • Belarus seems to have developed into something of a potty-mouth. Her cruelness has also been toned down, and she's more self-sacrificial towards Russia than possessive and violent.
    • While Finland looks the same, Himaruya's notes indicated that he's tougher than he originally thought, and some of the illustrations of him with a sniper-rifle certainly give him a more Bad Ass aura.
    • More than one character has been shown to have Hidden Depths that weren't visible before. France is a notable example - see the Hidden Depths example below.
    • A number of early strips and notes were deleted because of this; some of them point towards a different direction than what Himaruya eventually took for the characters, such as a strip of little America not being entirely sweet and innocent (i.e. he makes a mention of wanting to be rid of England in a very casual manner) and the notes on Spain having a "darker side" not shown to Romano (which is still popular in fanon, with a possible mention again in volume 5's notes and a lampshade-hanging done during Fool's Bath 2011).
  • Cheated Angle: It's most notable with Italy and Romano's Idiot Hairs, which are almost always visible, but almost every character with an Idiot Hair has had moments of this as well.
  • Cheerful Child: Sealand and Liechtenstein.
  • Cheese-Eating Surrender Monkeys: Something of a Zig-Zagging Trope. It was played straight a couple of times early on in the series, but has been averted later in the story line. The dub, however, uses this more frequently, and England even called France this in one episode.
  • Chef of Iron: China. Not only is he a Supreme Chef, but he's been shown attacking his enemies with a wok and ladle.
  • Chekhov's Gun: In The Movie: The pen Italy uses to scribble on the files in the beginning., although it could also count as a Chekhov's Hobby since Italy likes to draw/paint.
  • Cherry Blossoms: Japan is sometimes shown with them in official artwork, and had them floating around him when he first appeared in the anime.
  • The Chew Toy: Ukraine and the Baltic States — Latvia and Lithuania in particular.
  • The Chick: China proudly cooks, cleans, raises younger Asian nations, and is often mistaken for a female.
  • Child Soldiers: A number of lighthearted examples can be found in strips based mostly back during the Middle Ages when many of the nations were young, hardly more than children or teenagers. Most of these wars are treated as cartoonish, childish skirmishes between kids barring the more adult Turkey killing Greece's mother and the nations only come out with bumps and bruises at worst. One rare serious example was shown in a strip based on a battle between a teenage Teutonic Knight!Prussia and the equally young Poland and Lithuania. Prussia was about ready to bring his sword down on Poland's head after Lithuania retreated. Good thing Liet came back up just in time and was there to press a knife to Prussia's throat and stop him. Another involves a badly wounded Hungary reeling from her clearly painful defeat in Turkey's hands, when she's in the middle of puberty.
  • Chocolate of Romance: The Valentine's Day strip involves, well, Valentine's Day chocolate. England goes to give America a chocolate bar that he had heard America wanted, but sees that he already has an entire bucket full of chocolate.
  • Choke Holds: Germany has put Italy in a sleeper hold on more than one occasion, usually because Italy was doing something annoying.
  • Christmas Episode: There have been a few.
  • Christmas in Japan:
    • When asked about what he does on Christmas, this is the first thing that Japan thinks of, although he said something different.
    • France and England ending up celebrating the beauty of friendship together has a distinct flair of the same.
    • In the 2010 Christmas event, Austria and Hungary appeared to be spending Christmas this way.
  • Christmas Songs: The Axis have "Santa Claus is Coming to Town" and the Allies have "We Wish You a Merry Christmas."
  • Chuck Cunningham Syndrome: Tibet and Mongolia made very brief appearances early in the webcomic, but have not been seen or even mentioned since.
  • Clothing Damage: The 2010 Christmas "Bloodbath" (See above), has shirts and pants sliced open by a mysterious figure.
  • Cloud Cuckoo Lander:
    • When you get right down to it, almost all of the characters are to a degree. The most noticeable examples would be Finland, Poland, and North Italy.
    • England also has an extremely active imagination, in reference to the fact that the world's most famous fantasy authors are almost all English.
    • America definitely fits this as he loves dreaming up fantasy lands and heroes, and also is very ditzy and aloof to what most people have no promblem understanding, he also comes up with ridiculous outlandish ideas that are perfectly normal in his point of view.
  • Cluster F-Bomb:
    • Tony the Alien has a spectacularly filthy mouth and peppers his sentences with "fucking" or "bitch."
    • Romano whenever Germany is around, especially when he is also around Veniziano. "POTATO BASTARD!!"
    • England, when he gets wound up, tends to favour words like "wanker" and "bastard."
  • Code Name: The creator has given some of the nations human names, mostly due to pressure from the fans, but they're popular and are frequently used in fanworks.
  • The Colonial Period: Shown in a few strips.
  • Color Failure
  • Comforting Comforter:
    • Japan draped a blanket over Italy after the later fell asleep in "Hetalia of the Dead."
    • Latvia and Sealand.
  • Comically Missing the Point: Italy, Spain, and America have a tendency to do this.
  • Complaining About Rescues They Don't Like: England wasn't all that happy when America got him out of Italy. Of course, the fact that he was suspended by a rope from a flying plane probably had something to do with that.
  • Continuity Lockout: The opening section of the first volume of the published manga is full of references to characters and events that were meant as Shout Outs to fans of the webcomic. The first episode of the anime, with its fast pace, can make this even more baffling to new fans.
  • Cool Helmet: General Winter is always shown wearing one.
  • Cool Mask: Turkey is almost always wearing a mask.
  • Cool Shades: Molossia wears them.
  • Cool and Unusual Punishment: At the end of the 2007 April Fool's event, the other nations managed to catch France and were trying to decide how to punish him. It was suggested that they strip him or get him into a ridiculous outfit (which is what France had been doing to everyone else), until Italy pointed out that France would probably enjoy it. Sweden had the idea that they should force him to praise England, sing English songs, and eat England's cooking for an entire day. It didn't take long for France to break down and appologize.
  • Counting Sheep: There was an entire series of Drama CDs in which the characters tried to help each other get to sleep by counting sheep.
  • Covert Pervert:
    • France insists England is one of these. When England denies it, he cites several sexual records held by English people.
    • Hungary insists that her love for Austria is "pure," but all the footage she has of him in compromising positions says otherwise. Even France himself is amazed on how dirty her mind is.
    • Japan. Not only did Italy once mistook his Ukiyo-e books for porn, but he also appears to be a fan of 2D.
    • When they were captured, Italy blabs about the Porn Stash he found in Germany's house.
  • Cozy Catastrophe: What the events of Paint It, White look like from Switzerland and Liechtenstein's perspective, which seem as though nothing's happening. Thanks in part to Permanent Neutrality.
  • Crazy Cultural Comparison: Usually between Japan and America, as the creator is able to draw on his own experiences from when he lived in New York City.
  • Crazy Jealous Guy: Both Greece and Turkey become this whenever they see Japan in the presence of other.
  • Creator Cameo: In the movie, Tony sends America a photo that they're hoping will help them defeat the invading aliens. One of the people in the photo looks suspiciously like Himaruya.
  • Creator Provincialism: Both averted and played straight: Japan is the Straight Man of the Axis, but he has his share of bizarre quirks too. It helps that Himaruya used to live in New York, giving him a good "outsiders view" of Japan and a better understanding of the stereotypes associated with it.
  • Credits Running Sequence: The Axis and Allies are shown marching in place during the ending credits for the first two seasons.
  • Crop Circles: They're the result of aliens playing a Photoshop-like video game.
  • Crossdressing Voices: In both versions: China, Sealand, Chibitalia, Chibi Romano and Chibi America. Latvia in the dub. Switzerland in the Japanese version but not the English dub.
  • Cross Over: The author has done a few short crossovers with his other works.
  • Crush Blush:
    • Holy Rome frequently does this around Chibitalia.
    • Germany does this as well during the Valentine's comic when he gives Italy flowers and a ring.
  • Cue the Sun: At the end of The Movie, after the invading aliens have been defeated and left Earth, returning things to how they had been before, the main characters are left peacefully watching the sun rise over the ocean... at which point they realize that they're once again stuck on That F**cking Island with no way of getting home.
  • Cultural Posturing: Most of the nations have something about their culture that they claim is the best in the world.
  • Culture Clash: When the series isn't using history for comedy, it's using this.
  • Cultural Cross-Reference
  • Curb-Stomp Battle: Hungary once did this to the entire Prussian army.
  • Curse:
    • England has tried to curse multiple characters. It doesn't seem to work very well.
    • Russia is capable of deflecting a curse placed on him onto someone else, and merely sitting in England's cursed chair was enough to destroy it.
  • Cute Ghost Girl: One lives in (or near) Japan's home. Japan can not see her, but England can, and the girl's antics get on his nerves when he stays with Japan.
  • Cute Kitten:
    • Nekotalia.
    • Greece is frequently shown with cats.
    • Italy and Japan are sometimes shown petting them.
    • Himaruya's cats as well.
  • Cute Little Fangs:
    • Belgium is sometimes drawn with one to accompany her Cat Smile.
    • Romania has them.
    • Romania's little brother Moldova has them as well.
  • Cuteness Proximity:
    • England and his magical creatures. Although, since most of the other nations can't see them, if they witness England talking to them, they generally start to question his sanity.
    • Although they're not serious in general, Italy and China have a tendency to squee over cute things.
    • Himaruya himself counts. He's drawn more than one comic that illustrates him him doing this to his pet cats and rabbits.
  • Dancing Theme: The ending for The Beautiful World.
  • Dance Party Ending: The movie ends this way.
  • Dating Sim:
  • Dead Person Conversation: Germany had a conversation with Rome one night when he came to see how Italy was doing.
  • Deep-Immersion Gaming: The Hetalia Fantasia audio dramas, as well as an episode of the anime, shows the characters playing an online fantasy RPG with each other.
  • Delicious Distraction:
    • During the American Revolution, America kept sending England's letters back unopened, so Canada attached a note that read "There is food inside." The last panel shows America trying to restrain himself from opening the package.
    • While bored during a meeting, Rome can be seen daydreaming about food and women.
  • Denied Food as Punishment: What Austria did to Chibitalia when he misbehaved.
  • Deserted Island: That F*cking Island.
  • Desperately Craves Affection: It's implied that Russia is this. Unfortunately, he tends to scare people away.
  • Did They or Didn't They?: Was Japan's "private session" with Greece just a dream, or is Japan simply in denial about what happened?
  • Diet Episode:
    • In an episode in season one, America discovered that he had gained weight, and started asking the other nations for diet advice.
    • In another episode, Japan and Germany were shown going on a diet for health reasons. Germany decides that he must dedicate himself and not be a hypocrite about his own eating habits if he's going to force Japan to do so. When he turns down a beer, Prussia seriously freaks out in worry.
  • Disguised in Drag:
    • France apparently did this in the anime.
      Italy: "Germany, I saw a pretty girl, so I hit on her, but it was France in disguise!"
    • Italy once dressed up like a woman on April Fool's Day to prank Japan.
  • Distressed Dude: Italy, oh so much.
  • Ditto Aliens:
    • Tony and his alien friends.
    • The Pict in The Movie (and with a good reason). In an interesting twist, it's shown that although the Pict got so advanced and powerful because they were all alike, the diversity and differences between Earth's nations turn out to be much more than a match.
  • The Ditz: Italy, America, and Spain all qualify. When America comments that he was told to "read the atmosphere in the room" he claims he can't find a book with that name, and Italy says that they should go looking for a copy together.
    • It should be noted that according to Word of God, America is capable of reading the atmosphere in the room, he simply chooses not to.
  • Divided We Fall: In Paint it, White the nations eventually realize that, like it or not, they're going to have to work together if they wan't to defeat the aliens.
  • Does This Remind You of Anything?:
    • "He crushed my vital regions! Crushed them!"
    • "Ah, my knob!"
    • Dubbed America's reaction to turning back into a human at the end of Paint It White was, um...
    America: I'm happy to see you, hands! We're gonna have so much fun!
    • Waiter!France was also very keen on letting the Pictonians know that he "never lets a guest leave unsatisfied". This line would have seemed a whole lot more innocent if France's voice didn't make it sound like he was trying to have phone sex 24/7.
    • Ditto to America's "Because I know how to give a good time!" Lampshaded in the out-takes "What am I, a hooker?"
    • After Italy convinces Japan and Germany to abandon their brutal diet and exercise routine, their apologies are, well...
    Japan: Apologies. I wanted to get better too fast. Instead, I ended up becoming stubborn.
    Germany: It's my fault. I'm the one who started it. Please forgive me, it won't happen again.
    Italy: How nice! We're all sorry. Can we move past this now?
  • Dog Pile of Doom: Type C happens to Germany in the movie.
  • Don't Try This at Home: In the first episode of season five, this warning appears on the screen when Japan explains to Germany that shuriken are actually quite ineffective, and that sharpened chopsticks would do more damage.
  • Doting Parent:
    • Spain, to Romano.
    • England was a doting older brother when he raised America (the revolution kinda did away with that), but not Canada (whom he occasionally mistakes for America), let alone Sealand.
    • The Roman Empire with Italy. "Aww, he's so kyooot~"
  • Dragged into Drag: A variation of this happens in one of the Chibitalia stories. Hungary convinces Chibitalia to wear some of her old clothes to get a reaction from Holy Rome. Admittedly, Chibitalia always wore dresses, but Hungary was the only one in the household at the time who knew that he was really a boy.
  • Dramatic Spotlight:
    • France was shown in one while Biting the Handkerchief when he found out that the other Allies were having fun without him.
    • In the second "Buon San Valentino" episode, when Germany hugged Italy, the two of them were highlighted by a spotlight.
  • Dreaming of Things to Come: As a child, Italy had a dream where he met a younger Japan.
  • Dreaming of Times Gone By:
    • Holy Rome has been shown dreaming of times he spent with Chibitalia.
    • England has had dreams about America when he was young.
  • Dressing as the Enemy: Germany and Prussia do this when they infiltrate an American army camp.
  • Drill Sergeant Nasty:
    • Germany, especially towards Italy.
    • Prussia was this when training America for the Revolutionary War.
  • Drives Like Crazy: Italy, much to Japan's horror. Himaruya has also stated that the normally laid-back Greece speeds up when he gets behind the wheel.
  • Drowning My Sorrows: China and England, about their relations with Japan and America, respectively.
  • Dub Text: The dub does this quite a bit, usually by adding sexual innuendo or ramping up the Ho Yay. A rare deliberate example.
  • Dude Looks Like a Lady:
    • China is sometimes confused by fans for being a woman. It's been lampshaded by Himaruya himself, as well as in the dub.
    • Hong Kong has been thought to be a Bifauxnen by some people.
    • Kugelmugel was thought to be a girl at first. During the 2011 Christmas event, Liechtenstein heard Germany refer to him as a boy, and thought that he must have made a mistake.
    • Poland already looks like a girl to start with, and then he occasionally crossdresses. Prussia pointed it out when they were children.
    • Poland's former partner Lithuania qualifies as well. Russia forces to him dress like a maid at one point, and Poland seems to try making him crossdress too.
  • DVD Bonus Content:
    • Along with the commentary mentioned below, there are interviews with anime director and some of the Japanese voice actors.
    • There is also additional historical information on the events that the series touches on.
    • The movie and seasons three and four have blooper reels for the English dub, some of which have gone on to become memes in the fandom.
  • DVD Commentary: This is available for the dubbed anime.
  • Dying for Symbolism: The characters are the nations, so the death of a character is the fall of a nation (e.g. Rome). If the nation gets into dire straits (economic crisis, social strife etc.), the nation gets sick.
  • Edutainment Show: Admit it: Hetalia has taught you something. There's also a fair amount of fanwork that can be educational.
  • Eek, a Mouse!!: When Holy Rome sees a mouse, he imagines Chibitalia being scared. He chases after it, but ends up in an Accidental Pervert situation when the mouse runs under Chibitalia's skirt.
  • Egopolis: Inverted. Obviously, Veneziano/North Italy is named after Venice, a city in northern Italy, to distinguish him from his brother, Romano/South Italy, who's named after Rome, though it's actually in the centre. Romano's history usually covers roughly this area, but it probably settles who then has the middle.
  • Eiffel Tower Effect: Has been used in the anime on occasion.
  • Ejection Seat: Italy got the idea from Poland. It didn't work well for either of them.
  • Embarrassing Cover Up: America walks in on England doing some sort of secret magic ritual to curse Germany. England quickly welcomes him to "the costume party".
  • Embarrassing Old Photo: The driving force behind the blackmail in the Fool's Bath 2011 ironically taking embarrassing photos of the nations in the different outfits is what France send Picardy to do.
  • Emotionless Girl: They're all guys, but Japan, Hong Kong, Egypt, Sweden, Norway, and Iceland rarely (if ever) display their emotions. Subverted by Belarus.
  • Ending Theme
  • The End of the World as We Know It:
    • Little England and France were very surprised when the world didn't end in the year 1000.
    • This was the premise of the movie.
    • In the 2010 Christmas event, it's eventually revealed that the reason the nations from the parallel universe were stripping everyone was because someone had a message written on their body, and if they didn't find it before midnight, their world would be destroyed.
  • Ensemble Cast: Italy was originally the main character (hence the title of the series), but it quickly grew to include Germany, Japan, England, America, France, Russia, and China due to their roles in WW2. As the series expanded to feature stories from other time periods, the cast continued to grow, and many of the newer characters have grown prominent in both canon and in the fandom. It's reached the point where there's either no real main character anymore (although the World 8 are still prominent in marketing) or that everyone's one. Much like world history, come to think of it.
  • Europeans Are Kinky:
    • France is the most notable example.
    • England is often seen reading porn, and has a tendency to wear very little when he's drunk.
    • Germany has a porn collection that includes a lot of hardcore BDSM.
    • Hungary claims that her love for Austria is pure, but she's been revealed to be a Yaoi Fangirl with a very dirty mind.
    • Belarus is addicted to porn and has a thing for her brother, and maybe even sister.
    • Ukraine is quite eager to bring up her breasts.
  • Everything Is Online: In the 2010 Christmas Bloodbath, Russia managed to hack into everyone's cell phones and caused them to keep making noise. Estonia was able to quickly use his computer to block Russia.
  • Everyone Looks Sexier If French: France, naturally.
  • Everything's Better With Cows: Flying cows to be precise.
  • Everything's Better With Sparkles: The theme for season five was "sparkle sparkle." It would probably be easier to list the characters that didn't sparkle in that season.
  • Evil Laugh: England and Prussia. Russia prefers to giggle.
  • Excited Title! Two-Part Episode Name!: A few in the fifth season.
    • "Go Forth! Newspaper Club!!"
    • "Brother! We are...!!"
    • Keep on Moving!! March Forward, Sealand!
  • Eyes Always Shut: Italy. It's been Lamp Shaded on a couple of occasions:
    • In one episode, Italy is shown waking up in the morning with both eyes wide open accompanied by the text on the screen reading:
      "I tried opening my eyes today!" -Italy
    • During the 2011 Christmas event, a fan wrote in requesting that Italy keep both of his eyes open for a couple of minutes. It wasn't long before the other characters got weirded out, and Germany covered Italy's eyes, claiming that they were "too limpid."
  • Eye Take: America walks in just as England is talking to and petting his nice spirits that come up to him (that America cannot see).
  • The Faceless:
    • Played with in the case of Turkey. At first this trope was played straight; his eyes were always covered with a mask, if not his whole face. In the 2007 Christmas Event, a fan asked to see his face. While he did show up without his mask (much to France and Greece's shock), either his back was to the audience or his face was otherwise obscured by a word bubble or something else. In the very last panel of the scene, he finally turns and faces the audience.
    • Luxembourg got this treatment during his debut during the Hetaween 2011 Event. It looked like we finally would get to see his face in the 2011 Christmas Event, but it turned out to be just a weird dream that Belgium had.
  • Faceless Masses:
    • Seen in the first episode at the Meeting of the World, all sitting around the table.
    • The Pictonians in the movie Paint It, White
  • Face Palm: Germany has done this on more than one occasion, usually because of something Italy did.
  • Face Plant: America and Romano both landed face-down after slipping on a Banana Peel.
  • Fairy Tale Motifs: The theme for some of the costumes in the 2011 Halloween Event.
  • Fan Disservice:
  • Fanservice:
    • Himaruya has often filled requests for fans.
    • This is what a good deal of what the live events are dedicated to.
  • Fantasy Kitchen Sink: God, Santa Claus, fairies, unicorns, trolls, Kappa and other Youkai, Talking Animals, at least two different species of aliens, ghosts, magic, and Alternate Universes all exist in the series in addition to the personified nations.
  • Fascist Italy: Obvious from the title. He gets better.
  • Fate Worse than Death: The Kolkhoz that Russia threatens his subordinates with. Or living/working/etc. with Russia for that matter.
  • Fingore: Belarus broke Lithuania's fingers when they went on a date together, although he didn't even notice until Poland pointed it out to him.
  • First Sino-Japanese War: Depicted as Japan stabbing China in the back.
  • Fish out of Water: How Japan often feels around Germany and Italy.
  • Five-Finger Discount: In the episode "Turkey&!" (as well as the manga strip it's based on), Germany and Italy are sightseeing at the Galata bridge when a thief runs up and steals Italy's camera. Unfortunately for the thief, Turkey was fishing off the bridge and immediately caught him and berated him for scaring tourists away.
  • Flanderization: What the dub does to more or less everything from the sub, although the Chibitalia segments tend to be left alone.
  • Flipping the Bird: Mochimerica will sometimes grow an arm just so he can do this to Russia.
  • Flower in Her Hair: Hungary, Taiwan, and the gender-reversed versions of China and Japan.
  • Flower Motifs:
    • Russia is sometimes seen with sunflowers. In one strip, Russia tells Lithuania that he dreams of "living in a warm place surrounded by sunflowers". They put the genuine "dere" in Yandere for him.
    • Poland and Lithuania with the rye fields.
    • Meanwhile, fandom never misses an opportunity to depict England with roses (England's national flower).
    • And France is often shown with roses or floral imagery.
    • Hungary and Taiwan use flowers and/or flower-shaped hair jewelry as accesories, with Hungary's flowers representing Lake Balaton.
    • Vietnam is often shown with lotuses, her national flower.
  • Flowers Of Romance: Germany gives flowers (and a ring) to Italy in the "San Valentino" comic.
  • Flying Saucer: Tony and the other aliens of his species use them.
  • Foregone Conclusion: The Axis Powers lose.
  • Foreign Cuss Word:
    • Romano once let out a "che palle!" in the manga.
    • America does this on occasion in the webcomic, like the time he and England put the F-word on the crate that had Italy in it.
    • Mochi America takes this Up to Eleven.
    • The dubbed anime has multiple characters do this.
  • Foreign Queasine:
    • England, naturally, especially since the series is based on stereotypes.
    "In hell, the chefs are English..."
    • Some of Finland's food can be seen this way.
    • It has also been mentioned that Sweden's Surströmming (canned fermented Baltic herring) can be used as a deadly weapon. Although whether the food itself or his preparation of it is what renders it inedible is not clear.
    • Japan reacts this way to America's brightly colored food.
  • Foreshadowing: In Paint It, White, Italy is using a felt pen to draw faces on the pictures of the faceless Noppera during a meeting between the Axis and the Allies. At the end of the movie, this is how he stops the Noppera's invasion, as well as how he gets all of the other countries back to normal.
  • Formally Named Pet: Mr. Puffin, Iceland's pet bird.
  • Former Teen Rebel: England, but he tends to get pissed off if anyone brings it up.
  • Fourth Wall Mail Slot: Characters occasionally answer fan mail, sometimes devoting entire miniseries to it, and during the live events the nations will read and respond to fan letters.
  • Freeze-Frame Bonus: In the scene where Italy is reading his so-called war records (read: photos of himself with pretty girls) in front of Japan, there's a bookcase in the background. If you look closely, you can see an entire series on pasta (including "Wonderful Pasta" and "Excellent Pasta"), a book called "Mr. Hetare", and a title with a German flag on on the spine with the title "German Dais..." before getting cut off by the screen. Other titles are in Japanese. Looks like the the Axis boys keep a communal bookcase.
  • French Jerk:
    • While France is this at times (especially if England is around), he isn't portrayed as being this 24/7.
    • Himaruya's notes have stated that Fem!France is very snobbish.
  • Freudian Excuse:
    • Volume Four shows Russia when he was small, explaining that although it's unthinkable now, he used to be bullied a lot during this period. The manga showed him being pushed around by Mongolia, Prussia, Denmark & Sweden, a wild hamster...
    • Volume 3 showed the first time Lithuania and Russia met ("The Tartar Yoke" in the manga), while the latter was under Mongolian rule. Later, Hungary sympathizes with Russia after hearing from Lithuania about him.
  • Friendless Background:
    • Japan kept himself isolated for a long time. When he did start to open up, he worried that this would have a negative impact on his future relations with others.
    • England often feels this way.
    • In the Valentine's comics, Germany thinks about how his whole life seems to have been an endless cycle of war, hatred, and mistrust.
  • Friendship Song: England's song "My Friend", in which England talks about his friends Brownie, Pixy and the Unicorn.
  • Fun Size: England can use his Magic Wand to make the other nations smaller and younger.
  • Fun T-Shirt: "I Pasta"
  • Gag Boobs: Ukraine, who complains about them causing her stiff shoulders and is constantly reattaching one of the buttons on her shirt. In the anime she even has a special sound effect for them that can be heard through doors.
    Latvia: Is that... boobies? Is that... boobie sounds I hear?
  • Gag Dub: The English dub certainly qualifies. Some English voice actors have admitted that a significant chunk of their dialogue was ad-libbed. With this and the short length of the episodes, it has a very Abridged Series feel.
  • Gag Series
  • Gainaxing: Ukraine's Gag Boobs bounce whenever she makes the slightest move.
  • Gender Flip: The quasi-official genderswitched versions of the countries (girl!England and boy!Hungary in particular) are pretty popular, especially on the Japanese side of fandom, along with fannish versions.
  • Gender Is No Object: As Hungary aptly demonstrates, being a woman in a world where many of the other characters are male doesn't make you any less of a badass and/or prominent figure.
  • Generic Cuteness: Some characters are mentioned as being plainer looking than the others, but you wouldn't know it based on looks alone.
  • Genius Loci: The Nations themselves, by their very nature, arguably count.
  • Genre-Busting: The whole premise of the show itself is genre busting, being a show about personified nations living and acting out the lives based on the historical happenings and interactions of the countries they represent. For the most part it's a Comedy, it has its Historical Fiction values, and has plentiful Boys Love subtext to it. If that weren't enough, there is the occasional BLAM comics of it, has sort of a magical background to it (what with exactly HOW nations exist and all is still left a mystery) , and plenty of Fridge Horror once you get to really thinking about the series itself. From the world being invaded by alien blob-people and saved by permanent markers to Bloody Sunday to Germany confessing his love to Italy in the Valentine's Strip one can only be left guessing what might happen next in the series.
  • Genre Savvy: England took this to absolutely ridiculous levels in The Movie. After he and France are trapped in a corner, we get this gem of a moment:
    England: "Don't worry. There's always a way to escape!"
    *random rope falls from the ceiling for absolutely no plausible reason*
  • Gentle Giant:
    • Sweden is actually a very nice guy. He just looks big and scary.
    • Cameroon as well. It's been shown that he enjoys playing soccer with children.
  • Germanic Depressives:
    • Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and Germania, naturally.
    • Averted with Prussia (who is loud and fun-loving) and Liechtenstein (who is sweet and cheerful),
  • Getting Crap Past the Radar:
    • China meets a Hello Kitty rip-off named Shinatty-chan. "Shina" is a Japanese word for "Chinese" that is roughly comparable to the word "Negro" in the US; a formerly neutral word made charged by its derogatory use during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
    • There's a recurring joke about Prussia "invading" someone's "vital regions", and others either noting how inappropriate it sounds or making even more inappropriate comments. One of the funniest examples is when Prussia invaded the Silesia zone in Austria and then had Hungary threatening him with a spear and demanding to have "Austria's nether regions" back...
    • England refers to Germany as a "Kraut", a slur for Germans dating back to WWI, a few times.
    • Averted in the dub. Funimation deliberately cast all the characters as culturally offensive as they could. They wanted to get the series rated TV-MA to avoid the radar.
  • Ghost in the Machine: During the Valentine Special, Germany's head-workers are swamped by foreign emotions.
  • Girl in a Box: A gender-reversed version, as Germany first discovers Italy cowering in a tomato crate.
  • Girlish Pigtails:
    • Seychelles wears her hair in pigtails tied by red ribbons.
    • Liechtenstein had them before she cut her hair.
    • Fem!England and her 2P counterpart.
    • Fem!Canada has them as well.
  • Global Ignorance: America couldn't find Japan on a map, and he thought that he could drive to Germany from his place.
  • The Glomp: Italy did this to Japan once.
    • Russia does this to Lithuania offscreen when he accidentally implies they are friends.
  • God: He's shown up a few times, often wondering why he's always the one being blamed for certain mishaps with characters.
    • In the webcomic, after Rome came back from the afterlife to check on Italy, he comments that he was glad that God allowed him to do so. This was followed by a picture of God beaten and tied up.
    • He appeared in Hungary's dreams once and instructed her to hit France with her frying pan the next time she saw him.
    • He was also the one who transported Estonia to the Nyotalia universe. Or at least that's what Estonia saw in his dream.
  • Good Angel, Bad Angel: They appear on Germany's shoulders, Italy as the angel and Romano as the demon. Both of them give him the same option.
  • Good Thing You Can Heal: In the manga, Russia barely even notices his heart falling out; apparently it happens a lot. Fanon, encouraged by the occasional Amusing Injuries and China being fine after being stabbed in the back, often takes this further with the entire cast being able to resurrect from anything done to their physical bodies as long as their nations are intact.
  • Goofy Print Underwear:
    • Spain has been shown with tomato-print boxers on more than one occasion.
    • China has panda-print underwear.
    • Subverted with Germany where he's shown wearing blue boxers with a patch sewn by Austria.
  • Gory Discretion Shot: The silhouetted version happens to France in the Christmas Rampage strip, when an upset Switzerland shoots him.
  • Gratuitous English: America does this a lot in the original version, as does his alien pal Tony. England as well, but not to the same extent.
  • Gratuitous Foreign Language:
    • In the webcomic, you can count on almost every characters saying something in their native language.
    • The Image Songs often throw in foreign words or phrases from time to time.
    • Also happens in the anime.
    • The mochi nations always talk in their native languages.
    • Fanwork often takes this Up to Eleven, with a good helping of "Blind Idiot" Translation added in.
  • Gratuitous French: France, naturally. Although he does it more in the dub.
  • Gratuitous German: As with France, it's more prevalent in the dub.
  • Gratuitous Italian: Italy and Romano.
  • Gratuitous Japanese: Only in the dub, along with a lot of Intentional Engrish for Funny. Also, Japanese suffixes are used in the published manga, and are often left in scanlations along with terms like "ani-ki" and "onii-san."
  • Gratuitous Russian: Not as much as the other characters, but Russia does throw in the occasional "da."
  • Gratuitous Spanish: Spain, obviously. Oddly enough, Cuba doesn't seem to do this.
  • Green-Eyed Monster:
    • If either Greece or Turkey sees Japan in the presence of the other, they turn into this.
    • In the Valentine's comics, Germany gets jealous when he sees Italy flirting with pretty women.
  • Grey and Grey Morality: None of the Nations are portrayed as completely evil, even Russia. Then again, despite being good-at-heart, they've done some regrettable things in history.
  • The Greys: Tony is America's cute little alien friend (he crashed at Roswell in 1947), who can be seen most of the time at America's house. He has a foul mouth, speaks English/Japanese/Hetalia's universal language, watches America's movies, sometimes abducts people, and apparently hates the British.
  • Grim Reaper: Appears in a strip where England is dying (or at least very ill).
  • Groin Attack: When America and Canada are playing catch with a baseball, this happens to Canada. Ow.
  • Guilty Pleasure:
    • Germany secretly loves baking.
    • There are definitely some fans that consider the series this.
  • Hair Contrast Duo: Many, but all invert, subvert or avert the usual "kind and sweet light-haired partner, gloomy and angsty dark-haired partner".
    • Germany and Italy.
    • England and Japan.
    • Prussia and Austria.
    • Poland and Lithuania.
  • Hair Decorations: Almost all of the female characters have these.
    • Hungary, Taiwan, Fem!Japan, 2P Fem!Japan, Fem!China, and 2P Fem!China all have flowers in their hair.
    • Belarus, Seychelles, Belgium, and Monaco all have bows.
    • Ukraine wears a headband.
    • Fem!America has barrettes shaped like stars, and both Fem!Canada and her 2P counterpart have maple leaf barrettes.
    • Norway is a rare male example; he has a cross-shaped barrette in his hair.
  • Hairstyle Inertia: Almost all of the characters, despite them being centuries old and popular hairstyles having changed dramatically over the years.
    • Poked fun at in one story where England grew his hair out in an effort to be more stylish. However, after months of letting it grow, he discovered that it was a mess and asked France to style him for it. After rejecting the first two hairstyles France gave him, he fell asleep during the third try. France took the opportunity to cut England's hair back to its old style.
    • Averted with Liechtenstein, who used to have long hair, but later cut it so that she would look more like Switzerland.
    • Also averted with Hong Kong, who had long hair as a child, but ended up with short hair after he was under England's care.
    • Young Ukraine has been drawn with long hair that she braided and wrapped around her head, but has short hair as an adult.
  • Halloween Episode: There are several instances dealing with things like this, including America and Japan exchanging horror media, England trying to scare America on Halloween, and Germany panicking over the possibility of a ghost. See also Hetaween 2011.
  • Hammerspace:
    • Russia sometimes pulls his pipe out of nowhere. His pipe itself can hold all sorts of things.
    • During one of the Christmas events, France got a call from Italy on his cell phone, despite the fact that he was wearing cat ears, a tail, and nothing else.
    • In the 2011 Halloween event, Ukraine pulled a toy horse for Poland to ride from thin air.
  • Hangover Sensitivity: After getting trashed one night, England shows up to an Allied Forces meeting the next day with his jacket over his head, swearing that he's never going to drink again.
  • Happy Dance: Russia does this after defeating Poland and Lithuania.
  • Haunted Castle: One was turned into a hotel, in a strip where the resident evil spirit tries and fails to scare Japan, England, and America.
  • Have a Gay Old Time:
    • In one strip England grumbles about America's "incorrect" English.
    • Also the time where differing meanings for the word "rubber" caused America to give England a condom when the latter had asked for a pencil eraser.
  • Head Pet: Prussia's pet bird is frequently shown sitting on top of his head.
  • Heavy Sleeper:
    • Italy never woke up when Rome came to visit one night and got into a lengthy argument/conversation with Germany.
    • France slept through an Allied Forces meeting where China got fed up with how the others were treating him and started yelling while kicking and punching everything in sight.
  • Height Angst:
    • Italy is very anxious about the difference in height between himself and Germany. It's so bad that he won't even wear a helmet because he feels like it's making him shorter.
    • A piece of art drawn by Himaruya during the 2010 World Cup showed Japan standing with Cameroon, Denmark, and Netherlands and looking very self conscious about his height.
  • Heterosexual Life-Partners: Poland and Lithuania, even if Poland pushes the definition of "heterosexual" quite a bit.
  • Hero of Another Story: Also tied to the Loads and Loads of Characters, many other nations down to the minors ones are protagonists in their own stories.
  • Het is Ew: Surprisingly averted, since the het couples are less numerous for obvious reasons yet they have pretty loyal supporters.
  • Hidden Depths: Most of the characters show shades of this at some point. France, for example, often comes across as nothing more than a shallow pervert. This comic hints that he may want to settle down, leading to some fans speculating that being essentially immortal means that he has to watch anyone he falls in love with grow old and die, so he sticks to short flings and one-night stands because it's emotionally easier to deal with.
  • High School AU: The Hetalia Academy comics take place in an Alternate Universe where the nations are all students, as does the Playstation game.
  • Highly Conspicuous Uniform: France's default outfit. Truth in Television, and the bright colors making him a target was addressed in the series.
  • Hikikomori: Japan was one for hundreds of years while he was in isolation, and is outright called a hikikomori in the webcomic.
  • Hilarious Outtakes: The dub includes this as bonus material for the movie, season three, and season four.
  • Historical-Domain Character: Several have made appearances or have been mentioned, including Napoleon Bonaparte, Frederick The Great, Adolf Hitler, Joan of Arc, Niccolò Machiavelli, Maria Theresa, William Shakespeare, and Vlad the Impaler. A full list can be found near the bottom of this page.
  • Historical Injoke: The entire premise.
  • Hoist by His Own Petard: France, during the 2011 April Fool's event. He got a request for a picture of everyone as kids, so he asked England to use his magic wand to make everyone small.
    France: "...Hmm? England? Are you listening to me?"
    England: "So I can make everyone small, right? That includes you!"
    France: "Ah...! Crap... hold on! Aargh!"
  • Holding Hands: America's flashback within a flashback where the young America takes England's hand as they both go home. Pretty much a brief Crowning Moment Of Heart Warming surrounded by a Tear Jerker.
  • Hollywood Cuisine: If a character has a Trademark Favorite Food, there's a good chance that it's this.
  • Homoerotic Dream: Iceland once had a dream where he was flying through the air with Turkey while the latter was only wearing boxer shorts, his mask, and a Santa hat. His reaction when he woke up:
    "Am I completely mental to be dreaming dreams like this?"
  • Hot-Blooded: Prussia and Cuba. Many other characters show signs of this at times.
  • Hot Springs Episode:
    • Japan has a hot spring at his home. The story showing the Anglo-Japanese alliance had England relaxing in it and talking to a couple of magical creatures who could no longer be seen by Japan.
    • Another episode had Japan and Italy soaking together after forming an alliance.
    • Hungary brought Taiwan to Lake Hévíz on one occasion.
  • Huge Guy, Tiny Girl: Russia and Belarus, even if Belarus is the even more horrifying and dominant of the two.
  • Humanoid Aliens:
    • Tony and the other members of his species are The Greys.
    • The Pict from The Movie have humanoid forms, but they lack any color, facial features, hands, feet, or any other distinctive traits.
  • Humiliation Conga: America, when he has to apologise for the Great Depression here, at the end of "Lithuania's Immigration" (leading to a Yank the Dog's Chain). Actually, the treatment he gets differs from country to country depending on how badly they crashed. It ranges from 'America it seems is too inexperienced in these things' (Japan -3), to 'Your Ass is mine!' (France, -30). And Russia takes the cake by being typically tactless (+ 65).
  • Hypocritical Humor: England and France both consider themselves gentlemen, but they are often shown otherwise, with foul language and loose ways respectively. At one point, England looks down on America for being childish, saying that a gentleman doesn't waste time on what a little brat does. America then insults England's cooking, which leads England to call him a *censored*...

     I-P 
  • Iconic Outfit: England's "Sexy Waiter" and "Britannia Angel" outfits have only shown up a couple of times. The fanart of him in it, though...
  • Identical Grandson: Germany looks like Germania with shorter hair. The Roman Empire also looks like an older, more mature Italy.
  • Idiot Hair:
    • North and South Italy, it acts as an erogenous zone for both of them.
    • Rome has a couple that resemble his grandsons'.
    • Korea's is drawn with a face, supposedly representing his "Korean spirit."
    • America didn't have one at first, but developed one as the series went on. It represents Nantucket.
    • Similar to America, Austria started out without one. His represents Mariazell.
    • Canada has a long, loopy one.
    • Taiwan also has a long one.
    • Greece has a sort of curly Y-shaped idiot-hair thing on top of his head.
    • Turkey has one similar to Greece on the side of his head, though it's hard to notice.
    • Norway has one too, albeit, it's detached from his head and floats.
    • Australia has two of them.
    • Seborga has an angular one similar to Italy's.
    • Kugelmugel has one that looks like a longer version of Austria's.
    • Some of the Japanese prefectures seem to have them as well.
  • Image Song:
    • Italy's voice actor, Daisuke Namikawa, sings the ending themes, and the main eight characters' voice actors have their own respective character CDs, Marukaite Chikyuu and Hatafutte Parade songs.
    • Chibitalia, Holy Roman Empire, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Poland, Lithuania, Austria, Prussia, Sealand and Spain also have their own versions of Marukaite Chikyuu.
    • Greece, Turkey, Finland, Sweden, Chibi!Romano, Spain, Hungary and Prussia all have versions of Hatafutte Parade. Also, Belgium and Netherlands have a duet.
    • Hong Kong, Taiwan, Seychelles, Canada and Rome also have character songs. Rome and Chibitalia have a duet, and the Baltic Trio and the Bad Friends Trio both have group songs.
    • In the Interval CDs, Prussia, Spain and the Nordic Five have a song on their respective CDs.
  • I Have a Family: At the very beginning, Italy tries this when begging for mercy from Germany. The webcomic/manga notes explain that captured Italians would often claim "I have relatives in [enemy country city]", like Brooklyn with Americans. It even adds: "The correct response is 'So?'".
  • I Have Boobs, You Must Obey!: When a young Russia asked his big sister Ukraine for advice on getting people to do what he says, she told him to "Just bring out the milk-makers!"
  • Imagine Spot: Japan gets an... interesting one featuring his preconcieved notions of Switzerland. There is dancing.
  • Immortal Immaturity: Almost all the characters, but China stands out as a 4,000 year old Hello Kitty Shinatty-Chan lover. Inverted for England, who's grown out of his 'wild youth' (read: piracy on the high seas), which only survives as his foul mouth and his quick temper, and Sweden who grew out of his viking phase a while ago.
  • Important Haircut: Liechtenstein cut her hair after Switzerland rescued her so that she would look more like him.
  • Improbable Weapon User:
    • China has used a wok and ladle on more than one occasion, and was also once shown beating up his boss (who is a dragon, mind you) with a Hello Kitty doll.
    • Hungary and her frying pan also count.
  • I'm Your Worst Nightmare: Spoofed in the dub when Germany meets Chibitalia and wonders who he is.
  • Incest Is Relative: Since it's unclear how nations are born and what their relationships really are, this could be seen as a case of Not Blood Siblings. Fans interpret pairings such as America/Canada, Russia/Belarus, and the rest in different ways, depending on their preferences.
  • Innocent Fanservice Girl: A gender-reversed version, Italy frequently neglects to put on pants, much to Japan's embarrassment and Germany's irritation.
  • Innocent Innuendo: Italy's panicked phone call. "Germany! Romano's in bed! It won't come out! Ow ow! Take it out!" Their hair got tangled together.
  • In-Series Nickname:
    • Prussia calls Germany "West."
    • Poland refers to Lithuania as "Liet."
  • Inscrutable Oriental: Japan and Hong Kong.
  • Instant Awesome, Just Add Ninja: According to Italy, ninja show up frequently in German movies because Germany is of this opinion.
  • Insulted Awake: America brings England back from the dead this way.
  • Intentional Engrish for Funny: Most notable with Japan in the dub who speaks in Engrish the entire time, although other characters like Russia and China occasionally get this treatment too.
  • Interspecies Friendship:
    • America and Tony, his alien friend. They've been shown hanging out and playing video games, and America goes to Tony for help regarding the Pict invaders in the movie.
    • England and Norway with their respective magical friends as well.
  • In Touch with His Feminine Side:
    • Austria. He's depicted as being refined and have an aristocratic personality.
    • Italy doesn't like fighting, and is an excellent cook and artist.
    • China is sometimes mistaken for a girl by fans, and like Italy is shown to be a consummate chef.
    • France. Thanks to Art Evolution he's gotten prettier and prettier, and is depicted as very romantic.
  • Invisible President:
    • When the President of the United States appears, his face is obscured by the caption bubbles or we just see the back of his head.
    • A similar phenomenon occurs when Germany is talking to his "boss". As with Japan when he's talking to his "boss". China's "boss" is a giant dragon. ...or edited to appear as such.
    • Averted when Austria, Prussia, and Spain talk to their own "bosses" (Empress Marie Therese, King Friederich II and Queen Joanna of Castile, respectively), whose faces we can see clearly.
    • Also when Italy becomes aligned with Russia, Italy's "boss" is clearly seen, though Russia's is only shown from the back.
    • Ukraine's boss is also briefly shown clearly.
  • Invisible to Normals: England's and Norway's "friends" can't be seen by normal people or other nations.
  • Is It Something You Eat?: Italy made this comment while driving Japan home once.
    Japan: "A-ah! I mean, is it OK with the traffic laws - Eek!"
    Italy: "No? Traffic? I've never eaten that sort of thing."
  • Island Help Message: That F*cking Island.
  • Italian Wars: Shown in the Chibitalia segments.
  • It's All Junk: America tries to pull this with the gifts given to him by England, but can't bring himself to do it.
  • I Want My Beloved to Be Happy:
    • Spain lets Italy leave during the War of the Austrian Succession.
    • Sweden also thinks this about Finland during the Polish-Swedish wars, however he thinks it's too embarassing to say just in front of Finland.
    • England and America. There's much fighting before England chooses to let America go.
  • I Was Just Joking: When America tells England how great it feels to remember defeating him in the American Revolutionary War, England looks as if he's been genuinely hurt. America then says that that's a lie, which brings England back to his usual irritated Tsundere state.
  • Japanese Ranguage: Japan is the most prominent example of this in the English dub. Most of the other Asian nations also have accents, but less obvious with the R's.
  • Jaw Drop: Happens to Germany when he saw Prussia doing a Bollywood dance number with India during the 2011 Halloween event.
  • Jerkass: Don't let the moe and light-hearted humour fool you, there's plenty of these.
  • Jerk with a Heart of Gold:
    • Cuba is big, gruff, and intimidating and definitely doesn't get along with America, but he's actually a nice guy. He likes chilling out with ice cream or cigars and is friends with Canada (even if he sometimes mistakes him for America).
    • Russia terrifies everyone, but loves his big sister and seems to genuinely want the best for his people.
    • America is obnoxiously blunt and full of himself, but when he first realizes how nervous Japan is about having contact with the outside world, he purposely makes his fake fortune-telling method give a good outcome to give Japan confidence.
    • England's a grouch who presumably wasn't much fun for any of his siblings or those stuck with him during his empire days, but he genuinely adored America and wanted to protect him.
    • Germany's a Drill Sergeant Nasty who's pretty tough on his allies...and will also run to their rescue should they ever need help, and who, despite his constant complaints, never abandons "useless" allies.
  • Jesus Taboo: Averted, he appears sometimes. At one point, he appears to Prussia (who was still the religious order of the Teutonic Knights at the time) who was remorseful about touching Hungary's breasts.
  • "Just Joking" Justification: Something fans of this series use when defending it.
  • Kansai Regional Accent: Many of the countries speak a unique Japanese dialect, although this is to emphasize character traits more than anything.
    • Spain has a heavy Osaka accent.
    • Cuba speaks with a Kawachi accent, a rougher variation of the Osaka accent.
    • Belgium speaks in Shiga dialect.
    • Poland has a Nagoya accent
    • Sweden has a very heavy Tohoku dialect.
    • Norway's Tsugaru dialect
    • Hong Kong's Gyaru-o dialect.
  • Kawaisa
  • Kinda Busy Here: At the end of the 2009 Christmas Bloodbath, France gets interrupted from the final battle by a phone call from Italy.
  • Keet:
    • Sealand.
    • While they're older than most examples, Italy and Poland have a lot of these traits.
    • America and Korea aren't small or colorful, but they also have shades of this trope.
  • Know-Nothing Know-It-All: Korea is usually saying he invented things, like education. Also, Poland used to treat Lithuania like his lackey and tried to make Liet live like him. Many of the nation-tans have a moment acting like this (They are all good at heart, though).
  • The Krampus: Hungary dresses up like this every Christmas to scare Italy. He still hasn't figured out that it's her.
  • The Lancer: England is the Straight Man and sort of The Rival to America, sometimes Team Dad / Only Sane Man of the Allies.
  • Large Ham: America and Rome. Cuba acts this way at times too.
  • Lemony Narrator: In the dub, where she sometimes talks with a Valley Girl accent. The Narrator is very informational in the original.
    "Oh! Pretty music!"
    "Even Godless-er China."
    "Gay Christmas... I mean, French."
    "'Hoist the main sail and get me my brown pants' and 'holy crap a talking muffin!' I love those jokes"
    "Apparently, neutrality means stay the F*** out!"
  • Lethal Chef: England. No surprise. This trope is played with in the show and is a major plot point in the movie.
  • Let Him Choose: In the comic that introduces Colonial America, England and France decide to have America choose which of them he wants as his big-brother. America sees a dispirited England in a Corner of Woe and chooses him over France.
  • Licking the Blade: France once imagined England coming through a window while dressed as a pirate and licking a bloody sword blade.
  • Light Bulb Joke: Once with Poland.
  • Lightning Glare: When Tony and England met for the first time, it was pretty obvious that they didn't like each other. Well, obvious to everyone except America.
  • Like Is, Like, a Comma:
    • Poland speaks in this manner.
    • In the dub, the narrator speaks like this for an episode
  • Limited Wardrobe: The characters often have a certain iconic outfit that they wear most of the time, but there are also times when they wear other clothing, making this a Zig-Zagging Trope.
  • The Leader: America claims to be this.
  • Left the Background Music On: Austria in episode four.
  • Let's Split Up, Gang: What the characters do in the movie when infiltrating the spaceship.
  • The Load: Italy, oh so very much towards his fellow Axis members, especially Germany.
    "Germany, Germany, help me! I'm in north Africa right now and I can't tie my shoelaces! Oh... and also England is here!"
  • Loads and Loads of Characters: A full list can be found here. Justified because of the sheer number of countries (past and present) on the planet.
  • Lonely Together: "The Anglo-Japanese Alliance Between Two Lonely People," anyone?
  • Love Bubbles:
    • A variation occurs inside Germany's head in the Valentine's Day comics when the workers get swamped with numerous heart-shaped objects that they've never seen before.
    • Italy tends to have hearts coming from him, but this is often towards Italian things (such as food and their traditions) as opposed to another character.
  • Love Hurts:
  • Love Triangle:
    • Triang Relations type 2: Lithuania has a crush on Belarus, who completely abhors him. Russia's favorite subordinate is Lithuania, who is terrified of him. Belarus wants to marry Russia, who is terrified of her. It's very... twisted, indeed.
    • Type 3: Greece —> Japan <— Turkey. Complete with the two ends of the triangle arguing about which one of them Japan pays more attention to. Japan may prefer Greece over Turkey (fandom certainly thinks so, and you can't really blame them), but he remains evasive of any questions about the matter.
    • Type 4: Austria and Hungary are an Official Couple, but it's hinted that Prussia has feelings for Hungary. That's likely the most canon take on their relations, but fandom enjoys playing with all possible combinations of the Frying Pangle, sometimes even making it a Type 7 or Type 8 in their works.
    • And then there's the America/England/France Love Triangle. While you'll definitely find it in Fanon, canon is quite subtle about it. One could argue that the reason for this is that England is a huge Tsundere, America gives mixed signals and France is, well, France.
  • Lucky Charms Title:
    • The Delicious★Tomato Song.
    • Hello★China.
    • Casino ★ Show Time!
  • Luminescent Blush: Most characters have this on constantly, especially in the earlier manga editions and seasons one through four of the anime.
  • Made of Iron: Sealand is literally this. When he punches out France #23 from the Alternate Universe, he states that he's able to do so because he's made of steel.
  • The Mafia: They once demanded some of Spain's imports from Romano. Word of God also says that one of the reasons Romano is grouchier than his brother is because he's had to deal with the Mafia more.
  • Magical Realism: Hints of it, especially regarding the nature of the characters and how they come to be. When a young soldier asked France about his true nature this is what he said:
    France: "If it's hard to understand, imagine a ship! The government is the mast, citizens are the wind and they swim on the sea of time, or so it says. If the mast stands straight and good wind blows, the ship goes forward. Well, sometimes it gets stranded and that was it. Something like that maybe?"
  • Magic Wand: England has one that can be used to make the other nations into kids.
  • Makes Just as Much Sense in Context:
    • Whenever the characters are stranded on That F*cking Island and Rome appears singing a song.
    • Anything involving the mochi.
  • The Man Behind the Man: Arguably Austria to the Holy Roman Empire. Subverted in that he's not evil at all, even though his stuffiness seems to give the impression.
  • Manga Effects
  • Marshmallow Hell: Inverted. During the 2013 Halloween Event Italy went around resting his head on other nation's chest. He was successful with the guys but not so much with the girls.
  • Masculine Girl, Feminine Boy: Hungary and Austria. In the 2011 Halloween event, Hungary even dresses up as a prince and gets Austria to be her princess.
  • Masquerade/Extra-Strength Masquerade: It's strongly hinted that not everyone knows of the Nations' existence or at least their true identities. This is even touched upon in a strip involving France and one of his soldiers.
  • Mass "Oh, Crap!": In the movie, the others do this when England states that he put his home-made scones into the gift bags they gave the Pict.
  • Matryoshka Object: When helping deliver presents after Santa went missing, Japan put boxes nested inside larger boxes into his gifts.
  • Medium Awareness: England stares daggers (well, arrows) at Russia. Russia then grabs and eats them.
  • Meganekko: Several characters wear glasses, but Austria, Estonia, and Thailand in particular fit the trope.
  • Meido: As a young child living with Austria, Italy used to wear maid outfits. Especially in the Chibitalia chapter, which lampshades the trope when the Holy Roman Empire is seen with a portrait of Chibitalia and is asked if the model was a servant. This may be a historical in-joke, though. See Wholesome Crossdresser below.
  • Memento Macguffin:
    • Holy Rome keeps the broom that Chibitalia gave him. (In the webcomic, it was "her" panties.)
    • America still has the toy soldiers that England made for him.
    • Possibly the iron cross necklace that Germany gave Italy when they decided to be allies.
  • Misplaced Nationalism: Occasionally happens in the fandom.
  • Misplaced Retribution: Canada is frequently the target of this because he looks almost identical to his brother America, though the countries that are pissed at America wouldn't harm Canada if they knew the difference. That he's very soft spoken means he rarely is able to stop the abuse or convince the other countries (rightfully angry at America) from beating up on him.
  • Misplaced Sorrow: When England 'dies' in the hospital after an accident involving the panjandrum, America gets teary eyed and tells him he can't go because he owes him a 'crap-ton of money'.
  • Mistaken Identity: Poor Canada is frequently mistaken for America on the occasions that the other nations even notice him.
  • Modesty Towel: Variation in the Christmas Episode; Spain pulls a shower curtain towards himself and barely covers his crotch.
  • Moe Anthropomorphism: The other foundation the series was built on.
  • Moe Couplet:
    • Sealand and Latvia. Sealand helps Latvia not be a twitching emotional wreck and Latvia keeps Sealand grounded to reality.
    • America and Japan. America can come across as obnoxious and pushy at times and Japan as dull to some. Put them together, however, and America becomes the cheerful, eager friend who gets Japan to open up to new things and Japan the calm, mature one who balances out America's boisterousness. Plus, in spite of the obvious Opposites Attract potential, many people prefer them as BFFs rather than lovers in the Western fandom.
    • Greece and Japan, whose relationship seems to be mainly based on them both being quiet Kindhearted Cat Lovers who soften or endear each other's negative traits and are unlikely to ever fight. You can make a drinking game out of the number of times they're described as "cute" or "moe" by fans, seriously. (Not that that's a bad thing, mind you.)
  • Moment Killer:
    • America has a tendency to do this around England.
    • His voice actor did this during the 2011 Seiyuu event when Ai Orikasa asked the guys to give the audience a New Year's kiss.
      Hiroki Yasumoto: *pointing to the camera* "Over there? Why don't you come closer" *walks to the edge of the stage and crouches down so he's closer to the camera*
      Katsuyuki Konishi: (Just as Yasumoto is about to start.) "We can see your underwear!"
  • Monochromatic Eyes: Japan, Liechtenstein, Norway, and the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Mood Whiplash:
    • The comics about the American Revolution, Lithuania's sleepover at Poland's house and Bloody Sunday.
    • There are quite a few milder examples than the ones given above as well. Episode 50 of the anime(the one with the table-turning) contains one between America and Japan. When America asks Japan if there's anything bothering him, Japan proceeds to pour his heart out, sharing with America how excited yet apprehensive he is about learning Western culture. Then he concludes by asking if they (Japan and America) will be able to get along from then on. Ouch.
  • Mooning: When Italy calls France in the middle of the night because he's afraid that his friends will leave him, France sarcastically suggests that Italy show them his ass. The next night, Italy called back crying again, claiming it didn't work. France couldn't believe that he had taken the suggestion seriously.
  • Moral Guardians: Pulled the show off regular TV airings to other electronic distributions. Nationalist Korean netizens reacted to a Japanese parody of Korea being broadcast about as well as you might expect. Some of the English and Japanese fandom reacted to that about as well as you'd expect, too.
  • Mortality Ensues: What apparently happens to the characters when their nation ceases to exist, but Shrug of God makes it difficult to be certain. In any case, they do eventually die, but it's unknown how long it takes.
  • The Movie: The Plot? Alien Invasion.
  • Muggles: We sometimes see normal people hanging around and interacting with the nations.
    • An early story showed Italy conspiring with one of his soldiers. When the Germans went to bed, he and his entire army pulled a Screw This, I'm Outta Here!.
    • At one point, England tries to take advantage of this by blending into crowds in Italy.
    • When Germany gives up beer as part of a diet, his soldiers are shocked.
    • This is touched upon in the strip Though I may depart, you shall remain when one soldier wonders what exactly France is, as the poor sap says that France hasn't aged since his grandfather's time.
  • Multiple Demographic Appeal: The fandom is often stereotyped as being made up of teenage girls (possibly because they're usually the ones producing most of the fanwork), but there are a lot of male fans, along with fans in their 20s, 30s, and even 40s.
  • Mustache Vandalism: When Chibitalia went to live with Austria, he wanted to do some painting but was only able to find a jar of ink and a big brush. So he added a mustache to a portrait of Austria.
  • Must Have Caffeine: Austria gets very grumpy when he is deprived of coffee.
  • My Country, Right or Wrong: Considering that all of the characters are personifications of their countries, this is very much in effect. Examples include WWII Germany, who expresses open disgust at some of the orders he's been given, but has to follow them anyway. Or Russia's growing anger at Stalin despite being more or less fine with communism. They aren't bound to a particular government, leader or ideology as they represent their people as a whole. Which includes their ideas/cultures/beliefs/what-have-you in general. Plus, autocratic governments can hardly be considered representative of their people in the same way as democratic ones, so it makes sense for their countries to hold different opinions to their rulers - and also to be unable to stop them. Dictators don't hold elections.
  • Mythology Gag: In the dub, Todd Haberkorn voices Britain when he's a kid instead of Scott Freeman — possibly a nod to the fact he was supposed to voice Britain before North Italy had to be recast.
  • Naked Apron:
    • England's "sexy waiter" outfit, which was inspired by an actual business in the UK.
    • Hong Kong during the 2010 Christmas event.
    • Spain, America, and Prussia all wore them in the 2011 April Fool's event.
    • In the 2013 Halloween event, Himaruya drew several characters wearing them as an apology for being late with updates.
  • Naked People Are Funny: Has been used more than once. Italy and France in particular get this treatment.
  • National Stereotypes: The other other foundation the series was built on, although the characters themselves go beyond this. Said stereotypes are either subverted or expounded upon, revealing the basis and history behind them.
  • Nations as People
  • Naughty Nurse Outfit: France blackmails England into wearing one during the 2011 April Fool's Day event.
  • Neat Freak:
    • Germany is obsessive about cleanliness.
    • Austria as well, although while Germany will actually fold his dirty clothes, Austria will simply drape them on a chair.
    • Netherlands hates messy gardens and doesn't let anyone touch the kitchen because of this.
    • For all their differences, this is something that Prussia and Germany have in common.
  • Necktie Leash: Norway strangles Denmark this way.
  • Nice Hat: The Holy Roman Empire. Turkey combines it with Mask Power. Prussia is sometimes seen wearing one too.
  • Nigh-Invulnerability: The nations can be injured, although it takes a lot more to hurt one of them than a normal person and they heal very quickly, but they can't be killed as long as their country still exists.
  • Nightmare Fuel Station Attendant: Used in a Halloween strip as Japan tells America to use Russia as a receptionist in order to scare England. Otherwise, countries are often shown as being very scared of anyone who'd beaten them before or who has a reputation; hence why many freak out whenever they are asked to interact with Germany or Russia. Also, the Italies are afraid of England and Southern Italy appears to be terrified of France.
  • No Cartoon Fish: Most animals are drawn cutesy like the rest of the characters, but fish are usually shown in a more realistic style.
  • Non-Human Sidekick:
    • America has been shown with his alien friend Tony. He also has a pet whale and a cat.
    • Japan and his dog Pochi.
    • England and his magical friends.
    • Norway and his magical friends as well.
    • Germany has three dogs. Although Berlitz is the only one who has appeared in the series.
    • Greece is almost always shown with various cats.
    • Finland and Sweden have a pet dog named Hanatamago.
    • Canada and his bear Kumajiro.
    • France has had several birds, all of them named Pierre.
    • Iceland has Mr. Puffin.
    • Prussia has a little yellow bird that he is frequently shown with.
    • Netherlands has a rabbit.
    • Australia is often shown with a koala. He apparently has a pet kangaroo as well.
    • Similar to Australia, New Zealand is often drawn with a sheep, and has a pet kiwi bird.
    • While they haven't appeared in the series, official art often shows Egypt with a jackal and/or falcon.
  • No Sense of Direction: Austria, to the point where he has even gotten lost inside Germany's house.
  • No Swastikas: Averted; they can be seen in the last chapter of Volume One of the published manga.
  • Not Blood Siblings:
    • Liechtenstein is Switzerland's adoptive little sister.
    • England and America, along with the other nations who were part of the British Empire.
    • China with Japan, Korea, and Hong Kong.
  • Not Drawn to Scale: While some characters are always drawn taller than others, the exact difference between their heights isn't kept consistent.
  • Not Me This Time: France usually pulls some sort of prank on the other nations during the holidays, so when the others caught up with him during the 2011 April Fool's event, he said this when admitting that he wasn't the mastermind behind the pranks.
  • Not-So-Imaginary Friend: Magical creatures exist, but most nations lost the ability to see them as they stopped believing in them. England and Norway are the only ones shown to still be able to see them, although everyone else thinks they're talking to thin air if they see them interacting with them.
  • Not What It Looks Like:
    • An early story had Germany receive a panicky call from Italy, who kept yelling things like, "Germany, help!" "Big brother, stop! Ow ow ow! It won't come out!" After rushing over, he discovered that Italy and Romano have merely gotten their Idiot Hairs tangled together.
    • Japan was shown coming over to Germany's house one night to borrow something, only to hear him and Italy talking about liking each other and thinking, "I can't even begin to imagine what is going on in there." After hearing a loud crash, he rushes in to make sure that Germany and Italy are fine, only to see Italy (who is mostly naked) laying flat on his back with Germany (who is completely naked) face-down on top of him. It Makes Sense in Context.
    • During the 2011 Halloween event, Germany (dressed as a Roman soldier) asks Japan (dressed as a slave) if the Slave Collar and attached chain he is wearing is too heavy. Japan explains that it actually was quite light, and asked if Germany wanted to hold it. Taiwan happened to walk up to them right at that moment and wonder what was going on.
    • In the 2013 Halloween event, Bulgaria dressed up as Eren for the party, but Romania insisted that he can't show up wearing that and tried to force him to change his clothes with some help from Poland. Monaco walked in and saw the two of them taking off Bulgaria's clothes.
  • Now or Never Kiss: A variation occurs in the Chibitalia storyline, when Holy Roman Empire kisses Chibitalia on the lips before leaving Austria's mansion, since they don't know if they'll ever see each other again.
  • Obligatory Swearing:
    • America and especially mochi America, thanks to the stereotype that Americans swear a lot.
    • The dub is often raunchier than the original anime.
    • This is pretty common in fanfiction, especially with Darker and Edgier stories.
  • Oblivious to Love: Italy is this to Germany in the Buon San Valentino comics. America might also be this to England.
  • Ocular Gushers: Italy did this when he first met Germany and was begging the latter to not hurt him.
  • Odd Friendship: Germany and Italy, Poland and Lithuania, America and Japan.
  • Oh Crap:
    • America when he discovered that he had gained weight.
    • Holy Rome when Chibitalia collapsed while they were cuddling.
    • Russia in the 2010 Christmas event when General Winter was instantly defeated.
    • When Iceland was telling a ghost story during the 2013 Halloween event, France remarked that Iceland had unique phrasing and asked him if he would like to get together for a poetry reading. After looking horrified, Iceland rushed through the rest of the tale.
  • Official Couple: Austria/Hungary, who were married at one point and are still close despite being divorced.
  • Off Model: Some moments in the anime. One that comes especially to mind is when they show Chibitalia with what's supposed to be a younger Romano in episode 2, it happens fairly frequently with DEEN's anime artwork and was lampshaded in the dub.
    China: (showing his Emperor various animals) "This is supposed to be a camel."
  • Offscreen Teleportation: Seems to be how the nations get around. Lampshaded in the 2010 Christmas event when Cuba called Germany and told him to come over right away. Germany informed him that there was no way he could get a plane chartered in time, at which point Cuba expressed surprise that he couldn't just teleport.
  • Once Killed a Man with a Noodle Implement: In the dub, Germany claims to have killed a man with his own mustache and a grape.
  • Ondo: The end of the movie shows the characters doing an Ondo dance with the aliens.
  • One-Man Army: Every single character, in an unusually literal example, although it is subverted once in a while. There are occasions where we see nations with their troops.
  • Only Sane Man:
    • Germany for the Axis Powers and England for the Allied Powers. If you stretch the definition of "sane" a bit, that is.
    • For the Allied Forces, China sometimes reaches this level and acts as the voice of reason when England proves that he's Not so Above It All, especially when fighting with France.
    • Estonia for Eastern Europe as well.
    • Iceland of Nordics.
    • And Hong Kong of Asia.
    • Wy for the micro-nations, too. It seems that every character group has one.
  • Only Six Faces: Averted for the most part in the manga (more often than not, the anime plays this straight) as there are variations in the characters' facial features. However, as more and more characters are introduced, similar features started popping up. Himaruya acknowledged this when he pointed out the similarity between Prussia and Sweden's faces.
  • On the Next: An "on the next episode of Hetalia..." preview was used a couple of times in the first season of the anime.
  • "On the Next Episode of..." Catch Phrase: This was used once in a while in the anime.
    "To be continued... maybe.''
  • Opposites Attract: Lithuania and Poland, Germany and Italy.
  • Otaku:
    • Many aspects of Japan's personality are references to Japanese otaku culture. He's a fan of anime and manga and is into 2D.
    • France has been shown to be a manga fan. A sketch showed him and Japan shopping for manga together, during one of the live events Japan told him that if he didn't start behaving he wouldn't let him have any more manga, and he once imagined Germany as Light from Death Note. Justified Trope since France imports more manga than any other nation.
  • Out of Focus: Unavoidable since there are Loads and Loads of Characters. Mostly apply to nations introduced more recently that aren't the main eight. Often remedied by A Day in the Limelight. It's also related to Artifact Title above, with the Axis Powers no longer having the spotlight to themselves.
  • Pandaing To The Audience:
    • China is often seen with a panda cub, wears panda-print boxers, and even has a panda shaped birthmark.
    • Hong Kong appears to love pandas as well.
    • Russia will dress up as a panda when he's stalking China.
    • An early episode showed China introducing Japan to a talking panda. note 
  • Panty Shot: We once got one of Hungary, courtesy of France.
  • Paper-Thin Disguise: The disguises work, it's how the characters act that gets them caught.
    • Germany simply wore a suit and glasses while undercover in France, and was only caught because France noticed that he was mashing his potatoes rather than slicing them.
    • England changed his clothes (and later his hairstyle) when repeatedly trying to escape from Italy. Germany kept catching him and dragging him back, the first time because his unstylish clothing stuck out, the second time because he wasn't flirting with the pretty girls walking by, and the third time because he ordered British food at a cafe.
  • Peek-a-Bangs: France in later volumes of the manga and season five of the anime, thanks to Art Evolution.
  • Perma Stubble: France, Rome, Turkey, and Croatia all sport this.
  • Perpetual Frowner: Germany and Switzerland tend to be this.
  • Personality Swap: Germany and Italy (try to) switch personalities in one strip just for the heck of it.
  • Phenotype Stereotype: Most European nation-tans north of Italy are blond with blue or green eyes. Somewhat Truth in Television, as studies shown that the percentage of blondes in Europe increases the further north you go.
  • The Philosopher: Greece, and he'll talk at great length when he gets in this mood.
  • Physical Scars, Psychological Scars:
    • China has a large one on his shoulder from when Japan stabbed him in the back with his katana, which symbolized the first Sino-Japanese war.
    • Lithuania's back is covered in scars. It's implied that he got them from Russia during Soviet occupation.
    • According to Chibitalia, Rome's body was eventually covered in them from all the battles he fought.
    • Netherlands and Hesse also have scars, but we don't know their significance yet.
  • Picky Eater: A hungry Chibitalia once outright refused food that Holy Rome brought him for this reason.
  • Pink Girl, Blue Boy: Russia and his sisters sort of invert this. Ukraine is recognized for her blue overalls, Belarus is recognized for her indigo/blue dress, and Russia is more associated with purple or pink. His scarf is pink in the anime.
  • Pinky Swear: Used to symbolize Germany and Italy's Pact of Steel.
  • Pin-Pulling Teeth: Germany does this when trying to demonstrate to Italy how to use a grenade. Italy tries to mimic him, but it doesn't work out so well.
  • Pity the Kidnapper:
    • Germany takes Italy prisoner, but kicks him out at the end of the First World War.
    • A running gag in the series, as anybody who captures Italy is going to regret it very quickly.
    • Another one for the Italies is they pretty much regret that their trap worked on England.
  • Pixellation: In the manga, it's sometimes used to censor someone's speech if it's foul or disturbing. In the anime and movie, it's used to censor images of characters/objects from other anime series.
  • Playboy Bunny:
    • Near the end of Paint It, White, America took a turn at making the aliens feel welcome by bringing them to a Vegas-esque casino complete with young women wearing these outfits.
    • In the 2013 Halloween event, one of the sketches that Himaruya posted as an apology for being late featured Hungary dressed up as a Playboy Bunny.
  • Please Don't Leave Me: Young nations (and grown up North Italy) tend to have abandonment issues.
  • Please Put Some Clothes On:
    • Italy is often told this, usually by Germany.
    • When France decides to revive the Olympic games, he shows up in the nude. Cue England walking in and promptly freaking out.
    • In the 2010 Christmas Bloodbath, China is horrified when Hong Kong whips off the maid dress he had been wearing.
  • Plenty of Blondes: With a few exceptions, the majority of the European and North American nations are blond.
  • Political Correctness Gone Mad: The plot of the Paint It White movie deals with this.
  • Politically Correct History: For the most part, although there are a few strips that avert this.
  • Porn Stash: Germany apparently has one. Italy found it and later blabbed about it to the Allies when he was captured.
  • Portmanteau Couple Name: Can be either a combination of their country names in English, their country names in Japanese, their human names, in-universe nicknames, or a mix-and-match of any of them.
  • Post-Victory Collapse: After beating France on one occasion, a very battered England was shown exclaiming "I won!" and promptly passed out.
  • Potty Failure:
    • Romano when he was little. Not only did he wet the bed, but Spain came home one day and discovered that he wasn't able to make it to the bathroom in time.
    • America apparently wet the bed as a kid. While sleeping during a meeting, England muttered "You wet the bed again, Amer-" causing America to hit him.
  • Power Trio: The Axis can be seen this way. Germany is Superego (rational), Italy is Id (emotional), Japan is Ego (middle man). Although they don't always act this way.
  • Princely Young Man: Austria has an aristocratic personality, is in charge of the house, and is referred to as a "young master" by the others.
  • Privateer: There are a couple of strips which detail the story of England's privateers. Basically, England found a few pirates that were causing him trouble, and told them to "go beat up that Spain guy." They did, allowing England to get the upper hand over Spain. Whenever Spain complained to England, he would just apologize and say that the pirates were causing him trouble, too. That is, until Spain went over to England's house and saw him giving medals to the privateers. Whoops.
  • Proper Lady: Liechtenstein. She's humble, kind, quiet, deferring yet not completely submissive to her brother Switzerland, very mature for a young nation, and quite competent at housework.
  • Psychopathic Manchild:
    • Russia. The author did state that Russia has a Child-like cruelty to him. He has such a sweet face and is always smiling... Flanderized to a ridiculous extent in the fandom, seeing as he says creepy things and stalks people frequently but very rarely actually does anything.
    • His little sister Belarus, a beautiful young woman with an unhealthy fixation on her big brother and a very immature temperament, also falls under this.
  • Psychotic Love Triangle: A rare "closed" variant - Belarus wants Russia, Russia wants Lithuania, and poor Lithuania wants Belarus...
  • Public Bathhouse Scene:
    • Has been used a few times in connection with Japan. In one strip, England meets up with Japan just as he is leaving a bathhouse.
    • Another story had the Axis in a bath together.
    • Rome loved bathhouses, and one strip showed him leaving one. Unfortunately for Germania, he neglected to put on any clothes afterwards.
  • Public Domain Soundtrack: Bits of classical music such as Beethoven's Fifth Symphony have been used in the anime.
  • Puni Plush: The art style is very soft and rounded.
  • Puppy Love: Chibitalia was initially afraid of Holy Rome, but eventually returned his feelings.
  • Purely Aesthetic Glasses:
    • Word of God states that Austria wears glasses to make himself look more interesting, not because he needs them.
    • America's represent the state of Texas, which is why he isn't shown wearing them prior to Texas becoming part of the US.
    • Germany is occasionally shown wearing them, mostly in the Hetalia Academy setting.
    • There have been multiple times where Himaruya draws characters wearing glasses simply for Fanservice.

     Q-Z 
  • The Quiet One: Egypt. He's only been shown talking once, and that was because France asked him if he was even able to talk.
  • Reading The Enemy's Mail: The Allies get a hold of Germany's diary and find little to help them defeat them.
  • Really 700 Years Old: Most of the characters are hundreds (if not thousands) of years old, yet none of them look any older than their mid-20s or so.
  • Really Gets Around:
    • It's been stated that Greece has a lot of sex.
    • Implied in the case of France. While the other nations don't seem interested in his advances, he's seems to be successful with normal people. He's mentioned having relationships in the past, was once shown taking two young women home with him after a party, and during the 2007 April Fool's event when one fan wrote in claiming she was pregnant with his child, he responded:
      Wh-Who are you...?! Who?!
      Are you Marianne?! Jennifer?!
      I'm really sorry about that time...
  • Real Men Cook: Several male characters have been shown cooking.
    • Italy, France, and China are excellent cooks.
    • Austria and Japan have also been shown cooking.
    • It's been mentioned that Turkey, Thailand, and Hong Kong are good cooks.
    • Finland has also cooked, but whether or not it's good is a matter of opinion.
    • England tries...
  • "The Reason You Suck" Speech: Canada gave this to America once. It went on for three hours and he only stopped because England intervened.
  • Red Oni, Blue Oni:
    • Germany and Prussia have blue and red eyes, respectively. They very much fit the trope.
    • Denmark and Sweden as well, complete with color scheme.
  • Refuge in Audacity: If the series weren't so cute and silly, it would probably be much more offensive than it already is. The dub even more so than the original.
  • Regional Riff
  • Reincarnation: In volume four, France meets the reincarnation of Joan of Arc.
  • Repeat Cut: In episode 13 of season five, this happened both times that America came through the window.
  • Revisiting The Roots: The series originally focused on WW2, but gradually expanded to other time periods. When it was serialized in Birz magazine, it returned to the WW2 timeframe.
  • Ridiculously Cute Critter: This is how Himaruya always seems to draw animals.
  • Ripped from the Headlines: Many of the stories set in modern times are this.
  • Roswell That Ends Well: The "Assault &#9733; The neighbor’s Roswell Incident" comics address this incident.
  • Royals Who Actually Do Something: Some of the Real Life examples listed, such as Frederick The Great, have made appearances in the series and are shown as being active in warfare and politics.
  • Rubbery World: In Paint it, White!, everything that the ray from the Picto Alien's spaceship touches turns into a white, wobbly thing reminiscent of rubber. As it passes over cities and countries the world starts to resemble this Rubbery World.
  • Rule of Cute
  • Rule of Funny
  • Rule 63: There are official gender-reversed designs of several of the characters, and some of them made an appearance in the "I Was Overwhelmed by Heroines" story in volume five of the manga.
  • Running Gag:
    • That F**king Island.
    • "To be continued... maybe."
    • Korea insisting that everything comes from his country.
    • Poland's threat that he'll make Warsaw your capitol.
  • Russian Guy Suffers Most: Inverted and played staight. Bloody Sunday and failed White Sea canal strips cover his history of suffering. But most of the time he's a superpower that likes making others suffer.
  • Sailor Earth: People tend to design their own countries frequently.
  • Sanity Slippage: This happened to Russia as a result of all the bloodshed and violence in his history.
  • Santa Claus: He made an appearance in the 2011 Christmas event.
  • Satellite Character: The Holy Roman Empire. Is he the boss? Does he just own the house? He doesn't interact much with the others. He's not Germany, by the way. Or is he? Hmmm...
  • Saving Christmas: Happened during one of the Christmas events. Finland needed help delivering presents (it isn't stated where Santa is) and called the other nations for help. America's solution was to order everything from Amazon.
  • Saying Sound Effects Out Loud:
    • "Patapata~! Patapata~!" The sound effect for flapping for Italy's white flag of surrender.
    • France's "Slap slap slap slap slap~" counts too.
  • Say My Name:
    • Estonia: LATVIAAAAAA!!!
    • America: "England? ENGLAND!!"
    • Germany: ITALIAAAAAA!! (Constantly.)
    • Italia: Doitsu Doitsu! (Constantly.)
    • Austria: Preußen? Preußen!? PREUßEEEEEEEEEN!!!
    • Spain: Romano? Romano! ROMANOOOOOOOO!!
    • England (in the movie): "AMERICA!"note 
  • Scanlation: This is how the series was originally available in English. While there are official translations of the published manga, the translation of the Webcomic are available in this format.note 
  • Scarf of Asskicking: Russia and Netherlands each have one.
  • Scenery Censor:
    • While walking around mostly naked on a tropical island, Italy's vital regions are blocked by a plant leaf in the foreground.
    • During the 2011 April Fool's event, France's pet bird would often be shown flying in front of him to censor his groin.
  • Scenery Porn: Season five had some beautiful backgrounds, especially early on in the season.
  • Scream Discretion Shot:
    • When Greece offers to give Japan a private lesson in bed, the image switches to a map of east Asia while Japan screams.
    • Another time when Austria and Germany caught France spying on them, they tied him up and discovered that the photos he had been taking were all sexy shots of Austria. Cue Austria getting pissed off and the camera shifted away while we hear France screaming.
    • In another strip, Japan pulls a katana on China and then the scene switches to a panda eating, with China's horrified screams on the background.
  • Screw This, I'm Outta Here!: Italy and his entire army do this early in the series. Germany finds him and drags him back, however.
  • Seinen: Yes, really. Though starting out online and still being a part-time webcomic makes its demographic more ambiguous.
  • Sensitive Guy and Manly Man:
    • Germany is the Manly Man with either Italy or Japan as the Sensitive Guy.
    • Japan also plays the Sensitive Guy to Manly Men Turkey, Greece, and America.
    • America and Canada.
    • Canada is also the Sensitive Guy in comparison to Cuba.
    • Sweden and Finland play this straight in appearance, but their personalities are a subversion. Sweden is really a Gentle Giant while Finland is a Cute Bruiser.
  • Sentai: Has been mentioned in the Drama CD and during the Fourth Wall Mail Slot. America is the Red Ranger of course! America and Sealand are fans.
  • Separated by a Common Language: In one comic, England asks America for a rubber (eraser). After asking a confused England if he even has a partner, America gives him a condom.
  • Sequel Snark: The published manga volumes frequently end in "To be continued... maybe." The anime follows suit.
  • Sexy Discretion Shot: When Greece offers Japan a "private lesson" to help him improve his sex life, the scene switches to a "view" of East Asia with Japan's screams in the background (and China yelling back at him because he can't sleep). When we're back to Japan, he's naked (or at least shirtless) in bed next to a sleeping Greece and screaming his head off.
  • Sexy Santa Dress:
    • Poland. 'Nuff said.
    • There was this one picture on the author's blog where Vietnam wore one, too.
    • Hungary was once shown in one as well.
  • She Is All Grown Up:
    • England leaves young America to return to his country, telling the boy to do his best and become strong. When he comes back, England is shocked to find that America has grown to be taller than him.
    • In a different strip, France gets impure thoughts upon seeing a more grown-up but still not fully "legal" North Italy.
    • The strip where England has a nightmare about Sealand actually growing up and becoming a country.
  • She Is Not My Girlfriend:
  • Shipper on Deck:
    • Japan may count. When Italy asks for advice on designing a war poster, he suggests Italy and Germany's names under an Umbrella of Togetherness.
    • Austria also gives Germany advice during the Valentine's comics.
  • Ship Tease: And there's a lot of it.
  • Shirtless Scene:
    • Germany and Italy have had a few. Usually together.
    • This isn't unusual in the live events, usually courtesy of France.
    • Season five has several, including Australia, Greece, Turkey, France, America, Spain...
  • Short Anime Movie: Hetalia: Paint It, White would be just under an hour long, about the length of two regular half-hour episodes, without the clips from the series thrown in. Given the source material, they didn't have a lot to work with, but wanted a feature-length film. The movie proved controversial in Japan and the Japanese DVD release removed the clip show parts, but the American release includes them.
  • Shout-Out:
    • Finland's last name is a reference to The Kalevala. Namely, to Väinämöinen, the main hero of the story.
    • Episode 3 of the World Series opens with Japan and Greece looking at the Spartan ruins, and Greece says: "This... is... where Sparta once stood."
    • On his blog, Himaruya once posted a drawing of Hungary holding her frying pan, with "Let's Frying Pan Love" written next to it.
    • In the dub of episode 13, after America walks in on England about to perform black magic, another participant asks England, "Where did you put the eye of newt?"
    • The Pokémon shoutout mentioned above. As an extra kick, America adds that "they caught em all!"
    • Italy sounds like Mario in the dub. In fact, his English dub voice actor explained in a commentary that at first he tried to play it straight with a realistic Italian accent...but when he heard the accent Chibitalia's voice actress was using, he decided to completely go for broke and use the most ridiculous Italian accent he could think of...which happened to be Mario!
    • In a similar situation, when asking what type of British accent the director wanted England to have Scott Freeman tried several, but the director liked best the voice which was a bad impression of Stewie Griffin.
    • In the beginning of the dubbed movie, the dub gives us this gem: "Time-traveling phone booths can only go so far..." Jamie Marchi put that reference into the script specifically for Doctor Who fan J. Michael Tatum.
    • In the Japanese version of episode 7, a variation on the music from Rocky plays in the background during the segments where England is training.
    • In one strip, France imagines Germany as Light from Death Note (Just as Planned Catch Phrase included.)
    • Germany in the movie dub tells Italy, "There's no crying in alien warfare!"
    • England's lullaby to America in episode 39 of the dub is a rushed version of a song from The Phantom of the Opera.
    • In the second episode of "The Beautiful World", when Romania is explaining the Witchcraft Club's activities, he mentions a charm that allows you to "disguise yourself as that wizard with the glasses and a scar on his forehead".
    • In one episode of the "World Series" dub, America's boss gives him a mission, and he says he'll accept it as long as it allows him to kick ass and chew bubble gum.
    • During the Halloween 2013 Event America and England suddenly have an Art Shift to South Park style for no apparent reason. Behold.
    • When Japan is staying with America, SpongeBob SquarePants can be seen on America's TV.
  • Shown Their Work: In the webcomic, Himaruya frequently links to articles that inspired the comic in question. Volumes four and five also have bibliographies of the books that he used for reference.
  • Show Within a Show:
    • In one of the webcomics, Estonia makes a movie.
    • Most of the live events during the holidays are this.
  • Sibling Incest: Some of the Ship Tease can be seen this way, depending on whether or not viewers interpret them as Not Blood Siblings.
    • Belarus adores her older brother Russia and wants to marry him, much to Russia's horror.
    • Korea towards China and, to a lesser extent, Japan.
    • England and America.
  • Sibling Yin-Yang: North and South Italy; Switzerland and Liechtenstein; America and Canada; Prussia and Germany.
  • Sick Episode: One story showed France teasing a bed-ridden England until he realized that the latter was really sick, at which point he tried to help him feel better. America appeared later and tried to cure England by putting a hamburger on his head.
  • Signature Laugh:
    • Prussia's "kesesese!"
    • America's DDDDDDDDD (A big Shrug of God on how it's pronounced. The anime and CD adaptations just go with a loud, rhythmic "Ha ha ha ha!")
    • dub!France's "ohonhonhonhon!"
    • Poland's "wahahaha!"
    • Russia's soft, ominous "ufufufu~" (his cat actually meows like this - "nyafufufu")
  • Significant Birth Date: If a nation has some sort of national holiday or independence day, it will be their birthday. Examples being Italy's is March 17 (Italian reunification), America's is July 4 (Independence day), and France's is July 14 (Bastille day).
  • Silk Hiding Steel: Lithuania, from Europe but male, fits this trope very well too: he's sweet, hard-working, and shown to not only be excellent at cooking and house-cleaning (to the point where he actually works as America's housekeeper for some time) but also formidable in battle. However, he also happens to be the main Woobie of the cast, which tends to overshadow his other traits, especially considering that his deference, loyalty, and humility might actually be one of the causes of him tending to be pushed around by Poland, Russia, and Belarus.
  • Sir Swearsalot:
    • Romano, oh, so much.
    • England does this whenever he gets mad.
    • Tony. Most of the words that come out of his mouth are variations on "fuck" and "bitch."
    • Mochi America's language gets fouler as the series goes on.
    • Belarus does this at times.
    • Molossia, at least when anyone other than America is around.
  • Sitcom Archnemesis:
    • The only surefire way to keep England out of your house is to invite France. America observes that after 900 years of war the only thing that keeps these two old timers going is antagonizing each other.
    • Greece and Turkey are also this too. In fact, the only time Greece loses his easygoing nature is when Turkey's around.
    • Cuba considers America his nemesis, too. Poor Canada...
    • Sealand and TRNC provide a bit of this in the first Drama CD.
  • Sixth Ranger: Canada's presence is rarely noticed by the other Allies and is almost always mistaken for America, even by his older brother England.
  • Slasher Smile:
  • Slave Collar:
    • Happens to Seychelles in the Gakuen Hetalia game.
    • And to Spain when the pirates capture him.
    • During the 2011 Halloween even, Italy wore one as part of his costume. As the event went on, more and more countries were seen wearing costumes like Italy's. Rome was somehow getting them all to wear them because he wanted to make Italy's costume popular.
  • Sleep Cute:
    • Lithuania, exhausted from being overworked by his boss Russia, unintentionally falls asleep on a couch only to wake up to find himself beside Russia, who for once is in deredere mode.
    • Subverted with Greece and Japan, when the first dozes off next to the other for some seconds but then wakes up like nothing happened.
    • The end of the 2010 bloodbath, oh so much.
    • At the beginning of the 2011 Christmas event, Italy was shown sleeping with his head pillowed on Germany's lap.
  • Sliding Scale of Gender Inequality: The female Nations, while fewer than the male ones, clearly fall into Level 5. Hungary in particular is described as manlier than a good chunk of the cast while Belarus and Liechtenstein are not submissive pushovers.
  • Sliding Scale of Silliness Versus Seriousness: For most of the series, it falls on the silly side, but it is occasionally serious without moving into any jarring Mood Whiplash (most of the time). The series cannot be taken too seriously without dire consequences.
  • The Smart Guy: Despite his flirty nature, France fills this role for the Allies when he puts his mind to it.
  • Smoking Is Cool:
    • Cuba and his famous Cuban cigars.
    • Netherlands, too, with his Pipe of Asskicking.
  • The Smurfette Principle: Subverted. While the female nations were initially (and still are) outnumbered by the males, the commonly recurring ones have since become varying degrees of Ensemble Darkhorse and Ascended Extra (notably Hungary, Belarus, Liechtenstein, Taiwan and Ukraine). And that's not counting the Nyotalia counterparts.
  • Soft Water:
    • Averted when Russia thinks he doesn't need a parachute when he sees snow on the ground from an aircraft, adding that no one knows snow like him. He ends up breaking all his bones (only one in the anime).
    • Played straight in The Movie.
  • Something about a Rose: France is frequently shown with roses in a romantic manner.
  • Sorry Ociffer: There have been a couple of times where a drunk nation claims to be sober.
    • After a plot to get America drunk to get information out of him failed, a drunk England tries to insist that not only is he sober, but he can hold his liquor better than anyone.
    • In the Hetalia Gakuen video game, a drunk Germany bursts into a room and tries to convince Austria to come to a party.
      Austria: "Germany... Are you, by chance, drunk?"
      Germany: "I am so sober, ya hear? I haven't had a beer in minutes!"
  • Sound Effect Bleep: Sometimes it's an actual "bleep" and sometimes it's another noise like a cat's meow. When France was explaining the birds and the bees to Italy, it was a series of moans.
  • Speech Bubbles Interruption: Happens sometimes in the webcomic and manga.
  • Spell Book: England has been shown using one when casting magical spells.
  • Spit Take:
    • Prussia does this when he finds out that Germany is not drinking beer as part of his new diet.
    • He also did it to Frederick The Great when he found out that Austria was forming an alliance with France and Russia during the Seven Years' War.
    • Iceland also does this when Denmark tells him cows are flying in the sky during the 2011 April Fool's event.
  • Split-Screen Phone Call:
    • This happens when America calls Russia to ask him if he can make a large number of 25 cm condoms.
    • It was also used when Italy called France for reassurance after he had a bad dream about Germany and Japan leaving him.
  • Spotlight-Stealing Squad: The series originally focused on Italy, Germany, and Japan (hence the "Axis Powers" part of the title), but this happened as other characters began to be introduced. After a series of stories focused on the Allies, one strip even ended with the Axis trio wondering when they were going to be featured again.
  • Spot of Tea: England, of course. Japan and China have also been seen drinking tea.
  • Squee: Spain did this when he saw that Chibitalia and Chibi Romano's hair curls formed a heart.
    So cuuuuuute!
  • Stalker with a Crush:
    • Belarus to Russia.
      Belarus: "Damn doorknob, getting between me and big brother!" [Rips it out] "Big brother, that obstinate knob is no more. Now then, let's get married married married married..."
    • Russia to Lithuania and China.
    • Holy Rome was this to Chibitalia at first.
  • Stalking Is Funny If It Is Female After Male: Belarus' obsession with her big brother is played for humor.
  • Standard Snippet: The Oriental Riff was used in episode 23 when Germany, Italy, and Japan stumble onto a Chinatown.
  • Status Quo Is God: Subverted. While characters' relationships with each other stay relatively stable (even when in reality many have changed over time), when they do change, it's made very clear. Examples include the American Revolution.
  • Stealth Pun:
    • In volume four, the Newspaper Club are interviewing members of the various school clubs. We're then told that all three Baltic nations are members of the Chorale Club, and Estonia comments that even among them, his singing is considered revolutionary.
    • In episode 10 of the Beautiful World anime, there's a scene where Italy has his camera stolen by a pickpocket on the Galata Bridge (a famous bridge in Turkey). As Turkey himself takes off after the pickpocket, you can hear a sped up version of the Turkish March playing in the background.
  • The Stinger: The Movie opens with Iceland introducing himself to the audience and commenting how tourism has been down in his country. After the ending credits, we see that some of alien Pict have remained on Earth and are using their abilities to create lights that look like the Aurora Borealis every night, bringing people to Iceland's home to see them.
  • Stock Animal Name: Japan's pet dog is named Pochi.
  • Stock Foreign Name: Seems to be the case with several of their human names.
    • America: His surname is Jones.
    • China: Both his given name (Yao) and his family name (Wang).
    • England: Arthur.
    • Egypt: His middle name is Muhammad.
    • France: Francis.
    • Finland: His given name, Tino, is very similar to Timo.
    • Germany: Ludwig.
    • Prussia: His surname is Beilschmidt, which bears a resemblance to Schmidt.
    • Russia: Ivan.
    • Spain: One of his family names is Fernández.
    • These are also used by many fans when giving human names to characters who do not have a canon name.
  • Stock Footage:
    • Applies to the anime with "That F**king Island", as some fans refer to it. Basically involves the Axis being stuck on an island, ambushed by the Allies, and attacked with a wok by China until some diversion comes to break it up. The same exact animation and lines are recycled, save for a few minor differences. Some YouTube comments speculate that they were trying to make fun of Endless Eight.
    • Also egregiously used in the movie where entire episodes were thrown in.
    • When DEEN adapted some extra Chibitalia stories, they decided to frame them as being dreams by HRE and would use the same footage of him waking up in bed. To the sound of an alarm clock in the 17th century.
  • The Stoic: Sweden and Germania.
  • Stoic Spectacles:
    • Actually, Austria has a great emotional range: he can be 'solemn', 'sullen', 'stern', 'saturnine', 'harsh' and 'sterner'.
    • Sweden.
    • Germany gives this impression during the times he's shown wearing glasses.
  • Strip Archive: The series started as a webcomic, and much of it can still be read for free on Himaruya's website.
  • Subbing for Santa: One of the Christmas events involved the nations helping Finland deliver presents because Santa disappeared.
  • Summon Magic: England, and his summoning spell is full of Shout Outs in the dub.
  • Summoning Ritual: England once did this when he tried to summon "A twisted creature of monstrous size and strength... with the power to crush America!" He got Russia.
    Russia: "You called?"
    England: *shoves Russia back through the circle* "Damned communist!"
  • Super-Deformed: Done sometimes in the series. It shows up a lot in Himaruya's artwork and the merchandise.
  • "Super Sentai" Stance: France, China, and Turkey do this in volume four when they are praising the Gourmet Food Club.
  • Super Window Jump: America does this a couple of times in some of the 2009 Christmas strips and the anime episode based on them.
    England: "Hey! The window!"
  • Supreme Chef: France, Italy, Austria, China, Thailand, Hong Kong, Turkey, and possibly Belgium are shown to be this, either through the series itself or via Word of God.
  • Surprise Santa Encounter: Finland and America have both dressed as Santa Claus at one point. Poland did and turned up expecting presents.
  • Sympathetic P.O.V.: Given that some of the countries have historically been considered "bad guys..."
  • Swapped Roles: Germany and Italy have swapped roles briefly just to see what it would be like.
  • Sweet Tooth: Turkey and Belgium are stated to be this.
  • Tactful Translation: Done at least once, when America comes to Japan to make friends with whales.
    Japan: Go Away.
    Translator: It's nice that you have such interesting pursuits, but please pursue them in your own residence.
  • Take a Third Option: What the creator did after the controversy surrounding Korea. The character still shows up in drawings and some of the webcomics, but he is not in the anime, the later volumes of the published manga, or on any official merchandise.
  • Take Off Your Clothes: During the 2010 Christmas event, the nations had to find a person with a message written on their body. When Germany finally found Italy and Romano, this is what he asked them to do.
    Germany: "I know it's sudden, but I have something to ask of you."
    Italy: "OK! If it's within my means, I'll do it!"
    Germany: "Strip! Right now!"
  • Take That, Audience!:
    "...mostly in Delaware. That's one of their fifty states, but most Americans don't know that unless they actually live there."
    • A few times in the dub.
    "Polish horses never charge German tanks at the battle - right, anime fans. Germany invaded Poland in '39 - right, American fans. Poland is a country. In Europe!"
  • The Talk: In the anime, after Italy asks France what "sexual intercourse" means, the latter is only too happy to explain.
  • Talking Animal:
    • Canada's pet bear Kumajiro.
    • Mr. Puffin, Iceland's pet.
    • Finland and Sweden's dog Hanatamago gains the ability to talk during the Christmas events.
  • Team Dad: Austria in the Chibitalia chapters.
  • Tears of Fear:
    • Italy gets teary eyed whenever he's scared. It can range from tears simply welling up in his eyes to outright Ocular Gushers.
    • Romano as well, but not as frequently as his brother.
    • America has done this on a couple of occasions. Once as a child when England's scary expression frightened him, and when he was watching horror movies with Japan.
  • Tertiary Sexual Characteristics: After Leichtenstein cuts her hair, her big brother Switzerland gets her a hair ribbon so people won't mistake her for a boy.
  • Theme Tune Cameo: The first two endings have been sung by Italy in-universe (his voice changed in the middle of Maru Kaite Chikyuu, and in World Series 34 Germany tells him to stop humming Hatefutte Parade).
  • Thick-Line Animation: In the mochi segments of season five.
  • Thigh-High Boots: Fem!Prussia.
  • The Thing That Would Not Leave: Italy to Germany, at least early in the series.
  • Through a Face Full of Fur: The nekotalia stories show the cat versions of the nations having a Luminescent Blush like their human counterparts.
  • Throw the Pin: Neither Italy nor Romano can seem to figure out how to properly use a grenade.
  • Title of the Dead: Volume five of the manga has a story titled "Hetalia of the Dead" which shows the nations discussing horror movies from around the world.
  • Tomboy and Girly Girl: Hungary and Liechtenstein, Ukraine and Belarus. Vietnam and Taiwan. Playwith for the last one.
  • Trademark Favorite Food: Almost every character makes a reference to their own cuisine.
    • Italy has pasta, Romano and tomatoes.
    • Germany with his wursts and beer.
    • America has hamburgers.
    • Canada loves pancakes with maple syrup.
    • Cuba, Canada, and America all love ice cream.
    • England has tea and scones.
    • Russia says that vodka is his fuel.
    • Taiwan is said to love Bubble Tea and Tofu.
  • Triple Nipple: France may count as such ever since the strip "Let's Assist the French Economy!", wherein he claimed Italy's right nipple, which apparently represents Corsica. At the very least, Italy is down to one....
  • Tsundere: Several characters.
    • England is stated to be this in the author's notes. He can be quite snarky, especially when around America. When he's in deredere mode, though, he shows pathetic vulnerability.
    • Germany is also stated to be this by the creator, although It's hard to tell his exact type given his usually staid demeanour. He appears to be a Type A whose default mood is a grumpy, "take no guff" guy, but there are times when his softer side can come out, such as when he sees that the other nations survived the fall from the spaceship in the movie. And while he may be a Drill Sergeant Nasty to Italy most of the time, there are moments when you can tell that he really does care about him. To drive the point further, the Valentines strip had Germany pretty much in full-blown deredere mode the entire time.
    • Romano is a very strong example of a Type A, especially when he's around Spain.
    • Switzerland is a combination of Type A and He Was Never My Heterosexual Life Partner to Austria.
    • America seems to be a odd variation of the Type A Tsundere himself. His tsuntsun side is represented less by mood swings and more by his penchant to step on people's toes with his rampant KY-ness, cheerful Love Freak mannerisms and occasional arrogance; he also shoots down England's advances and seems to have fun when he relentlessly teases the other nation-tan. However, he has shown genuine sadness and melancholy as he remembers their common past times (especially in "America Cleans Out The Storage"), as well as some degree of worry for the other's well-being, which can be seen as him being deredere.
      • It could be that he's a Type B (dere dere), since England is the only one he purposely annoys/teases.
    • Wy was one toward Sealand in Hetaween 2011, insisting that it was a "coincidence" that she is wearing the dress he told her to wear. Lampshaded by Seborga, who commented that she must have been influenced by England (mentioned above).
    • Molossia. He flips off Sealand, Seborga and Wy off when they ask him to be their new friend, but runs back to join them as soon as they leave. He also shows signs of being very self-conscious about letting his other side being seen.
  • Tsurime Eyes: Belgium, Germany, Poland, Switzerland, Prussia, Netherlands, Sweden, Egypt, Germania, and Hesse.
  • Turtle Power: This comic illustrates an actual incident when a bunch of baby turtles wandered into a cafe in Italy.
  • Twinkle Smile: This happens to America the first time that he declares "I'm the hero!"
  • Umbrella of Togetherness:
    • Italy makes posters with his and Germany's names under one of these at Japan's suggestion. Of course, he doesn't understand the meaning behind it.
    • Japan and Greece shared an umbrella in one comic.
  • Uncatty Resemblance: All the cats in the Nekotalia strips look like their owners.
  • Unexplained Recovery:
    • Russia jumped out of a plane without a parachute and broke his bones. There's no recovery time that we see.
    • Switzerland once shot France in the head. He was back on his feet in moments with no apparent wound.
  • The Unfavorite:
    • Canada has always been overshadowed by America ever since they were little. As soon as England seemed to be paying more attention to Canada, America came along and took his attention back. Most of the other countries not only forget who he is (or mistake him for America) there are many times when they can't even see him.
    • Also played with in regards to Belarus. She treats the other Baltics so badly because she thinks she is Russia's Unfavorite because of them. Hell, she's even jealous of Ukraine...
    • Romano (South Italy) is this in some degree, especially during his "childhood" days when Spain was more fixated on Italy than him. He was seriously worried that he didn't have anything to offer, lacking his brother's domestic and artistic skills.
  • Unicorn: England gave a baby unicorn to America as a pet for his centennial. America freaked out because he couldn't see it, but it's been mentioned by Word of God that he kept it and manages to take care of it.
  • The Unintelligible: Sweden, according to Fanon. In Japanese he speaks with a Tohoku Regional Accent, which is perfectly intelligible if a bit unusual, but due to fan translators' attempts at localizing it this got Lost in Translation and after some Flanderization it ended up looking as if Sweden was grunting and mumbling intstead of just using a dialect.
  • Unkempt Beauty: Greece, apparently. Iceland as well.
  • Unmoving Plaid: Shows up in the manga and Himaruya's art, most notably on the uniforms in the Hetalia Academy Alternate Universe.
  • Unreadably Fast Text:
    • The anime sometimes has text appear on screen to add details about what is going on in the scene. At times it flashes by so quickly that it is impossible to read it all without pausing, and it was even lampshaded once in the dub.
    • Occasionally a character will be shown with notes or something written on a blackboard behind them that go by to quickly to read.
    • At the beginning of the movie, the picture of the aliens that Italy was drawing on was part of a report about the invasion.
  • Unsettling Gender-Reveal:
    • Young Prussia used to think that young Hungary was a boy; in all fairness, so did she, sometimes forgetting even after she grew up.
    • Holy Roman Empire and Austria both thought that Italy was a girl. It wasn't until his voice changed that Austria found out that he was really a boy.
    • Amusingly, some fans are actually shocked when they learn that the author of Hetalia is a male.
  • Unsound Effect: Often used in the webcomic and manga, and has shown up in the anime from time to time as well.
  • Unstoppable Rage:
    • Hungary took out the entire Prussian army after he took Silesia.
    • France did this after Switzerland shot him in the head during the 2007 Christmas Bloodbath.
  • Unusual Euphemism: Sealand lampshades this in the dub:
    Sealand: "Sometimes I ride the goat while swabbing the deck, and that is not a euphemism for anything."
  • Use Your Head: Chibi Romano does this to Spain after the latter made the mistake of tugging on his Idiot Hair.
  • Vague Age: Some of Himaruya's old notes gave approximate physical ages for the characters, but you can't really tell which nations are older based on looks alone. Some characters look older than others, but their countries have been around for less time, and looking (or even being) older isn't always a sign of the character being more mature.
  • Valley Girl:
    • Totally Poland, like ehmagawd. Based on the Japanese equivalent. Less obvious in the dub, although he's still laidback.
    • America has sort of a variation on this in the dub.
  • Verbal Tic:
    • China ends most of his sentences with "aru", which is derived from a Japanese stereotype of Chinese people. When talking to England (for example in the Britannia Angel strip) "aru" sometimes changes to "ahen" which means "opium".
    • Sealand finishes most of his sentences with "desu yo," which is basically ending everything with an exclamation point.
    • When America talks business, he develops the Verbal Tic "-gates".
    • Italy's veee~
    • And Romano's chigi!
    • Don't forget Korea, da ze!
    • Or even Spain, ya de!
    • Like, I can't believe we totally haven't like, mentioned Poland!
  • Visible Sigh
  • Vocal Evolution:
    • Japan's voice in the first Drama CD is very soft. In later CDs and the anime, the same seiyuu switches to a much deeper tone, allegedly because fans complained that he'd sounded too similar to Italy.
    • In the first CDs, America has a sort of low tenor voice. Then in the anime and consecutive drama CDs his voice gets higher and higher (as well as more and more hyper), except for dramatic scenes where it drops back to its normal tone.
    • Canada's voice got less inaudible as the series went on.
    • Greece's voice in the anime became considerably slower from his episode with France to his episodes with Japan, presumably to emphasize his Heavy Sleeper nature better.
  • Volleying Insults:
    • France and England, oh so much. It frequently escalates to physical violence.
    • Greece and Turkey at times.
  • War of the Austrian Succession: Shown here.
  • We Are Struggling Together: Pretty much goes for any group ever, as all the countries seem to hate at least something about every other one, and it's hard to find even a single pair that don't bicker at some point.
  • White Flag: Italy waves one whenever he's in trouble, has given them as a present to Germany, was shown mass producing them at one point, and turned a bunch of them into Pict costumes in The Movie.
  • Wholesome Cross Dresser: Poland and both Italies when they were young, although that may be another historical in-joke. Japan wears an apron over a woman's kimono when he cleans house and cooks.
  • Who Wants to Live Forever?: The focus in some of the later strips.
  • Wide Eyes and Shrunken Irises: Characters sometimes get this when they are shocked, but Blank White Eyes are more common.
  • Widget Series
  • Wife Husbandry: The way some (fanon) couples like England/America and Spain/Romano can be seen as.
  • Will They or Won't They?: Germany and Italy, especially where the Valentine's Day strips leave off.
  • Window Watcher: France once spied on Austria by peeping through his window. He might have gotten away with it if he hadn't butted in on the argument that Austria was having with Germany.
  • Wine Is Classy: France has had a few wine drinking scenes in the anime, and is often seen with a wine glass in the manga artwork.
  • Woobie, Destroyer of Worlds: Russia, by insisting that "all will become one with Russia". This trope is also played straight with him during the Bloody Sunday strip, in which he snaps and starts to mow down his own people on the grounds that "they're not really Russians if they don't love me".
  • The World Cup: The author grabbed the opportunity to draw some funny strips and cute chibis playing football. Fandom grabbed the opportunity to revel in the (perceived) UST.
  • World of Symbolism: And cheerfully candid about it too.
  • World of Weirdness: Aliens? Check. Fairies? Check. Talking Animals? Check. Ghosts? Check. Monsters? Check. Santa? Check. Alternate Universe with cat people and 123 Frances? Super check. And yet, life goes on as if nothing happened. This could also be mixed with The Masquerade, if not outright Extra-Strength Masquerade, given that most of humanity is still going on as normal despite the aforementioned hijinks.
  • World War II
  • World War One
  • Wingding Eyes:
    • America's turned into spirals when he saw how small a large order of fries was in Japan.
    • When a ninja suddenly appeared in a movie, Germany's eyes turned into yellow stars.
  • Written-In Absence: In the Drama CD titled Prologue, America is assigning Power Ranger colors to the five main allies. He says China will be green, but he's not there because he's busy taking care of his panda. China did not have a voice actor until later.
  • Written Sound Effect
  • Yamato Nadeshiko: Fem!Japan is this according to the author's notes.
  • Yandere:
    • Russia, Russia, Russia.
    • Latvia shows signs of this as well, likely because of Russia.
    • Belarus: she is obsessed with her older brother, is often represented with a knife, and shares Russia's penchant to abuse people who show care for her - especially Lithuania... Heck, Belarus is so Yanderiffic that Russia is scared of her!
    • Spain was supposed to be one according to Himaruya's notes. It was alluded to in the 2011 April Fool's event, but otherwise hasn't come up.
  • Yaoi Fangirl:
    • Hungary.
    • A fair amount of the series' fans as well.
  • Youkai: They exist, but Japan has lost the ability to see them. England spent some time talking to a Kappa and an onion-headed creature while he was visiting Japan to form an alliance.
  • Yonkoma: Most of the series is in this form.
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alternative title(s): Hetalia; Hetalia Axis Powers; Axis Powers Hetalia; Axis Powers Hetalia
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