Like Atlantis, a prosperous civilization once thrived on that planet and its assorted mini-moons. They built pyramids, monuments, and even orbiting space-temples with their own gravity. Then, like Atlantis, some sort of disaster struck and and all the earth in that region started turning to quicksand, driving the inhabitants to extinction. By the time Mario visits, only a few scattered ruins and barely-functional automated defense systems are left as a testament to the builders' great achievements.
After returning from his adventure, Mario eventually gets around to telling Luigi about what happened. Later, while either dreaming or daydreaming, or possibly even during Mario's storytelling, Luigi plays out the story in his head, except he replaces Mario with himself doling out the heroics. He apparently doesn't put too much effort into making the dream believable though, since he still ends up rescuing "Luigi", there's only sparse unique dialog concerning Luigi, and Bowser considers second-banana,
Luigi as much of a legitimate threat as Mario himself.
They do look alike, don't they? Kammy (which could be short for "Kamella") could be harnessing the energy of the Power Stars to battle Mario in a Super Mode.
After finding out about his sister's journey into deep space, he started out on his own journey to find her. However, the aliens he encountered were not as friendly as the Lumas. These were the Black Arms, a murderous race of conquerors. He fought tooth and nail against these beasts, but even he fell to them after a long battle. The dying leader, impressed with this human's resilience and fighting prowess, saved his life by reconstructing his body into that of a new leader of the Black Arms. Afterwards, the leader died, leaving the reconstructed human to lead as Black Doom.
Since then, he lead the Black Arms in a sick parody of Rosalina's life among the Lumas. Instead of nurturing them to grow, he ordered them to kill and pillage. Instead of peace, he promoted war. And instead of birth, he believed the most in death. And when the Comet Observatory finally makes contact with the Black Comet, there is no telling what will happen when brother and sister are reunited.
In the storybook, the girl's father and brother neglect her and are possibly abusive
Her mother was nice to her, but did little to help her. The girl portrays them somewhat affectionately, but that's because she wanted to make the story appropriate for young Lumas. The neglect and possible abuse explains why she initially had no problems with leaving her family behind to look for the Luma's mother. When she cries for her dead mother, it's because she has realized that her mother wanted to help her, but was too afraid of the abusers. The girl doesn't miss her abusers, which explains why she doesn't cry for them when they're probably dead.
Rosalina is the daughter of Mario and Peach from another iteration of the universe
Rosalina's appearance is very similar to Peach's. Plus, the extreme closeup of Rosalina's mother has Peach's hair and earrings. Furthermore, in the French version, there is an extra page at the end of the storybook that mention her father and his mustache. Her phrasing at the end makes it clear that this isn't Rosalina's first trip to another universe either. The real reason she helps Mario is so that she doesn't lose her mother again.
- Or conversely Rosalina's mother is Peach, but her father is Luigi. Evidence is that one of her keepsakes is her father's telescope. Mario doesn't have a telescope, but Luigi does. Also, in the storybook, her brother has a green hat. Also, Rosalina tall, just like Luigi.