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Haruka's father made her learn Russian to facilitate his arms dealingWhen he sends out his private army, we see a fighter launch from an airstrip. It is clearly a Su-27 derivative, which must have been purchased clandestinely. Learning Russian is highly unusual for Japanese people despite the countries neighbouring each other; the most likely reason for Haruka having learned it is that she is being groomed for business dealings with her father's arms suppliers.
Nocturne Girls' School Lacrosse Club is animated by a studio that's affiliated with the Nogizaka familyWe've never been told if Nocturne has a manga or light novel based on it, but it seems awfully weird that the characters on it would resemble people in Gentou's own household. Considering Haruka met Shiina at a piano recital competition, he would have pictures of her too. And so, screwing the rules because he has money, he financed an anime that his daughter can enjoy on his terms - because he knows everyone in it.
Haruka's father deals arms with Makarov.Going on that previous point about speaking Russian, note that there is only one (villainous) party in fictional 2009 that has control of all of Russia: the Ultranationalists.
Nobunaga knows all about Haruka.Almost every time that Nobunaga sees Yuuto doing otaku things he mentions Haruka in some way, most notably when he sees Yuuto in episode one of season two and says "You two have fun." All the clues are there for him to be able to figure it out. His best friend, who refused anything but cursory glances at otaku-related things, suddenly starts going to Akihabara and comiket at the same time as he starts hanging around with a girl. When the comiket guidebook fell out of Haruka's bag even those who believed the book was Yuuto's still knew that it was in her bag. Nobunaga probably hasn't mentioned it because he realizes that doing so would cause trouble, he also probably thinks that Haruka will succeed where he failed... getting Yuuto interested in Otaku culture.
The author and/or illustrator took a look at the Suzumiya Haruhi novels.Main heroine's first name starts with "Haru". Brown hair and eyes. Accompanied of a Rei Ayanami clone. "Family-Name Given-Name (no) Concept" title style. Novels adapted into two Thirteen Episode Anime series. Dancing credits.