Lucien cast Ashes of Resurrection on the Sage's Daughter.The Kingdom of Halcyon did eventually find her; and killed her. Seeing her as his sole light; he learned the forbidden spell and resolved to cast it, no matter the cost. As revealed by the story "The Bear-Man and the Princess's Tears" in the Wizard's Companion; the Equivalent Exchange is forgetting that the resurrected person exists; so Lucien erased his Morality Chain from his mind. This made his despair even greater as he can't remember anything good coming from his disobeying Halcyon; making his becoming Shadar all the more quick. Naturally, when he died, the memory erase no longer applied.
Oliver will not cast Ashes of Resurrection on his mother because he knows the price and won't pay it.He has the Wizard's Companion, after all, and has read all the stories; including "The Bear-Man and the Princess's Tears." You have to be utterly committed to be able to cast the spell; and that's too high a cost.
The Fairy Godmother was Alicia's Soul Mate.By permanently going back in time and not returning, Alicia condemned her Soul-Mate(s) to the same limbo that Shadar committed his; (except the one saved by Alicia). However, as shown by the Conductor; "lost" Soul-Mates can get out of limbo; but they aren't quite human anymore. Because this Alicia was taking up her space in Oliver's world; Alicia's soul-mate instead manifested in the world without an Alicia; the Other world that Alicia had left as a spirit being like the Conductor.
The Setting (both worlds) was created at the end of Mother 3.Because two different agencies were trying to free the Dragon and imprint upon it; while Good triumphed, this still lead to two worlds being created. Both worlds turned out Bright (Ghibli Earth is friendlier than our Earth, but due to Emptiness from the Masked Man, it has no magic), but as always, Free Will leads to exceptions.
The voice who yells, "Nice!", "Now's your chance!", and "Supercharged!" in battles is Oliver's mother's voice.
Howl is Marcassin's Soul Mate.