Princess of the Crystal/SeizonSenryaku!Himari is Momoka.Seeing how she's guiding the Takakura family, similar to what Momoka did for Tabuki and Yuri. And also because their facial expressions are really similar.
Himari is dying and her brain is struggling to put it all in context.Her brain's losing oxygen and coming up with outlandish scenarios in order to convince itself it won't die. That explains the hallucinogenic henshin sequences, the crazy invisible penguins, and why everything, in the end, revolves around her and a search for a MacGuffin that in all likelihood doesn't exist.
Kanba, Shouma, and Ringo are all Momoka.There's the obvious bit about all of them being born on the day Momoka died, but think about it a bit more. Kanba has red hair, and Shouma has blue hair. What happens when you mix red and blue? You get purple and/or magenta, the color of Momoka's hair. Now, brown is considered to be the "normal" color. So Ringo is in essence what is left of Momoka when one removes the "red" and "blue" essence from her.
I say episode ten and onwards begin to pull together the threads, and the Noruniru theme will begin to take on new meaning.The 'fate diary,' or Penguindrum, is in fact a book from the pocket dimension of the library annex, and it being brought into the mortal universe and being allowed to influence the timeline could cause a dimensional collapse of some sort. The Penguingun lady will be revealed as actually being a bait-and-switch antagonist, whose real motive is either of little significance or some sort of 'rage against god' towards the inhabitants of the annex, who may in fact write fate rather than simply record it, and who are somehow malevolent or with a plan that doesn't take human suffering into consideration. Penguingun will also probably have some sort of fate diary, or know what's recorded in one, and is using it to try to fight against a future with a negative outcome. And Sanetoshi is actually either the soul of a dead, very camp librarian, or God.
The train mascot characters are Kanba and Shoma.At some point their memories were altered and their genders swapped. If they ever were truly fictional in-story, they've since become Refugees From TV Land. Further elaboration will require some information on just where those girls come from.
The hat would take form as Himari's Twin if they give the Penguin Drum.Just that.
The pink-haired woman in the opening credits was Tenjou Utena, or at least a very strong expy of herShe may also turn into a tribute to the late Tomoko Kawakami, who rumour has it had expressed interest in working with Ikuhara again when she heard he was working on a new series.
The penguin hat is a dying species.Hence, the Survival Strategy. Extending this, the penguindrum is some sort of device which facilitates reproduction, or something that will allow them to contact more of their own species.
Himari will be dead again by the end of the series, this time for good.Before then, she will deliver a What the Hell, Hero? speech to her brothers regarding some morally questionable things they will have done to prolong her life a few months, having found out about all the Penguindrum business. She'll probably forgive them for it before dying, though — she doesn't seem vindictive.
The Penguindrum is actually Yuri's spin-dryer that will start the Survival Strategy and will change the fate of all others.The diary is a Red Herring literally...
Sanetoshi is a hermaphrodite and his helpers are the anthropomorphic black Bunnies of doom.Or he just be could be a Gender Flipped post-corrupted Utena... (is silenced by the Shadow-Girls)
The Anti-Transformation Transformation Sequence is actually a Journey to the Center of the Mind for everyone.Shoma, Kanba and Ringo are transported into Himari's mind while she's being possessed by the Penguin Hat, then she gives A World Of Cardboard speech...
Ringo's supposedly dead sister is the one that keeps shooting all of Kanba's ex-girlfriends.The reason is unknown for now, but as of episode 6, it seems she knows about Project M, which is apparently Ringo's final plan to get close to Tabuki. She also has her own penguin, so she might also know about the Penguin Drum.
Himari is adopted...The flashback scene where she shares an apple with a boy takes place at an orphanage.
The blond boy seen at the beginning of episode 9 is the boy Himari shares an apple with in the orphanage(??) in the flashback in episode 9.
That faceless boy, from episode one who interrupts Shoma on his walk home is Himari's soulmate.Okay this is a little insane and he may have just been thrown in there to give Ringo an early cameo but! Hear me out. In episode 9 while most of his face was obscured, there is a faint outline of grey hair. And this boy in ep 1 has grey-ish hair. Also, people who aren't important and don't matter a great deal to the plot are usually just animated as those odd stick people. He wasn't, and he knew Kanba. And they didn't show us his face, that whole scene and we didn't see it once. Why not? And last, in the opening there is a boy in the same uniform as Kanba and Shoma but is all black. We can't know for sure who he is. So I'm thinking he's Himari's soulmate, or if not a character who will show up later.
Yuri is actually Ringo's dead sister MomokaWho either never really died or was revived. Yuri actually is around the age that Momoka would've been if she was still alive, Tabuki refers to her as a "childhood friend" just like Momoka was. . .
Momoka died in the 1995 Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway.According to the wiki Ringo's birthday is March 20, 1995, the same day of the attacks. It fits within the timeline and with the theme of fate, only 13 people died in the attack. What were the chances it was Momoka? Also the number 95 and trains are motifs that pop up a lot in the series.
Penguin Drum is not the diary, but the results of Ringo's Project M.It's Ringo's child. If the diary really does have fate written in it, Ringo and Tabuki-sensei's hypothetical child will grow up to be the penguin faction's chosen one or will otherwise somehow save humanity from extinction. Ringo probably knows this, and knows that her sister probably would have ended up giving birth to a Messianic Archetype had she lived, and this is why she is going to such great lengths to implement the project.
Himari's possessor is Momoka.Unfortunately I can't remember why this felt like the most brilliant idea ever 3 A.M. last night. All I remember is that it felt like a good explanation to why she is so utterly pissed at Ringo; who would want someone imitate every aspect of their life through a stolen diary, especially a younger sibling who should be living her own life instead of pining for the sister she never knew.
Shouma is adoptedIt's odd that in episode 12, when Kenzan-papa is "working" in the attacks, he's only told "it's a boy!" instead of "two boys!". It would also explain why Shouma referred to Himari as "your sister" when calling Kanba out in the first episode and then correcting himself, why Himari's possessor only used Kanba's life energy in the survival strategy and Shouma is always thrown down the chute (she can't use Shouma's energy because he's not as directly related to Himari as much as Kanba is). Therefore, Shouma isn't Kanba's twin brother, but a boy around his same age (maybe the child of one of the victims of the bombs?) raised alongside him and Himari.
Shouma has a hidden character flaw related to gluttony.He may be a glutton for punishment, or something else less conventional, but he has some secret obsession involving consuming something. This idea is ofcourse based on the fact that all the other penguins in the show somehow mirror their owners' personalities: #1 is Lovable Sex Maniac, mirroring Kanba's womanizing ways, #3 is a strong and supportive Team Mom like Himari and Esmeralda is an obsessive stalker always bent on molesting #1 at any given opportunity, mirroring Masako's Yandere nature. So #2 has to have something similar going on.
Sanetoshi is the Big BadI'm sure this is pretty obvious by now, what with the show's Utena influences, him referring to himself as the "Destination of Fate" (way too similar to "End of the World"), and him appearing with the dark bunnies. And the survival strategies, etc. seem like an obvious stand-in for the duels and the Rose Bride.
Sanetoshi is using the Survival Strategies to revive his lover.The penguin hats are similar to horrocruxes; they contain a portion of the princess's soul. Sanetoshi is using the Strategies to determine which body would be ideal to place the full soul in and thereby revive the princess. However, the princess doesn't love him back, which will cause her to become a Phlebotinum Rebel when she is finally revived (probably in Himari, because seriously, who else?).
The person Satenoshi is talking about in episode 13 might be MomokaHe tells that 16-years ago he met someone like him, but that person refused him. Really, the only female character alive to that point that could fit in is Momoka. This could be related to the bombings at the metro 16 years ago (and the fact they never found Momoka's corpse, only the Destiny Diary). This also can mean that he was the mastermind behind the attacks (the Takakura parents were only pawns or directly involved with him) and the reason of the attacks was a If I Can't Have You reaction.
The scars on Tabuki's fingers...Were caused by Yuri. Wasn't Tabuki's first love Momoka? And with Episode 14 revealing that Yuri was ALSO in love with Momoka? I believe that it's possible that Yuri and Tabuki got into a fight over Momoka which turned violent with the possibility of Yuri biting or cutting Tabuki's fingers... which probably caused Momoka to run away feeling the pressure of having to choose between the two, and leading to her death at the 95 subway gas attacks.
Yamashita will be important somehowIt's thanks to him that Shouma talks to Ringo first, then he takes Shouma to the same spring here Yuri took Ringo to, with the intention of raping her and it's thanks to him sorta snooping that Shouma finds out that Ringo and Yuri are there. Also, some people think that he might be Himari's "fated person", since we don't see "that boy"'s face either in episode 9. ...
Momoka died on the subway to fix a problem of Tabuki'sSaid problem is related to his finger scars.
Yuri is a hermaphroditeIn episode 14 it is revealed that "nobody" has called Yuri beautiful once they saw the "real" her. Only Momoka accepted the "true" her. This seems to suggest that there is something about her body, which we have not seen, that could prevent her from being called "beautiful" in normal circumstances, which she very obviously is by everything we've actually seen of her. Notice how her father keeps talking about how she was imperfect and ugly and that he would sculpt her into something beautiful. His "coup de gras" or whatever he called it in the show would evidently be chiseling away her penis which under these circumstances would probably lead to a painful death, which is where Momoka steps in. Also, episode 15 opens with Yuri saying:"I'll never be free as long as that tower still stands." This "tower" is continually referred to by her and may be a metaphor for certain organs which her father would finally "sculpt" away in an effort to make her truly "beautiful". Her being a lesbian/bi-sexual also adds some weight to this theory, though it is by no means proof.
The scars on Tabuki's hands are a result of him using the destiny diary at some point.Momoka got a scar on her hands (as shown by the bandage in episode 15) for making small-scale alterations to fate. If it is the diary itself (and not Momoka) that warps reality, it stands to reason that other people with the understanding how could use it, such as if Momoka explained it to him. That also further explains why all the factions are after it.
The series and the novels follow different paths of destiny.They are superficially identical, but at some point there will be a some major event involving the Destiny Diary that will take the two into wildly different directions. And both will at some point give a glimpse to the other reality for the characters.
Momoka died to save Ringo.This would be a believable thing for Momoka to do she realized that her baby sister was fated to be a stillborn (or die not too long after her birth) to save her sister she used the diary. This caused Momoka to disappear leaving only the diary behind. I think they did mention in the series that Ringo was born the same time Momoka died.
The Penguindrum is a drum with a penguin pattern on it.The closing shot of the first flashback in episode 9 is of a drum with a penguin pattern next to an ocarina. The camera stayed a little too long on this shot for it to be meaningless, also it's literally a Penguin-drum.
Sanetoshi's ampules are Powered by a Forsaken Child.It's pretty strongly implied that the Princess of the Crystal extended Himari's life using Kanba's life force, and that she refused to repeat the process because it would kill him. So what do the life-extending ampules used by Dr. Sanetoshi contain? The concentrated life force of everybody who died in the subway bombings 16 years back, and in fact the sole purpose for these terrorist attacks was to harvest life for those who destiny had given a short straw, but deserved a future by the Penguin Faction's judgement.
Yamashita is Tabuki's little brother.They both have grey-ish hair, and his being The Faceless might be to hide the family resemblance.
Whatever the Penguindrum is, it will manifest itself as a giant, penguin-shaped mecha.Those bear-shaped mecha-thingies are supposed to be called "Teddydrums". Do the math.
Shouma's apathy and impotence are the result of him giving a part of his own fate to Himari in the Child Broiler.There does seem to be an idea going on in the show that there's only so much fate to go around that can't be created or destroyed, but can be altered and moved around.
Kanba is the only true child of the Takakuras.From what we've seen Himari is from the Child Broiler, but Shouma's origins might still be unknown as the phone call from episode 13 where Kenzan's told Chiemi had "a boy".
Those faceless, genderless, bathroom sign-style pedestrians we see every episode are actually came from the Child Broiler.We saw how many of this children are there, if they don't kill or Ret Gone them, then it will really be enough of them to be that faceless mass we see every episode.
Himari is going to do something horrible to Ringo.Anyone else found her dialogue in making the "wholesome apple curry" kind of ominous? She did seem slightly jealous of Ringo in episode 19, and now she has discovered a very good reason for it.
The Princess of the Crystal is Momoka, but doesn't remember.She knows she has to get the Penguindrum (whatever it is), but doesn't know why. When Himari first sees the diary, the Princess realizes — without knowing why — that if she gets the diary, she won't need the Penguindrum, because she'll be able to prevent the current situation from ever having developed. (And if she can prevent the bombings altogether, that means she lives, her family doesn't break apart, and her friends and her baby sister don't become as screwed-up.) Her haughty behavior may or may not be a Jerkass Fašade; if it's not, and she does remember her identity, then Yuri and Tabuki become very unreliable narrators with her character.
The Princess's outfit is a "bridal" riff on components of Himari's subconscious.The main body is based on the Double H outfits, and there's a scarf because of her own history with them (see episode 20).
The screens on the subway can tell when nobody's paying attention to them.This is when they show some of the stranger Double H PSAs, as a way of having fun at the protagonists' expense.
In the last episode, the timeline will be changed one last time.The penguin logos will be gone, and we'll find out that the subway attack still happened — but it was done by a different group, and with Sarin gas instead of bombs.
Kenzan and Chiemi Takakura had no children.Himari and Kanba have already been revealed to not be blood related to the Takakuras, but then comes episode 22. After the credits there is a flashback to ten years ago, where there is a box with the kiga group logo on the side. In the box is Shoma, who had possibly just gained consciousness, wondering where he is. Why would the Takakuras, who we have seen are very nice people, put their own son in a box? Because Shoma is not their son, he could have been possibly kidnapped by the group and taken in by them.
This is set in the same multiverse as Umineko no Naku Koro niThink about it.
The Men in Black of the Kiga Group are the "invisible children" who come out from the Child Broiler.They have lost their individuality and their place in the world, and they want to reclaim them by destroying the established order.
Momoka is the reason there are so many penguin-themed product names.Penguins were her favorite animal, and she discovered her diary's powers while thinking about them.
The Child Broiler is a metaphor for child suicideBoth Tabuki and Himari were despairing over being unwanted by their families and had given up on life. They were saved when someone reached out to them and showed them love, giving them hope. With this show's heavy themes, it wouldn't be surprising for the characters to have been Driven to Suicide at such a young age.
Shoma and Himari were originally the same character.It sounds kinda ridiculous, but hear me out. This WMG arises from my opinions of a few things:
Kanba and Shouma are Momoka, not the penguin hatsInstead, the penguin hats are a catalyst for Momoka's power. Specifically, Ringo's theory that Momoka was reborn at the moment of her death is correct. But the person reborn into is not Ringo but in the two brothers. This is why Kiga corp has them in cages - presumeably Kenzan figured this out. Because Sanetoshi could not directly harm Momoka's reincarnation (just as Sanetoshi cannot damage the diary), not did they particularly wish to kill their children, they left them there with the single apple to ensure the two halves of Momoka cannot be re-united. However, the two saved each other and changed their fate. They also later saved Himari, and Masako with the spell, again explaining why they also had Penguins. Additional hints throughout the series: