Mr. Jones used to be a pig.The ending of the book is vague, but one interpretation of the strange events taking place then — one of the more straightforward ones — is that in the climax of their corruption, as the pigs are making their alliance with the humans and officially make the farm just as it was before, only worse (even re-renaming it back to "Manor Farm"), something wondrous and terrible happens: the pigs turn into men. Or perhaps it happened shortly before that final meeting. Whatever — it happened! Think about this for a moment. It is quite possible that this is not the first time it happened. Mr. Jones, the old owner of the farm, was a pig himself. Just like Napoleon, he served a cruel human owner until one day he took part in a great rebellion. Just like Napoleon, he rose from the ashes as a horrible dictator. Just like Napoleon, he turned into a human in the end as a sort of wicked prize (or a punishment) for his evil. Manor Farm is cursed. It exists in a cycle of pain that cannot be broken. Every time the human owner grows too cruel, the animals rebel. Every time, one of the animals inevitably becomes an evil dictator. Every time, this animal is transformed into a man, and the cycle begins anew... Ever wondered why Benjamin the donkey is so bitter and cynical about the whole thing? It's because he is really, really old. He saw the same events happening before, perhaps more than once. The result was clear to him from before the beginning.
The pigs took charge of everything for a specific reason: survival.While it doesn't excuse Napoleon's treachery and cruelties, he and his fellow pigs always did have the most to lose under Farmer Jones (or even a Homer Zuckerman), that is: while other animals did have to sacrifice their eggs, milk, etc, or efforts in pulling, plowing, a pig can ultimately give up only one thing — its life, for bacon, ham, sausages, soup bones, etc. The pigs actually bury the hams found hanging in the smokehouse. If nothing else, they would obviously support any system that would guarantee they would never be routinely slaughtered again. Pigs are naturally rather intelligent animals, so reading, inventing, etc, would come more naturally to them, and their trotters would be nimble enough for various tasks, so their leadership role would be somewhat natural. The tragedy is that Napoleon just pushed this much too far, at the expense of all the other farm animals, no doubt with the attitude "They've got their lives, what more do they want?" In the end, they simply shut out the sufferings of their fellows in order to survive and thrive, not unlike most men.
Modern day Animal FarmIt would be back to being run by humans in cohabitation with animals, but there would be nostalgia for the Napoleon-era days of Animal Farm, particular since the leader of the animals would be a dog descended from one of Napoleon's bodyguards, and presumably had probably guarded him or his successor himself before taking over. Yes, I did just suggest Putin was a dog.
Benjamin the Donkey is a Time Lord.
Snowball is Trotsky, Napoleon is Stalin, Benjamin is Soviet Jewry.
Snowball is America in generalHe is previously thought to be a hero, but later demonized. Sound familliar?
Napoleon became Big BrotherAfter the book ended, Napoleon continued his hunger for power and formed the Ingsoc Party with Mr. Pilkington and others to take over Britain. Napoleon poses as a man known as Big Brother.
Dogbert is descended from Napoleon's bodyguards.He's a humanoid dog with rather intense levels of cruelty, perhaps his first act of evil was the takeover of Manor Farm...but he sold or destroyed it after he got bored and gained an eye for world conquest.
John "Bluto" Blutarsky is descended from Napoleon (or one of his cronies)At last, the link between Animal Farm and Animal House! In keeping with the above, men and pigs do seem to blur together at the end of the book, including all the vices of alcohol, gambling, so it's not unlikely that... The Delta frat house is a definite pig sty, and Bluto is certainly rude, fat and disgusting, but at the same time he's not willing to back down from any challenge or give in to the authorities, plus he knows how to manipulate people to his best advantage. It's noted that after college he goes into politics.
Benjamin raised BoxerBoxer was sold from a different farm when he was very young. Benjamin, (when he was not so bitter) felt sorry for him, and took him under his wing. This could explain why he's so devoted to him. He sees him as his son.
In the 1999 film, Napoleon, Squealer, and the rest of the pigs were eaten by the dogs of the Animal GuardIt was implied that Napoleon had died at the end and we don't see any other pigs, so we can assume that they followed. We do see Jessie's puppies, though, and all things considered, they don't look half-bad. We can put two and two together. As the farm continued to deteriorate and Napoleon provided less food for his personal guard as a result, they did what any pack of predators would normally do: eat the easy prey that's available. And there's nothing easier than a bunch of pigs who had grown fat, lazy, and drunk on whiskey over the years.
As well as creating a cautionary fable about Stalinist Russia, Orwell was also taking a sly dig at the French Revolution.This is based on the fact there's a pig called Napoleon, who ends up seizing power following a revolution that's supposed to promise equality and justice for all. Does This Remind You of Anything? A long shot, of course, and perhaps unfair given that Napoleon made many reforms which today would be seen as positive, but it vaguely makes sense: not only is it showing how revolutionary idealism was subverted in Soviet Russia, but in all revolutions.
Animal Farm was a prophecy of modern ArgentinaThe old major is Juan Perón. Farmer Jones is Carlos Menem / Fernando de la Rúa. The revolution is the 2001 riot. Snowball is Eduardo Duhalde. Napoleon is Kirchner. Squealer is Guillermo Moreno. And the end of the animated film is the "8N".
Whymper is a NaziIt's mentioned that the money Napoleon received from the wood was fake. However, Operation Bernhard was current at the time the book was written. Operation Bernhard was a Nazi operation to ruin the British economy by distributing huge amounts of counterfeit banknotes. These counterfeits are known for being some of the most accurate in existence, which could mean Fredrick had no idea they were fake. However, Whymper could tell the difference, suggesting he knew about counterfeits beforehand.