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Elite is a famous, popular (it eventually sold one copy of the BBC Micro version for every BBC Micro in the world at the timenote which is remarkable, considering that a large percentage of these devices were owned by schools and, in theory, were only supposed to run educational or edutainment software) and historically significant game, one of the earliest in the Wide Open Sandbox genre. It was written by David Braben and Ian Bell, and first released in 1984 for the BBC Micro and Acorn Electron. In the game you start on Lave Station with 100 credits and a lightly armed trading ship, a Cobra Mark III. From here you seek fame, fortune and money via one of the many, many, different options open to you. You can:
Collect bounties, which is dangerous.
Become a pirate, which is more dangerous.
Trade; the different planets have different economy types and tech levels that make this surprisingly complex.
Perform military missions, when they come up and if you like death.
Mine asteroids, if you like comas.
The name derives from the exalted highest combat ranking a pilot can have. Many aspects of the game make it rather hard: there are no lives, save perhaps the painfully expensive escape pods, not all of the systems are friendly (some are run by pirates, what a pity they tend to have nice stuff to buy), while you can upgrade it a lot you can never sell your Cobra Mark III and a warship it ain't and then there is docking at space stations...The game uses very realistic physics for the time, Space Is Most Certainly NOT An Ocean and really pushed the capabilities of the computers it was released on (which eventually became most of them). Many first time players made the error of treating it like a Shoot 'em Up, resulting in death (especially seeing as the first big shootable thing is the space station you just left, and the police tend to object to that).One of the most amazing things is the sheer size of the game for an 8-bit computer. By using procedural generation the game manages to have 2048 different, predetermined and constant systems to visit across eight galaxies. (This did lead to a few issues, several planets can only be reached by inter-galactic hyperspace because they are too far from the other planets in the galaxy to jump to normally and intergalactic jumps are not cheap. Also the designers had to tweak the algorithm several times when a planet got a profane name via the generation method.)Elite was one of the first home computer games to use wireframe 3D graphics with hidden line removal (also making it among the first ever true 3D games to be released). Another novelty was the inclusion of The Dark Wheel, a novella by Robert Holdstock which influenced new players with insight into the moral and legal codes which they might aspire to* and also started several very pesistent rumours.Frontier: Elite II and Frontier: First Encounters are later PC sequels by David Braben alone (the original authors having had a serious falling-out), with textured 3D graphics. Sadly, while First Encounters has good Newtonian physics (it was even possible to place a ship into proper orbit), it was an Obvious Beta. Various indie developers have hacked and modified the code to make it playable on modern systems, even going so far as to port the graphics engine to Open GL. One ambitious project, FFE-D3D, aims to rewrite the entire game with greatly improved graphics.It has been cited as inspiration for EVE Online, Freelancer, Jumpgate, Infinity: The Quest for Earth, Wing Commander: Privateer, the Escape Velocity series and the X-Universe series of space combat and trading games, open-source Vegastrike (it got "Elite Strike" mod, but its development currently seems to be frozen). There is now also a free, open-source remake, Oolite (so named because it uses object-oriented programming), which has a fairly dedicated modding community.The fourth game in the series, Elite: Dangerous, was released for Windows on 16 December 2014, featuring an online persistent universe with multiplayer elements, with a Mac OSX port and other updates slated for the near future.
Tropes featured include:
Ace Pilot: The eponymous Elite rankings (Harmless, Dangerous, Elite, etc.) are a metric to measure how much of one the player is.
All There in the Manual: You will never actually get to see those Marlin fish of the Ross 154 system, experience Epsilon Eridani's wide offer of amusement districts nor face the Emperor yourself. But anyway, David Massey and his colleagues wrote a nice traveler's guide that came along with Elite II, so why not enjoy those imaginary trips?
Anarchy Is Chaos: Anarchic systems are the most dangerous and unstable worlds, infested with space pirates.
Animal Theme Naming: Almost all ship types in Elite are named after snakes. Frontier adds lines of spaceships named after birds of prey (Falcon, Hawk, Eagle) and big cats (Lion, Tiger, Panther).
Excuse Plot: To some point in Elite II. Your grandpa has passed away and decided to inherit you a spacecraft, intending to allow you "a way of life that is very different to the dull planet bound existence you have probably led up to now", as the manual puts it. Huh.
Feudal Future: A number of planets are under a feudal rule, a type of government only one step above anarchy.
Elite Dangerous features both feudal and patronage-types of governance for settlements.
First Person Snapshooter: Elite II has a class of military missions that involve taking pictures of an enemy installation on some uninhabited planet several light-years away.
Gameplay Grading: The Elite Rankings are a version that doesn't use letter grades. Players are ranked by their kills on a scale that ranges from "Harmless" (very few to no kills) all the way up to the coveted "Elite" (several thousand).
Gang Up on the Human: Early versions of the original game had this problem due to the way spawning was handled - the player was literally the center of the universe, and their presence and behavior determined whether or not ships were spawned, where, and how many. This meant that the only ships you would see were merchants or were actively attacking you. As computer hardware got more advanced, this crutch was dropped and later versions of the game no longer have this issue.
Generation Ships: According to the manual, you can occasionally run across these. However, that's the only place they exist in the game.
Genre Popularizer: It paved the way for all 3D space simulators, and particularly space trading and open sandbox games.
Guide Dang It: Considering the fact that Elite can still be pretty confusing and complicated to first time players, imagine how hard it was to play in 1984, when things like Wide Open Sandbox and complex economic system weren't in existence in video gaming yet.
Hyperspace Is a Scary Place: A trip into hyperspace (or witch-space, as the game calls it) puts you at risk from ambush from Thargoids, who have a technology which allows them to lurk there. In some versions of the game you can force a hyperdrive failure by holding full pitch and roll while jumping, but you'd have to be either suicidal or very well armed to attempt it.
Invisibility Cloak: In Elite, pirate ships with one start to pop up after the player reachs "competent" . It can be retrieved once the enemy is destroyed. It drains the shields but it's a very powerful vital item in many versions, it allows to sucesfully fight against odds of Thargoids and swarms of pirates.
Non-Standard Game Over: Docking in compromised stations is usually followed by this message "Ship boarded by pirates (or thargoids). They show no mercy"
No Warping Zone: It may be the Trope Codifier of "mass-locked" warp drives. They were originally in the game because of coding limitationsnote In order for the game to run on its extremely limited hardware, the developers made the player stationary and simply had the rest of the world move around them, spawning ships and objects in and out at the edge of sensor range., but have stuck around in sequels, remakes, and spiritual successors of the original game ever since, even though they're no longer necessary from a programming standpoint.
Returns in Elite Dangerous where combat is swooping back and forth within kilometer or two-sized bubble to get an angle on the enemy.
Once per Episode: No matter how much more advanced the game engines get, they always have:
A rotating polyhedron with a docking slot in one side, as one of the main space station types. In Elite: Dangerous it is very detailed on both the inside and outside, but it's still basically the same thing.
Padded Sumo Gameplay: Dangerous has slow ship handling - which can be described as "B-17s in WD-40" - and very durable ships, to make subsystem management and stealth that much more important.
Press Start To Game Over: Elite was a very complex game for its time with unheard intrincated features and a steep learning curve even after studying the manual (in an era where five stock lines in the back cover of the game where the norm)
Beginning players must dock with space stations manually until they can afford to buy a docking computer for their ship. The catch is that all orbital space stations rotate, making said docking a hair-raising experience at best the first time it is attempted and causing a number of new pilots to plow into the station instead of flying into the docking bay.
Engaging pirates —or simply jumping to a dangerous system- before being upgraded with advanced weapons, armor, scanners, or fuel injectors also tends to lead to disastrous results
Many a novice player applied arcade logic and shot the first thing in sight... the Coriolis space station that releases Viper Police like there is no tomorrow... Reality Ensues.
The ship does not change course nor enters the hyperspace after launch?, head-on planetary collision after a short while.
Procedural Generation: Used to generate not only worlds, but names, descriptions, and even prices of commodities, among many other innovations, by using the Fibonacci sequence, all wrapped under 22k of memory in the original release.
Public Domain Soundtrack: The original game uses "On The Beautiful Blue Danube" as docking music, in homage to 2001. The sequel adds in some other classical themes, including "Ride of the Valkyries".
The tribbles from Star Trek: The Original Series appear after a bad deal and proceed to physically infect the cockpit. The only way to be rid of Trumbles is to sun-skim and keep the cabin temperature in the red for a minute or two. While this is going on, the poor harmless, helpless creature, which can only eat, sleep, reproduce and shuffle slowly about, will emit the only vocalisation it is capable of - a soft trilling purr very much like the creature that is their inspiration - which you hard-heartedly ignore as it dies of heat-stroke. Murderer.
Sink the Lifeboats: The game inadvertently encourages players to blow up ships' escape pods. You can't use your jump drive when the pod is within detection range, which means a long and tedious wait while you leave the area using thrusters. You can pick up the pod and sell the occupant as a slave, but that will leave you with a criminal record. So the convenient and consequence-free options are to shoot the pod or "accidentally" crash into it.
To Be a Master: The game's unstated goal is to achieve the eponymous "Elite" rating. Nothing particularly compels you to spend the relevant time Level Grinding to achieve this, but legitimately doing so earns some bragging rights.
Elite Dangerous Adds two more categories, one for trading and one for exploration beyond combat ratings.
Trailers Always Lie: The release trailer for Dangerous is generally truthful about its content (aside from showing people walking around, which is planned for an Expansion Pack), though it presents a significantly sped up image of the game; with apparent Rocket Tag Gameplay and very agile ships, which is quite the opposite from the actual game. It does at least state in big letters that it isn't in-game footage.
Unwinnable by Mistake: There's one star-system, Oresrati in Galaxy 8, which is over 7 light-years from any other; hence, it is only reachable by Galactic Hyperspace (or the "unlimited hyperspace range" hack). It's of insufficient tech level to sell you another Galactic Hyperspace. If you're not using the "unlimited hyperspace range" hack and don't have a recent saved position, then you're basically screwed.
Vendor Trash: The basis of the merchant and pirate occupations.
Video Game Cruelty Punishment: The game lets you blow up friendly ships and even steal their cargo from the wreckage. However, such acts of piracy earn you a legal status of "Fugitive", which means that every police ship and bounty hunter in the game will attack you on sight. And attacking a Space Station is near suicidal, as you will quickly find yourself facing the planet's entire fleet of police vessels.
You could also scoop up escape pods and sell the occupants as slaves.
With Elite II and First Encounters, this even extends to one of the widest sandboxes ever. You could even travel to the other side of the galaxy, asserting that you have a) a fuel scoop (no civilization equals no gas stations), b) good flying skills (considering that you have to sling around gas giants in order to scoop fuel and ocassionally fight off pirates), c) MUCH luck (you should hope that neither your drive nor other ship components break down) and d) even more time to traverse those 20k light years.
Elite Dangerous once more ups the ante and presents the Milky Way modeled according to modern astronomical models via procedural generation. Billions and billions of stars!
With This Herring: You begin with a ship just a step above an escape shuttle and some pocket change and are expected to become rich somehow.
Worthless Yellow Rocks: Some worlds have rather unusual notions of waste. One, Cemeiss, pays traders a small sum to remove gemstones and a rather larger one to remove precious metals from their worlds. Woe betide anyone who brings any such materials into the Cemeiss system... they're promptly fined for smuggling waste.