Banished is a city-building strategy game with survival elements and the first game from Shining Rock Software. You're in charge of a group of people who have been banished from their homeland with only a few months worth of supplies and the clothes on their back.
Arcadia: a successful settlement can look like this, though please ignore the mines and quarries.
Awesome, yet Impractical: Farming. Although they are capable of giving a large food output, they can only be planted in Spring and harvested once a year (usually around Autumn). While feasible to use in the later game, the player can get away with never using them at all, unless they want to get ale.
Boring, but Practical: The Gatherer's Hut. Unlike farming, gatherers are able to find food during any season. When a gatherer's hut is placed in an area completely surrounded by trees it produces an insane amount of food. Placing it adjacent to a forester's lodge it produces a large amount of food in addition to unlimited logs and a continuously replenishing forest. Put a hunting lodge next to them and you'll get an infinite source of meat and leather as well. The three aforementioned buildings used in tandem are reliable enough that one never even needs to use crop fields, pastures, or orchards.
Firewood is by far the most profitable trading resource, and it is obtainable in large quantities using the above mentioned strategy.
Didn't See That Coming: The need for food, shelter, and firewood are obvious enough, but running low on things like tools, clothing, ale, and even places of worship can just as easily doom your village.
Firewood Resources: Harvested wood (either left lying in the open or stored in a stockpile) is represented in-game by a pile of medium-sized logs. They both serve as a primal resource for building or to be converted as firewood; firewood itself looks like similar logs with a Palette Swap.
Gender Is No Object: Despite the Medievalish setting, there are no gender restrictions on professions. Women can be blacksmiths, hunters, merchants, or miners just as easily as men. The only place where this is averted is that women can die during childbirth.
Hyperspace Arsenal: Those rocks you see on the map that are about the size of your laborers? They all produce just 2 stone each, which the game gives a measly 30 weight. Now consider that each citizen can carry up to a maximum of 100 weight in items.
Low Fantasy: The game is set in a generic medieval world totally devoided of supernatural elements (no magic, no fantastical races, etc). The only clues which could implies that Banished isn't set in our Middle Ages are the chapels (which are used by "clerics" instead of "priests"), the weird names of the citizens, and the anachronistic available crops.
Medieval Stasis: It's technically possible for thousands of years to go by, but the village will always remain a quaint and low-tech society.
Noodle Incident: It is not explained why your people have been banished from their homeland.
One-Gender Race: What you're also trying to avoid. Get hit by a very hard winter and see a certain gender drop in numbers will result in population dwindling at high speeds.
Randomly Generated Levels: Each game is set in a scenery randomly generated from a seed which can be manually edited by the player. Some settings (whether it is set in a mountain or a valley, the harshness of the weather, and the presence or absence of random natural disasters) can also be chosen by the player.
Refining Resources: Most resources are used in their raw forms, though there are some simple production chainsólogs=>firewood, logs+iron=>tools, fruit=>ale, and so on.
Ridiculously Fast Construction: Averted. Every building must have the supplies for construction carried to it and the building must be constructed by people with the Builder job.
Schmuck Bait: Farms or Orchards in the early game. The tutorials teache you about farming and you start with some seeds (depending on the difficulty). It's natural to assume that you should get farms started right away - but farms and orchards take time to produce food. It's entirely possible for half of your village to starve to death while you have a field full of potatoes nearly ready to harvest.
You Require More Wheat and Venison: 41 resources, divided into rough categoriesófood, raw materials, finished goods. Note that different types within the same category are not necessarily substitutes for each otheróbeans won't replace fish as a source of food.
Wise Beyond Their Years: If you build a school and assign a teacher to it, it's possible they will end up being the same age as the students, as everyone becomes a laborer (and therefore a perfectly valid teacher) at age 10.
Worker Unit: Basically every citizen is this with some exceptions.