'''Timor-Leste''', or East Timor in English[[note]] (its name is a bit of a Main/DepartmentOfRedundancyDepartment "East", "Timor", and "Leste" ''all'' mean that direction 90 degrees clockwise of north)[[/note]] is a small Southeast Asian country with just over a million people. A former Portuguese colony, like the Philippines its population is avidly Catholic. These are some of the reasons its people were fiercely determined to break free of the predominantly Muslim former Dutch colony of UsefulNotes/{{Indonesia}}.[[note]] Although the majority of the Indonesian archipelago is indeed Muslim, the section of it containing Timor is ''not''. The spread of Islam stopped before reaching Timor and all points east (and leapfrogged over staunchly Hindu Bali). West Timor, still controlled by Indonesia, is majority Dutch Protestant, as are several other small islands in the area. Not too far to the east, the Flores Islands are overwhelmingly Catholic thanks to missionaries from Portuguese Timor.[[/note]]

East Timor declared nationhood in 1975 after UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}} ended its four-century long colonial rule, but UsefulNotes/IndonesiansWithInfantry almost immediately invaded, ostensibly due to Indonesian dictator Suharto's fear that the little island could become a Communist nation. Portugal heavily campaigned diplomatically for its independence, especially after the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Cruz_massacre Santa Cruz massacre.]] After nearly a quarter century under brutal military occupation during which at least 100,000 Timorese were killed by Suharto's forces, East Timor held a referendum in 1999 in which its people overwhelmingly voted for independence, unswayed by harassment from pro-Indonesian militias. However, it wasn't until 20 May 2002 that it finally became a nation in its own right. The nation's full name (in English) is the Democratic Republic of East Timor, and it is genuinely democratic.

Despite its newfound freedom, East Timor remains beset by problems. Political instability led to an Australian-led International Stabilisation Force entering the country, a mission that remains ongoing. In early 2008, the then-president, José Ramos-Horta, survived an assassination attempt. Ramos-Horta was voted out in 2012, and gracefully hailed the peaceful elections as a sign his country was maturing.

East Timor is a small, poor country with only about 2,100 internet users as of June 2010, and as a result its presence in and output of fiction is small.
!!East Timor in fiction
* The country's most prominent appearance in media so far is in ''VideoGame/SplinterCellPandoraTomorrow'', which starts off with a bang when [[BigBad Suhadi Sadono's]] terrorist group launches an attack on the United States embassy in the capital of Dili. Sam is quickly sent in to reconnoiter the situation and recover sensitive data from a hostage before Sadono can get it, followed by the U.S. sending in [[ElitesAreMoreGlamorous Delta Force]] to retake the embassy. Sadono's motivation is to force the United States [[OccupiersOutOfOurCountry to withdraw military forces]] it has been building up in East Timor.
* It's also mentioned multiple times during one sequence of ''VideoGame/DevilSurvivor2'', though it doesn't actually appear and seems to only be mentioned because the party CloudCuckoolander likes the sound of the name.
* ''VideoGame/DeadIsland'': Col. Ryder White is stated to have fought in East Timor as part of the international peacekeeping force deployed to the country prior to its independence in 2002.
* The film ''Balibo'', directed by Rob Connolly, is a BioPic about investigative journalist Roger East and the news reporters known as the "Balibo Five", who are suspected to have been shot dead by Indonesian troops in 1975 after the invasion of East Timor. One of the Balibo Five, Greg Shackleton, filmed his [[ApocalypticLog last ever newsreel]] three days before his death. The fateful newsreel was recreated for the biopic.
[[AC:The East Timorese flag]]
->The red field symbolizes the country's historic struggles for independence; at the hoist side is a yellow isosceles triangle symbolizing its colonial past, upon which is superimposed a black triangle, symbolizing the obscurantism Timor-Leste needed to overcome, and the white star within symbolizes the guiding light to peace.