Useful Notes: State Broadcaster
What happens when the government gets involved in television; or indeed how many of the biggest networks got started. State broadcasters are the "official" government-created TV station, typically the first created for a country (as the governments have the cash to set up the transmitter networks) and operating under varying degrees of governmental control. Typically funded by a License Fee and/or commercials (sometimes exclusively the former), these organisations have a strong public service ethos - being obliged to represent parts of a country that commercial networks would not bother with or demographic groups that might be ignored entirely. There is always the danger of a state broadcaster turning into a Propaganda network (although many state broadcasters have legal requirements to retain impartiality) - indeed many active broadcasters originate from periods where their countries were not democracies and have dark pasts in which they aided autocracy.
Real Life Examples:
Real Life Examples:
- The BBC — the originator of them all
- The ABC — Australia's equivalent to the above
- SBS — Australia's multilingual public broadcaster to service migrant communities. It is partially commercial, with some ads between shows.
- DR (Denmark)
- SVT (Sweden)
- Yle (Finland)
- Eesti Televisioon (Estonia), which actually goes back to the days of the Estonian SSR.
- Channel One and Rossiya-1 (Russia), which became notorious Propaganda Machines under President Vladimir Putin. Russia Today, which airs in the U.S. but is owned by (and parrots) the government, also qualifies.
- RTS (Serbia)
- The NHK (Japan)
- CBC (Canada)
- TVNZ (New Zealand) - although Network Decay has made it more a broadcaster owned by the state than an actual state broadcaster.
- PBS — the closest thing the United States has to a public broadcaster, though stations are largely independent and are heavily reliant on grants and the donations of Viewers Like You.
- TVE in Spain, as well as several smaller ones in the individual Communities, under the global name of Forta Network.