"A man like me cannot live without a hobby-horse, a consuming passion—in Schiller's words a tyrant. I have found my tyrant, and in his service I know no limits. My tyrant is psychology. It has always been my distant, beckoning goal and now since I have hit upon the neuroses, it has come so much the nearer."Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was an Austrian neurologist who is credited by many as the Father of Single Issue Psychology. He is well known for the psychoanalytical method (which pretty much defined Hollywood Psych and to an extent modern day psychotherapy), his study of the Unconscious Mind and the mechanism of repression, while contributing to the popularization of the idea that childhood experiences shape the individual. He is, however, most infamous for his overemphasis on the sex drive and the Oedipus Complex. Some of Freud's early stuff, which was basically drawn from his treatment of patients suffering from hysteria, suggested that you could cure people's psychological trauma by delving into their memories. Unfortunately, he got too dogmatic with it, and between his more dogmatic followers and those who only bothered to read his early writings, this trope got well-lodged into the zeitgeist and has been extensively mined ever since. Unlike some noted men of his era, Freud left a veritable gaggle of descendants and relations. The most notable were probably his grandson Lucian, a British painter, and his American double-nephewnote Edward Bernays, who invented modern public relations and the American bacon-and-eggs breakfast based on his uncle's ideas.
Sigmund Freud named or codified these tropes:
Sigmund Freud is portrayed in the following media: