"A man like me cannot live without a hobby-horse, a consuming passion—in Friedrich Schiller's words a tyrant. I have found my tyrant, and in his service I know no limits. My tyrant is psychology. It has always been my distant, beckoning goal and now since I have hit upon the neuroses, it has come so much the nearer."
— Sigmund Freud.
"Flawed as it may be, Freudís is still a coherent and intellectually satisfying view of the mind. You canít have a meaningful science of the brain without having a meaningful science of the mind."Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was an Austrian neurologist who is credited by many as the Father of Single-Issue Psychology. He is well known for the psychoanalytical method (which pretty much defined Hollywood Psych and to an extent modern day psychotherapy), his study of the Unconscious Mind and the mechanism of repression, while contributing to the popularization of the idea that childhood experiences shape the individual. He is, however, most infamous for his overemphasis on the sex drive and the Oedipus Complex. Some of Freud's early stuff, which was basically drawn from his treatment of patients suffering from hysteria, suggested that you could cure people's psychological trauma by delving into their memories. Unfortunately, he got too dogmatic with it, and between his more dogmatic followers and those who only bothered to read his early writings, this trope got well-lodged into the zeitgeist and has been extensively mined ever since. Unlike some noted men of his era, Freud left a veritable gaggle of descendants and relations. The most notable were probably his daughter Anna Freud, a famous psychologist in her own right who greatly expanded upon his original theories, his grandson Lucian Freud, regarded as one of the greatest British painters of the 20th Century, also his American double-nephewnote Edward Bernays, who invented modern public relations and the American bacon-and-eggs breakfast based on his uncle's ideas. Some of Freud's relatives could not emigrate from Austria and perished in the concentration camps. Also see Carl Jung, Freud's one-time apprentice/main competition.
— Eric Kandel
Sigmund Freud named or codified these tropes:
- All Psychology Is Freudian
- Freudian Couch
- Freudian Excuse
- Freudian Slip
- Freudian Slippery Slope
- Freudian Threat
- Freudian Trio
- Freud Was Right
- Id, Superego and Ego
- Oedipus Complex
- Primal Scene
Sigmund Freud is portrayed in the following media:
- A Dangerous Method depicts his feud with Carl Jung. Portrayed by Viggo Mortensen.
- Team Fortress 2 as the original BLU Medic.
- Appears in a Dream Sequence of Frasier to confirm a diagnosis, and then proceeds to hop in bed with Frasier.
- The central character of John Huston's biopic Freud The Secret Passion. Portrayed by Montgomery Clift.
- In Student Bodies, whenever Cody uses a psychologist in his cartoons, it's always Freud. Flash references this when she sarcastically asks him, "why do you always use Freud? Is it because he's the only one you can draw?"
- The Seven-Per-Cent Solution (by Nicholas Meyer) is a novel whose premise is a Retcon of the Sherlock Holmes story "The Final Problem", in which Holmes is cured of his cocaine addiction by Sigmund Freud. In the movie adaptation, Freud is played by Alan Arkin.
- Was one of the historic figures in Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure, where he deduced that Ted's incredibly strict father had - what else? - a Freudian Excuse for his harshness.
- The play Freud's Last Session is basically Freud and C. S. Lewis arguing about death and the existence of God on the day that England entered World War II.
- Freud is a supporting character in the surreal drama The Empty Mirror, which revolves around Adolf Hitler contemplating his legacy in the afterlife. Hitler at first dismisses Freud's psychoanalysis as "Jewish lies", but Freud's commentary eventually starts to crack at Hitler's remaining sanity.