[[caption-width-right:350: ''[[Film/TheProducers "Watch out, Europe! We're going on tour!"]]'']]

->''"The hundred million self-confident German masters were to be brutally installed in Europe and secured in power by a monopoly of technical civilization and the slave labour of a dwindling native population of neglected, diseased, illiterate cretins, in order that they might have leisure to buzz along infinite autobahnen, admire the Strength-Through-Joy Hostel, the party headquarters, the military museum and the planetarium which their Führer would have built in Linz (his new Hitleropolis), trot round local picture galleries and listen over their cream buns to endless recordings of'' The Merry Widow''. This was to be the German Millennium, from which even the imagination was to have no means of escape."''
-->--'''Hugh Trevor-Roper''', ''The Mind of UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler''

This page is by no means meant to be totally inclusive of everything that defines the National-Socialist era in UsefulNotes/{{Germany}}, but just to give an overview of what it was and the reasons it's important here on Wiki/TVTropes.

[[folder:General Facts]]
Nazi Germany is the name commonly used to refer to the German nation when it was ruled by UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler in the years 1933-1945. It is also known as the '''Third Reich'''.[[note]]Hitler styled "his" new Germany as the "1000-year Reich", for which he got a lot of mockery after the war when it turned out to last only twelve years - although its crimes may well be remembered for over 1000 years.[[/note]] (the First being the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire,[[note]]Which actually kinda-sorta did make it to 1,000 years, although you have to twist the definition of the HRE to include Charlemagne (crowned "Emperor of the Romans" in 800) even though the first "Holy Roman Emperor" was Otto I (crowned in 962), and forget that the HRE spent the last 300 years or so of its existence as a powerless shell ("[[Creator/{{Voltaire}} neither holy, nor Roman, nor an Empire]]") kept around as a trophy by the Austrian monarchs.[[/note]] and the Second being UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany). The Nazis did not actually change the ''official'' name of the country until 1942; for ten of their twelve years in power, it remained simply '''Deutsches Reich''' (literally, "German Realm"), as it had been since 1871. In 1942, it was officially renamed '''Großdeutsches Reich''' (literally, "Greater German Realm"), to reflect their large territorial gains and the "unification" of the German-speaking lands, and to [[CallBack hark back]] to the ''Großdeutsche Lösung'' ("Greater German Solution") to the "[[UsefulNotes/AllTheLittleGermanies German Question]]". Therefore, the names "Nazi Germany" and "Third Reich" are conventions for historians, not official denominations[[note]]When a Modern German talks about the 1933-1945 period, he or she may often call it ''Zeit des Nationalsozialismus'' or ''Nazizeit'' - "time of national-socialism" "time of the Nazis" among many, many other names or "[[TheScottishTrope You know who]]" kind of descriptions[[/note]].

Between 1933 and 1945, Germany's policies were dominated by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party.[[note]]"Nazi" is the phonetic pronunciation of the first two syllables of the party's full name, ''Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei'', "National Socialist German Workers' Party" in English. Then, as now, this was seen as an annoyingly long party name. It was intended to sound vague and all-inclusive by combining key words from across the political spectrum (successfully so, by the way - considering its electoral makeup at least in the 1930s, it was the first genuine catch all-party in Germany). To a German living at the time, the name would have sounded like a bunch of people calling themselves "right-wing left-wingers".[[/note]][[note]]It was also a bit of a cruel joke; the shortening was partly by analogy with ''Sozi'', the then-popular abbreviation for the ''Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands'', i.e. the Social Democratic Party of Germany -- who were and remain your standard nonviolent center-left party. They are [[UsefulNotes/PoliticiansAndPartiesOfGermany still around]] and are one of the major German parties, but hardly anyone calls them "Sozis" anymore.[[/note]][[note]]What was even worse (for the Nazis) was that German-speakers stereotypically called out-of-touch country bumpkins "Ignatz", much like Americans might call rednecks "Cletus" or "Billy-Bob". The short form of "Ignatz" was "Nazi".[[/note]] The party and the country it ruled are best remembered for being fanatically racist (even by the standards of the 1930s, their racism was off the charts). They despised Communists, Socialists, Slavs, Africans, Asians, and some other European ethnic groups in that order. [[note]] Interestingly, since there were far fewer black Africans in Europe at the time than Jews or Slavs, direct Nazi persecution against them was less frequent and not always consistently enforced. See the unique case of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Massaquoi Hans Massaquoi]] for one example[[/note]] However they had a special hatred for Jews despite their European heritage, because their ConspiracyTheorist roots led them to consider Jews the BigBad behind the non-racial and non-national ideologies of Communism and Socialism.[[note]]Hitler drew a lot of inspiration from ''Literature/TheProtocolsOfTheEldersOfZion'', which infamously cast the Jews as TheManBehindTheMan in regards to Communism, and is suspected to have originated from the twilight years of Tsarist Russia.[[/note]] These posed an existential threat to Racism and Nationalism. The ultimate goal of the Nazis was the complete extermination of these "inferior races"; in the case of Eastern Europe, the plan was to replace them with German settlers as a medium-term goal for improving the European races' odds in the eventual wars with the Asian and African races. Though this is by no means the only policy adopted by Nazi Germany, it was so prominent that it has become one of their defining characteristics. The belief in the superiority of what Hitler called the Aryan race would ultimately culminate in UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust -- [[FinalSolution the use of fit elements of these troublesome demographics as slave labor for the war effort and the euthanasia of their every unfit element]]. Interestingly, the deaths of half of those 11 million people (the 5.5 million Jews) gave rise to the term 'genocide'.

Nazi Germany attempted to move its eastern border about 500km eastward as a stepping-stone [[TakeOverTheWorld to ensure her long-term destiny]]. Hitler believed that Nazi Germany and the Aryan race should be the rightful rulers over not just all the German-speaking peoples, or even the Germanic states, but all of Europe. This pursuit of territory led to the annexation of UsefulNotes/{{Austria}} and the Sudetenland, the invasion of UsefulNotes/{{Poland}}, and ultimately the start of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII -- the single most destructive war in human history, killing millions, of whom many were civilians.

The extent of the Nazis' desire for conquest is subject to some AlternativeCharacterInterpretation, as certain historians - most infamously A.J.P. Taylor - assert that Hitler's foreign policy was opportunistic and the incompetence of his enemies was as responsible for German gains and the war as himself, while others even believe that Hitler had a ''Stufenplan'' (step-by-step plan) for total world domination that would have ended in a global showdown, with the United States on one side and Greater Germany, Italy, Japan and the [[EnemyMine British Empire]] on the other.... [[YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness give or take one or two add ons or eliminations from the latter list.]] The extreme version of the later perspective was advocated by the now [[NeverLiveItDown heavily discredited]] historian Andreas Hilgruber. Since Hilgruber first proposed it in the 1960s, the ''Stufenplan'' belief has largely died down, although Taylor's assertions that the annexations of Austria and Czechoslovakia were as much to do with diplomatic blunders as Nazi foreign policy has also failed to convince the mainstream.

Because of Nazi Germany's involvement in World War II and the unambiguous "evil-ness" of their racial policies, they make [[AcceptableTargets convenient enemies]] in fiction and VideoGames. Unfortunately, this has also resulted in people (at both ends of the political spectrum) [[GodwinsLaw using the term "Nazi" as an insult towards anyone with whom they may disagree]]. This practice is strongly discouraged in intelligent debate and is now considered a sign that the name-caller has no actual argument for their case. It's also important to note that just because the Nazis did something [[HitlerAteSugar doesn't mean that thing is inherently evil purely on account of that association]]. For example, the Nazis built the first modern highway network [[UsefulNotes/GermanPeculiarities (the Autobahn)]] [[note]]The first Autobahn, however, was opened in 1932 by then mayor of Cologne Konrad Adenauer - the Nazis [[EvilIsPetty later demoted it to just a normal road]] and they did enact the programs to build thousands of kilometers of Autobahn that had been drawn up but shelved in the 1920s[[/note]], and it's safe to say that highways are not evil. [[Literature/GoodOmens Probably]].

[[folder:Some Points of Interest]]
* Nazi Germany was heavily into "racial purity", believing in the superiority of the Aryan race, despite that:
** "Aryan" was a synonym for Indo-Europeans, who originated from just over the Caspian Sea, though today the term is usually used in reference to the specific group (Indo-Aryans or Indo-Iranians) who inhabit parts of India and most of Iran (which is a modern form of a word "Ariyanam", that means "[land] of the Aryans"). The Nazis believed that the Aryans (Indo-Europeans) were Nordics whose homeland was Iceland or somewhere else in Northern Europe, although some [[{{Ghostapo}} Nazi Occultists]] like Himmler proposed more zany origin stories, like that the Aryans were from {{Atlantis}}.
** Hitler, despite having blue eyes, wasn't "Aryan" in the slightest. The ideal body image for Germans was supposed to have blue eyes and blond hair and be tall and athletic, which Hitler obviously wasn't. There was a joke even at the time about the ideal Aryan being as blonde as Hitler, as slim as Goering, and as tall as Goebbels.[[note]]Some versions added, "And as straight as Röhm," the ex-head of the Nazi SA organization, and who was widely known as a homosexual.[[/note]] The only well-known Nazi who actually lived up to the ideal was UsefulNotes/ReinhardHeydrich, who was super tall, had platinum blond hair, blue eyes, was a champion athlete and a renowned violinist. However, according to Himmler's doctor, Felix Kersten, [[{{Irony}} Heydrich was half Jewish]] (although this is far from proven). Goering, in his younger years, could have fit as well, but years of hedonism and morphine addiction caused his stereotype of being an [[FatIdiot obese idiot]].
* It was the world's first country to run regular TV services.
* It was the first country to engage in a major [[DrugsAreBad anti-smoking campaign]].
* It was the first country to state animal protection laws.
* It was the first country to legalize euthanasia.
* It was the first country to develop turbojet aircrafts.
* It was the first country to develop ballistic missiles and use them on enemy cities.
* It was the first country to put an object in space, with a V-2 launch in 1942.
* Hitler, mass butcher of human beings that he was, was a kind [[StraightEdgeEvil non-smoker]] who [[HitlerAteSugar loved animals]] and never went near any of the prison camps and death camps himself. His personal views on killing off entire peoples are unclear, but he did approve a number of policies which did exactly that (starting in 1939 with T-4, the euthanasia of Germany's disabled people). He's often described as a vegetarian and teetotaler, but several people who knew him described him as eating and drinking at least some meat and sometimes alcohol, drinking high-class champagne together with his mistress Eva Braun. (One explanation is that Hitler, who had digestive trouble, was advised not to eat meat by his doctors, but didn't really listen. Another is that he only started being vegetarian when his most beloved niece, Geli, committed suicide, and ever since then he associated meat with corpses.) It's hard to be certain because [[HitlerAteSugar for some reason, it's not just a purely academic question. Many people have been suspected of (usually very lazily) researching this topic in order to prove their preconceptions]].
* The Nazis, however, didn't give vegetarian organizations exemption from banning, though they did introduce very tough anti-cruelty to animals laws by the standards of the time, with the implications that Jews were naturally cruel to animals[[note]]On the grounds that ''shechita,'' or kosher slaughter, forbade stunning the animal to be killed; however, it does involve slitting the throat, which is a rather humane death. The animal must be killed "with respect and compassion" as well.[[/note]] while Germans loved them. Himmler even pointed out, in his 1943 Poznan speech, that "''we Germans, who are the only people in the world to have a decent attitude to animals, will also adopt a decent attitude to these human animals"''. (That last part referred to the Poles and Russians).
* The Nazis also enacted conservation laws to preserve German forests. This was motivated in large part by their beliefs that the physical strength and hardy character supposedly emblematic of the Germanic peoples were originally forged over many millennia in the primeval woods of northern and northeastern Europe through their struggles against the rough environment and the ferocious beasts that lived there. Göring and some Nazi scientists decided in 1941 to apply these hypotheses to the newly-conquered forest of Bialowieza in Poland (covered in a kind of untouched woodland once common across northeastern Europe in ancient times) by forcing out its human inhabitants, filling it with horses and cattle bred to resemble their wild ancestors, and turning it into the world's largest game preserve where Germans could once again satisfy their primal urges. The Red Army pushed the Nazis out of the region before this revived {{Prehistoria}} could be fully realized, but the communists decided to implement their own conservation laws for the area.[[note]]Incidentally, the Belorussian portion of the forest preserve is also the signing location of the Belavezha Accords (so named after the Russian name for Bialowieza) which formally dissolved the Soviet Union.[[/note]] Today, the descendants of those horses and cattle still roam the forest, having been named Heck horses and Heck cattle after Lutz Heck, the man who organized the breeding project; the latter also known as "Hell cattle" because of their reputation for being very aggressive towards people.
* While homosexuality and interracial relationships were strictly outlawed, the attitude towards straight sex between "Aryans" was quite liberal in the Third Reich, and Aryans were encouraged to have lots of sex and have many children, within marriages or not. Women received welfare from the state to support them if needed, or in rare cases, the children were seized by the SS and raised by them if proven to be genetically Aryan (the "Lebensborn" project). Nude bathing was legalized in 1942.
* Nazi sexual policy was less about liberated morals, however, and more about filling the vast swaths of eastern Europe that they intended to capture and depopulate (in fact, German population growth had been declining in the Interbellum). The Nazis preached "Aryan" fertility, and their idea of the woman's place leaned heavily towards "[[StayInTheKitchen barefoot and pregnant]]". The phrase "Kinder, Küche, Kirche" ("Children, Kitchen, Church"), often attributed to either [[UsefulNotes/PrussianKings Kaiser Wilhelm II]] or to his wife Empress Augusta Victoria, gained new currency as a propaganda slogan within Nazi-era Germany. Contraception and abortion were also banned for Aryans, except in cases of euthanasia.
* Heinrich Himmler ran the "Lebensborn" program, which was a series of houses created to produce more Nordic blood in the overall German population. If the wife of an SS soldier, who was required to be a non-Jewish Nordic, needed help raising their children, she would receive help at these houses. Nordic women could also put their children up for adoption here, providing the child was pure as well. And single women who wanted children of their own could either adopt or get impregnated by one of those strapping young SS men at a Lebensborn house.
* It's commonly known that when Himmler led the SS into Poland, he either killed or enslaved Jews, Slavs, Gypsies, and anyone else who wasn't Germanic. However, as eluded to earlier, if a young Slavic child had Nordic features, he or she would be kidnapped and taken to a Lebensborn house to be raised as a German. Although the Norwegians weren't treated nearly as bad as the Polish, the SS also kidnapped many Norwegian children for the same purpose.
* Its [[NoDelaysForTheWicked trains ran on time]], although history tends to overstate this. Hitler liked fostering competition among his underlings -- even at the expense of efficiency. Towards the end, the only trains running on time were those heading to Auschwitz...
* It actually banned Gothic (Blackletter) writing in 1941 when they were declared to be "Jewish letters," in spite of its [[CommonKnowledge pop-cultural association]] with Nazi Propaganda and the image of Nazi Germany as dark, edgy, and Gothic (which was arguably true even after that).
* The SS uniform, which serves as fetish appeal ImpossiblyCoolClothes featured all the time in BDSM porn, was '''NOT''' designed by Hugo Boss. SS-Oberführer Karl Diebitsch designed SS uniforms and much of the organization's regalia. Hugo Boss was just one of several ''manufacturers'' of uniforms.
* The display of Nazi Germany as "[[GermanicEfficiency the most effective/well-organized/hard-working society ever created]]" that abounds in older fiction [[DatedHistory has been convincingly disproved]], with the modern view of Nazi Germany being FascistButInefficient becoming just as popular. Hitler created a [[InterserviceRivalry confusing mass of bureaucracies all hampering and spying on each other]], which also prevented any one of them from gaining enough power to be a danger to himself or his all-important [[OrcusOnHisThrone periods of lazing about.]] They were, however, amazingly anal-retentive. It has been guessed this helped the International Criminal Court a lot during the Nuremberg Trials. It's probably why the term GrammarNazi exists.
* About Nazi gun control laws:
** The Weimar Republic (the democratic government after World War I) was forced to enact very strict gun control laws, as part of the disarmament agreement required by the Versailles Treaty.
** By 1928, gun ownership was allowed again, but in very strict conditions, as the Social Democratic government was fully interested in getting rid of armed militias, which included both the Nazi [=SA=] and the various communist paramilitaries.
** In 1938, the Nazis ''softened'' these laws, increasing the length of a permit from one year to three years, lowering the age requirement for said permit from 20 to 18, and eliminating long-gun restrictions altogether. The same law forbade Jews from manufacturing or selling firearms, but they did not lose their right to own guns until two days ''after'' Kristallnacht. By that point, they were no longer able to hold government office, marry Germans, or go to school with Germans, and the Wehrmacht and SS had all but fully mobilized. It was essentially too late.
** The reason why Nazi gun policy is over-exaggerated might be because the Nazis did strip ''occupied'' countries of firearms. This is understandable to some degree, since the last thing you want an occupied nation to have is easy access to weapons for LaResistance (and indeed similar restrictions were levied on Japan and Germany by the Allies), but since more people lived in the occupied countries than did in the Reich proper, the image of draconian Nazi gun control owes more to people writing about the policy for occupied countries than the more nuanced one "in the Reich".
* The 1936 Olympics were the first to feature the Olympic torch relay carrying the Olympic flame from Olympia, Greece to the host city (in this case Berlin). Everyone knows Jesse Owens won the 1936 Olympic gold medals for the [=100m=] sprint, the long jump, the [=200m=] sprint, and the [=4x100m=] relay, but the first blow to the idea of European eugenically-bred super-athletes was the 1912 Olympics. Oddly, Owens himself is quoted as saying "Hitler didn't snub me; it was FDR that snubbed me."[[labelnote:Note]]Initially, Hitler only wanted to congratulate German athletes, but then he was told he should acknowledge all the athletes or none at all. He chose the latter, and of course, being the racist that he was, he knew how black people were superior in athletics but incompetent in intellectualism.[[/labelnote]] Although when you factor in the fact that, at the time, [[NotSoDifferent America's racial policies and attitudes weren't a million miles off from those of Nazi Germany]], and that Owens never received any kind of official acknowledgement of his achievements until Eisenhower's administration in the 1950s, this ire becomes a bit more understandable.
* There was very little to any rationing in the first half of the war. You know how Americans had victory gardens, were encouraged to recycle everything (scrap metal, kitchen grease, etc)? Brits rationed everything, from gasoline to food? Yeah, Germany had none of that up until Stalingrad. To the average German, it wasn't obvious there was even a war on. They lived in BreadAndCircuses. The carpet-bombing campaigns over German cities (which were a ''British'' initiative to which Americans rallied themselves) were part of a grand strategic plan based exactly on this: bringing the misery of war to a population that had not yet felt it.
* It is often brought up that "socialist" was in the Nazi Party's full name. The full name of the Party -- "National Socialist German Workers' Party" -- would have sounded to a German living in the 1920s and '30s something like "Democratic Republican Liberal Conservative Party" would sound to an American living today.
** Keep in mind that none of this was particularly new in Germany. A regulated-but-still-profit-driven market economy with a heavy military element had been the standard policy of German monarchists and their socialist rivals going all the way back to the 1870s; one of the defining political conflicts was just over where the emphasis was between the reactionary, militaristic autocrats and the (at the time) pacifist socialists. In Germany, and continental Europe in general, there was no association between right-wing politics and strict laissez-faire capitalism, as there is in America both then and now. In fact, many conservatives saw state control of industry (as long as the state was run by the aristocratic or military elite) as a bulwark ''against'' socialism, to the extent that it could be used to break unions and other workers' organizations, while anarchism (which opposes the state by definition) was a major tendency in radical left-wing politics through the 1930s, even if it was falling into decline with the ascendancy of the USSR.
** The one constant element in Nazi ideology and practice was genocidal racism and brutal dictatorship, which is what they are remembered for, but in matters of economics, they were a little flexible, at least at first. They had both "left-wing" and "right-wing" factions on economic matters, with the "left" (led by Ernst Röhm, his SA, and Goebbels, as well as the Strasser brothers, who were pushed aside before 1933) advocating nationalization of industry, while the "right" (led by Himmler, the SS, and Schacht) advocated an alliance with the wealthy capitalists and big business. Hitler made a pretext at being willfully aloof, at least until it became clear how important the alliances with Germany's old-school industrialists and militarists was to gaining power and how much of a thorn and threat Roehm's SA was becoming, at which point Hitler swung behind the SS, the "right-wing" faction quickly gained the upper hand, and Röhm and the SA were purged and/or driven into hiding during the Night of Long Knives. In the end, [[EvilReactionary the Nazis came to power]] as part of an alliance with conservative political forces, and they mostly continued the economic policies of mainstream German conservatism (which included a 60-year-old tradition of limited welfare state measures, going back to Bismarck).
** They also placed price and wage controls on the economy, cartelized industries, and strictly controlled the work force under the government Labor Front when unions were banned. Four-Year Plans were implemented to rival the Five-Year Plans of the Soviet Union, aspects which fit the ideas of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herrenvolk_democracy herrenvolk democracy]] whereby government programs and benefits are doled out exclusively and partially to a herrenvolk (German for MasterRace) who are identified to be equal amongst themselves and superior above others, by publicly excluding and persecuting those who are part of the out-group.[[note]]Socialism was in many variants international and equal for all without any special distinctions whatsoever (at least in theory), whereas the Nazi idea of socialism was specifically and deliberately limited to a few, equal among themselves but superior and special over all others.[[/note]] "National" and "German" were right-wing conservative catchphrases (the main conservative party at the time was called the German National Party), and "Socialist" and "Workers" were of course left-wing catchphrases. The name was meant to sound vague and all-embracing, to attract as wide an audience as possible. This reflected the Nazis' nationalist ideology: they always insisted that they were the party of ''all'' Germans, and opposed democracy and internationalist socialism for being "divisive".
* Despite the popular culture image of rural conservatism based on the rhetoric of "blood and soil" and Heinrich Himmler's career as a farmer (an image that the Nazis themselves loved to cultivate), the core of the National Socialist political machinery was [[LowCultureHighTech the urban lower-class, made up of a mixture of punkish characters, impoverished skilled workers and professionals]], intellectuals, and nationalistic military men. This gives an insight into the [[NouveauRiche reasons for which they were hated]] by the Prussian aristocracy, the established bourgeoisie, and the intellectual class of the Weimar Republic. The hatred was mutual, and Hitler spent much of his time figuring out how to [[YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness ease the imperial military aristocracy out of power]].
** The historian Joachim Fest basically says that the Nazis consisted of these outcasts of German society, the massive demographic of angry lower-class men who had no direction in life after UsefulNotes/WorldWarI and the Depression. The important thing about them is that they were overwhelmingly ''recent'' arrivals into the lower class. These were not people who had been lower-class all their lives, but people who were used to being (relatively) well-off and respected, who had lost their businesses or otherwise fallen into the lower class as a result of the Depression. They were angry for being "robbed of their rightful place" in the high-status parts of society, and wanted to get back up there, to form a new ruling elite. As it turned out, they were forced to accept an uncomfortable compromise with the old elite, in order to destroy their mutual enemies (Jews, communists, unions, and of course those pesky French and subhuman Russians).
* There were at least three distinctive periods in the 12 years of the ''Nazizeit'' ("Nazi Times", as modern Germans call them), so different that it can be inferred there were three different Reichs. [[{{Flanderization}} For some complex reasons]], the post-1945 media has a tendency to prominently display the second period.
** The first period, roughly from 1932, before Hitler assumed Chancellorship, to late 1939, had leaned less on the "Nazi" side and more on the "racist anti-socialist militaristic nationalist" side. The military had been dominated by the anti-socialist and militaristic Prussian senior military class, the stuffy and conservative Weimar Republic civilian bureaucracy held sway over most day to day running of the administration, the cultural system grunted and groaned under the Nazi purges, yet the way of thinking and ordinary life of most people changed only very gradually and subtly. There were massive [=NSDAP=] rallies, public construction projects, industrial development, and BreadAndCircuses meant to gain popular support, like film, public television, paid vacations for the working class, and so on. The early campaigns of the war were more or less classic military conquests. All things that were unpleasant enough and soiled with blood, like extermination of the mentally ill, sterilization, mass murder by the Einsatzgruppen (SS death squads), happened somewhere far away from the eyes of the general population. Death camps were not built yet. Battlefield troops were the old drilled regiments raised under the eye of Prussian generals. The Waffen-SS existed just under the guise of a few units armed with leftovers from the arsenals. Official ideology was Germanic, racist, anti-Semitic, and nationalist.
** The second period, from late 1939 to late 1942, was starkly different and could be surmised as '[[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust megalomaniacal and exponentially more genocidal]]'. It was marked by a great deal of optimism about the future and what could be accomplished in wartime. For a short time, it seemed as if the sky was the limit, and everything was possible. Germany's disabled and mentally ill were being euthanized, Germany was initiating ethnic cleansing to free up most of Poland for German settlers, Germany was eliminating every possible threat to national security in the occupied Soviet Union, and Germany's total victory over the Soviet Union seemed at hand. Filled with joy and hope, Hitler approved an escalating series of more extreme measures to ensure Germany's future. In 1942, these included the euthanasia of the unfit (for war-work) two-thirds of the Jewish population outside the Soviet Union.
** The third period, from late 1942 to the end, was quite different again and was essentially characterized by ruthless and desperate pragmatism. It was no longer Germany against everyone, no easy conquest in sight, no quick victory, and no expenses were to be spared. Suddenly, the war in the east became a "pan-European fighting against the [[DirtyCommunists deadly threat of Bolshevism]]" and the previously despised non-Germans were to be drawn to his cause. The Waffen-SS opened itself to recruitment from all available populations (literally '''all''', down to the "non-Aryan" Turkics and Tatars from Central Asia), the political power of the military class was stymied, and the top figures of the [=NSDAP=] and SS came out under the limelight. Armed forces inflated themselves overnight, the research projects that had been shelved "if no usable result is expected earlier than one year" in expectancy of a short war were reactivated, and the [[FinalSolution mass-murders]] were rolled back considerably and streamlined to cut down on personnel. This was the time of the [[CoolTank Cool Tanks]], [[CoolPlane Cool Planes]], cool weapons, [[StupidJetpackHitler secret weapons]], berserker tactics, mass murder, violence in the extreme to nearly-cartoonish levels, the time of Creator/SvenHassel books.
* Much like with the Soviet Union and East Germany, there were forbidden political jokes that poked fun at the regime. Here are some:
** ''What's the difference between between Christianity and National Socialism? In Christianity, one died for all. In National Socialism, all die for one.''
** ''Two Jews are about to be shot. Then the order comes to hang them instead. One turns to the other and says, "You see, they're running out of bullets."''[[labelnote:*]]This is actually TruthInTelevision. Gas chambers, gas trucks, and other elaborate extermination methods replaced mass shootings when stalls in the African and Eastern fronts forced Germans to make more efficient use of munitions.[[/labelnote]]
** ''In 1945, one German asked, "What will you do after the war?" The other replied, "I shall take a trip around Greater Germany." The first said, "And what will you do in the afternoon?''
** ''Hitler and Göring are standing atop the Berlin radio tower. Hitler says he wants to do something to put a smile on Berliners' faces. So Göring says: "Why don't you jump?"''[[note]]A woman caught telling this joke was executed. Her husband had died in Stalingrad.[[/note]]
** ''A Jewish man is charged with killing a Nazi officer and eating his brain. "''Impossible''," says the man. "Nazis have no brains and Jews can't eat pork."''
** ''Late in the war, one German asked how to distinguish enemy aircraft. "It's very simple," another replied. "British planes are brown, American planes are silver, and German planes are invisible."''
** ''Hitler goes to a fortune-teller and asks, "When will I die?" And the fortune-teller replies, "On a Jewish holiday." Hitler then asks "How do you know that?" And she replies, "Any day you die will be a Jewish holiday."''
** ''In 1944, how would you tell an Optimist German from a Pessimist German? The Optimist would study English, while the Pessimist would study Russian.''

[[folder:Recommended Books]]

[[AC:If you want to read more about the regime:]]

* The most acclaimed modern comprehensive survey of its era is ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Third_Reich_Trilogy The Third Reich Trilogy]]'' by Richard J. Evans, which includes the books ''The Coming of the Third Reich'', ''The Third Reich in Power'', and ''The Third Reich at War'', which are also available in audiobook at Audible.com.
* The ''Hitler'' duology by Ian Kershaw. Pretty much any book by Kershaw on the era, actually.
* ''Hitler: A Study in Tyranny'' by Alan Bullock.
* ''The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich'' by William L. Shirer (who was a radio correspondent for CBS until 1941).[[note]]Though slightly dated now, was at the time so successful that it actually got him off Joe [=McCarthy's=] blacklist through sheer force of sales.[[/note]]
* ''The Third Reich: A New History'' by Michael Burleigh.
* ''The Hitler State'' by Martin Broszat.
* ''Hitler's Empire'' by Mark Mazower
* Albert Speer's memoir ''Inside the Third Reich'' is a fascinating view from someone with an inside perspective on Hitler and the upper echelons of Nazidom, but it should be read ''after'' you read some of the more reputable books, as Speer (understandably but not really excusably) [[UnreliableNarrator whitewashes most of the worst Nazi atrocities, particularly as regards his own role in them]] (he pleads ignorance; in reality, he at the very least [[PlausibleDeniability knew enough to understand what questions he should avoid asking]]).

[[AC:Books to ''avoid'' include:]]

* ''Hitler & Stalin: Parallel Lives'' by Alan Bullock because Bullock got many basic facts of Stalin's life and personality wrong due to poor research.
* Anything by the convicted Holocaust denier David Irving because he constantly and consistently lied to make Hitler and the Nazis look less evil. The exceptions are include ''The Mare's Nest'', an account of the German V-weapons programme and the Allied intelligence countermeasures against it, and ''The Virus House'', an account of the German nuclear energy project for which Irving conducted many interviews, both of which are still highly regarded by mainstream historians.

[[folder:Tropes & Specific Subjects]]

A number of tropes refer to/originated in Nazi Germany, they are regrouped on the {{Reichstropen}} page.

Subjects related to Nazi Germany:
* UsefulNotes/{{Abwehr}} -- The army's Intelligence Service.
* UsefulNotes/TheGestapo -- The Nazi state's secret police.
* UsefulNotes/ReinhardHeydrich -- One of the key figures of the regime.
* UsefulNotes/TheHindenburg -- The famous blimp.
* UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler -- The regime's leader and central figure.
* UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust -- Nazi Germany's infamous campaign of industrialized murder. The prosecution of it gave prominence to the word "genocide".
* UsefulNotes/NazisWithGnarlyWeapons -- The armed forces.
* Creator/LeniRiefenstahl -- Prominent movie director, made some famous propaganda documentaries.
* UsefulNotes/ErwinRommel -- A famous military figure of the era.
* UsefulNotes/WorldWarII -- The war Nazi Germany started in Europe, fought and lost.

[[folder:Works created in Nazi Germany]]


* ''Film/TheTestamentOfDrMabuse'', 1933 -- The last film Creator/FritzLang made in Germany, completed two months after the Nazis seized power. Banned by the Nazis and not screened there until 1961.
* ''Film/TriumphOfTheWill'', 1934 -- Leni Riefenstahl's infamous 1934 propaganda film and her best known work. It notably inspired Creator/GeorgeLucas, who based the last scene of ''[[Film/ANewHope Star Wars]]'' on this very film.
* ''Film/LaHabanera'', 1937 -- Directed by Hans Detlef Sierck before he emigrated to Hollywood and took the name "Creator/DouglasSirk".
* ''Olympia'', 1938 -- Leni Riefenstahl's second most well-known propaganda film, chronicling the 1936 Berlin Olympics.
* ''Der Ewige Jude'' (''The Eternal Jew''), 1940 -- A propaganda film presented as a documentary, one of the most virulent antisemitic films ever produced. It was reported that even German audience members thought it was banal at best and crass at worst, compared to other propaganda films. Overt antisemitic propaganda on film ceased after it, or at least went infinitely more subtle or discreet.
* ''Jud Süß'' (''Süss the Jew''), 1940 -- A notoriously antisemitic historical film.
* ''Frauen sind doch bessere Diplomaten'' (''Women Are Better Diplomats''), 1941 -- A musical comedy. Germany's first feature-length color film, starring actress, dancer and singer Marika Rökk.
* ''Film/{{Titanic|1943}}'', 1943 -- First feature film about the UsefulNotes/RMSTitanic disaster, made as anti-British propaganda. Surprisingly influential on later portrayals such as Creator/JamesCameron's ''Film/{{Titanic|1997}}''.
* ''Film/{{Munchhausen}}'', 1943 -- An adaptation of the Munchausen folk tales
* ''Film/DieFeuerzangenbowle'' (''The Punch Bowl''), 1944 -- Comedy starring Heinz Rühmann, one of Germany's most beloved actors. One of the most well received films of the era among modern movie buffs and critics.
* ''Film/{{Kolberg}}'', 1945 -- A film about the defense of Kolberg during Useful/TheNapoleonicWars. The most expensive picture to be produced during the Third Reich era, it saw a ''very limited'' release in early 1945 due to Germany being invaded and roads being under constant Allied air attacks. The movie paints a picture of Kolberg being successfully defended against overwhelming odds (glossing over such "minor details" as Britain and Russia being Prussian allies at the time) which was intended to inspire Germans to fight to their last breath rather than to [[KnowWhenToFoldEm give up on the hopeless and lost war]].

* Carl Orff's ''Music/CarminaBurana'', 1935-1936
* "Lili Marleen", the love song performed by Lale Andersen for the first time in 1939. Became a smash hit among German troops in 1941 when it was broadcast on Radio Belgrade. Even the ''Allies'' loved it, so much so that singers like Music/VeraLynn, Music/TheAndrewsSisters and Creator/MarleneDietrich and countless others performed covers of it.

[[AC:Live-Action TV ]]
* The Fernsehsender Paul Nipkow (''TV Station Paul Nipkow''), based in Berlin, was the first public television station in the world. It was on the air three times per week for ninety minutes, from March 22, 1935 until it was shut down in November 1944. It was receivable only in and around Berlin, and had the first TV announcer in history, [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cKVNFeDAc_s Ursula Patzschke]].
* Rumor has it that a [=proto=]-RealityTV program called ''Ein Abend mit Hans und Gelli'' (''An Evening with Hans and Gelli'') was in the making on Nazi Germany's burgeoning (but never completed nor widespread) TV network as part of the regime's propaganda, depicting the wholesome Aryan life of a young German couple for the rest of the population to model themselves on. In fact, all early TV programs projects were supposed to be yet another mean of propaganda.

[[AC:Western Animation]]
* ''Der Störenfried'' (''The Troublemaker''), 1940 -- A [[WartimeCartoon war propaganda cartoon]].
* The animated short films of Hans Fischerkoesen:
** ''WesternAnimation/VerwitterteMelodie'' (''Weather-Beaten Melody''), 1943
** ''WesternAnimation/DerSchneemann'' (''The Snowman''), 1944
* ''WesternAnimation/ArmerHansi'' (''Poor Hansi''), 1943

* ''Literature/MeinKampf'' (''My Struggle''): While written in the 1920s, it was definitely the era's best seller. It was even given ''for free'' to every newlywed couple and every soldier fighting at the front.
* ''Auf den Marmorklippen'' (''On the Marble Cliffs''): A novella written in 1939 by Ernst Jünger and not censored by the regime, it describes the upheaval and ruin of a serene agricultural society. Prone to AlternateAesopInterpretation, many people see a parable on nazism in it.

[[folder:Works set in Nazi Germany]]

See WorksSetInWorldWarII for the works set between 1939 and 1945.


* ''38 Vienna Before the Fall'' is set in Austria during the Anschluss (annexation) in 1938.
* ''Film/AceOfAces'' is set during the Berlin Olympic Games in 1936.
* ''Berlin 36'' tells the story of Jewish track and field athlete Gretel Bergmann in the 1936 Summer Olympics. She was replaced by Nazi authorities by an athlete later discovered to be an intersex man.
* ''Theatre/{{Cabaret}}'' (both the film and play) is set in pre-war Berlin. It's based on a set of short stories by Christopher Isherwood which were collected in ''Goodbye To Berlin'' and based on real events and people.
* Creator/CharlieChaplin's ''Film/TheGreatDictator'' is a thinly veiled TakeThat of epic proportions to Hitler and the way he reshaped Germany.
* ''Film/TheManWithTheIronHeart'', a {{biopic}} about the life of UsefulNotes/ReinhardHeydrich from the sex scandal that got him fired from the German navy to his assassination in Prague in 1942 and his role in planning and putting UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust into motion.
* ''Film/TheMortalStorm'': Dramatizes the suffering of an anti-Nazi family in one German town after Hitler takes over in 1933.
* Anything about UsefulNotes/TheHindenburg, since the airship was built in and operated by Nazi Germany.
* Franchise/IndianaJones fights ThoseWackyNazis over ancient relics before the outbreak of World War II in ''Film/RaidersOfTheLostArk'' and ''[[Film/IndianaJonesAndTheLastCrusade The Last Crusade]]''. The latter features Nazi rallies and book burnings in Berlin, which is about the only "serious" and realistic detail about Nazis that's featured in the ''Indiana Jones'' movies.
* ''Film/SevenYearsInTibet'', about Heinrich Harrer's expedition in Tibet in 1939. Harrer was involved in the Nazi party but later recognized it was a youth mistake.
* ''Jew Suss: Rise and Fall'', chronicling the production of the notorious propaganda film and how Joseph Goebbels strong-armed actor Ferdinand Marian to play the part.
* Many films set during TheGreatDepression or very early World War 2 which are not directly set in Germany will nonetheless refer to it one way or another. Usually through newspapers or the radio or by having the protagonist go to a cinema that screens {{Newsreel}}s from Europe (real life footage from Nuremberg rallies, usually).

[[AC:TV Series]]

* ''Series/HitlerTheRiseOfEvil''
* ''Series/TheCherryQueen'' (''Die Kirschenkönigin'')


* ''Literature/TheTinDrum'' (novel and film)
* ''Reunion'', novella by Fred Uhlman. The impossible friendship between the son of a Jewish doctor and a young aristocrat in Stuttgart during the rise of the Nazis.
* ''The Alternative Hypothesis'' (''La part de l'autre'') by Éric-Emmanuel Schmitt has two parts, one part is AlternateHistory and the other is RealLife. The WhatIf point concerns Adolf Hitler being admitted at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna in 1907 in the former, and him being rejected from it in the latter.

[[AC:Western Animation]]

* ''Cubby's World Flight'' by Creator/VanBeurenStudios is the earliest known cartoon depicting Adolf Hitler[[note]]It came out in August 1933, Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933[[/note]]. He is simply seen wearing Lederhosen and greeting Cubby with a beer Maß as he passes over Germany in his plane, alongside Paul von Hindenburg and an unidentified blond officer.
* ''[[WesternAnimation/BoskoTheTalkInkKid Bosko's Picture Show]]'' (September 1933) is [[TakeThat much more offensive]], depicting a literally AxCrazy Hitler chasing [[GagNose big-nosed]] actor Jimmy Durante with an ax in the fictional town of Pretzel.