Useful Notes / Latin America
aka: Lat Am
Useful Notes on those places that are in the more Latin-influenced parts of the Americas.

Latin America is a name that has gained prominence in the 19th century thanks to the French, who were the first to propose the term. As its name implies, it is the part of the Americas that is mostly influenced by the countries of Latin heritage (Spain, Portugal and France); however, in culture, only some parts of the Francophone would be considered as Latin while the others are more Anglo influenced.

As a whole, Latin America englobes most of the eponymous continent from Mexico to Argentina. Historically, it was influenced by Catholicism, which in many of the countries has been designed the primary religion (but not state-endorsed), although Adventism has recently gained considerable popularity.

The term itself has provoked some problems regarding the usage of the name Latin or Latino, given that these terms are also used commonly to refer to the people born in Latin America, although they originally meant someone born in Lazionote , Italy.

Note: Guyana, Suriname and Belize have been removed from this list due to the fact that they are primarily Indo-Caribbean rather than Latin American in culture.

Countries, Commonwealths, and Territories

North America

North America

Capital & Largest City: Mexico City

Central America

Capital & Largest City: San José
Capital & Largest City: San Salvador
Capital & Largest City: Guatemala City
Capital & Largest City: Tegucigalpa
Capital & Largest city: Managua
Capital & Largest City: Panama City

The Hispanophone Caribbean

Capital & Largest City: Havana
Capital & Largest City: Santo Domingo
Capital & Largest City: San Juan

The Francophone Caribbean

Prefecture: Basse-Terre
Largest City: Pointe-à-Pitre
Capital & Largest City: Port-au-Prince
Prefecture & Largest City: Fort-de-France
Capital & Largest City: Gustavia
Capital & Largest City: Marigot

South America

Andean Nations

Capital: Sucre
Largest City: Santa Cruz de la Sierra
Capital & Largest City: Bogotá
Capital: Quito
Largest City: Guayaquil
Capital & Largest City: Lima
Capital & Largest City: Caracas

The Southern Cone

Capital & Largest City: Buenos Aires
Capitals: Santiago (constitutional), Valparaiso (legislative)
Largest City: Santiago
Capital & Largest City: Asunción
Capital & Largest City: Montevideo

In Their Own League

Capital: Brasília
Largest City: São Paulo
Prefecture & Largest City: Cayenne

See also