A great American Folk Hero
, Hugh Glass (ca. 1780-1833) was a man of many involuntary careers. During his life, he was a Pirate
, a White Man Gone Native
, a Mountain Man
, but above all, one of history's greatest badasses
For most of his life, he was just a sailor like any other sailor, from age of 13 til he was 37. Then, a man named Jean Lafitte turned his life upside down. Jean Lafitte, a pirate of the Mexican Gulf, attacked Glass' ship, killed half of the crew, and forced the rest, including Glass, into servitude as pirates. Dissatisfied with the pirate life, he opted to flee from the ship with a companion, Clive Hastings, a year later, by swimming to shore. In Texas. They then began walking to Kansas, for the first time displaying how much of a Determinator
he really was. While they were very successful at evading natives, eventually the Wolf Pawnees caught them in Kansas, and Hastings was sacrificed
. However, Glass convinced the chief to spare him by way of a gift he had stolen from Lafitte, and he went on to live with the natives for four years. After having lived among them for such a long time, they made peace with the American fur traders arriving in the region, and he joined them, abandoned the Pawnees, and became a Mountain Man
Now is where the real fun starts. After surviving two Native American massacres, one exerted by the Blackfeet and one by the Arikaras, Glass was with a small group of eight men in the woods, led by Major Andrew Henry. While hunting, Glass stumbled into a pissed off grizzly bear mother
and her cubs, and was mauled, nearly to death, before mauling it with his knife
. As they were in dangerous territory, and Glass was too wounded to speak or do anything, Henry opted to leave two men, John Fitzgerald and Jim Bridger, to guard Glass and ensure he was buried upon his death, but as he still did not die, they abandoned him in the wilderness, and told everyone he was dead. This was the biggest mistake of their lives. For Glass was most certainly not dead, and he pulled his way back to civilisation, just to exact revenge upon them. He crawled through 100 miles of Dakotan wilderness, during a timespan of six weeks.
He never got to exact revenge upon them, forgiving them both, and after surviving another massacre, he continued his life as a Mountain Man
for ten years, before being killed in a Native American attack in 1833.
It is unlikely to see Glass himself turn up in fiction, but many books are dramatized versions of his life, and movies such as Man In The Wilderness
, from 1971, the movie giving Stephen Colbert
his fear of bears, starring Ed Harris, and Wilderness
, are directly based on his life, and he is, as stated above, a great Folk Hero
Tropes associated with Glass:
- Bad Ass: And how! From his borderline Crazy Awesome survival at the hands of the Pawnee, to his survival of the Native American massacres, but especially killing a damn bear with a knife, and crawling a 100 miles through the wilderness.
- Bad Ass Beard: The only known portrait of him, has him sporting this. Given his profession, there's no reason to believe its not true.
- Bad Ass Grandpa: He was fairly old for a Mountain Man, being 43 during his infamous trek.
- Bears Are Bad News: Very bad, when you run into a literal Mama Bear while alone in the wilderness.
- Berserk Button: Fitzgerald stealing his rifle. Leads to his Crowning Moment of Awesome retrieving it.
- Cannibal Tribe: Glass and Hastings worked specifically to avoid the man-eating Karankawas, while wandering through Texas.
- Chekhov's Skill: Many of the things he learned among the Pawnees, helped him later on.
- Companion Cube: His rifle.
- Determinator: And how! He dragged hsi way through 100 miles of wilderness, for the sake of revenge.
- Easily Forgiven: Bridger and Fitzgerald, once Glass found them. He simply let them go.
- Heterosexual Life-Partners: With Hastings, until he died a horrible death. Reportedly, Glass was incapable of creating a proper friendship with anyone agian after his death.
- Human Sacrifice: Practiced by the Pawnees.
- Hunter Trapper
- Injun Country: The reason Henry, Bridger and Fitzgerald left him, was because they were afraid of the hostile Indian territory.
- It's Personal: With the Arikaras, for most of his life. Also, when Fitzgerald stole his beloved rifle, enticing his Roaring Rampage of Revenge.
- Kill It with Fire: The nature of the Human Sacrifice practiced by the Pawnees, involved buring the victim alive.
- Knife Nut: He managed to kill the grizzly bear with his knife. Although that was it, for Fitzgerald stole it afterwards.
- Left for Dead: Courtesy of Bridger and Fitzgerald. They regretted it. Big time.
- Magical Native American: Inverted. The Pawnee considered Glass magical, and the gift he produced for them a sign from the spirits that he should be spared.
- Mama Bear: The bear, obviously.
- Mighty Whitey: Managed to convince the Pawnees into not sacrificing him by producing a gift.
- Mountain Man
- Never Smile at a Crocodile: Alligators en masse forced Hastings and Glass out of the swamps, where food was easily accessible, out to the more desolate plains.
- Pirate: While under Lafitte.
- Roaring Rampage of Revenge: What gave him the willpower to drag him back to civilization, was his desire for revenge against Bridger and Fitzgerald.
- The Quiet One: He was reportedly peaceful, and solitary by nature, rarely speaking, and keeping to himself.
- The Savage Indian: The only text preserved directly from Glass himself, a letter written to the father of young man killed in a Native American attack, has him calling the Arikara "savages" repeatedly, and he had a personal feud with them during his entire life as a Mountain Man. The Pawnees averted this.
- White Man Gone Native: While at the Pawnees.