Useful Notes: Douglas MacArthur
"There is no substitute for victory."
"The best and the worst things you hear about him are both true."
—Sir Thomas Blamey, summing up the character of General MacArthur.
(1880-1964) was an American general during the time of the Second World War
and the Korean War
. He was one of only five to receive the rank General of the Army in the U.S. Army. He is a highly polarizing man in American history - you either think he was a great war hero and commander, or a dangerous and egotistical madman. As the youngest major general by 1925, MacArthur became the Chief of Staff of the United States Army. Infamously, MacArthur was sent by Herbert Hoover
to peacefully remove jobless World War One
veterans marching on Washington - instead, MacArthur used tanks
and injured hundreds. He was the lone field marshal of the Philippine Army, of which he supervised and spearheaded its foundation and development.
A Medal of Honor recipient, MacArthur played a prominent role in (among others) the Pacific War, the Philippines campaign and the New Guinea campaign, elevating to the role of Supreme Allied Commander for the Allied Forces. As the de facto
military governor of Japan, he effectively restructured Japanese society in the aftermath of the occupation, thereby garnering the nickname of Gaijin Shogun, aka the Foreign Generalissimo.
If you could describe him with one word, it would be "imperious." He was very much his own man, caring little - if at all - about any established power outside of his own, whether it was other nations or that of his superiors. He disobeyed or ignored orders entirely, even getting into verbal clashes with Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt
and Harry Truman
. He promoted soldiers based on their loyalty towards the general, and his influence extended through the Army and some on the Air Force, but never in the Navy. He was eventually relieved of command by Truman, largely because he wanted to use nuclear weapons during the Korean War
. On China at the height of the Cold War.
His public criticism of Truman's policies didn't help his case.
Tropes That Apply to MacArthur: