Useful Notes: Brits with Battleships
The English are a strange people, and their general an extraordinary man. They arrive here in the morning, examine the walls, carry them, have killed all the garrison in the place, and have now gone back to breakfast. Who can resist such men as these?The men and women who defend the United Kingdom and fight wars overseas. The British Armed Forces (as a professional fighting force) began to appear during the English Civil War (1641-1651) with the New Model Army (with two regiments—the Coldstream Guards and the Blues and Royalsnote —in the present able to trace their roots to the force) and has since fought in many wars such as The Napoleonic Wars, The Boer War, The First World War, the Second World War, both Gulf Wars, and many others. Historically a home for "spare" male heirs to the throne, nearly every male member of the House of Windsor has served in some capacity, with several seeing action. The last time the monarch actually fought with their soldiers was at Dettingen in 1743, during the War of the Austrian Succession, when King George II led the Pragmatic Army's breakout from Bavaria. He won. There is a widespread feeling and by now unfortunately confirmed element (Lack of Maritime patrol Aircraft for example) that the armed services are underfunded despite having the fourth largest military expenditure in the world. However, one should never think of them as underequipped but rather that they simply don't have as many as they would like, or in some cases need, to handle all the British military's myriad of requirements. However, the British are generally right to be proud of their military. Well equipped, well trained and globally capable the British Military has, throughout history, innovated and forged a legacy for itself that still continues to this day. If not in the numbers they once were, man for man they are still considered in the top tiers of worldwide militaries. Both Labour and the Conservatives pledged not to cut defence expenditure if elected, a promise that was reneged when the coalition government's Defence Review went through the military like an industrial laser, with some very questionable decisions being made - the most prominent of which is the construction of new aircraft carriers while retiring the Harrier, meaning that there won't be anything to launch from them until the Joint Strike Fighter comes online. Of course, participation in Iraq and Afghanistan is starting to look like it might change that, with newspaper stories of servicemen being heckled in the street when wearing their uniform and a decline in sales of The Poppy attributed to anti-war feeling. The government has attempted to combat this with "wear your uniform to work" days for the Territorial Army (volunteer reservists) and various other pro-military propaganda campaigns. This attitude has recently changed as both the UK and the US are both becoming more pro military. The work the servicemen and women did at the Olympics probably had something to do with that too, as did the general "good guys" feeling of averting a massacre in Libya. Has a collective liking for a chap called Jeremy Clarkson There are three branches to the UK military...
— A Maharatta Chieftain, after the Escalade of Ahmednuggur in the Second Anglo-Maharatta War.
- "Pack up your troubles in your old kit-bag,
And smile, smile, smile,
While you've a lucifer to light your fag,
Smile, boys, that's the style.
What's the use of worrying?
It never was worth while, so
Pack up your troubles in your old kit-bag,
And smile, smile, smile!"-"Pack Up Your Troubles In Your Old Kit Bag", a WWI marching song.
- The Special Air Service (SAS) regiment: The original Special Forces unit; the people who rescue hostages from embassies and look cool doing it, as well as other, more sneaky, activities. Started out in the North African desert in WWII. With two former members both in the novels business, they get a lot of coverage. Their motto "Who Dares Wins" is used a lot by Del Boy in Only Fools and Horses. They were the world's first Special Forces (as we would use the term today) and are still considered the best; all other Special Forces groups in the world are trained by the SAS or use the methods they developed. Occasionally fulfill a similar role to the FBI's Hostage Rescue Team, but contrary to popular belief they only provide VIP escort duties under exceptional circumstances. Once described by famed war correspondent Kate Adie as being like Martians: quiet, watchful and wearing a lot of strange weaponry. Applicants are only allowed in after at least 3 years of service with another regiment.
- The Parachute Regiment: AKA The Paras. Jump out of planes for a living. Wear burgundy headgear. Getting in is seriously hard, and is by invitation only. Infamous for the Bloody Sunday massacre.
- Also includes the Pathfinders who are special forces in all but specific name. They have a very similar selection and training to the SAS and a disproportionate number of SAS troopers come from the Pathfinder Platoon. Noted for using a different service rifle than most line infantry in the British Army, the Diemco C8 Carbine. Have something of a dislike for American ammunition.
- The Foot Guards (Grenadier/Coldstream/Scots/Irish/Welsh Guards): Five regiments. These are the ones who usually wear the bearskin hats, stand outside Buckingham Palace and get many an American tourist trying to make them smile in fiction. Don't annoy them too much though, those rifles are real, are loaded and can fire full auto. The Irish lot recruit mostly from Stroke Country, but also do so from The Republic Of Ireland (unofficially). Definitely not just ceremonial units, they have fought in many areas around the world such as North Africa, Italy and western Europe in WWII, and managed to hold the Hougoumont farmhouse at Waterloo against 14000 Frenchmen; All Guard Regiments have seen combat in Iraq and Afghanistan, including receiving battle honours in 2005. They can be distinguished via their button designs.
- Or the plumes on the bearskin: Grenadiers white, Coldstream red, Irish blue, Welsh green and white, Scots none.
- The Household Cavalry: Comprising the Life Guards and the Blues and Royals. When in London they ride horses, carry sabres, and wear breastplates. When on deployment they ride tanks. This was Prince Harry's unit until he switched to the Army Air Corps.
- Royal Gurkha Rifles - They're from Nepal, a legacy of the British Empire's presence in India. They always carry large knives called kukris and they're very good at their jobs. Do not mess with a Gurkha. Seen a lot of press coverage recently regarding rather shoddy treatment of retired veterans. Thankfully this was changed thanks a pressure campaign spearheaded by actress Joanna Lumley. She was awarded a Pride of Britain award by the Gurka who saved her father's life.
- In The Falklands War in 1982, the Argentian conscripts fired back at the British soldiers, but fled instantly when the Gurkhas attacked.
- In Afghanistan, one Gurkha soldier took on 30 Taliban alone. He won, even if he was reduced to beating the last one to death with his 18-kilogram tripod.
- The Black Watch, 3rd Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland: Now part of the controversial super-regiment that is the Royal Regiment of Scotland, they have retained their traditions. Wear kilts in their dress uniform and are another regiment you do not want to mess with. Germans during World War One ran away merely hearing them playing their pipes. Recently bailed the SAS out of a rather tight spot. Article here
- Well, wouldn't you want to get as far away from a bagpiper as possible?
- Well... that, and historically, if you hear Bagpipes, it means you're going to get your arse kicked very quickly.
- The Germans also nicknamed them "The Ladies from Hell" and "The Devils in Skirts" referencing both the kilt and the fact that they were terrifying to fight.
- Well, wouldn't you want to get as far away from a bagpiper as possible?
- The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, 5th Battalion The Royal Regiment of Scotland: Suffering the same amalgamation as the Black Watch. Most notable because one of their precursors, the Sutherland Highlanders, was the source of the now-ubiquitous military cliché "The Thin Red Line," which became their nickname after they stood in line to stop a cavalry charge (tantamount to suicide according to then-current military doctrine) in the Crimean War. Most recently, they were downgraded from being even a batallion in the Royal Regiment of Scotland and reduced to a single "public relations" company that performs only ceremonial duties.
- The Rifles, Another super-regiment formed by the merger of several older ones, The Devonshire and Dorset Light Infantry, The Light Infantry, The Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Light Infantry and The Royal Green Jackets. Wears Green berets and black buttons and uses the old spelling of Serjeant. Has its own traditions separate from Infantry of the line as rifle regiments used to use a radically different drill. By standing strength is the largest regiment of infantry. Name dates back to when rifles were a relatively new weapon and only issued to elite units. It's been well over a century since the last smoothbore muskets were retired and rifles became something that all Infantry units have, but the name remains as a matter of tradition.
- 7th Armoured Brigade: AKA "The Desert Rats" (and later, in Burma, "The Jungle Rats", they are a very good tank brigade. Part of 1st Armoured Division, they are based in Germany.
- Note that the 7th Armoured contains elements of several regiments - as of 2008 they included Royal Scots Dragoon Guards, The Highlanders (4Bat RRS), 9/12 Lancers, Royal Regt of Fusiliers and the Royal Anglians, plus artillery, engineer, logistic and other units. It also has the 2nd Royal Tank Regiment, the same regiment (by direct decendence) which first used the tank, EVER, at the Somme.
- Used to be the 7th Armoured Division, but they'd been downsized over the years and one of their constituent units, the 7th Armoured Brigade, took over the mantle.
- Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment: Amalgated from the Queen and Hampshire regiments, this unit is the senior infantry regiment of the line. Earliest battle honours, and the most VCs!
- The Royal Artillery and the Royal Engineers. AKA the Gunners and the Sappers. Traditionally, the only part of the army where officers were promoted on technical skill, rather than ability to buy promotions, these two corps therefore have their own kind of snobbery and a fierce (but fairly friendly) rivalry. Unlike conventional regiments, the Gunners and Sappers have no battle honours. Instead they share the Latin motto "Ubique", meaning Everywhere. Because they pretty much are.
- The Royal Logistics Corps tends to be overlooked, because their main role is making sure that everyone gets what they need, which is hardly glamorous. They're also the parent Corps for 11 EOD Regiment, the British Army's Bomb Disposal experts.
Main Battle Tanks
- The British Army currently has the rather cool Challenger 2 in service as its Main Battle Tank. It has a major advantage over its US counterpart, the M1 Abrams, in that it has an inbuilt kettle for making tea. Unique amongst NATO tanks for still possessing a 120mm rifled gun instead of the more common smoothbore. This permits the firing of the multipurpose HESH rounds and arguably makes it more accurate as well. (Although really most tank guns in the West are all picture perfect these days) However if the Challenger 2 has any one major claim to fame, it is the armour. Dorchester Composite is widely reputed to be the strongest armour on any main battle tank in the entire world and the encounters in Iraq definitely seemed to prove it. The Chally was known to shrug off RPG-7 attacks without even noticing in addition to withstanding Iraqi tank fire with such little effect on the crew they had to be told by a flanking tank they had been hit. In one situation withstood 14 RPG hits on all angles as well as a MILAN anti-tank missile to the top of the turret (generally a weak point in tank armor, at least relative to the front and sides of the turret). Another survived over 70 RPG strikes alone in one day. This is a seriously hard tank.
- There was a brief crisis of faith when its armour was apparently penetrated by an RPG-29, however. On closer inspection it was discovered that the charge had detonated under the tank and send shrapnel through the lower glacis and underbelly, both of which were unarmoured. The British Army's solution? Slap both sides with more Dorchester! No penetrations from any type of weapon have been reported since and to this day not a single Challenger 2 has been knocked out or even severely damaged by enemy fire.
- To give an idea of just how strong that upgrade (Called 'Streetfighter') is, you only need to look at what they did. The Challenger 2 already had massively thick armour plates on all sides (bar underbelly and lower glacis) made of the still unbeaten Dorchester. 'Streetfighter' then added Dorchester plates to the underbelly, the lower glacis, two more full layers of Dorchester armour to the side of the turret and flanks of the tank, Israeli ERAnote on the sides and turret, cage armour on the rear and bomb disruptor systems. All this led the tank to become over 75 tons (!) in weight. In Iraq there were IE Ds called "Daisy Chains" which were basically masses of 155mm shells lain under the road. One of these catastrophically destroyed an Abrams tank (considered close to indestructible in its own right) outright. The Challenger 2 Streetfighter rolled over one and emerged on the other side as though nothing had happened.
Infantry Fighting Vehicles
- The British Army have the Warrior as their main Awesome Personnel Carrier. A reliable workhorse that is getting a little long in the tooth if we're being honest. A bit of a finnicky bugger (In tankie talk) to load and can't fire on the move. All this is to change soon however as its 30mm cannon is being replaced by a fully stabalised CT-40 turret. This comes with a 40mm gun that packs some seriously big grunt behind the round. (Currently, the force with which it strikes is in the same velocities as a 90mm cannon) With the ability to fire armour piercing, HE and various other rounds alongside being able to target helicopters and even airbust its rounds this gun is set to be an immense upgrade. The Warrior will continue to be the distinctly uncomfortable but well trusted IFV for the ongoing future, it seems.
- The planned upgrade will be fixing many of the older problems such as its aging digital elements and sights as well. The new Warrior post "CSP" as they say, will be an entirely new beast from the old. Most are of the belief they'll somehow still fail to make the seats comfy though.
- Unlike nearly every other nation's IFV, the Warrior doesn't include anti-tank missiles in its armament, as the British Army felt that an IFV has no place trying to fight tanks, and equipping them with anti-tank weapons would just encourage the crews to take risks that they ought to be avoiding.
- Similarly, lacks gunports, on the logic that accurate firing out of them on the move is all but impossible, and an IFV should not be stationary for any length of time anywhere near the enemy.
Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance Tracked
The British Army maintains a selection of vehicles known as the CVRT group. Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance Tracked. In the past there were almost a dozen of these carrying masses of roles within the Army. Designed to cut costs by basing many roles on the same chassis with adjustments this ended up becoming the standard for new age development to base vehicles on and a shining example of good forward planning that have kept them in service since the 70's. These days there are less as they are actively being replaced but many still serve very well. Those still serving are:
- The Scimitar Light Tank is a reconnaissance vehicle known for being the fastest tank on the planet. (If not in max speed, certainly for agility thanks to some nifty track mechanics) Armed with a 30mm RARDEN cannon, it tends to snipe off insurgents these days rather than do much scouting on account of its Cold War era thin armour. Very popular with troops, it will be a sad day when it is replaced by the upcoming Scout SV, described below.
- The Samaritan, Samson and Sultan are ambulance, engineering and command varients respectively. They are often overlooked by crucial elements for any British excursion, with the Samaritan being well loved for its ability to get an injured soldier where he needs to go for treatment at 80km/h. Mostly seeing back line use these days. They don't like IED's very much. It makes the REME unhappy.
- The Stormer is a more modern one that joined later on. Originally an APC, it now fulfills the role of close air defence with the wonderful Starstreak High Velocity Missile system on top. Due to its partial manual aiming method it is immune to all countermeasures and rips off out its launcher at a mind boggling Mach 3.5 within a half second. Many operators have a saying: "Starsteak doesn't fire, it just fucks off."
- The Scorpion Light Tank. The UK used to maintain thousands of these things at one point. Essentially a Scimitar with a 76mm cannon instead of a 30mm autocannon (Or rather, the other way around, the Scorp came first) this emerged as the very first CVRT platform out of the TV-15000 prototype. Although good at what it did, the weapon system just became too "middle range" for today's world. As in, it was too powerful for low intensity but not powerful enough for high intensity and as such has now passed out of service.
- Striker was an ATGM carrier using the Swingfire missile system. Retired only fairly recently it is a huge point of controversy given it had numerous capabilities that will be dearly missed. (Not to mention taking the UK's last and only vehicular ATGM completely out of service) The swingfire system had a unique capability in that you could remote control the launcher from 100m away from the tank and that the missile could swerve 90 degrees seconds after leaving the launcher. This allowed the Striker to be a very potent ambush tank hunter.
- Spartans were thankfully not destroyed on creation if they suffered a failure to start first time, but they were a specialised little APC. Simply a Scorpion without the turret, they carries a few men at very fast speeds and proved popular with fire support teams to get them to where they were needed extremely quickly. It is rumoured that a few are still in service in highly particular roles but they are certainly gone for the most part now after being replaced by things such as Mastiff and the upcoming FRES UV platform.
Armoured Personnel Carriers
- The true workhorse of the British armoured fleets, the FV 432 APC (Often called the Bulldog, despite that only being a particular upgrade's name) is, despite being developed separately, essentially the same vehicle as the American M113. They look the same, function the same and perform the same despite not being related in the slightest. It has had many varients from APC (obviously) to ATGM carrier (for Swingfire missiles), Ambulance, 81mm mortar carrier, command post, repair and recovery, recoilless rifle mount and even was once equipped with old 30mm RARDEN cannons from the Fox Armoured Car after it went out of service. A true multipurpose vehicle, the FV 432 will no doubt to doggedly serve for many more years.
- The aforementioned 'Bulldog' upgrade came post Iraq Invasion to help counter enemy fire. This resulted in equipping them with additional layers of armour, slanted reactive plates and remote weapons systems. After all that it looks so different that even some troops genuinelly thought it was a completely new vehicle until they got inside.
- The Viking is the Royal Marines' go to transport for amphibious operations. Based on the BvS10 All-Terrain APC, this strange vehicle actually has two completely separate compartments. (In effect, one tows the other on a separate track system) This allows it to move across almost any terrain from sand, marsh, snow, jungle, mud and even swim in the ocean. To give an idea of its sheer manoeuvrability; it can climb 45-degree sand dunes and snow covered hills, tilt 45-degrees either side without tipping and even climb up and over a three-foot step. All terrain indeed! They were recently used to make a 'wet work' incursion into Somalia, swimming to shore then crossing the harsh Somalian coastline, inland across all sorts of terrain to snatch someone the MOD did not like very much and then carry him all the way back.
- The Warthog is the Viking's bigger, uglier and more heavily armoured Singaporean cousin. Bought for use in Iraq when the Viking's armour was feared not enough to combat larger explosive devices, it has since garnered a confidence amongst the men. While much better armoured, it is also a lot slower than the Viking when it comes to amphibious landings. As such, they tend to hop from one to the other depending on the mission.
- Fuchs is a highly specialised vehicle for the British. While ze Germans use them in their masses as an APC, the British only possess 11. These 11 however are extensively modified to fulfill the role of CRBN, which is the British Army and RAF's joint response teams for any chemical, biological, radioactive or nuclear affected fallout zones. Some of the most advanced in the entire family they were rather stupidly cut from service until being recently reintroduced for pretty obvious reasons.
Brought into service after the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan for pretty much the same reasons as the Americans, these are the mass of vehicles the British chose to protect their men in improvised explosive areas. Unlike America, however, they have already confirmed they will be bringing them all home with them so as to have them ready for any future deployments again. (Europe is having a bit of an increased look to Africa from terrorism originating there after all.)
- The primary troop transport is the Mastiff 3. This is essentially an American Cougar 6x6 but with the firing ports removed and additional armour added to protect against rocket propelled grenades and roadside penetrators. Since its induction has been, bar none, the most successful vehicle of any ISAF force in Afghanistan at protecting its occupants. (Given the Cougar for the Americans is sharing the same reputation and the Mastiff 3 is just a Cougar with more armour on it...yeah you can see where we're going here, right?)
- It possesses the cream of Britain's wartime technology these days as well, with variants such as Praetorian and Protected Eyes projecting reconnaissance and observational control for massive distances and also being adapted with many mine plows, rollers, exterior cameras and remote weapon systems alongside bomb jammers. The British really spared no expense in getting this vehicle to do everything it could for the effort.
- Very much related to the Mastiff 3 is the Ridgeback. Sharing the same forumla this is an American Cougar 4x4 only with additional armour. Doing the same job as the Mastiff 3, these lighter vehicles are used to chase off insurgents should a convoy of Mastiffs and Ridgebacks be contacted and also to go inside towns thanks not being quite as wide as the immense Mastiff.
- For more utility purposes, the British turn to the Wolfhound. Once again it shares the same chassis as the Mastiff, only this one features a skip instead of a troop carrying compartment and is used for goods transit, additional ammunition and supplies alongside heavier kit that troops can't take with them inside the vehicle such as additional Javelin launchers or complex communications kit. Also carries artillery rounds to batteries. By all standards though, this is just as protected as the Mastiff, only for goods instead of men.
- In a role similar to the Wolfhound, Husky (The British name for the American MXT-MV) is a multipurpose utility protected vehicle. With varients adapting to rapid recovery (that was designed by the REME in theatre), artillery towing, supply hauling and counter explosive duties, the Husky is an underappreciated vehicle that does a lot of thankless tasks in environments others wouldn't dare tread.
- Panther, a British title for the Italian Iveco Lince, now forms the mobile command vehicles of the modern British Army. Very heavily protected against IED attacks in a solid little bunker upon wheels it also mounts remote weapons and battlefield logistics technology inside. Sometimes used to ram doors down on account of its huge engine block.
- The new Jackal and Coyote light reconnaissance vehicles. The subject of much non-military confusion for its strange open top, it is however a much loved vehicle for the troops. It is very fast at 80MPH (Although once a squaddie is behind the wheel, that is only the 'advised' top speed), very agile and handles rough terrain like a dream. Jackals are the speedy weapons platforms of recce missions, with the Coyote carrying heavier kit and providing longer ranged fire support. Both are now known for being quick, heavily armed and surprisingly tough to take out thanks to new armour plating and IED resistant designs. Just hold onto your helmet if they floor the accelerator off road...
- The special forces love these things, as they are basically giant jeeps with loads of armour, loads of speed and loads of dakka. They even strapped twin-linked GPM Gs to them i na version that is rumoured to be called the Pitbull. Apparently the Australian, Canadian and even American special forces are interested in these after travelling with the British in them.
- Before the Jackal there was the Land Rover WMIK. A cut down and open topped Land Rover mounting as much guns as they could weld to its chassis then taken for a spin until they got shot at. Although great fun to drive and as reliable as a Land Rover always is, the Jackal was a much needed replacement. These days they are mostly used by the Army Reserves in a light recce or fast attack role similar to the American Light Strike Vehicles.
- Soon to be is the Scout SV. Based on the ASCOD 2 chassis, it has been pimped out to barely even resemble its original platform with a much more powerful engine (capable of pulling 95 tonnes in its ARV configuration), a CT40 turret with a fearsome 40mm cannon as mentioned on the Warrior above and an ISTAR suite in excess of any other mounted upon a vehicle right now. With modular armour and bomb proofing to the level of a Cougar 2/Mastiff 3 MRAP it will be no pushover to hit back at either.
- The old and reliable Land Rover Snatch is still around, with many of them upgraded to the Snatch-Vixen standard. (New drive trains and enhanced chassis with electronic countermeasures) Protected against small arms and basic explosives, it was originally designed for The Troubles in Northern Ireland, and has become iconic with British deployments in many theatres since the end of the Cold War. After a huge backlash in public opinion over its failings to protect its occupants, the Government soon made plans to replace the vehiclenote . To be fair, this is not a failing of the vehicle (it was never designed to deal with anything more that stray shots and shrapnel) but simply a problem of the Government underfunding the military and not allowing them to get the vehicles they really wanted until public opinion forced Labour's hand to start spending in Defence again. Resulting in...
- The Foxhound. It's a fully mine resistant jeep packed with enough technology to make your head spin and yet small enough to fit in thin streets and still maintain a good top speed. With a huge V-shape to the chassis and the ability to drive on three wheels or change the engine in 30 minutes it is a huge step up over the old Snatch. Furthermore, it is loaded with night vision cameras, side mounted cameras, electronic countermeasures, rollover protection, open ended digital hardware and a whole host of other gadgets. It also looks very snazzy. James Bond drove one on a visit to Camp Bastion, if any more evidence of this being a stylish vehicle was needed.
- The Vector. Another utility vehicle, this ubiquious lorry has done everything from transport to ambulance with a few specialised varients in there as well. Based on the Pinzgauer chassis, the British upped its protection levels and even use it as a lighter alternative to the Mastiff 3 should the situation allow for it. Capable of resisting small arms fire and even mounting a MILAN ATGM on it should the situation call, it's a surprisingly adaptable machine. Albeit it looks boring.
- The AS-90 self propelled gun is the primary big gun of the British Army. With a 155mm howitzer it may not stand out amongst the worldwide impressions of such things but it is just another one of those tough old proven designs that the British Army is rather happy with. Capable of launching projectiles many dozens of kilometres with unerring accuracy is still has a place today.
- Had an upgrade concept called 'Braveheart' at one point which extended the gun to a 52 calibur length. This would have dramatically upgraded the range and enabled cross compatibility with the Navy. Unfortunately, this was during Labour's "a penny spend on defence is a penny wasted" stage and the upgrade was cancelled other than an export sale of the turret design to Poland for their Krab SPG
- The L118 Light Gun marks another legacy item that the British have possessed for yeeeears now, a field howitzer of 105mm size that has been upgraded time and again to remain pinpoint and frighteningly consistent in its shots. A huge export success, it even gets used by the Americans for being light, easily moved and quick to set up. The British use this as their ceremonial gun now on the Edinburgh Castle one o'clock gun.
- The GSRS. More commonly known as the M270 MLRS to most other countries. In the UK, it stands for Grid Square Removal Systemnote for its ability to kill everything in a 1 square kilometer area (the standard size of a grid square on metric maps). Also called the '70km Sniper'. This is every bit as deadly as the American version and carries the same nightmarish capabilities for anyone unfortunate enough to be on the recieving end.
- The recently declassified Exactor system is technically not artillery but is operated by the Royal Artillery and has such a long range that it effectively counts as one anyway. By any other name this is an M113 with an Israeli Spike-NLOS mounted on the top. Capable of hurling a very large anti-tank guided missile a mind bending 25kmnote with pinpoint precision to slam into vehicles through their top armour or wipe out an entire bunker with its tandem charge, it an unseen, high accuracy, killer. Kept classified because the British didn't want the Taliban knowing they had such a capability, it was only recently that the existence of the machine was confirmed officially.note
- The AH-64 Westland Apache. No, that isn't a typo. The British version of the iconic Apache gunship is a very different beast to the American one and if anything only similar in that it has the same gun, anti-tank missiles and fueslage. The boffs at Westland installed more powerful engines (allowing it to take off with a full load of fuel, weapons and the Longbow radar, something the normal Apache cannot do), gave it folding rotors, more powerful 70mm rockets, an expanded defensive suite, additional storage space for crew weapons, arctic conditioning treatment and the capability to operate off of ships as well (a capability that's gotten good bit of use in recent years). The pilots are very picky about reminding you of this should you hint that their rides are similar to the normal varients. Prince Harry currently cruises in one.
- The Lynx Battlefield helicopter. The Yanks have the Blackhawk. The Brits have the Lynx. This helicopter has done it all. Battlefield transport, attack helicopter, support gunship, recce, maritime attack, sub hunting, airborne control and special forces insertion. (Its role in the maritime front with the Royal Navy has been its speciality) It is very fast, currently the world record holder for the fastest helicopter in the world and capable of backflips and barrel rolls. As such, it is a widely loved bit of kit and the helicopter most pilots are eager to get their paws on. Due to be replaced by the Lynx Wildcat. Essentially a Lynx that can carry more weight and has an even more powerful engine to increase the range dramatically, very useful improvements as the Lynx is smaller than the typical utility helicopter (by weight about half the size of a Blackhawk). Also features a brand new ISTAR suite.
- The Chinook is a common sight amongst the British deployments just as much it is for America. In fact, they have the second largest Chinook fleet in the world. Unique to the British ones though are the MERT teams. America has shown great interest in this idea, where instead of sending a little helicopter to pick up a casualty and bring him back to hospital, the British instead fly the hospital to the casualty inside the massive Chinooks. Packing everything a crash room and emergency department might contain, they have even performed emergency surgery inside a Chinook after pickup to save someone's like. There are many British, Americans, Danish and Afghan soldiers serving in the UK's area of Afghanistan that owe their lives to this practice.
- The Merlin is a medium lift transport helicopter. Often seen carrying artillery pieces and many troops, its less known but actually more iconic role is in maritime submarine hunting. In this regard it is a very modern and very capable helicopter, often cited as being (in combination with a Type 23 Duke Frigate) the most lethal combo in the world for a sub to encounter. The sub-hunter version carries four torpedoes (twice as many as most other anti-submarine aircraft) and one of the best dipping sonars of any helicopter.
- Old but still handy, the Gazelle performs its role as a light recce chopper admirably in the limited roles it still holds. (Mostly training these days, frankly) Designed for the Cold War, this helicopter was surprisingly stealthy due to its low noise, agility and small size. Can also perform a light attack duty and did just that in the Falklands.
- Approaching retirement as more Merlins come into service, the Puma is still around, doing just the same job as it always has. Doggedly carting men and munitions to and fro all around the battlefield. That is, unless they decide to put the 20mm cannon it can mount on to go have some fun...
- Last but certainly not least is the icon of British helicopter history. The great, the ugly, the glorious, the saviour, the best thing many stricken sailors and mountineers ever saw...the Seaking .This is, hands down, by far one of the most iconic helicopters ever created and yet you'll never have seen them on the big screen doing epic dawn assaults or heroically charging into fire above one of their crashed numbers. This helicopter...this helicopter has saved more lives than can be counted. It is the definitive search and rescue helicopter by which all others are measured and it is on watch, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year for anybody who might need its help. Time and again they have flung themselves into Sea State 7 conditions to try and rescue fishermen who capsised. Hundreds can remember the sight of the orange and grey with a club card hovering above them at the last possible moment when all hope was lost for being found. The stories of Seaking crew leaping twenty feet into a heaving storm ocean to catch someone and winch them back aboard when there were waves higher than the helicopter's hovering height on either side. One might say this is lavishing, but that is the legacy of this legendary aircraft. Prince William served as an RAF Sea King pilot at the end of his military career. Formerly was also used the anti-submarine before the Merlin took that over. Remaining in service is an airborne early warning version with a massive radar hanging off the right side of the fuselage, developed when the Falklands War showed the Royal Navy had inadequate ability to detect low-altitude anti-ship missiles. These will remain in service even on the new Queen Elizabeth-class supercarriers, rather than being replaced by a fixed-wing AEW plane.
Royal Air Force
- "The gratitude of every home in our Island, in our Empire, and indeed throughout the world, except in the abodes of the guilty, goes out to the British airmen who, undaunted by odds, unwearied in their constant challenge and mortal danger, are turning the tide of the World War by their prowess and by their devotion. Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."
- Sopwith Camel - Biggles! (The real thing looks nothing like a doghouse).
- S.E.5a - Although less well remembered than the above, the average victories per month per squadron of S.E.5a was 16.59, compared to 9.07 for the Camel. Due to being easier to fly, it suffered fewer accidents. Furthermore, it was the fastest Allied fighter of WWI, which allowed it to catch up to the German Fokker D.VII, unlike the Camel, which was slower and had to be relegated to Close Air Support duty.
- Supermarine Spitfire - the pride of the RAF during the Battle of Britain and indisputably the most iconic fighter of the war. Any work of fiction mentioning the Battle will name-check this plane. Impressively, the Spitfire's basic design was not changed throughout its entire operational history, a feat unheard of in aviation of the World War period.
- Hawker Hurricane - this was actually around more during The Battle of Britain and credited with more kills than Spitfires in the Battle of Britain. Generally speaking, Hurricanes would target bombers while Spitfires attacked enemy fighters, although these weren't exclusive roles. The night-fighting capacity of the Hurricane helped considerably during the war.
- Hawker Typhoon - although unsuccessful as a high-altitude fighter, it inherited the high rate of turn of the Hurricane, and its Sabre engine had excellent low-altitude characteristics, which gave it the ability to fight the German Fw190 interceptor with ease. Later, it was used as a fighter-bomber, able to carry 8 unguided rockets or a pair of 1000-pound bombs, the former of which had a significant psychological effect on German tank crews.
- Hawker Tempest - developed as a fighter version of the Typhoon, using the filterless and more powerful Bristol Centaurus, but had to use the higher-drag Sabre due to a lack of supply. Tempests were able to destroy over 600 V-1 jet bombs in 3 months, and in Europe, they were able to shoot down 30 Me262 jet fighters.
- Hawker Sea Fury - although not strictly RAF, the Sea Fury was a further upgrade, finally using the Centaurus, as well as vastly lighter wings. This made the Sea Fury one of the fastest propeller planes of all time. Furthermore, a Royal Navy Sea Fury shot down an MiG 15 in Korea.
- Hawker Tempest - developed as a fighter version of the Typhoon, using the filterless and more powerful Bristol Centaurus, but had to use the higher-drag Sabre due to a lack of supply. Tempests were able to destroy over 600 V-1 jet bombs in 3 months, and in Europe, they were able to shoot down 30 Me262 jet fighters.
- De Havilland Mosquito, aka "The Wooden Wonder", a twin-engine, two-man high-speed interceptor/escort fighter/ground attack/photoreconnaisance/light bomber. Was equipped with everything from four 20mm cannons to a 57mm anti-tank gun to a 4,000 bomb affectionately called a Cookie. And yes, it was made mostly of wood, which gave it a very weak radar signature, effectively making it the first stealth aircraft. Had the lowest losses of any aircraft in RAF Bomber Command due to its blinding speed - while German interceptors were faster, by the time they reached interception altitude, the Mosquito usually had enough of a lead that they ran out of fuel before catching up. Ironically, the Germans regarded it as the ultimate evolution of their own "Schnellbomber" concept, or fast tactical bomber.
- Avro Lancaster - what dropped the "bouncing bomb," and the main aircraft of the night bombing offensive against Germany.
- English Electric Lightning- a very fast interceptor from the 1960s, with a climb rate that rivals the F-15, a plane a generation newer. The very first aircraft capable of supercruise. Even when its light armament and outdated sensors had rendered it hopelessly obsolete, the Lightning was the fighter everybody wanted to fly because of its sheer speed.
- Avro Vulcan - a British nuclear bomber, famous for its unmistakable delta-winged shape. During The Falklands War, pulled off what was then the longest-range bombing raid in history, via a lot of tanker support. The history book Vulcan 607 covers the first of these.
- Appears in Thunderball.
- Parts were used to make the dropship for Aliens. Fun fact is that the person who designed the interior of the Vulcan in Thunderball was Peter Lamont, production designer on Aliens.
- They also hold the rather cheeky reputation of having flown from the UK, "bombed" the USA cities on the East coast and then escaped to Canada without ever having been spotted by the US Defence Network during Exercise Skyshield. Twice.
- The Blackburn Buccaneer- A very low level attack aircraft designed for counter shipping above all purposes. Often confused OPFOR ships who were watching the skies for it...only for it to tear by their carrier below the level of the flight deck.
- 1 (F) Squadron: The first RAF squadron, participating in every conflict the RAF has turned up in, currently operating Typhoons in a close-air support role.
- 9 Squadron: Formerly based in Germany and once a nuclear Vulcan squadron, their Second World War before that basing saw a lot of firsts and also getting the first bomb hit on Tirpitz.
- 617 Squadron: AKA "The Dam Busters", as they were the unit who did that famous mission and also contributed to sinking Tirpitz. Today fly Tornado GR4 strike aircraft. Carry the very appropriate motto Apres moi, le deluge - Literally "After me, the flood".
- The Royal Air Force Regiment - not as well known as the rest of the military, these are an Infantry unit, "affectionately" nicknamed "rock apes". They get a lot of stick from the army (for not being a "proper" infantry unit as they seem to spend a lot of time guarding RAF bases) and from the RAF (for being allegedly thick).
- No. 1435 Flight: Who guard The Falkland Islands. Have four aircraft (Typhoons) named Faith, Hope, Charity and the reserve Desperation (the names come from the history of another island commonwealth of the British Empire, Malta, which defended itself against bombing raids with just three Gloster Gladiators, obsolete biplanes, of the same names).
- There were actually more than three planes, but only three in the air at any one time.
- The various Eagle Squadrons that served during World War II, manned by foreigners who traveled to Britain either to get back into the fight after their homelands had been conquered (such as 303 Squadron, manned by Polish airmen) or who had come from neutral countries to help Britain or to get at the Germans (such as the Trope Namers, 71, 121, and 133 Squadrons, manned by Americans before the US entry into the war.)
- "Wherever wood can swim, I find this flag of England!"-Napoleon Bonaparte, as he surrendered to Captain Frederick Maitland of HMS Bellerophon at Rochefort in 1815
- Type 45 Daring Class Destroyer- The current pride of the Navy. Often known as the "Billion pound ships" (despite only the first costing that) they were designed due to the lessons learned in the Falkland Islands. to that extent, they are often thought of as the most advanced anti-air ships around right now with a frankly absurd capability to individually target, lock and shoot down 48 planes...in less than twenty seconds. This number, strangely enough, is precisely how many planes the Argentinian Air Force had at the time the first destroyer was launched. the newspapers were, of course, very fast to point this out.
- This ship also is one of the stealthiest vessels on the seas for its size. Despite being an 8000 ton destroyer, it has the radar signature of a small fishing boat.
- Has become another member of the 'Fitted for but not with' brigade trope amongst the Royal Navy. Originally launched without CIWS, anti-ship missiles or its full silo design, they have at least recieved the first by now. The anti-ship missiles will arrive soon (taken from the Type-22's) and the larger silo is likely for the future upgrade that has been rumoured to focus on anti-ballistic missiles.
- These ships have an absolutely collosal growth potential for the future, which is one of the main reasons why the British went their own way from the more reserved and smaller Horizon class program with the French and Italians. A potential future Type 45 Daring class would have 72 strike length missile silos carrying Aster 30, Aster 15 and Tomahawk missiles, two quad-Harpoon launchers, two dual-Stingray Torpedo launchers, a 127mm gunnote , two Phalanx CIWS, two 30mm Autocannons, two miniguns, six GPMGs, a Command and Control war-room for total war scale actions and anti-ballistic missile defence systems, 72 Royal Marine Commandos with two deployable raiding boats and three maritime Wildcat helicopters. "Destroyer" indeed.
- Type 23 Duke Class Frigate- Originally designed as an anti-submarine vessel by specialisation, these vessels were quickly redesigned to be more multipurpose and currently form the backbone of the fleet. Despite this retasking, they still maintain their seriously advanced sub hunting technology with the Sonar 2087 system. This has been the embarrassment of many an allied submarine during exercises. Set to be replaced by the more modern but not vastly different Type 26 Global Combat Frigate. Once they figure out what it's to actually be like anyway.
- HMS Ocean- The primary helicopter carrier. Designed on the cheap to fill a gap, she has ended up being the surprise star of recent years by being far better than anyone ever expected she would be. Having performed combat missions in Libya, she successfully launched Apache gunships to cause significant trouble for Gaddafi.
- HMS Illustrious- Stripped of her Harriers, Old Lusty still chugs on by taking the position of helicopter carrier instead. Likely to be retired for good soon, it will be a sad moment as the Invincible class carriers finally disappear. There is a lot of lobbying to have her preserved.
- Trafalgar Class Submarine- A multipurpose design for sub hunting, land attack and general fleet duties. Beginning to slowly phase out as the long delayed Astute class comes online, the Trafalgar has had a surprisingly modest life for a Royal Navy submarine despite participating in many theatres and routinely causing some distress to Argentina any time they go near the Falklands. The Argentine Press still hasn't quite worked out that she doesn't carry nukes, you see. That, and what happened the last time an Argentine ship had an encounter with a British submarine.
- Astute Class Submarine- The replacement and what a replacement. Well, depending on who you ask. This troubled project has had everything from incredible exercise reports to immense press slander for failure for the simple reason that the technical knowhow on building this sort of project just didn't exist before they came to be. Thankfully, the end result has been a case of long winded bug correction into a truly steller program if you look past the problem child that was the firstborn HMS Astute herself.
- Basically everything the SAS is, except water navigation and combat swimmer capability added. SAS just gets more global publicity.
- Originally (in WW II) they were part of the SAS.
- Ironically, they're part of the reason for US Army Special Forces being associated with (and called) "Green Berets."
- Also in The Incredible Hulk, Blonsky (The Abomination) was retconned from a KGB agent into a Royal Marine, due to being played by Tim Roth. The Royal Marines are implied to be pretty badass by American standards in this movie.
- One of the Royal Marines units is the FPG (Fleet Protection Group) whose task is to guard the UK's naval assets. Their primary task is guarding the nuclear weapons but they are also stationed on ships to act as defence and boarding parties.
The UK Armed Forces in fiction:
- Crime dramas will sometimes have the armed forces involved, either dealing with veterans or active military-connected deaths (i.e. a murder at an Army base):
- If it involves veterans, the military will be pretty much invisible. They'll just be the people who send you the service files.
- It involves active duty military personnel or property, often the military will not be particularly nice. This will range from being uncooperative to actively covering the thing up. This behaviour will largely be done by the upper ranks.
- Squaddies (the enlistees) will often be somewhat violent when violence isn't called for, and a couple may do drugs (it was recently revealed the British Army was kicking out the equivalent of a battalion a year for narcotics use). Brushes with the civilian authorities for public drunkenness are few and far between, however, or at least seldom committed by the same soldier twice. One is advised to be careful in pubs in garrison towns.
- Any British Army officer up to 1945, and quite a few afterwards, will display all the characteristics of an Officer and a Gentleman to the letter. Any non-coms in the same series will have a regional accent and a 'Heart of Gold'.
- The 1942 classic In Which We Serve is the most famous British war movie of all time and is about the British navy. The plot is partly based on the the Battle of Crete (1941), where the destroyer ship "HMS Kelly" with Lord Louis Mountbatten on board was sank.
- No discussion of this subject is complete without the World War II RAF pilot, who will have a moustache, a leather flying jacket and silk scarf, and use several of the expressions in Stock British Phrases.
- Not forgeting the RFC Lord Flashearts
- Call of Duty features British forces in all four instalments (SAS in 1, 3, and 4; 7th Armoured Division in 2).
- But not the fifth, sadly.
- Dummied Out game models revealed that they planned to include a British campaign, but dropped it for unknown reasons.
- Modern Warfare 2 features the return of Captain Price and Soap MacTavish, who were SAS in Call of Duty 4 and have been requisitioned by Task Force 141 in MW2.
- But not the fifth, sadly.
- A major component of the European Federation's armed forces in Tom Clancy's Endwar consists of British forces on loan to the Enforcer Corps.
- In The Salvation War, the British (in conjunction with the Iranians) are up front for the Battle of al Badiyah al Janubiyah, where they break a flank of Abigor's army against their guns, mines, and razor wire, killing a notable portion of Abigor's cavalry and driving the survivors of that flank towards the main body. Over time the British military seems to revert to a supporting role, though because of the destruction of Sheffield the RAF is granted the courtesy of "opening" the Battle of the Phlegethon River with a bombing run, killing several hundred harpies before takeoff. In chapter 76 of Pantheocide however, it's heavily implied that the SAS are the first First-Life humans to enter the Eternal City.
- British military forces appear in The Patriot; unlike most of these other examples, they are presented as the antagonists. Then again, it was a film about The American Revolution.
- Subverted in 28 Days Later: the survivors encounter what appears to be a functioning unit of the army. We later learn they've gone rogue, although they maintain some semblance of military protocol. They were at least paranoid enough to surround their safe-zone with landmines, mortals and snipers... which couldn't exactly be said for their American counterparts in the sequel.
- The novel and movies (of which the most recent came out in 2002) The Four Feathers focus on the British efforts to fight the Mahdist Rebellion in late 19th-century Sudan, and as such naturally features the British Army (including the death of Major-General Charles George "Chinese" Gordon).
Media involving The UK Armed Forces in a major way (we are not counting series where they turn up for a story or two as guests):
- Redcap (1964-66) and Red Cap (2001-4): Although different shows, with no character links and the latter set in Germany - they both feature the Special Investigation Branch of the Royal Military Police. They Fight Crime. And wear scarlet covers on their caps.
- Soldier Soldier, essentially a long-running drama. Popular enough for two of the stars to have a novelty hit single.
- Doctor Who with UNIT, an ostensible United Nations force made up of British Army soldiers. Also appeared in other stories. Once, the RAF tried to nuke a nuclear power station; it didn't work.
- Ultimate Force, a TV series about the Special Air Service.
- The film Dog Soldiers, when not mucking about with werewolves, presents a relatively accurate portrayal of the way squaddies talk and act with one another.
- Making Waves, a British TV series from 2004 about a warship. It was cancelled because of poor ratings (The viewing figures weren't much better).
- The British military in various forms plays a role in many of Tom Clancy's works, usually in a supporting role to the US Army/Navy, but is itself almost always portrayed as highly competent. One of his most famous novels, Rainbow Six, had the SAS as major players, representing around half the Rainbow staff, including their intelligence, and most of the Rainbow troopers are British SAS and various American special forces.
- In The Hunt for Red October, given the deployment of various forces, a RN carrier group is tasked with covering the US east coast while shuffling forces around to intercept the titular submarine. As the admiral commanding the carrier group notes, with humor, they're covering the US coast for the first time since the American Revolution.
- Battlefield 1942 and its Road to Rome and Secret Weapons of WWII expansions featured the British army, air force, and on one limited occasion, its navy as the Allied nation on some maps, though in the original game they almost always use standard (read: American) equipment and weapons, though they grow more diverse in the expansion. One or two of the multiplayer maps are the second time the British-Japanese front in India during WWII has ever been depicted in a video game.
- As well as Hidden and Dangerous 2, which featured the Japanese theatre of war in one of the campaigns. Also in H&D you play as, up to four, British SAS soldiers all throughout the game.
- World War II Online prominently features the British Expeditionary Force, the Royal Air Force and the Royal Navy fighting alongside the French.
- The Strategy game Company of Heroes: Opposing Fronts, the Stand-alone sequel of Company of Heroes, largely is a homage to the British Armed forces, who saw action in europe after 1943, alongside the Americans from the original game. It features the 2. Army in the campaign, and further also the Royal Engineers (Sappers too), Royal Scots, Royal Commandos, Royal Artillery, and the Canadians, as well. Not to mention the various lieutenants, captains and The Major. This Troper guesses, that this is the advantage of having a Canadian developer's studio. After all, they were and still are part of the commonwealth...
- Dad's Army has the Home Guard which, while not an official part of the armed forces, had a lot of ex-servicemen in it's ranks and was eventually equipped with the same small arms.
- Sharpe involves numerous regiments and battalions of the army during the Napoleonic Wars.
- Horatio Hornblower is a naval officer during the Wars of French Revlution and the Napoleonic Wars. Due to the series' popularity amongst American readers, the author was careful to avoid having the hero involved in any of Britain's conflicts with the United States (for example, sending Hornblower to help the Russians fight a French invasion in 1812). A Retcon in later books established that he was born on July 4th, 1776.
- The Navy Lark radio sitcom centred on the most incompetent crew in the Royal Navy.
- The radio series Deep Trouble, set on an accident-prone nuclear submarine with a zoned-out captain and neurotic weapons officer, gives it a run for its money.
- The fourth season of the Brit Com Blackadder puts main character Edmund Blackadder in the trenches during World War One. Once there, here receives the full payload of one Upper-Class Twit (Hugh Laurie), the Royal Flying Corps led by good old Flashheart, and General Melchett, stupid but perilious, meaning that he is willing to put the lives of millions of his own soldiers in danger with each attack.
"Where is this battle plan?"
"We have a battle plan, sir?"
"Of course we do. How else do you think our battles are directed?"
"Our battles are directed, sir?"
- In the British Fantasy series Redwall, there is not much resembling a real army. Still, occasionally an organized force consisting of hares makes an appearance (they resemble an army by far more). It is an obvious parody to the British Army; the soldiers are uniformed, and have a typical I say - lifestyle. According to the Author, Brian Jacques, they should resemble the light-headed characteristics of British Airmen from WW2 (Royal Air Force). Additionally, they have a very detailed hierarchy, ranging from Runners to Generals. They even have one specific rank, found in the British army only: Colour Sergeant. Interestingly, also a typical American rank appears: Master Sergeant.
- The 1955 film The Dam Busters, a mostly-historical account of the exploits of the above-mentioned RAF 617 Squadron during World War II. Quite famous in its own right, it also served as inspiration for the Star Wars "trench run", and appeared several times in the background of Pink Floyd The Wall.
- One of the favorites to use as a model for a Space Navy. Honor Harrington being a fine example - while initially based on Hornblower, it's grown far beyond that.
- Lawrence of Arabia is of course about T. E. Lawrence, who was a lieutenant-colonel in the British Army (serving in the intelligence division of the Middle East command). His work with the Arabs was intended by the Foreign Office's Arab Bureau and the Army to help Britain take Ottoman Syria, and we see the British forces come in late in the movie.
- Some Call of Duty games feature a British campaign. The protagonists of Modern Warfare are two SAS commandos.
- They are a playable faction in World of Tanks having thirty five playable tanks in their tech tree. Notable for starting with very specialized vehicle lines that evolve into well-balanced machines as the research progresses. Tend to have better armour than other tanks of their tier in exchange for being slower, particularly for their heavy tanks. Also notable for preferring guns with low damage outputs but good accuracy and very high rates of fire.
- The British Armed Forces is a playable NATO country in Wargame: European Escalation and AirLand Battle.
- Bluestone42 - a British bomb-disposal team in Afghanistan during Operation Herrick.
- Heavily featured in the Sandokan novels, in which their combination of heavier firepower than their opponents (Indian armies and criminals of the 19th century and Indian Ocean pirates of the same era) and massive amounts of Genre Savvy, Combat Pragmatism and fully justified paranoia make them near undefeatable (the only time they really risked being defeated was the novel The Two Tigers, featuring the Mutiny of 1857 in which they had to face their own mutinous troops from the Presidency Armies, and even then they swiftly gained the upper hand as soon as they brought in reinforcements).
- Many regiments of Warhammer 40,000's Imperial Guard regiments are very strongly based on historical British forces. The Tallarns are an army of Lawrence of Arabia clones, while the Praetorians are Zulu War-era soldiers with lasguns. It helps, of course, that Games Workshop (the publishers of the game) are based in Nottingham.
- George MacDonald Fraser's Flashman series is an excuse to have one character be present at pretty much every major event of the Victorian Era — Harry Flashman serves (unwillingly) in Afghanistan, the Crimea, the Mutiny, the Opium War, the Zulu War, and the Boxer Rebellion, snarking about famous figures all the way.
- His McAuslan is a not-quite-fictional series about life in the Gordon Highlanders between 1945-47 in North Africa and Edinburgh. It successfully invokes the culture of the Scottish regiments of the period as well as their rich history. Its Spiritual Prequel Quartered Safe Out Here is a nonfictional memoir of the Border Regiment in Burma during 1945.