Useful Notes: Arizona

Bobby: 111 degrees?! Phoenix really can't be that hot, can it? Oh my God, it's like standing on the sun!
Peggy: This city should not exist. It is a monument to man's arrogance.

Arizona, the 48th and last state admitted in the continental United States, celebrated its centennial in 2012. It's best known for having the Grand Canyon, the Saguaro cactus and the Sonoran desert, and plenty of other noteworthy attractions. And for being really hot. The Grand Canyon state offers unique interesting subjects seen nowhere else in the United States or the rest of the Earth.

First, let's start off by explaining the significance of this state. Arizona doesn't have the same rate of entertainment born from there like the neighboring state of California. In other words, Arizona is not a place with nothing at all. Its capital, Phoenix, is already among the largest cities in the United States, and it's the biggest capital overall.note  The mining industry fuels commercial growth throughout the state, where the predominant mineral extracted is copper, earning the state the nickname "the Copper state".

Speaking of the natural features, the Grand Canyon is among the biggest canyons in the world, being 277 miles long and up to 18 miles wide.

Also of note, the state of Arizona has had one ship of the United States Navy named in its honor, the battleship USS Arizona (BB-39). If you've ever seen footage of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, you have likely seen footage of the Arizona's forward magazine exploding, resulting in the loss of the ship and 1,177 of her crew.

And so here are some towns and cities:

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    Northern Arizona 
  • Colorado City (formerly Short Creek): On the Utah border and north of the Grand Canyon, synonymous with the fundamentalist/polygamist Mormon sects there. Where the Warren Jeffs clan was based before the move to Texas. Also in 1953 the Governor set a armed raid to break up the polygamists but ended up in a PR disaster.
  • Flagstaff: Largest city in northern Arizona. Best known as one of the cities in the country with the most days of sunshine, despite not being in a desert. Route 66 crosses the city.
  • Holbrook: Town founded along with the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad (acquired by the Santa Fe railway; now BNSF Railway). A Route 66 town, it's situated close to Petrified Forest State Park.
  • Kingman: County seat of Mohave County, which is the county in the northwestern section of Arizona. Also has Route 66.
  • Page: Situated near Glen Canyon Dam and Lake Powell by the northern Utah border.
  • Seligman: A town located at what is called the heart of Route 66. Has been used as a reference for Radiator Springs from the Cars films.
  • Winslow: Another one of the Route 66 towns, it has a railroad station hotel and fame from The Eagles' song "Take it Easy". Gateway to Meteor Crater, its most famous attraction.

    Central Arizona 
  • Camp Verde: Has the largest Kokopelli (Native American fertility deity) statue. Mentioned in Paul.
  • Cottonwood: A town that's southwest of Sedona.
  • Prescott: Former capital of Arizona, this city's downtown is very historical, some buildings dating from the 19th century. Alan Dean Foster lives here.
  • Sedona: A small city famous for the bright red rocky landscapes surrounding it. It has a small but thriving community of New Agers.
  • Wickenburg: A large town which touts itself as the Dude Ranch capital of the world. Still strives today as an Old West themed town.

    Phoenix Area 
There's a reason this area of the state is called the Valley of the Sun: It experiences most of the high temperatures in the state, particularly during summer (the highest temperature ever recorded in Phoenix was something like 128 Fahrenheit. Contrary to locals' time-worn assertions that "at least it's a dry heat", Phoenix and its surrounding cities usually experience a few weeks of humidity during the annual monsoon season.

  • Phoenix: The capital and principal city of the state.
  • Avondale: Location of the Phoenix International Raceway, despite not directly located on Phoenix.
  • Buckeye: Westernmost city in the Phoenix metropolitan area, which currently sees the fastest growth rates in the area. Upton Sinclair of The Jungle fame lived here in one of his last years.
  • Chandler: A city in the southeast part of the area that is home to most of the area's technology development industries.
  • Gilbert: Largest incorporated town by population in the United States.
  • Glendale: The city where the NFL Cardinals are currently based at. Their stadium hosted the 2015 Super Bowl.
  • Goodyear: Named from the Goodyear company (yes, that tire company), where they established cotton farms for their tires.
  • Maricopa: The southernmost city in the area, over ten miles away from the "body" of the metro area. Sometimes known for having the only Amtrak station in the area.
  • Mesa: Founded by Latter-Day Saints in the 19th century, this city contains most of the Valley's LDS population, including a Mormon temple (renowned for its Christmas-season display of lights). It's famous for serving the spring training base of the Chicago Cubs.
  • Peoria: Site of the Luke Air Force Base. One of the dominant cities in the northwest part of the area.
  • Scottsdale: An affluent city located northeast of Phoenix filled with nightlife amenities. It's the Arizona version of Beverly Hills and South Beach.
  • Surprise: A city in the northwest corner of the Phoenix area. It's a winter training place for two Major League Baseball teams.
  • Tempe: Home of the Arizona State University's primary campus, as well as US Airways and the aforementioned university's Sun Devils sports team. Birthplace of the nationwide ice cream chain Cold Stone Creamery. Acknowledged as one of the central axes of the Valley's music scene, and politically the farthest-left of any city in the Phoenix area.

    Western Arizona 
  • Bullhead City: Located in the Colorado River, this small city hosts the annual River Regatta event, and is across the river from the casino strip of Laughlin, Nevada.
  • Lake Havasu City: City in western Arizona on the Colorado River. Best known for the London Bridge, which gave it a special relationship to London in the United Kingdom.
  • Parker: A town on the Colorado River. Home of one of the deepest dams in the world, which is front of Lake Havasu. No one is sure to pick who is the namesake of the town, since there's either Ely Parker, first Native American commisioner for the nation's government, or Earl Parker, a railroad surveyor and engineer. Appeared in Fast Five.
  • Poston: A tiny town 15 miles south of Parker, known for having one of the largest Japanese American internment camps that operated during World War 2.
  • Quartzsite: A town notable for having a huge number of winter residents between November and Spring in every year. These residents are usually from the northern states or Canada. This period is when Quartzsite hosts flea markets and gem shows from its winter residents.

    Southern Arizona 
  • Tucson: Largest city in southern Arizona and the oldest incorporated city in the state, which is 100 miles southeast of Phoenix. Home to the University of Arizona's campus. It has a aircraft boneyard in the Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, and many companies that develops optics here. A bit more left in politics than the Phoenix area.
  • Benson: A former Southern Pacific railroad town. Considered to be a gateway to the Kartchner Caverns State Park.
  • Bisbee: A town located near the southeast corner of the state. It has well preserved mining scenes from the past, and is built largely on the walls of a canyon, making for many winding roads and a lot of stairs. Come for the scenic vistas, stay for the cardio.
  • Douglas: A town that's also located close to the southeast corner. Situated next to the Mexican border, it was used to be a smelting town with ore from Bisbee. One of the state's most famous hotels, the Gadsden Hotel, is in Douglas.
  • Gila Bend: A town located southwest of Phoenix and east of Yuma.
  • Sierra Vista: Another town in the southeast corner of the state and one of the largest there, it primarily serves Fort Huachuca to the northwest, and thus combined with its proximity to the border is largely populated by military families, border patrol agents and their families, and retirees. Also a popular bird-watching destination, bearing the nickname "the Hummingbird Capital of the United States."
  • Tombstone: Town that's best known for the quick gunfight in 1881 when Wyatt Earp and lawmen fought several outlaws at the O.K. Corral.
  • Yuma: A small city along the Colorado River near the state's southwest corner. Mostly sunny all year as well. There is an agriculture industry, but it couldn't resist the city from one of the highest rates of unemployment in the country, unfortunately.

    Eastern Arizona 
  • Clifton: Town in eastern Arizona where a particularly ugly copper mine strike occurred in the early 1980s.
  • Snowflake: One of the few remaining towns that has a logging business in the state. The town's papermill shut down in 2012, causing a potential economic decline in the town and it's railroad, the Apache Railway.
  • Safford: A primary setting for the film Lost in America.
  • Show Low: A town in the forests within the Mogollon Rim, a highland in eastern Arizona. Many celebrities have secondary homes here.
  • Superior: Town where several films such as How the West Was Won and The Prophecy were filmed.