The traditional stories of the Aboriginal people of Australia
The time before the Europeans come to Australia, though some particular myths have told the story about a white man that came to their land, bringing either great things or great harm. While the myths as a whole tend to be rather diverse, there are some common elements among the various aboriginal myths.
In those times they lived in tribes, each tribe having different myths, so they will vary.
A collection can be found here
and another here
Writers who are thinking of incorporating these myths into their works should be aware that some Aboriginal people feel that a form of "cultural copyright" exists on their traditional stories, and may object to them being used by someone from outside their tribe or culture.
Tropes associated with the Aboriginal Australian Myths:
- Animal Motifs: A lot. A notable one would be the "Rainbow Serpent"
- Creation Myth: Like most oral traditions, it has one- actually loads. Known as "Dreaming."
- There is also the story of Baiame, who created the world.
- Creating Life Is Awesome: The sun goddess, Yhi's motivation until she started hearing complains from her creations.
- Determinator: Wilkuda, a young boy who tracked down a kangaroo for many days before finally killing it with his dog.
- End of an Age: In the Lake Eyre myths, the deserts of Central Australia used to be a much more fertile place.
- All Myths Are True: When humans first arrived in Australia, it was wetter and heavily vegetated. A combination of climate change at the end of the Ice Age and fire farming led to Australia's desertification.
- Trickster Archetype: Bamapana, the trickster god from tales of the Yolngu people.