Part 2 of the Canonical List of Subtle Trope Distinctions. Items are sorted alphabetically by whichever trope is alphabetically first; if you're looking for one in specific, use the "Find" or "Search" function of your Web browser.
Raygun Gothic was the predominant aesthetic of science fiction from the Real Life 1920's through the 1950's; these days, it's mainly used for sci-fi that's deliberately trying to be retro. It's a relatively shiny and optimistic vision of the (then-) future.
Diesel Punk is Punk Punk fiction set in a fictionalized version of the 1920's to the 1950's. It basically bridges the gap between Steam Punk and Cyber Punk. It's a relatively recent genre; the term "dieselpunk" was coined in 2001.
Canon Discontinuity: Certain events in a narrative are dismissed and ignored by the work itself.
Fanon Discontinuity: Certain events in a narrative are dismissed and ignored, as if they never happened, by the fandom.
Retcon: Certain events in a narrative are re-presented so that things happened differently than originally portrayed.
Dork Age: Certain events in a narrative are considered an embarrassment or a low point by all involved, and are generally ignored, except for the occasional Continuity Gag or "What were we thinking" reference.
Disposable Vagrant is when an impoverished person or persons is killed or exploited by others because anything that happens to them is unlikely to be noticed by the public or authorities at large; moreover, people targeting them usually have a personal goal to attain (i.e. completing a scientific study or research).
Kill the Poor is when an impoverished person or persons is killed or exploited simply for being poor; individuals targeting the poor in this scenario deliberately want to eliminate their population.
Dissonant Serenity is when a character is unnaturally calm, sometimes even happy, when being violent. Insanity is usually involved.
Tranquil Fury implies that the character is angry within, but actively controlling and reining in this rage, rather than being outright collected.
Both of the above are distinct from The Stoic in that the characters using them will normally display emotions like regular people, but only become chill when a situation is serious. The Stoic is always emotionless.
A Dolled-Up Installment is when a production begins as a stand-alone project, then someone makes mention that it has a resemblance to a prior story or franchise. So instead of starting from scratch, they buy the rights and change the current script using the names from the older work.
In Name Only is when a production is slated from the beginning to be an adaptation, but the resulting production has only a superficial resemblance to the source material, usually with cries of Adaptation Decay.
Gender Flip doesn't involve an actual sex change: A character is re-designed, out-of-universe, as the opposite gender of what the audience knew them to be. In-universe, the character actually was born that way to begin with.
Basic rule of thumb: if you can point to one of the instances of the character and say "that's the original one", it's a case of Enemy Without; if all the copies have an equal claim on being the original, it's a Literal Split Personality.
These all refer to speculation made by the audience about a show, the first two differ based on their subject.
Epileptic Trees are guesses about something internal to the show's story - Character A is Character B's father, Character C is really working for Faction D, etc.
Everyone Is Jesus in Purgatory refers to speculation about the allegorical meaning of the show - Character A represents Stalin, the war is a metaphor for the conflict between science and religion, etc.
Stupid Sexy Flanders is simply the phenomenon of someone experiencing unwarranted sexual attraction towards a member of a sex they usually aren't attracted to. Usually Played for Laughs. Different from the Gay Moment in that its origins are sexual.
Only Known by Their Nickname is different in that a character is referred to by any old nickname, as opposed to a word or term that refers exclusively to a person's job or something else that they're known for. Otherwise, it's pretty much the same.
No Name Given is when a character may go by title or a nickname, but his actual name is never stated.
In Family Versus Career, a woman with a family and a career is forced to choose between the two, usually in favor of the former and with the implication that that is what a woman should choose.
In Never a Self-Made Woman, whether or not a woman gives up her career is unimportant. This trope is about female characters always being less important than their lovers, brothers and fathers, and how women as a whole are unable to achieve anything of worth without the help of a man, except homemaking.
Filler is taking a Myth Arc-based series and interweaving additional stories that ultimately do not influence the Myth Arc. Sometimes, no one ever references the filler material because it was that unimportant.
Padding is when the normal story is slowed down to a crawl. No side stories are given but characters might just have a long conversation before they actually get anything accomplished.
Wacky Wayside Tribe is when you are in the midst of the main story when troublesome, unfortunate and unrelated things happen just to give the characters a harder time.
The Five-Bad Band is a team of bad guys who are carefully organized to complement each others skills. They are most often the primary group of bad guys that the heroes have to defeat and they include specific tropes such as the Big Bad and The Dragon.
A Quirky Miniboss Squad are a group of footsoldiers or Lieutenants to the Big Bad who can include The Dragon as a leader, but in general are just a collection of skilled warriors to challenge the heroes. Their personality quirks don't necessarily dictate their defining role in the group.
A "Funny Aneurysm" Moment is when something originally intended as being funny (or lighthearted or heartwarming) makes people uncomfortable when seen in reruns or looked back upon, because of tragic later events in the series or in real life.
Harsher in Hindsight is when later events cause a scene that was already dark and disturbing to start with to be become even creepier.
Hilarious in Hindsight is when later events (in the fiction or in real life) cause a scene to be even funnier than it previously was.
A Narm is a scene that is not intended to be funny to begin with, but ends up being perceived that way for whatever reason.
A Funny Animal is an anthropomorphized animal with a bipedal stance and human mannerisms, but their visual style retains something of the animal's proportions. For example, Daffy Duck still has a "duck-shaped" body. Most likely to be a Half-Dressed Cartoon Animal.
Petting Zoo People resemble a human body with an animal's head and tail substituted. Has human mannerisms. Usually wears clothing but doesn't (necessarily) require them, character posesses the same body fur/feathers/scale as the animal. Very common in the Furry Fandom.
Little Bit Beastly characters resemble a human with only the animal's ears and tail present. Has human mannerisms; would be obviously naked without their clothes on.