At the end, when the British Indian Army Riflemen fire at the Thuggees, because they are using blanks, which have no recoil, one rifleman is short-stroking his rifle. He is only drawing back the bolt 3/4 of the way before the brass breaks loose from the extractor claw, then tries to load a fresh round before he has expended the spent brass. This causes both rounds to jam in the chamber, and takes him several seconds to clear it by pulling back hard on the bolt.
This, along with Gremlins, is partially responsible for the making of the PG-13 rating because of its dark content.
Temporarily banned in India due to its offensive representation of their culture. The writers claimed any inaccuracies were supposed to be deliberate clues that Mola Ram was evil.
Not a ban, per se, but the uncut version of the film wasn't released in the UK until the 2012 Blu-ray. Previously, about one minute of violence and gore was cut in order to secure a PG rating as the 12 rating didn't exist at the time. (As noted above, there was also some drama about the rating in the US.)
California Doubling: For obvious reasons, they weren't allowed to film in India. It was filmed in Sri Lanka.
Content Warning: One American poster featured the phrase "This film may be too intense for younger children" at the bottom corner (The poster for Jaws also had that same inscription). Judging by the subsequent controversy, it's obvious that parents did not heed that warning.
Spielberg has stated in his interviews that Temple of Doom was his least favorite of the Indiana Jones films, and the best thing about it is that he met Kate Capshaw while making it.
In the 2003 documentary about the film, Capshaw was very critical of Willie's character, saying that all she does is scream.
According to some sources star Harrison Ford himself was not entirely comfortable with the film's story and, again, according to some sources, he was not entirely happy with how the film turned out either.
The predictable reaction to the racist characterizations in this movie (more pronounced in this film than the others) stands as a hard lesson learned by Spielberg; a lesson he took to heart in 2011 when he adapted Tintin, which itself has similarly come under fire for racist depictions.
Creator Breakdown: The film was produced while George Lucas was going through a divorce, and Steven Spielberg was going through a breakup as well, hence the scene where a sacrificial victim gets his heart ripped out and set ablaze. Lucas has admitted that this may be why the film was made so much Darker and Edgier than its predecessor. It may also explain why Willie is an annoying collection of sexist stereotypes as opposed to the somewhat better female characters in the other films.
It probably could be one explanation for the "Shiva is good, Kali is evil" dynamic of Mola Ram's cult. Shiva & Kali are a couple and the masculine & feminine halves of Deity. It's like Shiva & Kali got a divorce. However, this is clearly a heresy on Mola Ram's part rather than Spielberg & Lucas' beliefs or the beliefs of Hinduism.
Fake Shemp: As Harrison Ford injured his back while filming the scene where Indy is being strangled in his room, stuntman Vic Armstrong did as many scenes as possible while Ford recovered, even the simpler stunts Ford himself could have done easily.
Mean Character, Nice Actor: The late Amrish Puri, the Indian professional wrestler turned-actor, who played the heart-ripping Mola Ram in Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, and went on to play several Bollywood villains, is said by both Harrison Ford and Steven Spielberg to have been a sweet and lovely man.
Much of the original sword fight that would have been between Indy and the swordsman he shot instead made it into the sword fight where Indy tries the same thing, but his gun is missing.
The minecart chase was originally planned for Raiders (and even storyboarded) but had to be cut for pacing reasons.
Indy was originally to find the headpiece to the Staff of Ra in Shanghai, but the scene was cut before shooting. Elements of it (like Indy covering from gunfire behind a rolling gong) are in the opening of "Temple".
The villain buying the pilots in Indy's plane, who parachute and leave him to crash, but he saves himself by using an inflatable raft to soften the impact. This was going to happen before Indy arrived in Egypt in Raiders.
There was originally a chase on The Great Wall of China.
Sharon Stone auditioned for Willie. She played a similar role in the Alan Quatermain films.
Spielberg originally wanted to bring Marion Ravenwood back, with Abner Ravenwood being considered as a possible character.
Lawrence Kasdan was asked to write the script. but he refused the offer. "I didn't want to be associated with Temple of Doom," he reflected. "I just thought it was horrible. It's so mean. There's nothing pleasant about it. I think Temple of Doom represents a chaotic period in both their [Lucas and Spielberg] lives, and the movie is very ugly and mean-spirited."
Lucas's initial idea for Indiana's sidekick was a virginal young princess, but the writers and Spielberg disliked the idea.