A comic play by Creator/GeorgeBernardShaw set during UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution, which tells of the title character, Richard Dudgeon, and his opposite, the Rev. Anthony Anderson, and the events which follow when British soldiers come to arrest Anderson for treason and Dudgeon takes his place. A further element is how Anderson's wife, Judith, rapidly goes from loathing Dudgeon to falling in love with him. Adapted into a movie several times; most notably in 1959, starring Creator/KirkDouglas as Richard Dudgeon, Creator/BurtLancaster as Anthony Anderson, and Creator/LaurenceOlivier as General Burgoyne.
!!Provides examples of:
* AntiVillain: General Burgoyne is the perfect gentleman, and obviously respects Dudgeon.
* EasyEvangelism: Dudgeon is able to bring Judith and Anthony Anderson around to his viewpoint in record time.
* GrandInquisitorScene: Gen. Burgoyne doesn't want to hang Dudgeon, but it's his duty.
* HonorBeforeReason: Dudgeon switches places with Anderson to save him from being arrested by the British. Upon learning this, Anderson promptly sets out to return the favor (instead of using the chance to run for his life).
* HourglassPlot: Dudgeon and Anderson switch places to a great extent over the course of the play, and Anderson even wants to further this by giving his wife to Dudgeon and demanding that Dudgeon join the clergy.
* IAteWhat: Subverted in the film version. After eating a bowl of soup, General Burgoyne asks one of his men what was in it. Clearly expecting this reaction, the soldier admits that it was rattlesnake. General Burgoyne doesn't even miss a beat before pronouncing it delicious.
* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy: Anthony tries to do the noble thing and let Judith go off with Richard, but Richard knows the Andersons belong together, and in the end Anthony and Judith ride away.
* JustFollowingOrders: The attitude of most of the British officers, especially when they're hanging Dudgeon.
* LesCollaborateurs: Rev. Parshotter is a Loyalist who tells the colonists to do as they're told.
* LoveTriangle: One develops pretty rapidly between Anthony, Judith, and Richard.
* NiceToTheWaiter: Richard is the only person in his family who is kind to the family servant Essie. He comes across as better than the Andersons, who, while nicer to Essie, are also highly patronizing.
* PunchPunchPunchUhOh: A British officer breaks a chair over Anthony's back. Anthony gives him a surprised look. The officer punches Anthony in the face. Another look. Another punch, another look. Cue a look of utter terror from the officer, before Anthony punches him across the room.
* StopMotion: Used with puppets to provide some exposition over scene transitions.
* TitleDrop: Richard calls himself "the devil's disciple".
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: PlayedWith by the closing narration.
-->'''Dick Dudgeon''': The rest of this story is pure fiction. Rest assured, you can believe every word of it.