Theatre: Sera Myu

aka: Sailor Moon

The Sailor Moon Musicals. Yes, really. And they're great.

Shortly after the grand and successful debut of The Pretty Sailor Soldier Of Justice in 1992, the decision was made of adapting the work -- originally a manga, later an anime -- into a musical.

And thus, one fateful day in August 11 1993, right between the first two seasons of the popular anime, the very first musical hits the scene. And like anything with "Sailor Moon" in it's name, it proved to be a massive success. How big? The original set of musicals ("Musical Specials") produced by Toei Animation lasted up to 2005 before hitting a "short hiatus". And this isn't counting whatever related content, such as Behind The Scenes fare, also got released.

The first set of musicals — A collection of 29 seasonal Musical Specials that ran for over 800 performances, started by being loose adaptations of storylines from the anime and manga: the Sailor Soldiers' struggles against the Dark Kingdom, the Black Moon Clan, the Death Busters, the Dead Moon Circus and the Shadow Galactica all got adapted. Multiple times, in fact (but more about that later). This, however, led to one unfortunate thing: after the manga and anime ended, and the musicals began their version of Sailor Stars, rumors were circulating about the inevitable demise of the musicals. Did we mention this was around musical eleven in 1997? The massive fan support at the time basically saved the musicals from an early grave, but since there was no more source material to adapt, the musicals began introducing their own storylines, or re-adapting previous content with new twists. Thus, the world was blessed with (in no particular order) robot pirates from thousands of years ago, vampires, werewolves, Artificial Humans, talking cats represented by people in cat suits (besides Artemis and Luna), Sailor Galaxia and Queen Beryl teaming up, and various other things.

Here, here, a list of the original set of musicals:

    Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon Musical Specials 
Sera Myu, as the musicals are colloquially known, are officially divided in Three Stages (not four as it's generally assumed because there were four actresses who played Sailor Moon — the proper term for the division by actress is a Generation). The bold italics marks musicals that were never recorded, thus not released on home video. Some terminology: Kaiteiban is the revised edition of a musical.

First Stage

Stars Anza Ohyama as the first Sailor Moon.

  1. Sailor Moon - Gaiden Dark Kingdom Fukkatsu Hen (1993 Summer Special): The start of it all. It proved quite popular and paved the way for things to come. Notable that this and its revision are the only musicals to feature Luna and Artemis. The plot occurs after the end of the first season, with the Dark Kingdom being revived.
  2. Sailor Moon - Gaiden Dark Kingdom Fukkatsu Hen (Kaiteiban) (1994 Winter Special): All that remains from it are promotional pamphlets and such things. Last musical with Luna and Artemis, who are essentially slapped with Chuck Cunningham Syndrome — They're never mentioned or referenced in subsequent musicals. First revised version of a musical. A few changes in the plot, such as the DD Girls being present and one song about Summer changed for, well, a song about Winter.
  3. Sailor Moon - Bishoujo Senshi Sailor Moon Super Spring Festival (1994 Spring Special): Part of a bigger Sailor Moon event, also features the same basic plot as the previous two.
  4. Sailor Moon S - Usagi Ai no Senshi e no Michi (1994 Summer Special): Very loose adaptation of the events of the third season of the anime. Debut of Super Sailor Moon, Chibiusa and her alterego Sailor Chibi Moon, and Sailors Uranus and Neptune. Sailor Pluto only appears as a cameo of sorts.
  5. Sailor Moon S - Henshin - Super Senshi e no Michi (1995 Winter Special): Judging by promotional material, it would've marked the debut of the other Super Sailor Soldiers. First direct appearance of Sailor Pluto.
  6. Sailor Moon S - Henshin - Super Senshi e no Michi (Kaiteiban) (1995 Spring Special): As usual.
  7. Sailor Moon SuperS - Yume Senshi - Ai - Eien ni... (1995 Summer Special): Loose adaptation of the fourth season, with the debut of Hotaru Tomoe.
  8. Sailor Moon SuperS - (Kaiteiban) Yume Senshi - Ai - Eien ni... Saturn Fukkatsu Hen! (1996 Spring Special): As the title implies, the debut of Hotaru's Sailor Soldier form: Sailor Saturn. Also, the debut of Eternal Sailor Moon.
  9. Sailor Moon SuperS - Bishoujo Senshi Sailor Moon SuperS Special Musical Show (1996 Early Summer Special): Last musical that wasn't released. Similar plot to the last two.
  10. Sailor Moon Sailor Stars (1996 Summer Special): Debut of the Sailor Starlights, and notable in that half of the Sailor Animamates are changed (Sailor Lead Crow and Sailor Aluminum Seiren were replaced by Sailor Titanium Kerokko and Sailor Silver Fox).
  11. Sailor Moon Sailor Stars (Kaiteiban) (1997 Winter Special)
  12. Eien Densetsu (1997 Summer Special): Somewhat similar plot to the last two, with the added twist of Queen Beryl being revived and having her work with Sailor Galaxia. First appearance of Princess Kakyuu and Chibi Chibi.
  13. Eien Densetsu (Kaiteiban) - The Final First Stage (1998 Winter Special): Available in video both the normal performance and the very heavily adlibbed (and quite emotive) "Senshuuraku" (Final Day) performance. Features a touching goodbye of most of the original cast.

Second Stage

In order, Fumina Hara, Miyuki Kanbe and Marina Kuroki get their turn as Sailor Moon. Ends because of various events: the retirement of Akiko Yanag (choreographer, who has been working on Sera Myu since the start), the death of Kayoko Fuyumori (lyricist for most songs, also since the start) and the fact it also features their own version of the Sailor Stars arc (thus, the end).

  1. Shin Densetsu Kourin (1998 Summer Special): Notable in that is an odder version of the previous two musicals: it adds the Amazon Trio into the mix with Beryl and Galaxia. Debut of Fumina Hara as Sailor Moon.
  2. Kaguya Shima Densetsu (1999 Spring Special): The first story featuring a completely original plot, not based on previous material of the franchise. Sailor Moon and company end stranded in a mysterious island after being set a trap by the new enemies and attacked by what turned out to be the other good guys of the story. Who are a pirate princess welding an sword-key-gun and her band of bumbling pirate robots, fighting against the personification of a Comet with direct course to earth.
  3. Kaguya Shima Densetsu (Kaiteiban) Natsuyasumi! Houseki Tankentai (1999 Summer Special): The revised version of the above, with better special effects for some scenes. Last musical with Fumina Hara as Sailor Moon.
  4. Shin/Henshin - Super Senshi e no Michi - Last Dracul Jokyoku (2000 Winter Special): The debut of Miyuki Kanbe as Sailor Moon. The start of the Dracul Trilogy, which pits our heroines and heroes against various mythical european monsters — Most notably, Dracula (or Dracul as he is called here) and his daughter. Is also something of a reinterpretation of the previous Sailor Moon S musical. With vampires.
  5. Kessen/Transylvania no Mori - Shin Toujou! Chibi Moon wo Mamoru Senshi-tachi (2000 Summer Special): The second musical in the trilogy, featuring the Amazoness Quartet as Artificial Humans.
  6. Kessen/Transylvania no Mori (Kaiteiban) - Saikyou no Kataki Dark Cain no Nazo (2001 Winter Special): Revised version of the above. It features changes to the plot that are important to the sequel.
  7. Chou Wakusei Death Vulcan no Fuuin (2001 Spring Special): Last musical with Miyuki Kanbe, and the final entry in the Dracul Trilogy.
  8. Tanjou! Ankoku no Princess Black Lady (2001 Summer Special): First musical with Marina Kuroki as the lead. Something of an adaptation of Sailor Moon R, which actually never got touched in the first stage.
  9. Tanjou! Ankoku no Princess Black Lady (Kaiteiban) - Wakusei Nemesis no Nazo (2002 Winter Special): Revised version of the above. Notable for including the Outer Soldiers (Uranus, Neptune and Pluto), when the previous musical nor the source material did.
  10. 10th Anniversary Festival - Ai no Sanctuary (2002 Spring Special): Notable for being in two parts — First the musical proper (Ai no Sanctuary, Sanctuary of Love) and then a talk show featuring previous stars of the musical. As the title implies, this is because it's a celebration of 10 years of musicals.
  11. Mugen Gakuen - Mistress Labyrinth (2002 Summer Special): Another adaptation of Sailor Moon S, with some new additions.
  12. Mugen Gakuen - Mistress Labyrinth (Kaiteiban) (2003 Winter Special): Revised edition of the above.
  13. Starlights - Ryuusei Densetsu (2003 Summer Special): Based on Sailor Moon Sailor Stars, it incorporates elements of the previous musicals based on this storyline — such as the inclusion of Queen Beryl.
  14. Kakyuu-Ouhi Kourin - The Second Stage Final (2004 Winter Special): Revised version of the above. Notable for having some large plot diversions, unlike most other kaiteiban.

Third Stage

Only features two musicals before being given a hiatus (which means it technically never ended, or at least not properly, which is why the last musical is called the "Marinamoon Final" and not "The Third Stage Final" or whatever — it's the end of Marina's run in the musicals as Sailor Moon.

  1. Shin Kaguya Shima Densetsu (2004 Summer Special): Remake of the previous Kaguya Shima Densetsu musicals.
  2. Shin Kaguya Shima Densetsu (Kaiteiban) - Marinamoon Final (2005 Winter Special): Revised version of the above. Most notable for marking the end of Marina's run as Sailor Moon, being the last musical for 8 years, and being the last of the Musical Specials by Toei Animation.

Following the rather sudden end of the original Sailor Moon musicals, there was not a single word about their future until the 20th anniversary of Sailor Moon came about. Besides the announcement of a new anime series and new and plentiful merch, came a revival of the musicals. While technically not a follow-up to the previous ones (They aren't called Musical Specials, they're produced by a different company, aren't tied to the original anime by using it's logos and imagery, there was no "Passing of the Tiara" ceremony from the previous actress, etcetera), they're still Sailor Moon musicals.

  • Sailor Moon - La Reconquista (September 2013): The debut of this brand new line of musicals. It adapts the first story arc (Dark Kingdom). Satomi Okubo is the new Sailor Moon.
  • Bishoujo Senshi Sailor Moon ~Petite Étrangère~ (Summer 2014): Adaptation of the second story arc (Black Moon).
  • Bishoujo Senshi Sailor Moon ~Un Nouveau Voyage~ (Fall 2015): Adaptation of the third story arc (Infinity).

Only tropes unique (or overly relevant) to this adaption are listed here. All others are at Sailor Moon and related pages.

This show provides examples of:

  • Aliens Speaking Japanese
  • All Musicals Are Adaptations
  • Almost Dead Guy: The song Sorezore no Elegy is built around this trope.
  • Alternate Continuity
  • A Pirate 400 Years Too Late: Some translations even refer to them as Space Pirates.
  • Art Evolution: Basically everything "Artistic" about the shows improved as time went on: the Costumes, the sets, the special effects, the use of live music over recorded at all times, etc.
  • Badass Cape: From the original Kaguya, Space Knight/King Endymion is THE Sera Myu badass to the point where his goofy clothing is ignored in favor of his curb-stomping ways.
    • And while we're at it, Dracul. He flies.
    • Dracul's Daughter Bloody Dracul Vampir, was pretty badass at times (One of her songs is even called "All of you shall die") and one of her 3 outfits had a cape.
  • Barehanded Blade Block: Done by Lord Waka in the 1996 Sailor Stars.
  • Berserk Button: Heaven help any character who calls Usagi an idiot. The children in the audience will disagree.
  • Beware the Silly Ones: In Eien Densetsu, the character Kyaosu acts as ridiculously funny comic relief and occasionally helps the Senshi against Galaxia. It turns out he is actually Chaos, who has been manipulating Galaxia all along.
  • Bland-Name Product: Banzai appears as a sponsor for a show performed in Eian Densetsu K. Its logo is shown to be nearly the same as the Bandai logo. Bandai also happens to sponsor the musical.
    • In a subversion however, it's stated to be a separate company that makes Omochi (Rice Cakes) and is confused for one that makes Omocha (Toys)
  • Brainwashed and Crazy: It just wouldn't be Sailor Moon without a brainwashed Mamoru/Endymion. One musical takes this to the extreme and has both Mamoru/Tuxedo Mask and his future self King Endymion brainwashed.
    • Some of them have Mamoru dead and replaced with a puppet created by Galaxia.
  • Breaking the Fourth Wall: The 21st Now Millenium version of Koi no Senshi ja Irarenai, performed in Mugen K, which is basically an introduction for each senshi, has the senshi get attacked during their solo lines and be unable to say their name. Sailor Moon asks the audience to fill in, and the Inners thank them after their intros.
  • Cain and Abel: Literally. The original Trope Namers are the driving forces of the Third Stage's Dracul Arc.
  • Canon Foreigner: Basically anyone not a sailor senshi and many of the villains - if you're not an alien, you're from the North Pole, Transylvania, or it's just not applicable.
  • Car Fu: Now with mopeds!
  • Chekhov's Gunman: Loof Merrow and Bloody Dracul Vampir.
  • Continuity Snarl: Each musical, except for the 3rd Stage (AKA Dracul Arc), is unrelated and not connected. They draw on both manga and anime stories and mix them with new elements to create stories that just can't be canon. Also, it's entirely possible for all three of Sailor Moon's forms to show up, wielding random weapons that don't go with that form, using attacks that she wouldn't use with that weapon. Also, once the Super Forms are introduced for the inner senshi they're used in all musicals, Super Chibi-Moon shows up in an R based story, etc.
  • Cool Big Sis: Mandrako.
  • Counter-Earth: A planet called Vulcan is said to be on the other side of the sun.
  • Crosscast Role: Most notably Prince Demand (played by a woman), the shitennou (played by women in several musicals, including the longest running Neptune as Jeadite) and Petz (once played by a man).
    • On the contrary, Hikari Ono (Sailor Star Maker #1, Prince Demand) seems to play male and gender ambiguous roles better than female roles.
    • All of the roles in La Reconquista are played by women. Yūga Yamato in particular drew very positive reviews for her portrayal of Mamoru.
  • Dark Reprise: Orleans no Sei Senshi ~Uranus - Neptune no Uragiri~ (Holy Soldiers of Orleans ~Uranus and Neptune's Betrayal~), as an example.
    • Petite Étrangère gives us "Abracadabra", with two back-to-back Dark Reprises, one sweet and melancholy, the other downright terrifying.
  • Death Is Cheap: Especially if your name is Mamoru. Chalk that one up to neglect and Fridge Logic.
  • Demonic Possession: In the very first play, Haruna-sensei. Later, Sailor Astarte
    • Also played straight and inverted in the case of Hotaru. The straight example is obviously Mistress 9 from the source material in the Mugen Gakuen Musicals, but the inversion is in Kagyua Island. A benevolent spirit (of sorts, the spirit part that is) named Kon borrows Hotaru's body briefly to speak with Sailor Moon and later again borrows it while she's in Senshi form to lend Sailor Moon its power. The being in question is actually a collection of the memories and spirits of stars that were destroyed by musical's villain and is more than willing to help Sailor Moon end said villain's trail of destruction. Hotaru herself doesn't comment much on the possession and the Senshi as a whole see Kon's aid as a boon.
  • Deus ex Machina: But surprisingly it's not always Sailor Moon in the musicals, especially in later musicals.
  • Devil but No God: It's all a trick by The Third Stage Big Bad to kill everyone.
  • Dhampyr: Bloody Dracul Vampir. Her mother was human, her father was Count Dracul.
  • Did You Just Flip Off Cthulhu?: What better way to unintentionally trip up all-powerful manifestations of evil from their plan than to...give them a raspberry?
  • Cute Kitten: Dark Kingdom Gaiden: think Cats, the musical.
  • Dream Within a Dream: In La Reconquista, Usagi tells Mamoru that she fell asleep while playing a videogame, then dreamed that she was playing the game and fell asleep, then dreamed about playing the game and falling asleep in that dream too, and so on and so forth.
  • Elemental Rock-Paper-Scissors: Subtly features in Petite Etrangere, when the senshi face evil Droid copies of each other. Mars initially attacks Droid-Mercury (fire vs water), and sees that her attack has no effect. The senshi then realize this trope is in play and switch partners, so Jupiter attacks Droid-Mercury (electricity vs water) and Mercury attacks Droid-Mars (water vs fire).
  • Frameup: Rei in Sailor Stars and Sensational Jaguar Mask in Ai no Sanctuary.
  • Free-Range Children: Basically the reason Chibi-Usa gets kidnapped all the damn time in the musicals.
  • Hostage for MacGuffin: Almost always Chibi-Usa.
  • I Hate You, Vampire Dad: Let's see here. We have Bloody Dracul Vampir, a female Dampyhr. She dislikes her father, Count Dracul, who was the vampire parent. In a subversion, her problem is he let her mother, Le Fay, die rather than turning her. It turns out Le Fay didn't want to be turned and he respected her wishes but she was killed by her father for falling in love with a vampire. Vampir forgives him on this point but their relationship doesn't improve much in the 3rd musical. She still loves him as a family member and seeks revenge on Sailor Moon for seemingly killing him.
  • I Have You Now, My Pretty: In Petite Etrangere, Prince Demand's song "Pure White Goddess" is all about how he now has Usagi under his power, and is choreographed with him demonstrating his ability to control her body, finally culminating in him straddling and kissing her.
  • In the Name of the Moon: Of course.
  • Joker Immunity: Queen Beryl and Galaxia. Good god Queen Beryl and Galaxia.
    • They do die or get redeemed. But because each musical is a different retelling, Galaixia is still around and she's still resurrecting Beryl.
  • Kayfabe: Subverted in Ai no Sanctuary. It's part of the villain's plan.
  • Kill 'em All: How most of the musicals end up. The senshi usually bounce back.
  • Large Ham: The rare female variant, found in the actress HIKARI ONO!!
  • Last of His Kind: The Hoshinos, Vampir, The Starlights, Loof Merrow...
  • Leaning on the Fourth Wall: La Reconquista is full of this, as it's a 20th Anniversary special. For instance, there's a gag where Beryl's henchwoman mocks her for "Wearing the same dress for 20 years".
  • Leeroy Jenkins: No, really. Everybody gets one.
  • Leitmotif: By the time the musicals ended each major character has one or more. And Sailor Neptune and Uranus always have duets.
  • Lesbian Vampire: Vampir seems to enjoy playing with Uranus...
  • Let's Split Up, Gang: In the 1996 Sailor Stars musical, during the song "Sailor Busters", Usagi suggests that the senshi split up to search for whatever has been attacking people in the theater.
  • Little Miss Con Artist: Pretty much every non-Chibi-Usa child in Black Lady and Mugen Gakuen, save Hotaru.
  • MacGuffin: ANYTHING with the term "Samael" in it.
  • Magic Wand: Most of them. But given it's nearly half Sailor Moon's size, this particular wand might also count as a Bigger Stick.
  • Manchurian Agent: Mandrako.
  • Mauve Shirt: Several supporting characters throughout the plays are this.
  • Mix-and-Match Weapon: Loof Merrow's shotgun-sword-family heirloom-thing. Also known as Chekhov's Gun.
  • The Musical
  • Ninja Pirate Robot Zombie: Though Loof Merrow's group aren't very good ninjas.
  • Nothing Personal: In La Reconquista, Nephrite says it's nothing personal when he stabs Zoisite in the back.
  • Obstructive Zealot: Prince Demand.
  • Our Vampires Are Different: And Dracul is highly insulted if you don't know this.
  • Out-of-Character Alert: In Petite Etrangere, Makoto realizes that the members of Esmeraude's dance team have been replaced by Droids because one of them addresses her in a familiar manner which the real person never used.
  • Paint It Black: Petite Etrangere has a team of Droids which are evil copies of the senshi. Their uniforms look similar to the real senshi, but with black gloves rather than white.
  • Pirate Girl: Loof Merrow of the Kaguya plays.
  • Professional Wrestling
  • Plot-Induced Stupidity / Idiot Plot: All of them at various levels, but Kaguya Shima Densetsu is the most notorious. Especially since Mamoru is the only one who picks up that something is wrong.
    • In one of the songs in that musical, Mamoru even says that it's too good to be true, but then brushes it off five seconds later with a "well, that's fine." Oh Mamoru, no wonder you're constantly being Brainwashed.
  • Pocket Protector: In La Reconquista, when Zoisite dies, his body turns into a small crystal, which Queen Beryl gives to Endymion. Endymion later survives being slashed with the Holy Sword because Zoisite's crystal deflects the blade away from his heart.
  • Psycho Rangers / Evil Knock Off: Petite Étrangère features a team of evil Senshi known as the Droids.
  • Put on a Bus: After a grand total of two musicals; Luna and Artemis, we hardly knew ya.
  • Rearrange the Song: All of the songs in Ai no Sanctuary were Sera Myu songs given new lyrics.
  • The Runt at the End: In Petite Etrangere, when Rubeus is introducing the evil Droid copies of the senshi, he says that the Droid copy of Sailor Moon was a failure. Coming onto stage last, it's shorter than any of the other senshi or Droids, flails about erratically when it moves, and behaves generally immature when facing off against Sailor Moon.
  • Shout-Out: La Reconquista has a line where one of Beryl's underlings mocks her red hair and claims she "Could've played Annie as a child".
  • Show Within a Show: Sailor Stars-based shows had concerts, Dracul had a magic show, Ai no Sanctuary had Professional Wrestling, and the first two SuperS had a circus show.
  • Single-Minded Twins: Aron and Mana.
  • Singing is a Free Action: Played straight except in the Koi no Senshi ja Irarenai version mentioned above.
  • The Bible: The Third Stage Big Bad wrote it to get himself killed.
  • Staking the Loved One: Pluto has to kill vampire Uranus.
  • Theme Tune Cameo: La Soldier is considered the theme of the musicals by fans. (It appears in nearly every musical, sometimes just as an encore; it is even heard in one episode of the anime.) The Black Lady Musical has the Guardian Senshi and Moon rehearsing it for a contest (and arguing about said rehearsal) and Usagi complains that the enemies will recognize them if they perform La Soldier. The Quirky Mini Boss Squad shows up in Paper Thin Disguises and performs their version as well.
  • Theme Twin Naming: Aron and Mana (or Aaron and Manna) are named after things in The Bible.
  • The Musical: Well, obviously...
  • The Quincy Punk: Who'd imagine that Chaos himself is basically one of these. No, really.
  • The Song Before The Storm: We'll Be The Last Victory is literally before the climax.
  • Tomato in the Mirror: In Petite Etrangere, Prince Demand discovers that he's actually a Droid created by Saphir.
  • Villain Song

Alternative Title(s):

Bishoujo Senshi Sailor Moon, Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon, Sailor Moon