is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi
, set to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave. It is based on La dame aux Camélias
(1852), a play adapted from the novel by Alexandre Dumas fils
. The title "La traviata" means literally The Fallen Woman
, or perhaps more figuratively, The Woman Who Goes Astray
. It was originally titled Violetta
, after the main character." -The Other Wiki
. It is a pretty clear inspiration for Moulin Rouge!.
Violetta Valéry, the famed Parisian courtesan, appears to have everything in life, free to pursue anything and anyone that strikes her fancy. But when the young Alfredo Germont falls in love with her, she contemplates the possibility of changing her life. Some months later, the pair is living together happily, until Alfredo's father arrives to ask her to break off the relationship, as his daughter's fiancé refuses to marry a woman whose brother lives with a former courtesan. With great pain, Violetta agrees and flees back to her former life. Alfredo ignores his father's pleas and sets to seek her out among her old life, humiliating her in front of society by throwing money as 'payment' for their time together her way. He has no idea that Violetta is terminally ill with consumption, finding out only after she retreats away from society, close to death. Though Germont reveals to his son that Violetta abandoned him for noble reasons, she dies shortly after their reconciliation.
Tropes for this opera include:
- Alliterative Name: Violetta Valéry and Giorgio Germont.
- Break His Heart to Save Him: At the request of Alfredo's dad.
- Died in Your Arms Tonight: A beautiful rendition, played for drama, in the ending.
- Downer Ending: Alfredo manages to track Violetta down, but when he arrives to her side, she's in the last stage of her tuberculosis.
- Everyone Has Standards: Germont is a jerk, blaming Violetta for the shame brought on Alfredo's family and forcing them to break up. But when Alfredo publicly humiliates Violetta in retaliation, even Germont is disgusted, saying that Violetta deserved better than that.
- Femme Fatale: Violetta fits this trope perfectly, although she's an Ill Girl version of it.
- Hooker with a Heart of Gold: Violetta.
- I Just Want My Beloved to Be Happy: Before her death, Violetta tells Alfredo that a girl in her youth will fall for him, and that he should marry said girl.
- Ill Girl: Violetta, too.
- Incurable Cough of Death: The cause.
- Massive Multiplayer Ensemble Number: The Finale
- Star-Crossed Lovers: Alfredo and Violetta.
- Untranslated Title: Like so many Verdi operas. As mentioned above, it translates literally to "The Lost Lady" or "The Fallen Woman".
- Victorian Novel Disease: The illness, since the opera was adapted from the Dumas novel The Lady of the Camellias.
- What the Hell, Hero?: Everyone reprimands Alfredo for upsetting Violetta by forcing a confession out of her for loving the baron and throwing his [Alfredo's] money at her. The fact that poor Violetta passes out right there due to her illness doesn't help.