%% Administrivia/ZeroContextExample entries are not allowed on wiki pages. All such entries have been commented out. Add context to the entries before uncommenting them.
->"ἣ νῦν κατ᾽ οἴκους ἐν χεροῖν βαστάζεται
->ψυχορραγοῦσα: τῇδε γάρ σφ᾽ ἐν ἡμέρᾳ
->θανεῖν πέπρωται καὶ μεταστῆναι βίου."
-->--'''Euripides''', ''Alcestis'', Lines 19-21[[note]]Now, her spirit about to break loose, she is raised by the hands of those within the house: for on this day she is to die and substitute her life.[[/note]]

''Alcestis'' is a play by Creator/{{Euripides}}, one of the ancient Greek tragedians. The work was composed in 438BC, not as a tragedy, but in the place of one of the satyr plays the playwrights would enter in the competition. As such, Euripides gives the story a more comic treatment than tragic, though it has its fair share of tragedy and drama.

The play is a retelling of the myth of Admetus and Alcestis. The god Apollo had slain the Cyclopes, forgers of Zeus's thunder, and so the sky god punished him by making him serve a mortal man: King Admetus of Thessaly. Because Apollo found Admetus to be a just man, he rewarded him by saving him from death; unfortunately, for this to be done [[TakeMeInstead someone else had to die in the king's place]].

Admetus finds no one willing to die for him, neither among his friends nor his parents. He returns to discover that his wife, Alcestis, had offered, and the play opens with her upon the verge of death.

The play is available online [[http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text;jsessionid=85CDD0DAE691532F5AE1C8425FEF5A33?doc=Perseus%3atext%3a1999.01.0087 here]]... or, for you non-Classical scholar folks, in English [[http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3atext%3a1999.01.0088 here]] or [[http://classics.mit.edu/Euripides/alcestis.html here]].
!!This play provides examples of:
* AdultsAreUseless: Admetus is enraged that not even his parents could bring themselves to die for him, causing Alcestis to die instead.
* BackFromTheDead: [[spoiler:Alcestis, thanks to Heracles's trip to the Underworld]].
* BeCarefulWhatYouWishFor: Admetus gets the chance to cheat death, a special one-time offer. Trouble is, no one is willing to go in his place. Finally Alcestis, his devoted wife, goes, and Admetus gets to live, alright... knowing he caused the death of the person who loved him the most.
%%* CharacterTitle
* BalancingDeathsBooks: Gods can occasionally save select mortals from death, but Apollo is in no position to grant such a boon. The whole Cyclopes-killing story started with Apollo's son Asclepius raising the dead, which drove ire of Hades. The underworld god complained to Zeus that Asclepius was diminishing him of his subjects. Seeing that Apollo is already on sufferance from Zeus, he can have no recourse to him in that matter. On the other hand, the Underworld won't give anything for free: hence the victim swap idea.
* BigEater: Heracles. He's not seen eating, but a servant describes his gorging with abundance of particulars.
* DeusExMachina: [[spoiler:Hercules]], in both the play and the original myth Euripides used.
* DidYouJustPunchOutCthulhu: When Heracles appears, he [[spoiler:goes after Death to [[HappyEnding bring Alcestis back]]]].
* DueToTheDead: Heracles is really shocked when he learns of the death, because he had been behaving very inappropriately.
* EquivalentExchange: The main drama of the play is the fact that Alcestis died for her husband because he was promised by Apollo to have immortality.
* FetchQuest: Heracles appears en route to fetch the man-eating horses of Diomedes for one of his labours.
%%* GreekChorus
* TheGrimReaper: Death (more specifically, Thanatos; there are two bringers/gods of death, Thanatos and his sisters the Keres)
* HappyEnding: Which isn't exactly common in the [[Myth/ClassicalMythology Greek myths]]...
* HeroicSacrifice: Alcestis, who died so her husband can live.
* HotBlooded: In many myths, Heracles becomes so enraged at the people who wrong him that he takes a terrible vengeance on them. In this case, Heracles is so grateful to Admetus for his hospitality that he marches off to rescue Alcestis without a second thought.
* ImportantHaircut: Admetus orders all in Thessaly to cut their hair in mourning for Alcestis.
* ItsAllMyFault: Admetus, despairing, eventually takes his father's accusations to heart (see NeverMyFault, below) and blames himself for allowing Alcestis to die in his stead.
* KarmicJackpot: Admetus's kindness to Apollo is what gets him the chance to avoid death. His kindness to Heracles [[spoiler: is what allows Alcestis to survive.]]
* LoveHurts: Admetus is completely devastated by Alcestis's sacrifice to the point of swearing to never remarry and to commission a statue of her lie next to him every night. This is very surprising, even if a bit creepy, because this is Ancient Greek culture where women are little more than properties.
* MoodWhiplash: The play switches from Alcestis's funeral and Admetus's bitter argument with his father to Admetus's friend Heracles, who is drunk and merry. He sobers quickly when he learns of Alcestis's death, though.
* TheMourningAfter: Admetus promised to never remarry after her death. [[spoiler:Thanks Zeus that didn't last too long thanks to Hercules]].
* NeverMyFault: Admetus blames his parents for being too cowardly to die for him, even in their old age, resulting in Alcestis's death. His father, meanwhile, is disgusted that Admetus would expect something like that, and states that Admetus himself is truly the one to blame.
* NotYourProblem: Thanatos says this to Apollo about Alcestis' death.
%%* ProperLady: Alcestis.
* SacredHospitality: A major conflict of the play is Hercules's surprising visit to Admetus's kingdom during a funeral. Admetus decided to hide this news from Hercules and invite him in anyway.
* SetRightWhatOnceWentWrong: [[spoiler:Heracles does this for Admetus and Alcestis by traveling to the Underworld to get her back. His reason is that he has been acting disrespectful because he didn't know about her death]].
* TakeMeInstead: The major part of the agreement Apollo had made Admetus: the king can escape death if someone else offers to die for him. The play opens with his wife, Alcestis, being the only one to offer.
* WickedStepmother: Alcestis asks Admetus not to remarry after her death so that her children wouldn't have to face this trope.